Christianity is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings. It also considers the Hebrew Bible, which is known as the Old Testament, to be canonical. Adherents of the Christian faith are known as Christians.
Worldwide, the three largest groups of Christianity are theRoman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the various denominations of Protestantism. Protestantism came into existence during the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century, splitting from the Roman Catholic Church.
It has been defined as any of several church denominations denying the universal authority of the Pope and affirming the Reformation principles of justification by faith alone. In the 16th century, the followers of Martin Luther established the evangelical (Lutheran) churches of Germany and Scandinavia. The Church of England became independent of papal authority, and was influenced by some Reformation principles.
The faith of Anglicans is founded in the scriptures, the traditions of the apostolic church, the apostolic succession ("historic episcopate") and the early Church Fathers. Anglıcan church ıs known as the mıddle way, or vıa medıa, betweenReformed Protestanısm and Roman catholıcısm.
The movement traces its roots to John Wesleys evangelistic revival movement within Anglicanism. George Whitefield, another significant leader in the movement, was known for his unorthodox ministry of itinerant open-air preaching
The Methodist Church is known for its missionary work, and its establishment of hospitals, universities, orphanages, soup kitchens, and schools to follow Jesus command to spread the Good News and serve all people. Wesley maintained the Arminian doctrines that were dominant in the 18th-century Church of England, while Whitefield adopted Calvinism through his contacts with Calvinists in Scotland and New England. This caused serious strains on the relationship between Whitefield and Wesley, with Wesley becoming quite hostile toward Whitefield in what had been previously very close relations.
As Wesley and his colleagues preached around the country they formed local societies, that were given national organisation through Wesleys leadership and conferences of preachers. In 1784 Wesley made provision for the governance of Methodism after his death through the Yearly Conference of the People called Methodists.
The Annual Conference has remained the governing body of Methodism ever since, with various modifications implemented to increase the number of preachers present, to include lay members (1878) and later women (1911). For half a century after John Wesleys death in 1791, the Methodistmovement was characterised by a series of divisions, normally on matters of church government and separate revivals
Methodists stand within the Protestant tradition of the worldwide Christian Church. Their core beliefs reflect orthodox Christianity. Methodist teaching is sometimes summed up in four particular ideas known as the four alls. All need to be saved - the doctrine of original sin All can be saved - Universal Salvation All can know they are saved – Assurance All can be saved completely - Christian perfection The Church exists to: Increase awareness of Gods presence and celebrate Gods love - Worship Help people to learn and grow as Christians, through mutual support and care - Learning and Caring Be a good neighbour to people in need and to challenge injustice - Service Make more followers of Jesus Christ - Evangelism