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1. 1. MAT –PAST PAPERSMAT- UNSOLVED PAPER- FEB- 2005
2. 2. SECTION -ADATA ANALYSIS & SUFFICIENCY
3. 3. Directions Q. 1-6:Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it:Packaging Materials Used (In tones)
4. 4. 01 Problem What per cent of the total glass packaging material was used for packaging food items? a. 40.8 b. 41.8 c. 40.7 d. 41.0
5. 5. 02 Problem Approximately how much per cent more plastic was used than iron for packaging food items? a. 32 b. 320 c. 33 d. 225
6. 6. 03 Problem In the case of which one of the following packag-ing materials used for packing food items and bev-erages respectively the ratio is 4 : 9? a. Glass b. Paper c. Aluminum d. Iron
7. 7. 04 Problem What is the ratio between the glass and aluminum packing materials used for packing beverages? a. 17:56 b. 56:17 c. 84:37 d. 37:84
8. 8. 05 Problem Approximately what per cent of all the packaging materials used for packing food items was contrib-uted by plastic? a. 60 b. 65 c. 70 d. 55
9. 9. 06 Problem Approximately what per cent of all the packaging materials used for packing food items and bever-ages was contributed by plastic and aluminum to-gether? a. 60 b. 70 c. 80 d. 75
10. 10. Directions for questions 7 to 9 :Answer these questions based on the circle graphs.
11. 11. 07 Problem controlled the highest share of the watch market in 86-87 and this share is equal to a. HMT, 51.5% b. HMT, 68.5% c. Allwyn, 34.4% d. Allwyn, 49.4%
12. 12. 08 Problem The highest rise in percentage in the market share in any category is recorded by a. HMT b. Titan c. Allwyn d. Others
13. 13. 09 Problem category HMTs market share in the ‘ Handwound ‘ category is approximately __________ % higher. a. 106 b. 73 c. 51 d. 30
14. 14. Directions for questions 10 to 14:Study the table below unci answer the questions that follow. Table of Intelligence Classification I.Q. Classification % Included 130 and above Very superior 22 120-129 Superior 6.7 110-119 Bright normal 16.1 90-109 Average 50.0 80-89 Dull normal 16.1 70-79 Border line 6.7 69 and below Mentally defective 22
15. 15. 10 Problem Following the above table, in which category will you classify the given data for I.Q. scores? Data: 20,47,24,51,55,42,38,61,65 a. Superior b. Average c. Mentally defective d. No given category
16. 16. 11 Problem In which category will you classify the given data for I.Q. scores? Data: 140,127, 135, 120,125, 131,139,144. 138 a. Superior and very superior b. Bright and superior c. Average and dull d. No given category
17. 17. 12 Problem Following the table given above, in which category will you classify the given data for I.Q. scores? Data: 99,100,101,105,95,92,90,108,98,103,93 a. Very superior b. Superior c. Average d. Borderline
18. 18. 13 Problem According to the table above, which is the category with the highest percentage of cases included in it? a. Very superior b. Bright normal c. Average d. Borderline
19. 19. 14 Problem What is the similarity between Very Superior and Mentally Defective categories in terms of percent-age of cases included in each? a. Both are different categories for intelligence classifications. b. Both are extreme categories for differentiating maximally between people c. No similarity at all d. Smallest percentage of cases belong to both these categories
20. 20. Directors for questions 15 to 18:Study the Pie Charts below and answer the questions that follow. Expenditures of ABC Ltd. (Major categories only)
21. 21. 15 Problem The amount spent on Raw materials in 1998 was________ % of the amount spent on___________ a. 200, R& Fin 1995 b. 103, Salaries/Wages in 1995 c. 225, Advertising in 1995 d. 100, Raw materials in 1995
22. 22. 16 Problem The amount spent on Salaries/Wages in 1995 was 140% of the amount spent on a. R&D in 1995 b. Raw materials in 1995 c. Advertising in 1995 d. Raw materials in 1998
23. 23. 17 Problem The fraction of total expenditure for 1995 and 1998 spent on Legal affairs was about a. 0.01 b. 0.12 c. 0.05 d. 0.5
24. 24. 18 Problem The amount spent in 1998 on Advertising is ap-proximately equal to the amount spent on which of the following? A. Salaries/Wages in 1995 B. Advertising, R & D and Technical fees in 1995 C. One-third of Salaries/Wages. R&D and Taxes in 1998 D. All of the above E. None of the above a. A and B only b. A, B and C c. D only d. E only
25. 25. Directions for questions 19 to 26:Answer these questions based on the following graphs.
26. 26. Directions for questions 19 to 26:Total Number of Retirees in the 55+ Age Group
27. 27. 19 Problem What was the total number of employees who opted for VRS in 1996? a. 1000 b. 4000 c. 2400 d. 2500
28. 28. 20 Problem What is the trend in the number of retirees (who have opted for VRS) in the age group 51-55 from 1994 to 1996? a. remained same b. decreased by 100 c. increased by 100 d. decreased by more than 100
29. 29. 21 Problem For how many years did the percentage of retirees in the 41 - 45 age group remain the same? a. Two b. Three c. One d. None
30. 30. 22 Problem The ratio of the percentage of retirees under VRS in the age group of 46 - 50 in the years 1994 and 1998 is a. 3:4 b. 2:3 c. 3 : 5 d. None
31. 31. 23 Problem What was the percentage change in the break-up figure from 1990 to 1998 of the retirees under VRS in the 55+ age group? a. 62.5% decrease b. 60.5% increase c. 50% decrease d. 49.5% decrease
32. 32. 24 Problem In the year 1990 and 1998, which of the age groups showed an increase in percentage change? a. Above 55 b. 41 -45 c. 46-50 d. None
33. 33. 25 Problem Which of the following groups showed the largest percent change in per cent break-up from 1990 to 1998? a. 554 b. 41-45 c. 46- 50 d. 51-55
34. 34. 26 Problem How many more employees in the 46 - 50 age group had opted for VRS in 1996 as compared to 1990? a. 250 b. 344 c. 300 d. None
35. 35. Directions for questions 27 to 30:Study the Table and Pie Chart below to answer these questions. Results of a Survey on Worries that People Have S.No. North East West South 1 Rising Prices 87 56 74 83 2. Joblessness 57 58 69 69 3. Stagnating salaries 18 14 6 11 4. Rental house 7 6 7 6 5. Scarcity of essential limes 9 11 4 2 6. Bad/Very bad standard of living 4 II 3 2 7. Savings rate 17 21 19 13 8. Pollution 33 28 19 39 9. Education 41 32 49 25 10. Not living better than 5 years ago4l 44 48 24 1 1 . House ownership 45 46 45 51
36. 36. Total number of respondents is 5000, with percentage distribution among thedifferent zones as shown below.
37. 37. 27 Problem The number of persons surveyed having house own-ership worries is minimum in the_________ zone. a. North b. South c. West d. East
38. 38. 28 Problem What is the percentage of persons surveyed who do not have worries about increase in savings or about pollution? a. 9 b. 19 c. 29 d. Cannot be determined
39. 39. 29 Problem What is the number of persons having worries re-garding rising prices in the four zones put together? a. 3652 b. 3862 c. 3753 d. 3951
40. 40. 30 Problem What percent of persons with jobs have worries of stagnating salaries in the South? a. 35.5 b. 38.2 c. 25.7 d. Cannot be determined
41. 41. Directions for questions 31 to 35:Each of the following questions has two statements labelled as A and B.Mark the answer as1. if statement A by itself is sufficient to answer the question.2. if statement B by itself is sufficient to answer the question.3. if both the statements A and B taken together are sufficient to answer the question but neither statement by itself is sufficient.4. if statements A and B taken together are not sufficient to answer the question and more data is required to solve the problem.
42. 42. 31 Problem If x, y and z are even integers and 2 < x < y < z, what is the value of y? A : z < 10 B:x<6
43. 43. 32 Problem A rectangular aquarium provides 36 square centi-meters of water surface area per fish. How many fish are there in the aquarium? A : The edges of the aquarium have lengths of 60, 42, & 30 centimeters. B: The aquarium is filled to a depth of 40 centimeters.
44. 44. 33 Problem At ABC Corporation, for a resolution to become policy, a quorum of at least half of the 20 directors must pass the resolution by at least a two-third ma-jority. Did resolution X pass or fail at a meeting of the Board of Directors? A : Ten directors voted for the resolution. B : Seven directors voted against the resolution.
45. 45. 34 Problem What is the ratio of boys to girls admitted into a medical college? A : The number of girls admitted is 3 less than half the number of boys admitted. B : The number of girls admitted is 2/5 of the number of boys admitted.
46. 46. 35 Problem Are the integers p, q and r consecutive? A : The average of p, q and r is q. B:q-p=r–q
47. 47. Directions for questions 36 to 40:Each of these problems has a question followed by two statements labelled as Aand B. Use the data given in A & B together with other information to decidewhether the statements are sufficient to answer the question.Mark the answer as:1. if you can get the answer from statement A alone but not from B alone.2. if you can get the answer from B alone but not from A alone.3. if you can get the answer from both A and B together but not from A alone or B alone.4. if you cannot get the answer from the statements A and B together and need more data
48. 48. 36 Problem How many families in Jammu City own exactly two cars? A : 150 families in Jammu City own at least one car. B : 45 families in Jammu City own at least three cars.
49. 49. 37 Problem Ashok and Pawan are standing together on a sunny day. Ashoks shadow is 10 feet long. Pawans shadow is 9 feet long. How tall is Pawan? A : Ashok is 6 feet tall. B : Ashok is standing 2 feet away from Pawan.
50. 50. 38 Problem How far is it from town P to Q? Town R is 30 kms from town P. A : It is 20 kms from Q to R. B: There is a railway line between town P and town Q.
51. 51. 39 Problem What percentage of families in a city has monthly income of Rs. 25,000 and owns a house? A : 28% of all families in the city have a monthly income of over Rs. 25,000 p.m. B: 40% of all the families in the city with the monthly income of Rs. 25,000 own a house.
52. 52. 40 Problem How much does Mona weigh? A : Mona and Vicky together weigh 120 Kg. B : Vicky weighs twice as much as Mona.
53. 53. SECTION-BINTELLIGENCE & CRITICAL REASONING
54. 54. 41 Problem Two runners, A and B. running around a circular track, complete one round each in 7 and 14 min-utes, respectively. They take a simultaneous start from the starting point. During the first 30 minutes, how many times has A crossed B on the track? a. 4 b. 3 c. 2 d. 1
55. 55. 42 Problem A river flows west to east and on the way turns left and goes in a semicircle round a hillock, and then turns left at right-angles. In what direction is the river finally flowing? a. North b. South c. East d. West
56. 56. 43 Problem A clock seen through a mirror, shows quarter past three. What is the correct time shown by the clock? a. 03.15 b. 08.45 c. 09.15 d. 09.45
57. 57. 44 Problem Tony was not at school on Saturday last. He was first absent for four days before that. Today is Monday, the 31 st of October. When was Tony first absent? Give the day and date. a. Monday, Oct. 24 b. Tuesday, Oct. 25 c. Wednesday, Oct. 26 d. Thursday, Oct. 27
58. 58. 45 Problem What is the angle the hour hand of a clock makes with the minute fiand when the time is 15.40: a. 110° b. 120° c. 125° d. 130°
59. 59. 46 Problem In a college, fifteen students of a class are mem-bers of the "Spicmacay" association and twelve are members of the "Dhyan" association. If out of these students a total of thirteen belong to only one of the two associations, how many students belong to both the associations? a. 2 b. 6 c. 7 d. 12
60. 60. 47 Problem Geeta is taller than Seeta, but not taller than Radha. Radha and Rani are of same height. Geeta is shorter than Paru. Amongst all girls who is the shortest ? a. Geeta b. Seeta c. Radha and Rani d. Paru
61. 61. Directions for questions 48 to 50:A missing term in the series in each of these questions is marked by a questionmark (?). Choose the term to complete the series.
62. 62. 48 Problem 1/2,3/4,5/8,7/16? a. 9/32 b. 10/17 c. 11/34 d. 2/35
63. 63. 49 Problem ABD, DGK, HMS, MTB, SBL ? a. ZKW b. ZKU c. ZAB d. XKW
64. 64. 50 Problem P3C, R5F, T8I, V 12 L? a. Y 17 O b. X 17 M c. X 17 O d. X 16 O
65. 65. Directions for questions 51 to 55:Study the following information carefully to answer these questions.There-are six persons A, B, C, D, E and F. C is the sister of F. B is the brother of Eshusband. D is the father of A and grandfather of F. There are two fathers, threebrothers and a mother in the group.
66. 66. 51 Problem Who is the mother? a. A b. B c. D d. E
67. 67. 52 Problem Who is Es husband? a. B b. C c. A d. F
68. 68. 53 Problem How many male members are there in the group? a. One b. Two c. Three d. Four
69. 69. 54 Problem How is F related to E? a. Uncle b. Husband c. Son d. Daughter
70. 70. 55 Problem Which of the following is a group of brothers? a. ABF b. ABD c. BFC d. BDF
71. 71. Directions for questions 56 to 60:Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.In a car exhibition, seven cars of seven different companies viz.Cadillac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti, Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo were displayedin a row, facing east such that:1. Cadillac car was to the immediate right of Fargo.2. Fargo was fourth to the right of Fiat.3. Maruti car was between Ambassador and Bedford.4. Fiat, which was third to the left of Ambassador car, was at one of the ends.
72. 72. 56 Problem Which of the following was the correct position of the Mercedes? a. Immediate right of Cadillac b. Immediate left of Bedford c. Between Bedford and Fargo d. Fourth to the right of Maruti
73. 73. 57 Problem Which of the following is definitely true? a. Fargo car is between Ambassador and Fiat. b. Cadillac car is to the immediate left of Mercedes. c. Fargo is to the immediate right of Cadilac. d. Maruti is fourth to the right of Mercedes.
74. 74. 58 Problem Which cars are on the immediate either sides of the Cadillac car? a. Ambassador and Maruti b. Maruti and Fiat c. Fiat and Mercedes d. Ambassador and Fargo
75. 75. 59 Problem Which of the following is definitely true? a. Maruti is to the immediate left of Ambassador. b. Bedford is to the immediate left of Fiat. c. Bedford is at one of the ends. d. Fiat is second to the right of Maruti.
76. 76. 60 Problem Which of the following groups of cars is to the right of the Ambassador car? a. Cadillac, Fargo and Maruti b. Maruti, Bedford and Fiat c. Mercedes, Cadillac and Fargo d. Bedford, Cadillac and Fargo
77. 77. Directions for questions 61 to 65:Read the following information carefully to answer these questions.A. Six flats on a floor in two rows facing North and South are allotted to P, Q, R, S, T and U.B. Q gets a North facing flat and is not next to S.C. S and U get diagonally opposite flats.D. R, next to U, gets a South facing flat and T gets a North facing flat.
78. 78. 61 Problem Which of the following combinations get South facing Hats ? a. QTS b. UPT c. IJRP d. Data inadequate
79. 79. 62 Problem Whose flat is between Q and S? a. T b. U c. R d. P
80. 80. 63 Problem If the flats of T and P are interchanged, whose flat will be next to that of U? a. P b. Q c. R d. T
81. 81. 64 Problem The flats of which of the other pairs than SU, is diagonally opposite to each other? a. QP b. QR c. PT d. TS
82. 82. 65 Problem To arrive at the answers to the above questions, which of the following statements can be dispensed with? a. None b. (A) only c. (B)only d. (C)only
83. 83. Directions for questions 66 to 70:An Assertion (A) and a Reason (R) are given in each of these questions.Mark the answer as1. if both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.2. if both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.3. if A is true but R is false.4. if A is false but R is true.
84. 84. 66 Problem Assertion (A) : India has a tropical monsoon type climate. Reason (R) : India is located exactly between the tropical latitudes.
85. 85. 67 Problem Assertion (A) : Africa has one of the largest water power potential in the world. Reason (R) : A large number of hydel power projects have been constructed in Africa.
86. 86. 68 Problem Assertion (A) : Mercury is the farthest planet from the Sun. Reason (R) : Mercury is the smallest planet in the entire Solar System.
87. 87. 69 Problem Assertion (A) : Ashoka pillars have retained their gloss on their surface. Reason (R) : Moisture laden winds do not blow in the areas where Ashoka pil-lars are located.
88. 88. 70 Problem Assertion (A) : Forest cutting is undesirable from the point of view of soil erosion. Reason (R) : Cutting of forests reduces the in-terception of rain water.
89. 89. Directions for questions 71 to 75:Each of these questions has two statements P and Q. They may look factuallyabsurd. You have to ignore this absurdity and concentrate only upon the logicinvolved in each statement.Mark the answer as1. if both P and Q are true.2. if both P and Q are false or doubtful.3. if P is true and Q is false or doubtful.4. if P is false or doubtful and 0 is true.
90. 90. 71 Problem P : Jackals live in forests. Cities are in forests. Therefore jackals live in cities. Q : Some tables are grass. All stools are grass. Therefore all tables are stools.
91. 91. 72 Problem P : Cups play chess. Chess is a difficult game. Therefore cups play a difficult game. Q : Reena is a girl. All girls are timid. Therefore Reena is timid.
92. 92. 73 Problem P: Some musicians are not rich. All musicians are polite. Therefore not all polite persons are rich. Q : All musicians are rich. No rich person is po-lite. Therefore musicians are not polite.
93. 93. 74 Problem P: Some mangoes are apples. All grapes are man- goes. Therefore all apples are grapes. Q : Some mangoes are apples. All apples are grapes. Therefore, some mangoes are grapes.
94. 94. 75 Problem P: All fish can fly. Some fish are birds. All birds are naughty. Therefore some naughty can fly. Q : Some fish are birds. All birds are naughty. Therefore all fish are naughty.
95. 95. Directions for questions 76 to 80:Each of these questions consists of a statement followed by two argumentsnumbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strongargument and which is a weak argument.Mark the answer as1. if only argument I is strong.2. if only argument II is strong.3. if either I or II is strong.4. if neither 1 nor II is strong.
96. 96. 76 Problem Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan? . Arguments : I. No, Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India. II. Yes. This would help settle con-flicts.
97. 97. 77 Problem Statement : Should India have no military force at all? Arguments : I. No. Other countries in the world do not believe in non-violence. II. Yes. Many Indians believe in non-violence.
98. 98. 78 Problem Statement: Should studentsunion in universi-ties be abolished? Arguments : I. Yes. Students can pay full atten-tion to their career development. 11. No. All the great leaders had been students union leaders.
99. 99. 79 Problem Statement: Should higher education be reserved for deserving few? Arguments : I. No. it will increase unemployment. II. Yes. It will minimise wastage in higher education.
100. 100. 80 Problem Statement : Should those who receive dowry, de-spite the law prohibiting it, be pun-ished? Arguments: I. Yes. Those who violate the law. must be punished. II. No. dowry system is firmly rooted in the society since time immemorial.
101. 101. SECTION -CMATHEMATICAL SKILLS
102. 102. Directions for questions 81 to 96:Each of the passages given below is followed by questions. Choose the bestanswer for each question.
103. 103. PASSAGE IEach of the passages given below is followed by questions. Choose the best answer for each question.Have you ever come across a painting by Picasso, Mondrian, Miro, or any other modern abstract painterof this century, and found yourself engulfed in a brightly- coloured canvas which your senses cannotinterpret? Many people would tend to denounce abstractionism as senseless trash. These people aredisoriented by Miros bright, fanciful creatures and two-dimensional canvases. They click their tonguesand shake their heads at Mondrians grid Works, declaring that the poor guy played too many scrabblegames. They silently shake their heads in sympathy for Picasso, whose gruesome, distorted figures mustbe a reflection of his mental health. Then, standing in front of a work by Charlie Russell, the famouswestern artist, theyll declare it a work of God. People feel more comfortable with something they canrelate to and understand immediately without too much thought. This is the case with the work ofCharlie Russell. Being able to recognize the elements in his paintings — trees, horses and cowboys —gives people a safety line to their world of reality. There are some who would disagree when I sayabstract art requires more creativity and artistic talent to produce a good piece than doesrepresentational art, but there are many weaknesses in their arguments. People who look down onabstract art have several major arguments to support their beliefs. They feel that artists turn abstractbecause they are not capable of the technical drafting skills that appear in a Russell; therefore, suchartists create an art form that anyone is capable of and that is less time consuming and then parade it as
104. 104. artistic progress. Secondly, they feel that the purpose of art is to create something of beauty in anorderly, logical composition. Russells compositions are balanced and rational; everything sits calmly onthe canvas, leaving the viewer satisfied that he has seen all there is to see. The modernabstractionists, on the other hand, seem to compose their pieces irrationally. For example, upon seeingPicassos Guernica, a friend of mine asked me, "Whats the point?" Finally, many people feel that artshould portray the ideal and real. The exactness of detail in Charlie Russells work is an example of this.He has been called a great historian because his pieces depict the lifestyle, dress, and events o the times.His subject matter is derived from his own experiences on the trial, and reproduced to the smallestdetail. I agree in part with many of these arguments, and at one time even endorsed them. But now, Ibelieve differently. Firstly, I object to the argument that abstract artists are not capable o drafting. Manyabstract artists, such as Picasso, are excellent draftsmen. As his work matured, Picasso became moreabstract in order to increase the expressive quality of his work. Guernica was meant as a protest againstthe bombing of that city by the Germans. To express the terror and suffering of the victims morevividly, he distorted the figures and presented them in a black and-white journalistic manner. If he hadused representational images and colour, much of the emotional content would have been lost and thepiece would not have caused the demand for justice that it did. Secondly, I do not think that a piece mustbe logical and aesthetically pleasing to be art. The message it conveys to its viewers is more important. It
105. 105. should reflect the ideals and issues of its time and be true to itself, not just a flowery, glossy surface. Forexample, through his work, Mondrian. was trying to present a system of simplicity, logic, and rationalorder. As a result, his pieces did end up looking like a scrabble board. He sees with his eyes. This is thereality he reproduces on canvas. To the abstract artist, reality is what he feels about what his eyes see.This is the reality he interprets on canvas. This can be illustrated by Mondrians Trees series. You canactually see the progression from the early recognizable, though abstracted trees, to his finalsolution, the grid system.A cycle of abstract and representational art began with the first scratchings of prehistoric man. From theabstractions of ancient Egypt to representational, classical Rome, returning to abstractionism in earlyChristian art and. so on up to the present day, the cycle has been going on. But this day and age maywitness its death through the camera. With film, there is no need to produce finely detailed, historicalrecords manually; the camera does this for us more efficiently. May be representational art would ceaseto exist. With abstractionism as the victor of the first battle, majrt)e, a different kind of cycle will betouched off. Possibly, some time in the distant future, thousands of years from now, art itself will bephysically non-existent Some artists today believe that once they have planned and constructed a piecein their mind, there is no sense in finishing it with their hands; it has already been done and can never beduplicated.
106. 106. 81 Problem The author argues that many people look down upon abstract art because they feel that a. modern abstract art does not portray. b. abstract artists are unskilled in matters of technical drafting. c. abstractionists compose irrationally. d. All the above.
107. 107. 82 Problem According to the author people feel comfortable with representational art because a. they are not engulfed in brightly-coloured canvases. b. they understand the art without putting too much strain on their minds. c. Paintings like Guernica do not have a point. d. they do not have to click their tongues and shake their heads in sympathy.
108. 108. 83 Problem In the authors opinion, Picassos Guernica created a strong demand for justice since a. it was a protest against the German bombing of Guernica. b. it was a mature work of Picasso, painted when the artists drafting skills were excellent. c. Picasso managed to express the emotional content well with his abstract depiction. d. it depicts the terror and suffering of the victims in a distorted manner.
109. 109. 84 Problem The author acknowledges that Mondrians pieces may have ended up looking like scrabble board because a. Mondrian was trying to convey the message of simplicity and rational order. b. Mondrian learned from his Trees series to evolve a grid system. c. Mondrian believed in grid works approach to abstractionist painting. d. many people declared that he played too many scrabble games.
110. 110. 85 Problem The main difference between the abstract artist and the representational artist in matter of the ideal and the real, according to the author, is a. how each chooses to deal with reality on his or her canvas. b. the superiority of interpretation of reality over production of reality. c. the different values attached by each to being a historian. d. the varying levels of drafting skills and logical thinking abilities.
111. 111. PASSAGE IIThe term Job Enrichment designates techniques used by company managers to maximize in individualworkers the internal motivation to work, which is the true source of job satisfaction. The job enrichmentconcept is based on the premise that people are not motivated by what is externally done to them bymanagement with rewards, privileges or punishment, nor by the environment or context in which theyperform their work. People develop lasting motivation only through their experience with the content oftheir jobs — the work itself.Such factors as pay, fringe benefits, the work environment, working conditions, and the quality ofsupervision cannot be ignored or given only token attention. Dissatisfaction with these factors can have aseverely debilitating effect on a workforce. But generating motivation in workers requires doingsomething with what they do in their work. Managers in recent years have been witnessing high-velocitychange and turmoil in the patterns of employee behaviour, and are forced to cope with a host ofproblems including high turnover or quit rales, absenteeism, tardiness, union grievances and workstoppages, high training costs, poor production quality, and low rates of production. Job enrichment wasdesigned to eliminate such problems, thereby benefiting both the employee and the employer. Inattempting to enrich an employees job, management often merely succeeds in reducing the manspersonal contribution, rather than giving him an opportunity for growth in his existing job. For example:Washing dishes for a while, then washing silverware. The arithmetic is substituting one zero for another
112. 112. zero. If the job is already zero in motivation, multiplying zero by anything still equals zero. N. Ford hasaptly described the job enrichment process as the art of reshaping jobs. Quantitative measures ofproduction rates, quality and job attitude have been carefully made in many applications. Improvementshave amply demonstrated the validity of changing job content to effect increased motivation. The chasmbetween conceptual generalities and job changes can be bridged through the process of brainstorming ina group, or so-called green lighting". When the green light condition is announced, the group beginstossing out ideas for getting motivators into each job as fast as possible. Everyone is warned that 110red lights or negative comments are permitted. A job enrichment specialist or project director shouldassist in accomplishing changes, which require higher approval.
113. 113. 86 Problem The quote the arithmetic is substituting one zero for another zero implies which of the following ? a. The rotation of jobs on the basis of pay. b. Provision of rewarding the person as per his skill. c. Rotating the assignments of a number of jobs, that really should be enriched. d. The rotation of jobs between the workers and the managers.
114. 114. 87 Problem According to the passage, the workers can best be motivated by a. giving economic incentives. b. forgiving the workers for absenteeism and tardiness. c. allowing them to fix their work schedule. d. making the work experience meaningful for the people.
115. 115. 88 Problem The author argues for green lighting. That can be inferred to a. favour free thinking and presentation of ideas. b. discourage free thinking as it tends to dissatisfaction. c. mean that working environments must be complied with the choice of colour. d. allow provision of sufficient time to change the way of working to the workers.
116. 116. 89 Problem An example of red light would be a. reduction of duties. b. substituting a useless task for another equally useless one. c. workers being motivated with loaded perks. d. comments like that would not work" or this is not a good time for it.’
117. 117. PASSAGE IIIBiologists are often accused of taking a rigidly deterministic approach to behaviour. Often this is in thecontext of reports of a "gene for this" or a "gene for that". One example is the idea of an addictivepersonality, which some people have tried to link to versions of particular genes whose products arefound in the brain. But genes do not act in isolation from the environment. Rather, genes andenvironments are locked together in complex loops that feed back on each other. A report in NatureNeurosdence illustrates this. Michael Nader and his colleagues at Wake Forest University, in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, have been investigating cocaine addiction in macaque monkeys, with a view totesting out ideas about the drugs effects on people. They wanted to examine whether there was anyrelationship between an animals social status and its tendency to get hooked. Is addiction theprerogative of the monkey equivalent of the executive washroom, the ghetto crack den, or both?As the addictive-personality model would predict, there was indeed a difference between the addictivepropensities of individuals. It seemed to be linked to the activity of a specific protein, derived from aspecific gene. However, the cause of the difference was not, as the naive determinist might havesupposed, genetic. It was, rather, environmental. Cocaine belongs to a class of drugs known as dopaminere-uptake inhibitors. Dopamine is one of the chemical messengers, known as neurotransmitters, thatallow signals to jump the gaps between nerve cells. The electrical impulses that conduct signals alongnerve filaments stimulate the release of neurotransmitter molecules when they reach the end of a
118. 118. filament. Those molecules are picked up by specialised receptor proteins on the surface of a cell on theother side of the gap, and the binding between neurotransmitter and receptor triggers a sequence ofevents that sets off an electrical impulse in the second nerve cell. The receptor then lets go of theneurotransmitter.In some cases, when the neurotransmitter has done its job, it is sucked back into the cell whence itcame, by a process known as re-uptake. Dopamine is one of these cases. So a molecule that blocks theprotein channels through which re-uptake happens means that dopamine hangs around in the gap, andcan re-stimulate the cell on the other side. Since the parts of the brain that control mood often rely ondopamine-mediated nerve cells, dopamine re-uptake inhibitors can have a profound effect on mood,which is why some people are willing to spend large amounts of money baying cocaine. Monkeys likecocaine too, and for much the same reasons. But, unlike people, they can be experimented on. Dr Naderand his colleague were particularly interested in the relation between a monkeys position in a groupsdominance hierarchy, how addicted it was to cocaine, and the activity of a dopamine receptor proteincalled D2. The experiment began with 20 male monkeys, which were housed individually for 18 months.During this time, their D2 activity was measured using a brain-scanning technique called positronsemission tomography (PET). Positrons are the antimatter equivalent of electrons, and are produced in arare type of radioactive decay. PET works by introducing biologically active molecules containing
119. 119. positron-emitting atoms into the tissue to be studied, and seeing where the chemical concentrates bywatching the effects of the positrons. Dr Naders group used a substance that has an affinity for D2receptors and thus accumulates in tissues where they are found. Once their time in individual cages wasover, the monkeys were housed in groups of four. Animals in such groups quickly establish who is in andwho is out. Based on earlier work, Dr Nader suspected that such dominance and subordination wouldreflect D2 activity and it did but not in the way that genetic determinists might have predicted. Dominantanimals had more D2 activity than subordinates, but that was a consequence of their dominance, andnot its cause. Regardless of their D2 activity when "kept individually, monkeys that became subordinateshowed little change in their PET responses after they had been put into company, in the animals thatbecame dominant, by contrast D2 activity increased significantly. The other thing that Dr Nader did withhis experimental subjects was to introduce them to cocaine. They were able to obtain the drug bypressing a lever. They could thus control their own intake. Like D2 activity, cocaine use was related tosocial status. Dominant animals found a preferred level, then stuck to it. Subordinates, though, seemedto need bigger and bigger fixes as time went on. That is a classic symptom of addiction— and it may wellbe linked directly to D2 activity. This is because the over-stimulation that cocaine causes makes the bodybehave as though too much of the neurotransmitter is being churned out. Production of dopamine dropsin response, so that when the cocaine goes away, too little stimulation takes place. The quickest way to
120. 120. restore the situation is to take more cocaine — inOther words, to be addicted. Individuals with a higherbase line of D2 activity might be expected to be less susceptible to this process, since the relative over-stimulation caused by a given dose of the drug will be smaller. So dominants, which have more D2activity as a result of their status, are less likely to become addicts. Propensity to addiction, in otherwords, is not a predisposition of the individual, but the result of social context. If these results translateto human experience, they will be a sad example of the biblical adage that unto everyone that hath shallbe given; but from him that hath not, shall be taken away even that which he hath. Not only are those atthe bottom of the heap more likely to be convicted and locked up for using drugs than those at the top(which they are), they are more likely to have to carry using them, once they have started.
121. 121. 90 Problem The passage begins with a. criticizing biologists and their efforts in testing drug effects on people. b. reinforcing the belief that addictive persons get sign from the brain to act in a particular fashion. c. the suggestion that social influence rather than genetic influence have a role in addiction patterns. d. undermining the belief that solely genes have a role addiction patterns and tendencies.
122. 122. 91 Problem In the experiment with monkeys, the key factors that scientists were looking at were all the follow-ing except a. the extent of a monkeys addiction to cocaine. b. the monkeys behaviour, when left in a group of . monkeys. c. how dominant a monkey is in a group. d. the activity of D2, a dopamine receptor protein.
123. 123. 92 Problem If the experiment on monkeys were to be true, then a. males who are dominant become pensive after > a shot of cocaine. b. submissive individuals become aggressive and violent when they take cocaine. c. the D2 has a pronounced effect on submissive animals. d. men who are addicts are those with lower level of D2 activity.
124. 124. 93 Problem The style of the passage can best be described as a. factual b. analytical c. argumentative d. descriptive
125. 125. PASSAGE IVFew had heard of tsunami before last Decembers Black Sunday when what is turning out to be theworlds biggest natural disaster in living memory hit South and South- Hast Asia. A tsunami is normally afallout of an earthquake on the ocean floor. An earthquake as massive as the one that occurred onDecember 26 results in sudden caving or rising of the ocean floor. And the slosh on the ocean floor setsoff the tsunami. A tsunami is not a single wave but a series of travelling ocean waves generated by thegeological changes near or below the ocean floor. Tremors under the sea displace the groundsurface, sending the water radially outward in circles from the epicentre. The result is a deepwave, stretching from the seas surface to the floor that travels horizontally at speeds of up to 500 milesper hour and reaches heights of 50 - 100 ft. In the deep, the waves travel faster and as they approach theshore, they rise further. After hitting a coastline with enormous power, they recede as quickly as theyhad surfaced. In the December 26 quake, the seismic fault lines ran north to south beneath the oceanfloor off Sumatra, while the tsunami waves shot out west and eastward. Although Indonesia was closestto the earthquakes epicentre, Sri Lanka was also badly hit. This is because of the earthquakesmechanism and the fact that Sri Lanka was in the direct path of the generated waves. So was theAndamans archipelago with its chain of 572 islands, of which 38 are inhabited. It is these islands thatbore the brunt of the tsunami. A 26-nation Tsunami Warning System (TWS) covering Pacific Oceannations that face the fury frequently is designed to warn about potentially destructive waves that may
126. 126. hours. The Pacific TWS, set up in Hawaii in 1965, has almost mastered the art of forecasting thedestructive waves. All 26 member nations of the system receive specific early warnings with exhaustivedata on tsunamis and can bank on an extensive network of seismic stations to locate potential tsunamiinducing earthquakes in near real time. The system is connected via satellite and telephone to neat 100water level stations throughout the Pacific that can be used verify the generation and possible severity ofa tsunami. Had any the Indian Ocean nations been members of the TWS, they would have got theadvisory and India would have had at least three hours before the tsunami actually struck its coast toorder evacuation or sign people to move to safety. The perception among Indias science bureaucrats sofar had been that there was no need for India to harbour tsunami worries. But now, there isacknowledgement that Indian Ocean nations face a significant threat from both local and distanttsunamis. And this disaster may trigger an initiative for warning network for the region. Union Ministerof State for Science and Technology said last week that India would soon join the TWS. The main shockon December 26 was followed by 36 aftershocks over the next 44 hours intheNicobar Islands, withmagnitudes ranging from 4.7 to 7.5 on the Richter scale. The earthquake occurred at the triple junctionof the Indian, Australian and Burmese plates. The earthquake started at a point where the Indian platesubducts below the Burmese plate due to the northward movement of the Indian plate. Seismologistshave noted a 15 m slip in the vertical direction along the crack that is about 1,000 km long, extending up
127. 127. to Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the northern direction. Seismologists now say that it will be useful tokeep vigil on any abnormal seismic activity in the already seismicaljy active North-East India. Otherwisethe word that few in this country had heard of until last Sunday may well be the latest addition to itsdictionary of disasters.
128. 128. 94 Problem Which one of the following statements is not cor-rect as per the passage? a. Tsunami waves travel horizontally at great speeds stretching from the seas surface to the floor. b. Tsunami Warning System covering Pacific Ocean is connected via satellite and telephone to water level stations. c. Indian bureaucrats still feel that Indian Ocean nations do not face significant threat from Tsunamis. d. Indian plate is moving in the northern direction.
129. 129. 95 Problem As per the passage, which one of the following ar-eas is seismically active and hence to be constantly monitored? a. Pacific Ocean b. Indian Ocean c. North-East India d. All the above
130. 130. 96 Problem A futuristic constructive outcome of this disaster is that a. India may now join the 26-nation Tsunami Warning System. b. a warning network for Indian Ocean nations may be initiated. c. all abnormal seismic activity will be monitored. d. None of these.
131. 131. Directions for questions 97 to 101:In each of the sentences there are two blanks, each blank indicating thatsomething has been omitted. There are four alternatives given. Choose the onethat best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
132. 132. 97 Problem They refused to________ any more evasive replies and decided to resolve the issue within the ________ of the major. a. notice — eccentricity b. brook—jurisdiction c. bloom — indulgence d. suffer – fortitude
133. 133. 98 Problem When listening to the chanting of the scriptures, the listener does not encounter the musicians individual personality._________ , the chant merely__________ both the musical and religious rules of the period. a. However — represents b. Rather — communicates c. Moreover — reflects d. In addition — conveys
134. 134. 99 Problem After listening to the pleas for_____________ ,the judge was________ and gave the con-victed man the maximum punishment allowed by law. a. activity — abrasive b. fortitude — formidable c. clemency — unmoved d. multiplicity—noisome
135. 135. SolutionAnswer is :- (c)pleas of clemency...judge was unmoved and convicted him.
136. 136. 100 Problem She was a/an________ I liar who had mas-tered the art of making untrue statements in a man-ner that sounded____________. a. congenial — creditable b. incorrigible — plausible c. convincing—illogical d. blatant—incongruous
137. 137. 101 Problem Even though the region Was prone to hurricanes, the____________ of the tornado last year was ____________ . a. levity — lethal b. portent — poignant c. inevitability — mercurial d. ferocity — unprecedented
138. 138. Directions for questions 102 to 106:The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form acoherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the mostlogical order for sentences to construct a coherent paragraph.
139. 139. 102 Problem A. Michael Hofman, a poet and translator, accepts this sorry fact without approval. B. But thanklessness and impossibility do not daunt him. C. He acknowledges too in fact, he returns to the point often - the best translators of poetry always fail at some level. D. Hofman feels passionately about his work and this is clear from his writings. E. In terms of the gap between worth and rewards, translators come somewhere near nurses and street cleaners. a. EACDB b. EACBD c. ADEBC d. DCEAB
140. 140. 103 Problem A. Almost a century ago, when the father of the modern automobile industry, Henry Ford, sold the first Model T car, he decided that only the best would do for his customers. B. Today, it is committed to delivering the finest quality with over six million vehicles a year in over 200 countries across the world. C. And for over 90 years, this philosophy has endured in the Ford Motor Company. D. Thus a vehicle is ready for the customers only if it passes the Ford Zero Defect Programme. a. ABCD b. ACBD c. CDAB d. ACDB
141. 141. 104 Problem A. In a number of cases the drivers have refused to ferry passengers according to the meter- reading despite it being in working condition. B. For instance according to a complaint, the driver of an auto rickshaw not only misbehaved but also ran away with Rs. 500 from Dhaula Kuan on October 13. C. Refusal to carry commuters to their respective destinations is another common complaint which has been lodged with the call centres. D. What have been most shocking are the complaints about misbehavior by the auto rickshaw drivers with the passengers. E. Similarly, another driver ran away with the luggage of the passenger on the Karol Bagh - Paschim Vihar route. a. DACBE b. DCBAE c. ACDBE d. ABCDE
142. 142. 105 Problem A. Finnish specialists recommended a chewing gum containing xylitol - a natural sweetener present in birch, maple, corn and straw - to be used several times a day by young children. B. Chewing gum is a new solution that may work for parents whose children suffer from chronic ear infections. C. An experiment was conducted involving three hundred and six children between two and six years. D. After Finnish studies showed that xylitol is effective in preventing cavities, a team of researchers decided to investigate its effects on a very similar type of bacteria which causes ear infections. a. BCDA b. ABCD c. CBAD d. BADC
143. 143. 106 Problem A. Such a national policy will surely divide and never unite the people. B. In fact, it suits the purpose of the politicians, they can drag the people into submission by appealing to them in the name of religion. C. In order to inculcate their unquestioning belief they condemn the other states which do not follow their religion. D. The emergence of the theocratic states, where all types of crimes are committed in the name of religion, has revived the religion of the Middle Ages. a. ABCD b. DBCA c. DBAC d. CDAB
144. 144. Directions for questions 107 to 112:In each of the following sentences, a part of the sentence is underlined. Beneatheach sentence four different ways of phrasing the underlined part, are indicated.Choose the best alternative among the four.
145. 145. 107 Problem It is the craziness for speeding that is maddening that is responsible for many motor accidents. a. the craziness for speeding that is mad b. the mad craze for speed c. the mad craze for speeding d. the craze for speeding that is maddening
146. 146. 108 Problem If they cooperate together by dividing up the work, they shall be over with the work faster. a. If they cooperate together by dividing the work b. If they cooperate by dividing up the work c. If they cooperate by dividing the work d. If they cooperate together by division of work
147. 147. 109 Problem British Airspace has been focusing on building Eu-ropean links. a. concentrating on creating European Links. b. focusing on forging European links. c. stressing on building European connectivity. d. stressing on building European links.
148. 148. 110 Problem In Southern Bengal, many banyan trees are planted at the end of a village or at the border of a district, for providing excellent shade at summers, and shelter during winter from the bitter winds. a. to provide excellent shade in summer and, in winter, shelter from the bitter winds. b. providing excellent shades of summer, and shelters of bitter winter winds. c. in order to provide shade in excellent summer and shelter from the winds of bitter winter. d. for providing excellent shades at summer, and shelter from bitter winds in summer.
149. 149. 111 Problem Standards of reportage in the profession have ac-tually risen in recent years, with specialists lending credibility for the printed word. a. with specialists who have lend credibility to the printed word. b. with specialists lending credibility to the printed word. c. by specialists lending credibility in the printed word. d. as specialists lending credibility to the printed word.
150. 150. 112 Problem Knowing the area was prone to earthquakes, all the buildings were reinforced with additional steel and concrete. a. Having known that the area was prone to earthquakes b. Since they knew that the area was prone to earthquakes c. Since the area was known to be prone to earthquakes d. Being prone earthquakes
151. 151. Directions for questions 113 to 116:The words given below (in capita letters) have a certain relationship with eachother. The relationship could be synonymous, antonymous, part-whole, and soon. Following, this pair are four other pairs. Select the pair wherein the wordshave the closest relationship to that of the given capitalised pair.
152. 152. 113 Problem DOCUMENT : PASSPORT : : a. army : captain b. leader: follower c. league : team d. pie : dessert
153. 153. 114 Problem ATHEIST : AGNOSTIC : : a. faithful: cynic b. sceptic: doubter c. philosopher: thinker d. infidel: believer
154. 154. 115 Problem CONSPICUOUS : STRIKING : : a. noticeable: outstanding b. obvious: distinguished c. overt: hidden d. glaring: indistinct
155. 155. 116 Problem REPROACH : REBUKE : : a. sorcery : black magic b. disapproved : disgrace c. stupendous: gigantic d. svelte : obese
156. 156. Directions for questions 117 to 120:Critically examine the statements given and choose the best answer from thealternative.
157. 157. 117 Problem Men are like stars, some generate their own light while others reflect the brilliance they receive. The statement that best elucidates the above is: a. There are some men who have exceptional intellectual and creative power and do great things without dependence. There are others who just follow their footsteps. b. Men who are capable of doing wonderful things, have originality, are imitated by the less fortunate ones. c. Some men are born highly intelligent and virtuous and achieve the best by their own efforts. Those who do not have these try to follow them. d. Men who are born geniuses live great lives and achieve great positions in life. Many others look at their work and try to be like them.
158. 158. 118 Problem Perfection walks slowly; she needs the hand of time. Which of the following sentences explains the above statement? a. It is not easy to become perfect; you can only strive to be. b. Only God is perfect. No human being can ever aspire to be perfect. c. It needs much patience and perseverance to achieve perfection. It can only be a goal or vision but still we can try to be perfect. d. You cannot become a perfect person if you walk slowly; you have to hold on to time to prove you to be perfect.
159. 159. 119 Problem Men are like wine, some turn to vinegar but the best improve with age. What does this mean? a. Old wine is the best and the tastiest, but sometimes wine is spoilt and tastes sour. b. Some men become strong as time passes by and with age they become virtuous. Some others merely become vicious and dangerous. c. Good men always grow wiser and nobler as they grow old despite their experiences in life. Some become harmful am bad. d. Good wine kept long becomes sweeter. It can become sour and insipid if it is not made and maintained well. So to men who become good or bad.
160. 160. 120 Problem If you want to eat eggs, first take care of the hen. Which one of the following can be considered to be the right meaning of this statement? a. You have to be well-disciplined in your life and take pair to grow well if you want to enjoy it. b. It is not easy to make life fruitful and happy. You have to plan and strive for it. c. Make an endeavour to live well doing the good things. d. You should not expect anything good to come to you without careful planning and effort.
161. 161. SECTION -DMATHEMATICAL SKILLS
162. 162. 121 Problem Rs. 6500 were divided equally among a certain num-ber of persons. Had there been 15 more persons, each would have got Rs. 30 less. Find the original number of persons. a. 45 b. 50 c. 55 d. 48
163. 163. 122 Problem One-fourth of a herd of camels was seen in the forest. Twice the square root of the herd had gone to mountains and the remaining 15 camels were seen on the bank of a river. Find the total number of camels. a. 32 b. 34 c. 35 d. 36
164. 164. 123 Problem The area of four walls of a room is 120 nr. The length is twice the breadth. If the height of the room is 4 m, find the area of the floor. a. 48 m2 b. 49 m2 c. 50 m2 d. 52 m2
165. 165. 124 Problem A wire is looped in the form of a circle of radius 28-cm. It is re-bent into a square form. Determine the length of the side of the square. a. 44 cm b. 45 cm c. 46 cm d. 48 cm
166. 166. 125 Problem A circular grassy plot of land, 42 m in diameter, has a path 3.5 m wide running round it on the outside. Find the cost gravelling the path at Rs. 4 per square metre. a. Rs. 2002 b. Rs. 2003 c. Rs. 2004 d. Rs. 2000
167. 167. 126 Problem A rectangular tank measuring 5 m x 4.5 m x 2.1 m is dug the centre of the field measuring 13.5 m x 2.5 m. The earth d out is spread evenly over the remaining portion of the fie How much is the level of the field raised? a. 4.0 m b. 4.1m c. 4.2 m d. 4.3 m
168. 168. 127 Problem Find the number of coins, 1.5 cm in diameter and 0.2 cm thick, to be melted to form a right circular cylinder of height 10 cm and diameter 4.5 cm. a. 430 b. 440 c. 450 d. 460
169. 169. 128 Problem How many metres of cloth 5 m wide will be re-quired to make a conical tent, the radius of whose base is 7 m and whose height is 24 m? (Take A = 22/7) a. 108m b. 110m c. 112m d. 115m
170. 170. 129 Problem A sphere of diameter 6 cm is dropped in a right circular cylindrical vessel partly filled with water. The diameter of the cylindrical vessel is 12 cm. If the sphere is completely submerged in water, by how much will the level of water rise in the cylin-drical vessel? a. 1 cm b. 2 cm c. 3 cm d. 4 cm
171. 171. 130 Problem From the top of a building 60 m high, the angles of depression of the top and the bottom of a tower are observed to be 30° and 60°. Find the height of the tower. 1. 35 m 2. 40 m 3. 45 m 4. 30 m
172. 172. 131 Problem A company blends two varieties of tea from two different tea gardens, one variety costing Rs. 20 per kg and the other Rs. 25 per kg in the ratio 5:4. He sells the blended tea at Rs. 23 per kg. Find his profit or loss per cent. 1. Profit of 5% 2. Loss of 5% 3. Profit of 3.5% 4. No profit, no loss
173. 173. 132 Problem A box contains 6 white balls and 7 black balls. Two balls are drawn at random. What is the probability that both are of the same colour? 1. 5/13 2. 6/13 3. 7/13 4. 6/7
174. 174. 133 Problem A child can do a piece of work 15 hours slower than a woman. The child works for 18 hours on the job and then the woman takes charge for 6 hours. In this manner, 3/5 of the work can be completed. To complete the job now, how much time will the woman take? a. 24 hours b. 18 hours c. 12 hours d. 30horus
175. 175. 134 Problem A shopkeeper sells a pair of sunglasses at a profit of 25%. If he had bought it’ at 25% less and sold it for Rs. 10 less, he would have gained 40%. Deter-mine the cost price of the pair of sunglasses. a. Rs. 50 b. Rs. 25 c. Rs. 75 d. Rs. 60
176. 176. 135 Problem The average temperature for the first four days of a week is 40.2°C and that of the last four days is 4I.3°C. If the average temperature for the whole week is 40.6°C, the temperature on the fourth day is a. 40.8°C b. 38.5°C c. 41.3°C d. 41.8°C
177. 177. 136 Problem The difference between the compound interest and simple interest on a certain amount of money at 5% per annum for 2 years is Rs. 15. Find the prin-cipal sum. a. Rs. 4500 b. Rs. 7500 c. Rs. 5000 d. Rs. 6000
178. 178. 137 Problem A started a business with Rs. 4500 and another person B joined after some period with Rs. 3000. Determine this period before B joined the business if the profit at the end of the year is divided in the ratio 2:1. a. After 3 months b. After 4 months c. After 6 months d. After 2 months
179. 179. 138 Problem A video magazine distributor made 3500 copies of the March issue of the magazine at a cost of Rs. 3,50,000. He gave 500 cassettes free to some key video libraries. He also allowed a 25% discount on the market price of the cassette and gave one ex-tra cassette free with every 29 cassettes bought at a time. In this manner, he was able to sell all the 3500 cassettes that were produced. If the market price of a cassette was Rs. 150, what is his gain or loss per cent for the March issue of video a. 25% loss b. 10% gain c. 40% gain d. 6.8% loss
180. 180. 139 Problem The weight of an empty bottle is 20% of the weight of the bottle when filled with some liquid. Some of the liquid has been removed. Then, the bottle, along with the remaining liquid, weighed half of the origi-nal weight. What fractional part of the liquid has been removed? a. 2/3 b. 3/9 c. 2/5 d. 5/8
181. 181. 140 Problem A pipe can fill a tank in 15 minutes and another one in 30 minutes. A third pipe can empty the tank in 25 minutes. The first two pipes are kept open for 4 minutes in the beginning and then the third pipe is also opened. In what time will the tar be emptied? a. 35min b. 15min c. 20min d. Cannot be emptied
182. 182. 141 Problem x y z If a find a if x+y+z. 2x y z x 2y z x y 2z 1. 1/3 2. 1/4 3. 1/8 4. ½
183. 183. 142 Problem The remainder when 22005 + 1 is divided by 17, is: 1. 8 2. 9 3. 16 4. 15
184. 184. 143 Problem In a geometric progression the sum of the first and the last terms is 66 and the product of the second and the last but one term is 128. Determine the first term of the series. a. 64 b. 64 or 2 c. 2 or 32 d. 32
185. 185. 144 Problem In how many ways can five men and two women be seated around a table with the two ladies sitting separately? (Clockwise and anti-clockwise arrange-ments are considered separately) a. 6!/2! b. 6! x 2! c. 240 d. 480
186. 186. 145 Problem y y x x If x z z y , determine the ratio of x : y a. 1:2:3 b. 3:2:1 c. 4:2:3 d. 2:4:7
187. 187. 146 Problem If a + b + c = 0, find the value of a2 b2 c2 a 2 bc b2 ca c 2 ab a. 4 b. 2 c. 1 d. 0
188. 188. 147 Problem The first term of an arithmetic progression (A.P.) is the common ratio of a geometric progression (G.P). The first term of the geometric progression is the common difference of the arithmetic progres-sion. The sum of the first ten terms of the A.P. is 155 and the sum of the first two terms of the G.P. is 9. Find the first terms of the A.P. and the G.P. a. (2, 3) or (3, 2) b. (25/2,3)or(3,2/5) c. (2,25/2) or (3, 2/3) d. (1, 3) or (2, 2/3)
189. 189. 148 Problem If a - 8 = b, determine the value of %a - b% - % b - a%. a. 16 b. 0 c. 4 d. 2
190. 190. 149 Problem Determine the value of log3√2>/y [1/18], a. 2 b. -2 c. √3 d. √2
191. 191. 150 Problem An aeroplane first flew with a speed of 440 kmph and covered a certain distance. It still had to cover 770 km less than what it had already covered, but it flew with a speed of 660 kmph. The average speed for the entire flight was 500 kmph. Find the total distance covered. a. 3250 km b. 2750 km c. 4400 km d. 1375 km
192. 192. 151 Problem Determine value of 1 1 1 1 ...... 1 2 2 3 3 4 120 121 a. √120 b. 10 c. 12√2 d. 8
193. 193. 152 Problem If 5π/6 is the measure of each interior angle of a regular convex polygon, then it must be a a. octagon b. hexagon c. dodecagon d. decagon
194. 194. 153 Problem The reduced form of cos6 x + sin6 x + 3 cos2 x. sin2 x is equal to a. 2 b. c. sin x + cos3 x2 d. 1
195. 195. 154 Problem The least value of 3X + 3* is a. 2 b. 1 c. 0 d. 2/3
196. 196. 155 Problem Which of the following is the best approximation for the following (7.9986/0.1155)+ 19.97 expression, ? a. 15 b. 10 c. 1.0 d. 1.3
197. 197. 156 Problem A sequence is generated by the rule that the xth term is x2 + 1 for each positive integer x. In this sequence, for any value of x > 1, the value of (x + l)lh term less the value of xth term is a. 2x2 + 1 b. x2 + 1 c. 2x + 1 d. x + 2
198. 198. 157 Problem -If a, b, c are real numbers such that a-b + c <1 a + b + c > -1 and 9a + 3b + c < -4, what is the sign of a? a. +only b. -"only c. ‘+’ or ‘-’ d. Cannot say
199. 199. 158 Problem A woman works continuously for 7 days in the kitchen and refuses to work on the 8th day when her husband takes over. If she starts her work on a Sunday, the 10th time she rests will be on which day of the week? a. Sunday b. Tuesday c. Monday d. Friday
200. 200. 159 Problem The letters B, G, I, N, R are rearranged to form the word BRING. Find its probability. a. 1/120 b. 1/5" c. 1/24 d. 5/5 x 42
201. 201. 160 Problem In how many-ways can twelve girls be arranged in a row if two particular girls must occupy the end places? a. 101/2! b. 12! c. 10! x2 d. 12! / 2!
202. 202. SECTION -EINDIAN & GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
203. 203. 161 Problem The adline Going beyond expectations is associ-ated with a. Singapore Airlines b. Malaysia Airlines c. Indian Airlines d. Japan Airlines
204. 204. 162 Problem The company Easy Bill has been launched by a. Hero Group b. Modi Group c. Lalbhai Group d. AdityaBirla Group
205. 205. 163 Problem Which one of the following countries won more number of medals in the 2004 Olympic Games? a. China b. Russia c. Australia d. Japan
206. 206. 164 Problem British oil and gas firm Cairn Energy had struck oil in a. Bombay High b. kerala c. Karnataka d. Rajasthan
207. 207. 165 Problem Which of the following is not a product from Hindustan Lever Ltd.? a. Ayush b. Fair and Lovely c. Sunsilk d. Anne French
208. 208. 166 Problem Deepak Parekh is associated with a. ICICI b. HDFC c. Infosys d. Microsoft
209. 209. 167 Problem Who among the following has/have been presented with Pravasi Bhartiya Samman in January 2005? a. Sam Pitroda b. Basdeo Pandey c. Bhiku Chhotala d. All the above
210. 210. 168 Problem Bisleri bottled water is a product from a. Pepsi b. Parle c. Coca Cola d. Nestle
211. 211. 169 Problem Computer major IBM has entered into a strategic alliance which state for impetus to e-governance and training people? a. Uttar Pradesh b. Uttaranchal c. Rajasthan d. Tamil Nadu
212. 212. 170 Problem Kelkar Committee dealt with a. industrial pollution b. tax reforms c. Babri Masjid issue d. railway accidents
213. 213. 171 Problem Which company has recently launched electronic goods in India? a. Hyundai b. Honda c. Toyota d. Ford
214. 214. 172 Problem NOVA - 135 is a scooter introduced by a. Bajaj b. Honda c. Kinetic d. Yamaha
215. 215. 173 Problem The slogan "Make Life Simple is associated with a. SBI card b. BOB card c. Standard Chartered Bank Card d. None of these
216. 216. 174 Problem Barak missile deal was negotiated by India with a. France b. Russia c. Singapore d. Israel
217. 217. 175 Problem Whirlpool Home Appliances company is a com-pany from a. France b. Italy c. UK d. USA
218. 218. 176 Problem Michael Schumacher is associated with a. Football b. Golf c. Car-racing d. Billiards
219. 219. 177 Problem Richard Branson is closely connected with a. Indian Airlines b. Jet Airways c. Virgin Atlantic d. Lufthansa
220. 220. 178 Problem Servo brand lubricants are from a. Bharat Petroleum b. Hindustan Petroleum c. IBP d. Indian Oil
221. 221. 179 Problem Which organisation manages the largest mutual fund in India? a. Franklin Templeton b. HDFC c. SBI d. UTI
222. 222. 180 Problem During 2004, Anju Bobby George was given a. Arjuna Award b. Dhyan Chand Award c. Dronacharya Award d. None of these
223. 223. 181 Problem Commonwealth Games in the year 2010 will be organised in a. London b. Delhi c. Mumbai d. Lahore
224. 224. 182 Problem For 2004-05, GDP projection of Reserve Bank of India is a. 8 - 9 per cent b. 10.5 - 11 per cent c. 3.5-4 per cent d. 6 - 6.5 per cent
225. 225. 183 Problem Headquarters of WTO (World Trade Organisation) is located in a. Paris b. New York c. The Hague d. Geneva
226. 226. 184 Problem Which country is not a member of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)? a. Myanmar b. Sri Lanka c. Bhutan d. Maldives
227. 227. 185 Problem Which group is planning \$ 2 Billion investment in Bangladesh in the near future? a. Tatas b. Reliance c. Bajaj d. Larsen and Toubro
228. 228. 186 Problem Service Tax introduced by the government on ser-vices, levies tax at the rate of a. 8% b. 12% c. 10% d. 5%
229. 229. 187 Problem Which is not a vehicle from General Motors? a. Vectra b. Optra c. Elantra d. Tavera
230. 230. 188 Problem Which is the most densely populated state of India? a. West Bengal b. Uttar Pradesh c. Maharashtra d. Kerala
231. 231. 189 Problem Ms. Wangari Maathai of Kenya, who won the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize, was actively involved in spear-heading the movement called a. Green Revolution b. White Revolution c. Save Trees d. Green Belt Movement
232. 232. 190 Problem Which company has become the first Indian com-pany in the automobile and engineering sector to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)? a. Maruti Udyog Ltd. b. Mahindra& Mahindra c. Hindustan Motors d. Tata Motors
233. 233. 191 Problem Haier, which is a major home appliances company, is a company from a. North Korea b. South Korea c. China d. Japan
234. 234. 192 Problem Which Business newspaper in India calls itself "The White Paper on Business"? a. The Economic Times b. Financial Times c. Business Line d. None of these
235. 235. 193 Problem Which part of Maharashtra is demanding for a sepa-rate statehood? a. Rayalseema b. Vidharbha c. Kankan d. Satpura
236. 236. 194 Problem Which of the following states saw a series of pro-tests against the Armed Forces Special Powers Act in 2004? a. Andhra Pradesh b. Uttar Pradesh c. Mizoram d. Manipur
237. 237. 195 Problem After the attack on the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in 2001, militant groups have targeted many countries. In September they occupied a school in Russia and hundreds of hostages were killed in the gun battle. In which town was this school located? a. Moscow b. Vladivostok c. St. Petersburg d. Beslan
238. 238. 196 Problem Earlier this year, President Bush revoked a trade embargo against a country that had been declared a terrorist state earlier. This allows US companies to invest in this country for the first time since 1986. Which is the country? a. Egypt b. Sudan c. Nigeria d. Libya
239. 239. 197 Problem On 20th September 2004, ISRO launched the GSLV carrying Edusat, which supposed to help take dis-tance learning to millions of villages. From which base was this launched? a. Balasore b. Chandipur c. Sriharikota d. Ahmedabad
240. 240. 198 Problem Tata Consultancy Services offered 55 million equity shares through its initial public offering in 2004. On which stock exchanges did the company list? a. BSE&NSE b. BSE, NSE & CSE c. BSE & NYSE d. BSE & Nasdaq
241. 241. 199 Problem An Indian pharma company received The Economic Times Award for Corporate Excellence last year. Which company are we referring to? a. Ranbaxy b. Reddy Labs c. Biocon d. Wockhardt
242. 242. 200 Problem This year, low budget airlines started service in In-dia in a big way. Which was the worlds first low budget airline? a. Virgin Blue b. Virgin Atlantic c. Southwest Airlines d. Deccan
243. 243. FOR SOLUTION VISIT WWW.VASISTA.NET/