The peninsular plateau is a tableland composed ofthe old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks.It was formed due to the breaking and drifting ofthe Gondwanaland and thus making it a part of theoldest landmass. This plateau consists of two broad divisions: Central highlands Deccan plateau.
I. The part of Peninsular plateau lying to the north of the Narmada river covering a major area of the Malwa plateau is known as the Central Highlands.II. The Vindhyan range is bounded by the central Highlands on the south and the Aravalis on the northwest.III. The further westward extension gradually merges with the sandy and rocky desert of Rajasthan.
The flow of rivers draining this region, namely theChambal, the Sind, the Betwa and Ken is from southwestto northeast, thus indicating the slope. The central Highlands are wider in the west butnarrower in the east. Eastward extention: 1. Bundelkhand 2. Baghelkhand 3. The Chotanagpur plateaudrained by Damodar river.
ular iver riang the r u is a t th of latea the sou can P es to Th e Dec at li anks. s th ge fl dmas a Ranlan a . atpur rmad : 1. S Na eccan hadev h ern D T he Ma hills Nort : 1. imur eccan 2. T he Ka ern D East range 3. M aikal
i. It extends over eight Indian states and encompasses a wide range of habitats, covering most of central and southern India.ii. It is located between three mountain ranges: the Western Ghats form its western boundary, and the Eastern Ghats its eastern boundary. An extension of the plateau is also visible in the northeast- locally known as the Meghalaya, Karbi-Anglong Plateau and North cacher hills. It is separated by a fault from the Chotanagpur Plateau. Three prominent hills ranges from the west to east are the Garo, the Khasi and the Jaintia hills.
i. Western Ghats lie parellel to the western coastii. They are continuous and can be crossed through passes only.iii. Western Ghats are higher than Eastern Ghats.iv. The average elevation is 900 – 1600
The Eastern Ghats stretch from the Mahanadivalley to the Nilgiris in the South The Eastern Ghats are discontinuous and irregularand dissected by rivers draining into the Bay ofBengal.