History of WWW Web 1.0 World Wide Web Web 2.0 Building a ToolboxDigital Learning Styles Advantages DisadvantagesThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 MEDA 5400 - Integrating Technology into Teaching and Productivity Learning, Spring 2012 Favorites Michelle Childress, M.S. Ed. Assignment Credits
History of WWW History of the Internet Web 1.0 Believe it or not, the Internet really began with the Web 2.0 launching of a Soviet Union satellite, called Sputnik, in 1957. The Cold War between the United StatesDigital Learning Styles and the Soviet Union was at its peak—and Americans were shocked to discover that the Soviet Advantages Union had proven they had the ability to launch a Disadvantages missile at North America when Sputnik launched into space. PresidentThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Eisenhower created Productivity Advanced Research Favorites Projects Agency (ARPA) in Assignment 1958—a direct response to the Sputnik launch. Credits
History of WWW ARPA’s purpose was to give the United States a technological edge over other countries and one Web 1.0 important part of that mission was computer Web 2.0 science. During the 1950s, computers were enormous devices that filled entire rooms. ManyDigital Learning Styles could only read magnetic tape or punch cards and had only a fraction of the power and processing Advantages ability of a modern PC. DisadvantagesThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Productivity Favorites Assignment Credits
History of WWW Computers were not networked together, but ARPA aimed to change that by enlisting the help of the Web 1.0 company Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN). The Web 2.0 computer network BBN created had four computers running on four different operating systems. TheDigital Learning Styles network was called ARPANET. Advantages Without ARPANET, the Internet wouldn’t look or Disadvantages behave the way it does today—in fact, it might not even exist. Although other groups were working onThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 ways to network computers, ARPANET established Productivity the protocols (rules and guidelines) used on the Favorites Internet today. Without the definitive ‘push’ of Assignment ARPANET, it may have taken many more years before anyone tried to join networks from different Credits geographical regions together into a larger system.
History of WWW In 1973, engineers began to look for ways to connect ARPANET to a radio network which would connect Web 1.0 computers through radio transmitters and Web 2.0 receivers—sending data by radio waves rather than telephone lines. The engineers were made thoseDigital Learning Styles connections successfully in 1976. Advantages Later, in 1977, technicians joined the Satellite Disadvantages Network to the other two networks—calling their connection inter-networking, or the Internet forThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 short. In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee developed a system Productivity designed to simplify navigation on the Internet. This Favorites system of navigation became known as the World Assignment Wide Web on the Internet. Credits
History of WWW Web 1.0 Web 2.0Digital Learning Styles Advantages Disadvantages In a short period of time though, people mistakenlyThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 identified the Internet and the Web as the same Productivity thing. The Internet is a global interconnection of Favorites computer networks; the World Wide Web is a way Assignment to navigate this massive network. It is like comparing an ocean (the Internet) to a ship (the Credits World Wide Web).
History of WWW The early Internet users were the government and military employees, graduate students, and Web 1.0 computer scientists. Using the World Wide Web, the Web 2.0 Internet became more accessible as colleges and universities began to connect and by 1994, InternetDigital Learning Styles commerce became a reality. Today the Internet is more complex than ever—connecting computers, Advantages satellites, mobile devices and many other gadgets Disadvantages together in one massive networkThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 millions of times more Productivity intricate than the Favorites original ARPANET. Assignment Credits
History of WWW Web 1.0 The original World Wide Web is sometimes Web 1.0 considered to be Web 1.0. Though hard to define Web 2.0 Web 1.0, the best way is compare it to Web 2.0 instead. Web 1.0 is everything that Web 2.0 isn’t. TheDigital Learning Styles philosophy of Web 1.0 is: Advantages 1) Web 1.0 sites are static—they contain Disadvantages information which may be useful, but never changes 2) Web 1.0 sites aren’t interactive – visitors can visitThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 these sites (like a profile page), but they can’t impact Productivity or contribute to the sites Favorites 3) Web 1.0 applications are proprietary—companies Assignment may develop software applications that users can download, but they can’t use the application online Credits or change it
History of WWW There is no clear timeline which occurs between Web 1.0 and the development of Web 2.0—actually they Web 1.0 both presently exist together for different purposes. Web 2.0 There are many instances when Web 1.0 is the most effective method to present information or toDigital Learning Styles complete a task and there are specific times when a webmaster would not want a website to be Advantages interactive or be vulnerable to user changes. Disadvantages Some of these types of websites include:The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Productivity 1) sites built purely for a public presence online or Favorites commerce Assignment 2) sites which display specific, accurate information written by experts and are used for scholarly Credits research
History of WWW Web 2.0 Tim OReilly, sometimes seen as the Web 1.0 originator of the term Web 2.0, referred Web 2.0 to people making connections with other people through the Web at the first Web. 2.0 Conference asDigital Learning Styles it related to e-commerce. Web 2.0 began as a collection of ‘approaches’ which were consideredthe Advantages most ‘effective’ on the World Wide Web. ‘Effective’ Disadvantages meaning the Web would provide users with an engaging experience so they would want to return toThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 the same sites in the future. Social networking sites Productivity (Facebook), blogs (LiveJournal), micro-blogs (Twitter), Favorites and sites which allow users to contribute and share Assignment content (wikis and YouTube) are all examples of Web sites which provide an engaging Credits experience.
History of WWW The philosophy of Web 2.0 providing an effective experience on the World Wide Web (WWW) for Web 1.0 users then follows these basic ideas: Web 2.0 1) Web 2.0 sites are dynamic—they containDigital Learning Styles information which may be useful, but is frequently updated (e.g., blogs) Advantages 2) Web 2.0 sites are interactive – visitors can visit Disadvantages these sites and make changes and contributions (e.g., wikis)The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 3) Web 2.0 applications are not proprietary—a Web Productivity 2.0 application is an open source program, which Favorites means the source code for the program may be Assignment freely available allowing users to make modifications or build new apps based on the program; a good Credits example for this is the browser, FireFox, from Mozilla
History of WWW There are some instances when the concepts of the static Web 1.0 is blended with the dynamic Web 2.0. Web 1.0 Once such example is the e-commerce company, Web 2.0 Amazon. While Amazon controls the product pages they list for purchase in a Web 1.0 style, there is alsoDigital Learning Styles a customer interactive side which allows for input, comments, and information in the form of product Advantages reviews—clearly a blend of the static and dynamic Disadvantages environment found on the WWW.The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 There are times when the information created by Productivity users should be used with caution. Once such Favorites example is relying too heavily on the information Assignment which comes from a source like Wikipedia. While an encyclopedia uses experts, who are considered to be Credits unbiased, there are no such guarantees with wikis.
History of WWW Where are we today in terms of the World Wide Web? Many experts consider that we are still Web 1.0 evolving as we continue to blend Web 1.0 and Web Web 2.0 2.0 concepts—some are adding another version, Web 3.0 or the portable personal web, to the mix.Digital Learning Styles Advantages DisadvantagesThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Productivity Favorites Assignment Credits
History of WWW Digital Learning Styles Web 1.0 With the inclusion of technology across all fields of Web 2.0 learning, the way learners store and retrieve information has drastically changed. Multimedia,Digital Learning Styles interactive learning, and collaborative experiences are some of the new methods for successfully Advantages engaging both conventional and unconventional Disadvantages learning. Learners are approaching education with many and varied skill sets—some are visual learners,The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 while others retain information best in verbal Productivity chunks, and still others prefer hands-on or reflective Favorites learning experiences. In the case of technology Assignment based learning, the motivations, interests, and ways to retain information are different than the older, Credits more conventional formats.
History of WWW Howard Gardner (1983) proposed a new view of looking at the concept of intelligence with his Theory Web 1.0 of Multiple Intelligences. The seven intelligences Web 2.0 which Gardner defines are: logical, mathematical, linguistic, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, andDigital Learning Styles personal. These intelligences are used to refer to a learner’s aptitude. Gardner defines intelligence as Advantages “the capacity to solve problems or to fashion Disadvantages products that are valued in one or more cultural settings” (Gardner & Hatch, 1989). On the basis ofThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 his theory, Gardner suggests that none of the Productivity learning theories function in isolation. For students Favorites to learn more effectively, all of these intelligences Assignment need to be challenged through instructor-created exploration materials. Credits
History of WWW In addition to the theories of multiple intelligences and conventional learning styles (typically auditory Web 1.0 and visual), there are also issues related to learner Web 2.0 personalities. Learner personalities are identified as the Myer-Briggs personality types.Digital Learning Styles 1) Extrovert vs. Introvert Advantages Disadvantages 2) Sensing vs. IntuitionThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 3) Thinking vs. Feeling Productivity Favorites 4) Judgment vs Perception Assignment Credits
History of WWW Another style of learning has been proposed by Dieterle, Dede, and Schier (2006) which would be a Web 1.0 media based or mediated learning style. Constant Web 2.0 connectivity, dynamic content and the collaborative nature of emerging technology has made it essentialDigital Learning Styles to redefine the older concepts of learning. This ‘digital intelligence’ is being driven by learning Advantages through collaboration and placing control in the Disadvantages learner’s hands. “We derive our competence from forming connections…the learner’s challenge is toThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 recognize the patterns which appear to be hidden.” Productivity (George Siemens, 2004) Learning takes place through Favorites connections, constructions, and communications in Assignment social connections and networks. Digital learning is about connections, not isolated learning. Credits
History of WWW The Internet is no longer just a medium, but has evolved into a platform to create communities for Web 1.0 the sharing and exchanging of ideas. This community Web 2.0 network has given a twist to learners—this generation of learners is high on collaboration,Digital Learning Styles expression of personal opinions and sharing their views for the world to see. Advantages Disadvantages The main characteristics of digital learners include: 1) need of immediate feedback, responses, andThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 ideas from others on work and ideas Productivity 2) feeling of community, sharing, and exchanging Favorites 3) learning controlled by the learner at all times Assignment 4) exposure to different kinds of virtual media 5) flexible roles by being both a student and teacher Credits 6) the need to have content ‘on demand’ at all times
History of WWW Some examples of the Web 2.0 tools which correlate with different learning styles is to compare Web 1.0 them as seen in the chart below. Web 2.0Digital Learning Web 2.0 Tool Learning Style Multiple Intelligence Styles Collaborative Visual Linguistic, Advantages Authoring (Google Interpersonal and Docs) Intrapersonal Disadvantages Blogs Visual Linguistic Podcasts Auditory Musical, SpatialThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Facebook Visual Linguistic, Interpersonal and Productivity Intrapersonal Favorites Second Life Visual, Auditory, Spatial, Interpersonal, Assignment Kinesthetic Intrapersonal, Bodily Credits
History of WWW Learners are changing and adapting to ever changing technology. Therefore, it is difficult to Web 1.0 predict that any particular style or type of Web 2.0 intelligence will be used successfully in a particular case. Blended learning may be the most effectiveDigital Learning Styles and efficient way to ensure that a learner receives a rich learning experience. Blending different Advantages approaches ensures that there will be something for Disadvantages every student and will generally maintain the interest and motivation of learners successfully.The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 There will continue to be many new opportunities Productivity for teachers to learn and grow in their profession as Favorites they share new digital technologies through the ever Assignment changing World Wide Web. Credits
History of WWW Advantages of Web 2.0 Web 2.0 tools have been widely believed to have contributed Web 1.0 to learning in a variety of ways. The aspects of Web 2.0 which perhaps translates into achieving educational goals include: Web 2.0Digital Learning 1) engagement; the act of creating content Styles 2) participation; contributing to a body of knowledge in the Advantages real-world Disadvantages 3) allowing for authentic projects with authentic assessmentsThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 4) allowing for repurposing for multiple stakeholders Productivity Favorites 5) differentiating instruction becomes more accessible Assignment 6) providing a ‘ready’ and efficient tool for student/parent/school communications Credits
History of WWW 7) being very cost efficient; many of the applications are free; some applications are open source so developers can tinker Web 1.0 with them continually Web 2.0 8) stimulating new modes of inquiry and discussionDigital Learning Styles 9) creating new opportunities for collaborative learning and asynchronous contributions Advantages 10) allowing for engagement in new literacies in creative ways Disadvantages 11) encouraging proficiency and proactivity in the publicationThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 of content, which creates a sense of ownership, audience engagement, peer assessment and informal learning Productivity Favorites 12) providing for collaboration among teachers in curriculum Assignment development as well as creation of instructional materials Credits
History of WWW It is worth mentioning here that the learning traits seen in Web 2.0 are enhanced by the guidance and mentoring of devoted Web 1.0 instructors. Having access to information does not make one a scholar, but scholars can be created with the right guidance. Web 2.0Digital Learning Styles Advantages DisadvantagesThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Productivity Favorites Assignment Credits
History of WWW About Crows by John Ciardi Web 1.0 The old crow is getting slow; Web 2.0 the young crow is not.Digital Learning Of what the young crow does Styles not know, the old crow knows a lot. Advantages At knowing things, the old crow is still Disadvantages the young crow’s master.The Top 35 of the What does the old crow not know? Best Web 2.0 How to go faster. Productivity Favorites The young crow flies above, below, and rings around the slow old crow. Assignment What does the fast young crow not know? WHERE TO GO. Sidebar inserted--a personal thought about guiding Credits students who are often more technically capable than their mentors
History of WWW Some examples of the best practices in education (at a distance) and those Web 2.0 technologies which Web 1.0 best align with them include: Web 2.0 1) facilitate learning (video sharing from YouTube and Hulu;Digital Learning authoring content via Google Docs and Zoho Share; and Styles Flickr for photos) Advantages 2) foster interaction (Internet phone service like Skype ; Disadvantages blogs like Blogger ; microblogs like Twitter; and social networks like Facebook)The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 3) use collaborative problem-solving (desktop sharing apps Productivity like Mikogo; Google Apps for Education) Favorites Assignment 4) provide prompt feedback (voice feedback via VoiceThread) Credits
History of WWW 6) Web 2.0 is sometimes being considered a second-hand Web or a medium for persons with Web 1.0 lower digital abilities Web 2.0 7) advertising; some monetary involvement on the application page; the Internet is a business tooDigital Learning Styles 8) exhibiting limited security for student users 9) displaying slower speeds with Web 2.0 program Advantages than those on a computer desktop Disadvantages 10) selecting the right tool for the task at hand can be difficult; there are actually too many apps toThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 choose from in some categories Productivity 11) is there too much time and knowledge being Favorites invested in Web 2.0 technologies—is it worth it? Assignment 12) is the Web 2.0 technology going to have ‘staying power’ or will it be gone tomorrow? (many of the apps reviewed by my class last year are no longer available) Credits
History of WWW 13) can we ever have a level playing field where rapidly Web 1.0 changing technology is Web 2.0 concerned? 14) society is continuing toDigital Learning Styles Develop a negative cultural impression of social networking Advantages in education Disadvantages 15) teachers will be needing time and continual training to learn to use these tools in the classroomThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 16) school systems are facing legal liabilities due to Productivity potential student exposure to inappropriate Favorites materials and predators Assignment 17) lack of planning time for adequate and appropriate technology integration Credits
History of WWW The Top 35 of the Best Web--2.0 (from Edudemic.com) •Animoto--Make beautiful videos from images in a snap! Web 1.0 •Audioboo--Easily record and share audio Web 2.0 •Bitstrips--Make and share your own comic strips with thousands of others •Blabberize--Make your images talk--that’s right--talk!Digital Learning Styles •Bubbl.us --Free application to brainstorm online Advantages •Delicious--One of the top social bookmarking sites on the web •Diigo--Popular social bookmarking site Disadvantages •DoInk--Create animations using this simple websiteThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 •Edmodo--Social learning environment and one of the best ways to teach with tech Productivity •Flickr--Popular photo-sharing site now lets you print Favorites •Glogster—Great way to share posters and images you’ve made with friends Assignment •GoogleDocs--The top real-time document creating and editing cloud-based system Credits •GoogleEarth--View anywhere in the world anytime
History of WWW •GoogleSites--Make your own website while knowing nothing about websites! Web 1.0 •Kerpoof--Cool way to make a movie, card, picture, and share it all •Myebook--Virtually publish your book and sell it Web 2.0 •Ning--Despite a new cost-based membership program, Ning allows you to haveDigital Learning your own social network Styles •Prezi—Innovative way to share presentations without PowerPoint Advantages •Primarypad--Web-based word processor •Scratch--Create and share stories, games, art, etc. Disadvantages •SlideShare—Don’t waste your presentation after it’s over, share it with millions!The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 •StoryJumper--Great place to create your own stories and publish them. Productivity •Study Ladder--Creative math and other educational problems to help everyone Favorites learn Assignment •Spicy Nodes--Innovative way to organize your web visits Credits
History of WWW •Tagxedo--Like Wordle but a step farther as text can be used to build bigger images Web 1.0 •Twitter--The micro blogging service that many love or hate. •Voki--Get your own avatar and even have it talk with your voice Web 2.0 •WordPress--Content publishing system. It’s gone way beyond just blogging.Digital Learning Styles •VoiceThread--Record your own audio conversations in the ‘cloud’ Advantages •Wallwisher-- An online notice board maker (or bulletin board if you choose) •Warning Sign Generator-—Make your own caution and warning signs in a flash! Disadvantages •Weebly--Create your own website or blog, very easy to useThe Top 35 of the •Wikispaces--Crowd sourcing at its finest. Like Wikipedia, Wikispaces is very Best Web 2.0 helpful Productivity •Wordle--Create a beautiful aggregation of Favorites any amount of text Assignment •Wix--Easily make your own flash-based website Credits graphic courtesy of Wordle
History of WWW My Favorite Teacher Productivity Tools Web 1.0 •Clip.dj--Capture a video from the WWW •Dropbox-- An online ‘cloud’ storage site with double storage for educators; Web 2.0 referrals gain you another 500MB for a total of 8GB of online storageDigital Learning •Pageflakes--Gather all WWW pages you visit regularly in one place; use as an RSS (Really Simple Syndication) reader Styles •Picnik--online photo editing program Advantages •Pinterest--Collect information and organize it from the WWW onto individual ‘boards’ for later reference Disadvantages •Remember the Milk--task management ; great for mobile computingThe Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 •Snag-It --a capture and image manipulation program; not free, but well worth the cost Productivity Favorites •Tiny URL--Make a long URL tiny with a simple copy and paste Assignment •Zamzar--online file conversion program for when you need to create a different format Credits
History of WWW Activity - Wiki Contribution on a Web 2.0 Website Web 1.0 Task Rationale: This task provides for an exercise in group collaboration by researching a Web 2.0 app and making a Web 2.0 contribution to a group wiki.Digital Learning Styles Task Guidelines: 1. Review the Top 35 of the Best--Web 2.0 (slides 29 – 31). Advantages 2. Locate one of the Web 2.0 apps you would like to research thoroughly and prepare a brief report which you can share with Disadvantages the rest of the class on a group wiki; use correct grammar and spelling.The Top 35 of the 3. Go to: [http://meda5400childress.wikispaces.com/] and follow Best Web 2.0 the directions you find there. No duplicate topics please--so the Productivity first to visit the wiki, gets the best choices. Favorites 4. Have your report in place (with a hyperlinked URL to the app page, an image and your personal thoughts on how to best use Assignment this application) by the due date on your calendar. Credits
History of WWW Credits: Connectivism: A Learning Theory for a Digital Age Web 1.0 [http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm ] Harold Garner, Multiples Intelligences and Education article [http://www.tecweb.org/styles/gardner.html ] Web 2.0 How Stuff Works [http://computer.howstuffworks.com] Moving Toward Web 2.0 in K-12 Education article, Steve HargadonDigital Learning [http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2008/10/moving-toward-web-20-in-k-12- Styles education/ ] “Neomillennial” Learning Styles Propagated by Wireless Handheld Devices. Advantages Dieterle, Dede, & Schier [http://gseacademic.harvard.edu/~hdul/Dieterle- Dede-Schrier-NLS-2006.pdf ] Disadvantages Web 2.0 and Emerging Learning Technologies/Web 2.0 Learning Styles [http://en.wikibooks.org]The Top 35 of the Best Web 2.0 Images: Computer History Images [http://www.crowl.org/lawrence/history/] Productivity Listmania [http://www.elistmania.com/] Favorites Microsoft clipart Wordle [http://www.wordle.com] Assignment Credits