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American revolution review pp

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  • 1. VS2. PROCLAMATION OF 1763: Englandwon the French and Indian War. As a result,France lost all of her land in North America.England gained the land. However, it was avery expensive war. The government could notafford a war with Native Americans. Toprevent a war, the English governmentattempted to stop American colonists frommoving onto Indian land. Americans were notallowed to cross the Proclamation Line andmove onto Indian land. American colonists didnot obey because they wanted the cheap/freeland to farm on.Iroquoissupported theEnglish.Huronssupportedthe French.Started over theOhio RiverValley area.•STEPS TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION:1. FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR: 1754-17631754: Albany Plan of Union-Proposed by Ben Franklin to get the colonies to jointogether for common defense. Would create council torun colonies.-Colonies turned down plan.England FranceProclamation Line of 1763
  • 2. •The English government (Parliament) began passing taxes to raise money to help pay back the expenses of thewar. The following taxes are a direct result of England’s winning the French and Indian War. These taxes werepassed by Parliament without colonial representation.1. Sugar Act: Tax on sugar, coffee, and molasses.2. Currency Act: Colonists had to pay debts in gold or silver.3. Stamp Act: Tax on legal papers, newspapers, cards, ads.4. Townshend Acts: Writs of Assistance, taxes on lead, paper, glass, and tea.5. Tea Act (Tax): Tax on tea.•American Response: American colonists angry with taxes due to the lack of representation. “No TaxationWithout Representation.” Colonists responded by doing the following:1. Boycott British goods.2. Smuggling goods into the country to avoid taxes.3. Forming groups such as Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty.4. Colonists speak out about taxes and protest in front of government buildings.5. Boston Tea Party.•Boston Massacre: Colonists inBoston protesting government.Soldiers fired on colonists.•Sons of Liberty made British lookbad in order to gain support fromcolonists.•Boston Tea Party: Colonistsboarded merchant ships and dumpedtea into Boston Harbor as a protest.•American protests to Stamp Act.
  • 3. •England passed laws to punish thecolonies: The Intolerable Acts1. Port of Boston closed2. Power of royal governor increased3. Colonists had to quarter Britishsoldiers4. British troops sent to Boston toenforce law.•Colonies hold meeting: First ContinentalCongress (1774)1. Colonies had right to make laws2. Organized a boycott of British goods•The Americans began building up militarysupplies. The British in Boston sent a forceof 700 soldiers to find the supplies. TheAmerican minute men meet them atLexington and then at Concord. This is thebeginning of the American Revolution.•Paul Revere rode to warn thecolonists that the British werecoming.•Quartering Act: Americancolonists forced to allow Britishsoldiers to live in their homes.Battle of LexingtonBattle of ConcordBritish retreat to Boston
  • 4. •Second Continental Congress (1775):1. Created Continental Army under GeorgeWashington2. Sent Olive Branch Petition to King George(Rejected it)•Battle of Bunker Hill: June 17, 1775-British attack Americans. Americans forced toretreat, but over 1,000 British killed or wounded.•British charged twice and werebeaten back. Americans ranout of ammunition andretreated on 3rdcharge. Britishtook the hill on 3rdcharge.Boston•Americans built defenseson Breed’s Hill withincannon shot of Boston.British had to take hill inorder to protect Boston.
  • 5. REBEL- PATRIOT TORY- LOYALIST•Congress declares independence: Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, issued onJuly 4th, 1776.-All men are created equal-Government gets its power from the people-Main purpose of government is to protect the rights of the peopleHessians• Battle of Saratoga: Turning point of the AmericanRevolution.1.British army captured with weapons and equipment.2.French enter war on Americans side.3.American moral increases.•Washington crossing Delaware to attackTrenton: Americans defeat Hessians. •The AmericanRevolution ends withthe British surrenderat Yorktown. BritishGeneral Cornwallissurrendered atYorktown.•The US and GreatBritain sign the Treatyof Paris in 1783.
  • 6. REBEL- PATRIOT TORY- LOYALIST•Congress declares independence: Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, issued onJuly 4th, 1776.-All men are created equal-Government gets its power from the people-Main purpose of government is to protect the rights of the peopleHessians• Battle of Saratoga: Turning point of the AmericanRevolution.1.British army captured with weapons and equipment.2.French enter war on Americans side.3.American moral increases.•Washington crossing Delaware to attackTrenton: Americans defeat Hessians. •The AmericanRevolution ends withthe British surrenderat Yorktown. BritishGeneral Cornwallissurrendered atYorktown.•The US and GreatBritain sign the Treatyof Paris in 1783.

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