PASSAGE IModern manpower planning, especially in developing countries focuses interest on formal schooling. Itsterminology is that of teacher student ratios, absorption and enrollment ratios, dropouts, repeaters,general vs. technical education among others. The manpower planner assumes a certain demandpattern, then valiantly plunges into the supply calculations, translating manpower requirements into aneducational plan. A thousand clerks are wanted in 2010. he is told. This means several thousands mustenter primary school now so that 12 years late we can get 1,000 secondary school graduates. He hasalready defined a clerk to be the human being with twelve years of general education. He has calculateddropout and other relevant ratios accurately. Thus, one thousand clerks will be delivered in 2010.Problem is solved. If the reader feels a touch of sarcasm in the preceding portrayal of modern manpowerplanning, he is to be assured that only skepticism is intended. For. in India as in Myanmar, Pakistan thatTaiwan, all densely- populated, basically agricultural countries - a great upsurge in manpowerdevelopment via schooling has taken place in the last 2S years. The impact of such development oneconomic growth leaves much to be desired. These countries arc faced with severe problems in theother important areas of manpower planning, namely manpower allocation and utilisation. Despite thelarge numbers pouring out of the schooling system, shortages persist in certain occupations andlocations while redundant surpluses accumulate in others. The shortages arc not explained by the needfor more schooling but are due to the kind of training offered and the kind of employment desired by the
graduates. In most cases one is faced with the necessity to induce the prospective graduates to acceptless schooling instead of striving for more, where the ranks of the unemployed are full. The problem thatcries for greater attention is that of motivation of manpower. What induces people to join certainschools and to continue their schooling? What are the incentives necessary to divert graduates fromcertain occupations to others?What motivates manpower to work in certain geographic locations and avoid others? What is the effectof schooling itself on attitudes and motivation, and finally what motivates workers to produce, innovate,cooperate, take risks and achieve higher productivity?
01 Problem According to the passage, the manpower development in developing countries a. has brought tremendous economic growth to these countries b. has increased manpower utilisation c. has been brought through formal schooling d. has increased the motivation and productivity of the work-force.
02 Problem To what does a touch of Sarcasm refer? a. Developing countries emphasis on transforming themselves rapidly from agricultural to industrial countries b. Establishment of Management Information Systems cells for collection of data c. Proliferation of second-rate schools offering low quality of training d. A manpower planners simplistic assumptions and straight-forward computations.
03 Problem Which of the following is not a reason for the observed imbalance in the manpower requirements and the availability of the educated? a. Need for more schooling b. Kind of training offered c. Kind of employment desired by the graduates d. Being guided by a purely quantitative educational plan derived from various relevant ratios.
PASSAGE IIThere is something people like about rappelling or abseiling. A form of controlled descent used inmountaineering, it follows the more gruelling task of climbing up. Of late, rappelling has foundpopularity as a staged activity. Participants walk up a cliff or rock face, while securely anchored to at leastone safety rope that is released in controlled fashion from above. Some clubs keep a third line free forinstructors to come down and assist should anyone get stuck mid-route. Most important, participantsare allowed adequate pauses en route for that photograph of manhoods dawning, mamas precious boylooking great on vertical rock. As many adventure clubs would tell you, very few of these muscle-totting,fatigues-clad youngsters return to climbing t he phonograph endures; the mountain fades. Those whostick on do so because of a deeper fascination, fully acknowledging their fragility and hardly resemblingthe branded image of the adventurous. Further, as with the maturity curve in Indian sports, deep pursesdo not always mean great talent; it is the progressive tapping of the pyramids bottom end that reveals awider canvas of talent. The story is little different with automobiles, where self- image precedes utility invehicle purchase. Utility vehicles (UVs), sports utility vehicles (SlJVs) and a few crossovers make up theadventure vehicles on Indian roads. In 2004-05, total domestic UV sales had increased by 20.46 per centto 176,339 units from 146,388 units. As at end August 2005, the trend for 2005-06 was a sales rise of13.67 percent to 72,686 units for the category. Crossovers sell in very small volumes. So the countrysadventure vehicle story is mainly that of UVs. Of these the obviously brute types, that is. the big,
expensive SUVs - lord the relatively tame terrain of cities. Where else can the contrast be sharper? Thekey thing is to be seen, seem adventurous and look capable of crushing all else on the road. A wellknown fact is that beyond the odd automobile journalist who test-drives a brute in testy terrain, mostowners of off- road studs dare not stray from the tarmac, as the vehicles arc expensive. In a cost-conscious market like India with long periods of careful ownership, you could bunch a wide range ofvehicles from the cheapest Scorpio, costing around Rs. 7.3 lakhs (in Mumbai), to the costliest PorscheCayenne, selling at Rs. 92 lakhs, into this segment. Naturally therein, the base of ownership and thetendency to punish the vehicle tapers with higher price points. So if the brutes arc largely doing tameduty or. worse, showing off, where are the real adventure vehicles? To pick out that segment, one needsto first outline the contours of Indian adventure. I.ike everything else, it tends to be and needs to be lowcost. Indian civilian mountaineering expeditions, for example - and there are several every year - travelwithout radio contact, global positioning system or satellite phone and cut down on porters and useborrowed or hired equipment - in short, rough it out wherever possible. The limited budget is entirelyskewed towards the final goal with the highest priority in expense for critical inputs (specializedequipment, clothing shelter and food), all else enjoying lower priority. It is a bottom of the pyramidconsumer experience, one in which the final stages of transport are met by rugged, low-end UVs. In thehills and mountains it is the Bolero, Sumo, Trax and their earlier brethren which remain trusted and are
worked hard on rough tracks every day. Mahindra and Mahindra (M & M), Tata Motors and Force Motors(earlier Bajaj Tempo) make these vehicles. The companies are based in Maharashtra, which has thehighest number of adventure clubs in the country and a strong presence of the automobile industry.While on a trek or rock climb in the Sahyadris, it is common to run into somebody from Tata Motors orTata Power, equally strong being the likelihood of having a batch-mate from one of the Tata companies ifyou are training at a mountaineering institute in the Himalayas. Sadly, however, the economies of massmanufacturing shy away from responding to niche segments and in India, adventure is a niche activity.The markets darling therefore, remains the great Indian family or that faceless bunch of strangers,jammed into a "peoples carrier" No marks for guessing which is the adventurers longstanding favouritefor personal transport. Although the price of petrol has risen, the one vehicle that consistently capturedthe fancy of adventure enthusiasts was the Maruti Gypsy, now reduced to largely institutional sales. Ithas the perfect size to manoeuvre on mountain roads, the best off-road vehicle around, commandsrespect in remote areas, allows space for others on roads and, in the true spirit of the adventurer, has alight-weight presence. No fanfare. It is the vehicle people will still give an arm and a leg to load up andhead for the crags. Interestingly, this size of the UV has been left unattended by all domesticmanufacturers, including Maruti, which has often described the Gypsys small size and petrol engine aspotential sales dampeners. M & M has an engaging product in the larger Invader while Tata Motors and
Force Motors have kept out. But Marutis own view was partly based on the Gypsys limited ability as apeople mover. But the typical adventurer, the sort hailing from the bottom of the pyramid, would havebeen happy with a manoeuvrable, off- road model that was backed by the countrys largest vehiclesupport network. Neither Maruti nor other manufacturers found it attractive. For the present, therefore,Indias adventure vehicles are gas-guzzlers, sold with little appreciation for the budget and requirementof Indian adventurers.
04 Problem According to the author which type of items take priority due to the budget constraints for adventure trips? a. Porters b. Global Positioning System c. Specialized Equipment d. Satellite Phone
05 Problem "It is the vehicle will still give an arm and a leg to load up and head for the crags." Which one of the following is not a feature of the vehicle referred to in the above sentence? a. This vehicle can be manoeuvered smoothly on hilly roads. b. The sales of this vehicle are mostly institutional c. It is well accepted in remote areas. d. It is the best vehicle for all terrains.
06 Problem Which of the following statements is incorrect as per the passage? a. Abseiling has lately become popular as a staged activity. b. Indias adventure vehicles are manufactured and sold considering requirement of Indian adventures. c. Indian market is cost conscious with longer periods of careful ownerships. d. Force Motors is the successor of Bajaj Tempo.
PASSAGE IIIIt is indisputable that in order to fulfill its many functions, water should be clean and biologicallyvaluable. The costs connected with the provision of biologically valuable water for food production withthe maintenance of sufficiently clean water are primarily production costs. Purely "environmental" costsseem to be in this respect only costs connected with the safeguarding of cultural, recreational and sportsfunctions which the watercourses and reservoirs fulfill both in nature and in human settlements. Thepollution problems of the atmosphere resemble those of the water only partly. So far, the supply of airhas not been deficient as was the case with water, and the dimensions of the air-shed are so vast that anumber of people will hold the opinion that air need not be economized. However, scientific forecastshave shown that the time may be already approaching when clear and biologically valuable air willbecome problem. No. 1. Air being ubiquitous, people are particularly sensitive about any reduction inthe quality of the atmosphere, the increased contents of dust and gaseous exhalations, and particularlyabout the presence of odours. The demand for purity of atmosphere, therefore emanates much morefrom the population itself than from the specific sectors of the national economy affected by a pollutedor even biologically aggressive atmosphere. The households share in atmospheric pollution is far biggerthat that of industry, which, in turn further complicates the economic problems of atmospheric purity.Some countries have already collected positive experience with the reconstruction of whole urbansectors on the basis of new heating appliances based on the combustion of solid f. il fuels; estimates of
the economic consequences of such measures have also been put forward. In contrast to water, wherethe maintenance of purity would seem primarily to be related to the costs of production and transport, afar higher proportion of the costs of maintaining the purity of the atmosphere .derives fromenvironmental considerations. Industrial sources of gaseous and dust emission are well known andclassified; their location can be accurately identified, which makes them controllable. With theexception, perhaps, of the elimination of sulphur dioxide, technical means and technological processesexist which can be used for the elimination of all excessive impurities of the air from the variousemissions. Atmospheric pollution caused by the private property of individuals (their dwellings,automobiles etc) is difficult to control. Some sources such as motor vehicles are very? mobile, and theyare thus capable of polluting vast territories. In this particular case the cost of anti-pollution measureswill have to be borne, to a considerable extent, by individuals whether in the form of direct costs orindirectly in the form of taxes, dues, surcharges etc. The problem of noise is a typical example of anenvironmental problem which cannot be solved only passively, i.e. merely by protective measures, butwill require the adoption of active measures, i.e. direct interventions at the source. The costs ofcomplete protection against noise are so prohibitive as to make it unthinkable even in the economicallymost developed countries. At the same time it would not seem feasible, either economically orpolitically, to force the population to carry the costs of individual protection against noise, for example,
by reinforcing the sound insulation of their homes. A solution to this problem probably cannot be foundin the near future.
07 Problem In this passage, the word ubiquitous means: a. being unfair b. being every where c. being iniquitous d. ready to quit
08 Problem According to the passage, which one of the follow-ing contributes the most to atmospheric pollution? a. Production b. Industry c. Households d. Mining
09 Problem According to the passage, atmospheric pollution caused by private property is a. impossible to control b. easy to control c. difficult to control d. decreasing
10 Problem Complete protection against noise: a. is impossible to achieve b. may be forthcoming in the near future c. may have prohibitive costs d. is possible only in developed countries.
PASSAGE IVUnemployment is an important index of economic slack and lost output, but it is much more than that.For the unemployed person it is often a damaging affront to human dignity and sometimes acatastrophic blow to family life. Nor is this cost distributed in proportion to ability to bear it. It falls mostheavily on the young, the semiskilled and unskilled, the black person, the older worker, and theunderemployed person in a low income rural area who is denied the option of securing more rewardingurban employment. The concentrated increase of unemployment among specific groups in thepopulation means far greater costs to society than can be measured simply in hours of involuntaryidleness or dollars of income lost. The extra costs include disruption of the careers of young people,increased juvenile delinquency, and perpetuation of conditions which breed racial discrimination inemployment and otherwise deny equality of opportunity. There is another and more subtle cost. Thesocial and economic strains of prolonged underutilization create strong pressures for cost increasingsolutions. On the side of labour, prolonged high unemployment leads to "share the work" pressures forshorter hours, intensifies resistance to technological change and to rationalization of work rules, and, ingeneral, increase incentives for restrictive and inefficient measures to protect existing jobs. On the sideof business, the weakness of markets leads to attempts to raise prices to cover high average overheadcosts and to pressures for protection against foreign and domestic competition. On the side ofagriculture, higher prices arc necessary to achieve income objectives, when urban and industrial demand
for food and fibres is depressed and lack of opportunities for jobs and higher incomes in industry keeppeople on the farm. In all these cases, the problems are real and the claims understandable. But thesolutions suggested raise costs and promote inefficiency. By no means the least of advantages of fullutilization will be diminution of these pressures. They will be weaker, and they can be more firmlyresisted in good conscience, when markets arc generally strong and job opportunities are plentiful. Thedemand for labour is derived from the demand for the goods and services which labour participates inproducing. Thus, unemployment will be reduced to 4 percent of the labour force only when the demandfor the myriad of goods and services - automobiles, clothing, food, electric generators, highways, andsoon - is sufficiently great in total to require the productive efforts of 96 percent of the civilian labourforce. Although many goods are initially produced as materials or components to meet demands relatedto the further production of other goods, all goods (and services) are ultimately destined to satisfydemands that can, for convenience, be classified into four categories: consumer demand, businessdemand for new plants and machinery and for additions to inventories, net export demand of foreignbuyers, and demand of government units, federal, state, and local. Thus Gross National Product (GNP)out total output, is the sum of four major components of expenditure: personal consumptionexpenditure, gross private domestic investment, net exports, and government purchases of goods andservices. The primary line of attack on the problem of unemployment must be through measures which
will expand one or more of these components of demand. Once a satisfactory level of employment hasbeen achieved in a growing economy, economic stability requires the maintenance of a continuingbalance between growing productive capacity and growing demand. Action to expand demand is calledfor not only when demand actually declines and recession appears but even when the rate of growth ofdemand falls short of the rate of growth of capacity.
11 Problem In this passage, the word involuntary means: a. not free b. without exercise of the will c. done gratuitously d. not desirable
12 Problem According to the passage, a typical business reac-tion to a recession is to press for a. protection against imports b. higher unemployment insurance c. restrictive business practices d. restraint on union activity
13 Problem Gross National Product (GNP) is a measure of: a. our total output b. our personal consumption c. our net exports d. our domestic investment
14 Problem According to the passage, a satisfactory level of unemployment is a. 90 percent of the civilian workforce b. 85 percent of the civilian workforce c. 4 percent unemployment d. 2 percent unemployment
SolutionEvery profession or trade, every art. and every science has its technical vocabulary, the function of whichis partly to designate things or processes which have no names in ordinary English, and partly to securegreater exactness in nomenclature. Such special dialects, or jargons, are necessary in technicaldiscussions of any kind. Being universally understood by the devotees of tTie particular science or art,they have the precision of a mathematical formula. Besides, they save time, for it is much moreeconomical to name a process than to describe it. Thousands of these technicaHerms are very properlyincluded in every large dictionary, yet as a whole, they are rather on the outskirts of the English languagethan actually within its borders. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of theirspecial vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts and other vocations, such as farming and fishing, thathave occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary is very old. It consistslargely of native words, or of borrowed words that have worked themselves into the very fibre of ourlanguage. Hence though highly technical in many particulars, these vocabularies are more familiar insound, and more generally understood, than most other technicalities. The special dialects of law,medicine, divinity, and philosophy have also, in their older strata, become pretty familiar to cultivatedpersons, and have contributed much to the popular vocabulary. Yet, every vocation still possesses a largebody of technical terms that remain essentially foreign, even to educated speech. And the proportionhas been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and
political science and in the mechanic arts. Here new terms are coined with the greatest freedom, andabandoned with indifference when they have served their turn. Most of the new coinages are confinedto special discussions and seldom get intoteneral literature or conversation. Yet, no profession isnowadays, as all professions once were, a closed guild. The lawyer, the physician, the man of science andthe cleric associated freely with his fellow creatures, and does not meet them in a merely professionalway. Furthermore, what is called popular science makes everybody acquainted with modern views andrecent discoveries. Any important experiment, though made in a remote or provincial laboratory, is atonce reported in the newspapers, and everybody is soon talking about it as in the case of the Roentgenrays and wireless telegraphy. Thus, our common speech is always taking up new technical terms andmaking them commonplace.
15 Problem By saying that professions are no longer closed guilds, the author means that a. it is easier to become a professional today b. there is more intercourse between professionals and others c. popular science has revealed its secrets to the world d. anything can be easily understood by anyone in a profession
16 Problem The vocabulary of vocations like farming and fish-ing has got in the fibre’ of English language, im-plies that a. it consists of native words b. it consists of borrowed words c. it is used by large number of men d. it is very very old
Directions (Questions 17-21):A sentence with one or more blanks is followed by four alternatives. Select themost appropriate alternative to fill up these blanks most meaningfully.
17 Problem The present constitution will see_____ amendments but its basic structure will survive. a. many more b. much more c. too many more d. quite a few more
18 Problem The man who is impatient to become rich can eas-ily be______ to the race track or the gaming table, where a lucky ______ might make him rich. a. evoked, streak b. enticed, chance c. pushed, moment d. lured, break
19 Problem Education is central because electronic networks and software driven technologies are beginning to the economic barriers between na-tions. a. break b. breakdown c. crumble d. dismantle
20 Problem why did you_______ yourself from duty sturdy, when there was urgent work to be done? a. absurd b. absolve c. absent d. abstain
21 Problem any people in Delhi celebrated Diwali in a grand way__________ the high prices a. in spite of b. even though c. because of d. even if
Directions (Questions 22-25):Each question has a pair of capitalized words followed by four pairs of words..Choose the pair of words that best expresses the relationship similar to thatexpressed in theoriginal capitalized pair.
22 Problem GARBAGE : SQUALOR : : a. colour: brush b. direct: cleanliness c. diamond: magnificence d. poor: hunger
23 Problem STAIN : HONOUR : : a. loss : fame b. blot: escutcheon c. doubt: reputation d. slander: integrity
24 Problem DUNCE : CLEVER : : a. fearful: courage b. beautiful: attractive c. worry: poor d. flower: petals
25 Problem REPROOF : SCOI D : : a. salient: prominent b. chastise : erring c. romantic: strong d. respite: spite
Directions (Questions 26-30):Arrange the sentences A, 11. C and D to form a logical sequence betweensentences I and 6
26 Problem 1. The list of horrors goes on. A. And one is every five is malnourished. B. This is because local clinics, ill - equipped to C. deal with even small things, either do not work or simply do not exist. D. Nobody has been able to figure out a way of reduce the speed that is at the root of Indias over- population problems: a baby born every second. E. There is such an acute shortage of treatment centers that premier hospitals are choked with patients who show up to treat their coughs and colds. 6. Kalvan Bancrjee, a consultant at the hospital is worried. a. DACB b. CDAB c. DBAC d. CADB
27 Problem 1. Lit was something I knew that it would give me a chance to be my own boss. A. 1 could have more except that supervision becomes difficult. B. Today I have 800 on my staff, office and members C. The moment I announced I was starting a business, people started contacting me. D. I was sick of working for others. 6. Our clients are well known industrialists and organizations, many of whom were in touch were in touch with me when I was in the services a. ABDC " b. DBAC c. DCBA d. BADC
28 Problem 1 .Fire ripped through another pipeline in southern Nigeria, killing at least 40 people. A. The explosion was the third in two weeks. B. Police were deployed to stop villagers from stealing fuel from other pipelines. C. Local politicians have blamed this vandalism on cartels. D. Once the cartels have siphoned off fuel, impoverished locals move in to collect what they can for sale to passing motorists. 6. But pipelines often explode, and the practice has left about 2000 people deed in the past two years. a. A BCD b. ACBD c. CABD d. CBDA
29 Problem 1. Reservation should not exceed,50% for the civil services for want of balance and efficiency. A. If reservation is 50% it is adequate for aspirants from reserved category and even unreserved category to get an equal opportunity. B. The number of aspirants to the civil services in India is very large and they come from various socio- economic backgrounds. C. These aspirants come from both reserved and unreserved category. D. But if reservation were to exceed 50% mark, a lot of deserving candidates from unreserved category would be deprived of a chance. 6. Thus to achieve optimum efficiency, it is essential to maintain a maximum of 50% reservation. a. ADBC b. BCAD c. CABD d. BADC
30 Problem This is a company that prides itself on its carefully matured extensive distribution blocks and mentor network. A. The company also plans a foray into the service sector by setting up a chain of launderettes across the country. B. Yet today, pre-cooked chapattis and ready-made mixes are a big market. C. And thats not all. D. Today the idea may appear a trifle ambitious but remember that it was not so long ago that the same things were said about the market for ready to eat foods and branded cereals. 6. Disposable incomes are rising in the metros and big cities and time is at a premium . a. CADB b. ADBC c. ABDC
Directions (Questions 31-35):In the folio-wing questions a sentence is spilt into four parts. Mark the part ofthe sentence that has a grammatical error.
31 Problem a. The best b. idea can c. come from the d. newest persons
32 Problem a. It may also be an advertisement b. as its opponents argue c. but we must realize d. that nothing come free
33 Problem a. by virtue of b. how different these business is c. all acquisitions have d. different profit and revenue potential
34 Problem a. We are an UK based consultancy firm b. and have been retained c. to provide services to d. an Indian client
35 Problem a. their reputation as a manufacturer b. of quality generating sets c. are backed by the number and diversity of global businesses d. that rely on them to support their power needs.
Directions (Questions 36-40):Each question has four words marked A, B. C and D; of which two words aremost nearly SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Choose one such pair from thealternatives given.
36 Problem A. altruism B. selfishness C. misuse D. Decision a. A-C b. A-B c. B-C d. B-D
37 Problem A. acquittal B. contract C. conviction D. Replete a. B-C b. A-B c. C-D d. A-C
38 Problem A. generous B. mundane C. reciprocal D. Earthly a. B-D b. A-B c. B-C d. A-C
39 Problem A. crammed B. frugal C. novel D. Extravagant a. C-D b. A-D c. B-C d. B-D
40 Problem A. adorn B. afford C. accumulate D. Debase a. B-C b. C-D c. B-D d. A-D
41 Problem The priest told the devotee, "The temple bell is rung at regular intervals of 45 minutes. The last bell was rung 5 minutes ago. The next bell is due to be rung at 7.45 am". At what time did the priest give this information to the devotee? a. 7.00 am b. 7.05 am c. 7.40 am d. 6.55 am
42 Problem Salaries of A, B and C were in the ratio 3:5:7, respectively. If their salaries were increased by 50%, 60% and 50% respectively, what will be the new ratio of their respective salaries? a. 4:5:7 b. 3 : 6 : 7 c. 4:15:18 d. 9:16:21
43 Problem A began a business with R$. 4,500 and was joined afterwards by B with Rs. 5,400. If the profits at the end of the year were divided in the ratio 2 : 1, B joined the business after: a. 5 months b. 4 Months c. 6 months d. 7 months
44 Problem Sumit lent some money to Mohit at 5% per annum simple interest. Mohit lent the entire amount to Birju on the same day at 8 Vi % per annum. In this trans-action, after a year Mohit earned a profit of Rs. 350. Find the sum of money lent by Sumit to Mohit. a. Rs. 10,000 b. Rs.9,000 c. Rs. 10,200 d. None of these
45 Problem A sum of money invested at compound interest amounts in 3 years to Rs. 2,400 and in 4 years to Rs. 2,520. The interest rate per annum is: a. 6% b. 5% c. 10% d. 12%
46 Problem An article is listed at Rs. 65. A customer bought this article for Rs. 56.16 and got two successive discounts of which one is 10%. The other rate of discount of this scheme that was allowed by the shopkeeper was: a. 3% b. 4% c. 6% d. 2%
47 Problem A can do a piece of work in 10 days, while B alone can do it in 15 days. They work together for 5 days and the rest of the work is done by C in 2 days. If they get Rs. 450 for the whole work, how should they divide the money? a. Rs. 225, Rs. 150, Rs. 75 b. Rs.250, Rs. 100, Rs. 100 c. Rs. 200, Rs. 150, Rs. 100 d. Rs. 175, Rs. 175, Rs. 100
48 Problem In what proportion must water be added to spirit to gain 20% by selling it at the cost price? a. 2:5 b. 1 :5 c. 3:5 d. 4:5
49 Problem The capital of a company is made up of 50000 pre-ferred shares with dividend of 20% and 20000 com-mon shares, the par value of each ty pe of share being Rs. 10. Th company had a total profit of Rs. 1,80,000 out of which Rs. 30,000 was kept in reserve fund and the remaining distributed to share-holders. Find the dividend percent to the common shareholders. a. 20% b. 24% c. 25% d. 30%
50 Problem It is required to fix a pipe such that water flowing through it at a speed of 7 metres per minute fills a tank of capacity 440 cubic metres in 10 minutes. The inner radius of the pipe should be a. “2m b. 2 m c. 1/2 m d. 1/”2m
51 Problem An anti-aircraft gun can take a maximum of four shots at an enemy plane moving away from it. The probability of hitting the plane at the first, second, third and fourth shots are 0.4, 0.3,0.2 and 0.1, re-spectively. What is the probability that the plane is hit when all the four shots are fired? a. 0.6872 b. 0.4379 c. 0.6976 d. None of these
52 Problem A and B throw a coin alternately till one of them gets a head and wins the game. If A starts the game, find the probability of winning by A: a. 2/3 b. 1/3 c. 1 d. None of these
53 Problem Recently, while in London, I decided to walk down the escalator of a tube station. 1 did some quick calculation in my mind. I found that if I walk down twenty-six steps, I require thirty seconds to reach the bottom. However, if I am able to step down thirty-four stairs I would only require eighteen sec-onds to get to the bottom. If the time is measured from the moment the top step begins to descend to the time I step off the last step at the bottom, can you tell the height of the stairway in steps? a. 44 b. 48 c. 46 d. 42
54 Problem Rohit, Marsha and Sanjeev are three typists who, working simultaneously can type 216 pages in four hours. In one hour Sanjeev can type as many pages more than Marsha as Marsha can type more than Rohit. During a period of five hours, Sanjeev can type as many pages as Rohit can during seven hours. How many pages does each of them type per hour respectively? a. 14,17,20 b. 16,18,22 c. 15,17.22 d. 15,18,21
55 Problem Wheels of diameters 7 cm and 14 cm start rolling simultaneously from X and Y, which are 1,980 cm apart, towards each other in opposite directions. Both of them make same number of revolutions per second. If both of them meet after 10 seconds, the speed of the smaller wheel is a. 44 cm/sec b. 22 cm/sec c. 66 cm/see d. 132 cm/sec
56 Problem An express train travelled at an average speed of 100 kmph, stopping for 3 minutes after 75 km. A local train travelled as a speed of 50 kmph, stop-ping for I minute after every 25 km. If the trains began travelling at the same time, how many kilometres did the local train travel in the time it took the express train to travel 600 km? a. 900 km b. 307.5 km c. 1200 km d. 1000 km
57 Problem If the three segments inside the rectangle are equal, then the sum of their lengths is: a. 5 b. 12 c. 18 d. 15
58 Problem Running at the same constant rate. 6 identical ma-chines can produce a total of270 bottles per minute. At this rate, how many bottles could 10 such ma-chines produce in 4 minutes? a. 1,800 b. 648 c. 2,700 d. 10,800
59 Problem The population of a city increases at a rate of 4% per annum. There is an additional annual increase of I % in the population due to the influx of job seek-ers. The % increase in the population after 2 years is therefore a. 10.25 b. 10 c. 10.50 d. 10.75
60 Problem A scooter costs Rs. 25, 000 when it is brand new. At the end of each year, its value is only 80% of what it was at the beginning of the year. What is the value of the scooter at the end of the 3 years? a. Rs. 12,500 b. Rs. 10,000 c. Rs. 12.800 d. Rs. 12,000
61 Problem Two series of a question booklet for an aptitude test are to be given to twelve students. In how many ways can the students be placed in two rows of six each so that there could be no identical series side by side and that the students sitting one behind the other should have the same scries? a. 6! x 6! b. 2 x ,2C6 x (61)2 c. 7! x 7! d. None of these
62 Problem How can the relationship between x and y be best defined, if values of x and y are as follows? X 2 3 4 5 6 y 0 2 6 12 20 a. y = 2x-4 b. y = x2 - 3x + 2 c. y = x2--4x d. y = x2 -
63 Problem A hemispherical bowl is made of steel 0.5 cm thick. The inside radius of the bowl is 4 cm. The value of steel used in making the bowl is: a. 56.83 cm2 b. 55.83 cm2 c. 57.83 cm d. 58.83 cm3
64 Problem Two equal sums of money are lent at the same time at 8% and 7% per annum simple interest. The former is recovered 6 months earlier than the latter and the amount in each case is Rs. 2,560. The sum and the time for which the sums of money are lent out arc a. Rs. 2,000, 3.5 years and 4 years b. Rs. 1,500, 3.5 years and 4 years c. Rs. 2,000, 4 years and 5.5 years d. Rs. 3.000, 4 years and 4.5 years
65 Problem Find the least number which on being divided by 5, 6, 8, 9, 12 leaves in each case a remainder 1, but when divided by 13 leaves no remainder. a. 5501 b. 3601 c. 3701 d. 3801
66 Problem A gardener had a number of shrubs to plant in rows. At first he Iried to plani 2 in each row, then 3, then 4. then 5 and then 6 but always, 1 left. On trying 7, he had none left. What is the smallest number of shrubs he could have had? a. 201 b. 401 c. 501 d. 301
67 Problem The water in a rectangular reservoir hav ing a base 80 metres by 60 metres is 6.5 metres deep. In what time can the water be emptied by a pipe of which the cross section is a square of side 20 cm, if the water runs through the pipe at the rate of 15 km per hour? a. 52 hrs b. 26 hrs c. 65 hrs d. 42 hrs
68 Problem The driving when of a locomotive engine 2.1 m in radius makes 75 revolutions in one minute. Find the speed of the train in km/hr a. 60 km/hr b. 59.4 km/hr c. 61.5 km/hr d. None of these
69 Problem A rectangular lawn 80 metres by 60 metres has two roads each 10 metres wide running in the middle of it, one parallel to the length and the other parallel to the breadth. Find the cost of gravelling them at Rs. 30 per square metre. a. Rs. 39.000 b. Rs. 3,900 c. Rs. 3,600 d. Rs. 36,000
70 Problem The length of a room is double the breath. The cost of colouring the ceiling at Rs. 25 per sq m is Rs. 5,000 and the cost of painting the four walls at Rs. 240 per sq m is Rs. 64,80b. Find the height of the room. a. 4.5 m b. 4 m c. 3.5 m d. 5 m
71 Problem The speed of motor boat of length 20 metres in water without current is 40 km/hr. If the motor boat, sailing against a river current of 4 km/hr crosses a temple on the bank in 109 seconds, find the length of the temple. a. 70 m b. 80 m c. 350 m d. 200 m
72 Problem Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 42 km/hr, and with stoppages he covers the same distance at an aver-age speed of 28 km/hr. How many minutes per hour does he stop? a. 14 minutes b. 15 minutes c. 28 minutes d. 20minutes
73 Problem What are the values of x that will satisfy the condi-tion 1 < 3x-5 < 10: a. 2 < x < 5 b. x < 2 or x > 5 c. 2 > x > - 5 d. 1/3 <x <3 1/3
74 Problem Total expenses of a boarding house are partly fixed and partly varying linearly with the number of board-ers. The average expense per boarder is Rs. 700 when there are 25 boarders and Rs. 600 when there arc 50 boarders. What is the average expense per boarder when there arc 100 boarders? a. 550 b. 560 c. 540 d. 560
75 Problem Subash purchased a refrigerator on the terms that he is required to pay Rs. 1,500 cash down payment followed by Rs. 1,020 at the end of first year, Rs. 1,003 at the end of second year and Rs. 990 at the end of third year. Interest is charged at the rate of 10% per annum. Calculate the cash price a. Rs. 3,000 b. Rs. 2,000 c. Rs 4,000 d. Rs. 5,000
76 Problem Mr. Yadav spends 60% of his monthly salary on consumable items and 50% of the remaining on clothes and transport. He saves the remaining amount. If his savings at the end of the year were Rs. 48,456, how much amount per month would he have spent on clothes and transport? a. Rs. 8,076 b. Rs. 4,038 c. Rs. 9,691.20 d. Rs. 4,845.60
77 Problem Three partners altogether invested Rs 1,14,000 in a business. At the end of the year, one got Rs. 337.50, the second Rs. 1,125 and the third Rs. 675 as profit. What is the percentage of profit? a. 4.8% b. 3.8% c. 1.8% d. 2.8%
78 Problem The average score of boys in an examination of a school is 71 and that of the girls is 73. The average score of the school in that examination is 71.8. Find the ratio of the number of boys to the number of girls that appeared in the examination. a. 4:5 b. 3:2 c. 3:5 d. . 5:2
79 Problem There are two examination rooms A and B. If 10 candidates arc sent from A to B, the number of students in each room is the same. If 20 candidates are sent from B to A, the number of students in A is double the number of students in B. Find the num-ber of students in each room. a. 100 in A and 80 in B b. 80 in A and 100 in B c. 120 in A and 100 in B d. 100 in A and 120 in B
80 Problem The charges for a five day trip by a tourist bus for one full ticket and a half-ticket are Rs 1,440 inclu-sive of boarding charges which are same for a full ticket and a half ticket. The charges for the same trip for 2 full tickets and one half-ticket inclusive of boarding charges are Rs. 2,200. The fare for a half- ticket is 75% of the full ticket. Find the fare and the boarding charges separately for one full ticket. a. Rs. 580, Rs. 400 b. Rs. 280, Rs. 200 c. Rs. 480, Rs. 300 d. Rs. 380, Rs. 400
Directions (Questions 81-85):Each of these has a question followed by two statements numbered I and II. Youhave to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient toanswer to answer the question. Read both the statements and mark answer as1. if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.2. if the data in statement I in alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement 11 alone are not sufficient to answer the question.3. if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.4. if the data in statement I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
81 Problem How much minimum marks will be required to pass an examination? I. Student A secured 32% marks in that examination and he failed by 1 mark. Student B secured 36% marks in the same examination and his marks were I more than the minimum pass marks. II. Student A secured 30% of full marks in the examination and he failed by 2 marks. If he had secured 5 more marks his percentage of marks would have been 40%.
82 Problem X, Y and Z are integers. Is X an odd number? I. An odd number is obtained when X is divided by 5. II. (X + Y) is an odd number.
83 Problem What selling price should be marked on the article? I. Discount of 5% is to be given and profit percentage should be double the discount. Purchase cost is in the range ^f Rs. 300 - 400. II. 10% discount is to be allowed and 15% profit is to be obtained on the purchase cost of Rs. 200 of the article.
84 Problem What is the height of a right angled triangle? I. The area of the right angled triangle is equal to the area of a rectangle whose breath is 12 cm II. The length of the rectangle is 18 cm.
85 Problem A, B and C are integers. Is B an even number? I. (A + B) is an odd number II. (C + B) is an odd number
Directions (Questions 86-88):Each of these has a question followed by three statements numbered I, II and III.Decide data in which of the statements are sufficient to answer the question.
86 Problem How much will be the cost of carpeting a rectan-gular hall? I. Perimeter of a rectangle is 60 m II. Angle between width and hypotenuse is 60°. III. The cost of carpeting the surface floor is Rs. 125 per sq m. a. Only II and III b. Only I and II c. Only I and II or only II and III d. All the three statements I, II and III together a necessary for answering the question.
87 Problem In how many days can a work be completed by A and B together? I. A alone can complete the work in 8 days. II. If A alone works for 5 days and B alone works for 6 days the work gets completed. III. B alone can complete the work in 16 days.] a. II and either I or III b. Any two of the three c. I and II only d. II and III only
88 Problem Which is the two-digit number? I. The difference between the two-digit number and the number formed by interchanging the digits is 27. II. The difference between the two digits is 3. III. The digit at units place is less than that at tens place by 3. a. Only I and either II or III b. Only I and II c. Only I and III d. Even with all the three statements the answer cannot be given.
Directions (Questions 89-90):Each of these has a question followed by three statements marked A, B and C.Decide which statement (s) is/are redundant and not required to answer thequestion.
89 Problem The difference between the compound interest and the simple interest at the same rate on a certain amount at the end of two years is Rs. 12.50. What is the rate of interest? I. Simple interest for two years is Rs. 500. II. Compound interest for two years is Rs. 512.50. III. Amount on simple interest after two years becomes Rs. 5,500. a. A or C only b. A or B only c. C only d. Any two of A, B and C
90 Problem What is the area of right-angled triangle? I. The perimeter of the triangle is 30 cm. II. The ratio between the base and the height of the triangle is 5: 12. III. The area of the triangle is equal to the area of rectangle of length 10 cm. a. Only A and B together are required. b. Only B and C together are required. c. Only either A or B and C together are required. d. None of these
Directions (Questions 91-92):Study the information given below to answer these questions.Investing in real estate would be profitable venture at this time. A survey inHouse magazine revealed that 85% of the magazines readers are planning to buya second home over the next tew years. A study of the real estate industry,however, revealed that the current supply of homes could only provide for 65%of that demand each year.
91 Problem Which of the following, if true, reveals a weakness in the evidence cited above? a. Home builders are not evenly distributed across the country. b. Real estate is a highly labour-intensive business. c. Hie number of people who want second homes has been increasing each year for the past 10 years. d. Readers of House magazine are more likely than most people to want second homes.
92 Problem Which of the following, if true, would undermine the validity of the investment advice in the para-graph above? a. About half of the people who buy homes arc investing in their first home. b. Some home owners are satisfied with only one home. c. Only a quarter of the homes that are built are sold within the first 2 weeks. d. Only a quarter of those who claim that they want a second home actually end up purchasing one.
Directions (Questions 93-95):Examine the graph to answer these questions.Gross Receipts (Rs.) of Fast Food Restaurants 2000-2002
93 Problem The 2000-2002 gross receipts for Mega Burger exceeded those of Pizza Pie by approximately Rs. a. 2million b. 0.2million c. 8.2 million d. 8.4 million
94 Problem The percent increase in receipts for Pizza Pie ex-ceeded the percent increase of Mega Burger by approximately how much in the given period? a. 2% b. 0% c. 10% d. 15%
95 Problem The 2002 decline in Crunchy Chicken receipts may be attributed to a. increase in popularity of pizzas b. increase in popularity of burgers c. decrease in demand for chicken d. Cannot be determined
Directions (questions 96-98):Each of these questions consists of two quantities, one in column A and one inColumn B. Compare the two quantities and mark your answer as1. if the quantity in Column B is greater2. if the quantity in Column A is greater3. if the two quantities are equal4. if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given.
96 Problem Column A Column B The number of posts needed for a fence 12 posts 144 m long when posts are placed 12 m apart
98 Problem Column A Column B The average of "81, 60%. 1 ½ 3
Directions (Questions 99-100):Refer to the following bar chart to answer these questions.Electronic Goods: How much Required and where Acquired (in 000 for the year2000).
99 Problem Australias exports to Japan, South Asia and Rus-sia in 2000 is approximately thousands. a. 160 b. 185 c. 270 d. Cannot be determined
100 Problem The given year, total domestic demand of Russia and East Europe is __________ thousand a. more than 50 b. 50 c. Less than 50 d. Cannot be determined
Directions (Questions 101-102):Study and analyze the table given below the answer these questions Production, Export and Consumption of Coffee (Qty in lakh tonnes) Year Production Export Rs. Crore Domestic Consumption Qty Qty. USS Million Qty 1990-91 1.70 1.00 279 108 0.54 1696-97 2.05 1.81 1467 452 0.55 1997-98 2.28 1.79 1708 477 0.50 1998-99 2.65 2.12 1752 431 0.50 1999- 2.92 2.45 1901 447 0.55 2000 2000-01 3.01 2.47 1374 334 0.58 2001-02 3.06 2.13 1050 246 0.60
101 Problem The highest percentage of domestic consumption with reference to the production of coffee has been in the year______________ during the given period. a. 2000-01 b. 2001-02 c. 1996-97 d. 1990-91
Directions for questions 102 to 106:The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form acoherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the mostlogical order for sentences to construct a coherent paragraph.
102 Problem During the given period though the largest quantity of coffee exported has been___________ lakh tones, the foreign exchange earned in dollars has been the highest in the year a. 2.47,1997-98 b. 3.01,1999-2000 c. 3.06,1997-98 d. None of these
Directions (Questions 103-106):Answer these questions based on the data given in the table which shows theinstalment amounts for monthly repayments (in Rupees) on housing loans fordifferent periods. Loan Amount (Rs) Repayment Period (Years) Rs. 10 15 20 25 1,00,000 1250 1050 900 850 2,00,000 2500 2050 1800 1600 10,00,000 12950 10300 9000 8450 15,00,000 19400 15450 13500 12650 20,00,000 25900 20600 18000 16800
103 Problem How much more money would be paid on a loan of Rs. 20,00,000 taken out over 20 years compared to the same loan taken over a period of 15 years? a. Rs. 4,25,000 b. Rs. 3,00,000 c. Rs. 5,50,000 d. Rs. 6,12,000
SolutionAnswer is :- (d)Required difference = ( 18000 x 12x20)- (20600 x 12 x 15) = 612000.
104 Problem What is the total amount repaid over 25 years on a loan of Rs. 15,00,000? a. Rs. 37,95,000 b. Rs. 22,50,000 c. Rs. 45,30,000 d. Rs. 55,70,000
105 Problem The monthly repayment on a loan of Rs. 15,00,000 over 20 years is reduced to Rs. 12,500. By how much would this reduce the total amount on the loan over the full period? a. Rs 2,40,000 b. Rs. 1,30,000 c. Rs. 2,24,000 d. Rs. 1,26,000
106 Problem Instead of taking a loan of Rs. 10,00,000 with a repayment period of 15 years, the society proposes to take a loan of Rs. 15,00,000 to be paid back in 10 years to provide for a generator set. What is the cumulative financial impact? a. Rs 4,4,000 b. Rs. 4,54,000 c. Rs. 5,67,000 d. Cannot be assessed
Directions (Questions 107-109):The pie chart given below shows that finding arrangements for NationalHighways Development Projects - Phase 1. Study the chart carefully to answerthese questionsFunding arrangements for NHDP-1 (Total cost: Rs. 30,300 crores) A - Annuity S -SPVs T - Toll C - Cess/Market Borrowings E - External Assistance Values:C = 16846 S = 1902 T = 1690 A = 2000 E = 7862
107 Problem Near about 25% of the funding arrangement is through a. External assistance b. Cess/Market borrowing c. Annuity d. SPVS
108 Problem The angle of the segment formed at the center of the pie chart, representing Cess/Market Borrow-ings is approximately a. 100° b. 90° c. 180° d. 200°
109 Problem If the toll is to be collected through an outsourced agency by allowing a maximum of 10% commis-sion, how much amount should be permitted to be collected by the outsourced agency, so that the project is supported with Rs. 1,690 crores? a. Rs. 1,859 crores b. Rs. 1,690 crores c. Rs. 16.900 crores d. Inadequate data
Directions (Questions 110-113):These questions are based on Graphs 1 and 2. Graph 1 represents theperformance of three students for time taken in a learning task across five trialswhile Graph 2 represents errors made across them.
110 Problem Which student is a better performer on the basis of time graph? a. Student two b. Student one c. Student three d. Cannot be said from the given information
111 Problem Who is a better performer on the basis of the er-rors graph? a. Student two b. Student one c. Student three d. None of them
112 Problem Who is a better performer if improvements in both time as well as errors is taken into account? a. Student two b. Student one c. Student three d. None of them
113 Problem Suppose an inverse relationship exists between time and errors i.e. if a student tries to reduce time then the errors increase and vice versa. In which case is this relationship the most pronounced? a. Student two b. Student one c. Student three d. None of them
Directions (Questions 114 - 117):Refer to the following tables A. B and C to answer the questions given below.Table - A: Manpower Costs for a Building Project in Narhi (All costs in Rs) Project Managers Engineers Skilled Unskilled Supervisors Phase workers workers Design 1 3 - - - Foundation 1 2 5 23 2 Construction 1 2 12 43 4 Finishing 1 3 15 31 6 (Internal) Painting 1 0 5 23 3
Table - B: Cost per month for select Category of workers Manpower Cost (in RS.) Managers 10,000 Engineers 8,000 Supervisors 5,000 Skilled worker 3,000 unskilled worker 1,800
Table C: Estimated Time and the Actual Time Required for each phase of theproject in months Design Foundation Construction Finishing PaintingActual 5 3 8 4 2Estimated 3 2 6 3 2
114 Problem What was the phase in which there was the high-est absolute increase between the estimated and actual cost? a. Design b. Foundation c. Construction d. Cannot be determined
115 Problem For which phase of the project was there the high-est percentage increase in cost (as compared to the estimated cost)? a. Design b. Foundation c. Construction d. Cannot be determined
116 Problem What is the value of the percentage overflow in costs during construction? (approximately) a. 33.33% b. 50% c. 66.66% d. None of these
117 Problem If internal finishing and painting can be started si-multaneously at the end of construction, then what is the overflow of the project as a percentage of the estimated total time of completion of the project? a. 33.33% b. 27.27% c. 42.85% d. Cannot be determined
Directions (Questions 118-120):Refer to the graph given below which gives the circulation growth ofGRAMSEWA magazine from July to December, 2003.
118 Problem During November and December, there was an even growth rate, the average of which is a. 2% b. 2.36% c. 2.86% d. 3.36%
119 Problem The circulation in October is that of July. a. 2 b. 1.5 c. 1 d. 1.15
120 Problem The growth rate is very marginal during the month of a. October b. August c. November d. December
Directions (Questions 121-123):Study the information given below to answer these questions.I. There is a family of 5 persons A. B, C, D and E.II. They are working as a doctor, a teacher, a trader, a lawyer and a farmer.III. B. an unmarried teacher, is the daughter of A.IV. R. a lawyer, is the brother of C.V. C is the husband of the only married couple in the family.VI. A, a farmer, is a father of two sons and an unmarried daughter.VII. Daughter-in-law of A is a doctor.
121 Problem Which of the following is a group of female mem-bers in the family? a. D and E b. B and D c. A, C and E d. B and C
122 Problem Which of the following is the married couple? a. C and D b. A and B c. A and D d. B and D
123 Problem Which of the following is a group of male members in the family? a. B and D b. A, B and C c. A, C and E d. A, C and D
Directions (Questions 124-125):Find the set which is most similar to the given set.
124 Problem Given Set: (6, 15,28) a. (46,56,66) b. (50,59,71) c. (60,69,72) d. (60,69,82)
125 Problem Given Set: (81, 77, 69) a. (64,61,53) b. (56,52,44) c. (92,88,79) d. (75,71,60)
Directions (Questions 126-128):Six products U, V, W. X, Y and Z are to be placed in display windows of a shop.There are sbc display windows numbered I, 2. 3, 4, 5, 6 and one product is to beput in one window. Moreover U cannot be immediately to the left or immediatelyto the right of V. W must be immediately to the left of X. Z cannot be in windownumber 6.
126 Problem Which of the following products cannot be placed in the window no. I? a. V b. U c. W d. X
127 Problem If X is placed in window no. 3, W must be placed in which window? a. 2 b. 1 c. 4 d. 5
128 Problem If U is placed in window no. 5, which of the follow-ing products must be placed in window no. 6? a. W b. V c. X d. Y
Directions (Questions 129-131):Each of these questions has one Assertion (A) and one Reason (R). Mark youranswer as1. if both A and R are correct but R docs not explain A. i2. if both A and R are correct and R explains A.3. if A is correct but R is wrong.4. if A is wrong but R is correct.
129 Problem Assertion (A): A saltwater fish drinks sea water where a fresh water fish never drinks water. Reason (R): A saltwater fish is hypertonic to its environment while a freshwater fish is hypotonic to its environment.
130 Problem Assertion (A): The territory of India is larger than the territories of the States taken together. Reason (R): India is a Union of States.
131 Problem Assertion (A): Alcohol rather than mercury is used in a thermometer to measure a temperature of - 60° C. Reason (R): Alcohol has a lower freezing point than mercury.
Directions (Questions 132-134):Read the following information to answer these questions.A, B, C, D and E are five towns out of which two are hill stations and the rest are in plains.Two towns, which are in plains, arc harbours. Four towns out of five are capitals and two areindustrial towns. Population of two towns is less than 5 lacs. It is 20 lacs of one town andmore than 50 lacs of two towns. Two towns are on the same latitudes and other two are onthe same longitudes. Latitudes and longitudes of both harbours are different and out ofthese one is an industrial town. The population of both industrial towns is more than 50lacs. The longitudes of one hill station and one of the industrial towns are same. Thelatitudes and longitudes of the other hill station and other harbour are different. Oneindustrial town is neither a hill station nor a harbour. None of the hill stations is an industrialtown. The hill station of which longitudes are same as that of a harbour, is a capital. B is ahill station while the longitudes of A and Eare same. E is a harbour. The latitudes of D and Care same and the population of D is 20 lacs. Both the harbours arc capitals and one of themis an industrial town.
132 Problem Which of the following two towns are those whose population is less than 5 lacs? a. B and C b. D and A c. A and B d. A and C
133 Problem Which of the following is a harbour, a capital and an industrial town? a. B b. A c. C d. E
134 Problem Which of the following towns have population more than 50 lacs? a. B and E b. A and D c. C and E d. C and D
Directions (Questions 135-137):In each of the following number series, two terms have been put within brackets.Mark your answer as1. if the first bracketed term is right and second is wrong.2. if both the bracketed terms are right.3. if the first bracketed term is wrong and second is right.4. if both the bracketed terms are wrong.
Directions (Questions 138-140):Study the following information carefully to answer these questions.At an Electronic Data Processing Unit, five out of the eight program sets P, Q, R, S,T, U, V and W are to he operated daily. On any one day. except for the first day ofa month, only three of the program sets must be ones that were operated on theprevious day.The program operating must also satisfy the following conditions:I. If program P is to be operated on a day, V cannot be operated on that day.II. If Q is to be operated on a day, T must be one of the programs to be operated after Q.III. If R is to b operated on a day. V must be one of the programs to be operated after R.IV. The last program to be operated on any day must be either S or U.
138 Problem Which of the following could be set of programs to be operated on the first day of a month? a. U, Q, S, T, W b. V, Q, R, T, S ] c. T, U, R. V. S d. Q, S, R, V, U
139 Problem Which of the following is true of any days valid program set operation? a. Q cannot be operated at third place b. P cannot be operated at third place c. R cannot be operated at fourth place d. T cannot be operated at third place
140 Problem If R is operated at third place in a sequence, which of the following cannot be the second program in that sequence? a. S b. Q c. T d. U
Directions (Questions 141-143):Read the following information to answer these questionsFor getting selected as a Marketing Manager in a company, the candidate must:be a graduate with at least 40% marks.have secured at least 40% marks in the written test.not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10 October, 1997.should have work experience of at least two years as an officer. However, if a candidate:fulfils all other criteria except at (IV) above buthas a diploma in Marketing Management, his/ her case is to be referred to General Manager, Marketing.VI. fulfils all other criteria except at (III) above but has worked as Marketing Officer at least for threeyears, his/her case is to be referred to Director, Marketing. Based on the above criteria and theinformation given in each of the following questions, you have to take the decision with regard to eachcase. You are not to assume anything. These cases are given to you as on 10 October, 1997.Mark answer asI. if the candidate is not to appointedII. if the candidate is to be appointedIII. if the data given are not sufficient to take decisionIV. if to be referred to General Manager, Marketing
141 Problem Amit Khanna, born on 5 June, 1973, has done his post-graduation in Marketing Management with first class. He has secured 50% marks in the written test. He has been working in an organization as a Marketing Officer for the last four years.
142 Problem Rohit Varma has been working in an organization as Officer for the last ten years. His date of birth is 17 February, 1964. He has secured 60% marks in the degree examination and 40% marks in the writ-ten test.
143 Problem Manju Sharma is a first class graduate and has done a diploma in Marketing Management. She has se-cured 50% marks in the written test. She was 23 years old as on 5 September, 1996.
Directions (Questions 144-147):Use the information given below to answer these questions.After months of talent searching for an Administrative Assistant to the President of thecollege the field of applicants has been narrowed down to five (A, B, C, D and E). It wasannounced that the finalist would be chosen after holding a series of all-day group personalinterviews. The examining committee agreed upon the following procedure:I. The interviews will be held once a week.II. No more than 3 candidates will appear at any all-day interview session.III. Each candidate will appear at least once.IV. If it becomes necessary to call applicants for additional interviews, no more than one such applicant should be asked to appear the next week.V. Because of a detail in the written application, it was agreed that whenever Candidate B appears, A should also be present.VI. Because of travel difficulties, it was agreed that C will appear for only one interview.
144 Problem At the first interview, the following candidates ap-pear: A, B and D. Which of the following combina-tions can be called for the interview to be held the next week? a. CDE b. BCD c. ABE d. ABC
145 Problem Which of the following is a possible sequence of combinations for interviews in two successive weeks? a. ABD; ABE b. ABC; BDE c. ADE; ABC d. BDE; ACD
146 Problem If A, B and D appear at the interview and D is called for an additional interview the following week, which two candidates may be asked to appear with D? I. A II. B III. C IV. E a. I and III only b. I and II only c. II and III only d. III and IV only
147 Problem Which of the following correctly states the proce-dure followed by the search committee? I. After the second interview, all applicants have appeared at least once. II. The Committee sees at least one applicant a second time. III. If a third session is held it is possible for all applicants to appear at least twice. a. II only b. I only c. I and II only d. III only
Directions (Questions 148-150):Study the information given below to answer these questions: A certain city is served by sixsubway lines, designated by the letters A, B and C and the numbers I,2 and 3.When it snows, morning service on the B line is delayed.When it rains or snows, service on the A, 2 and 3lines is delayed both morning and afternoon.When the temperature drops below 30° F, afternoon service is cancelled on either the Aline or the 3 line, but not both.When the temperature rises above 90° F, afternoon service is cancelled on cither the C lineor the 3 line, but not both.When service on the A line is delayed or cancel led, service on the C line, which connectswith the A line, is delayed.When service on the 3 line is cancelled, service on the B line, which connects with the 3line, is delayed.
148 Problem On January 10. with the temperature at 15° F, it snows all days. On how many lines will service be affected, including both morning and afternoon? a. 3 b. 2 c. 4 d. 5
149 Problem On August 15, with the temperature at 97O F, it begins to rain at 1 p.m.. What is the minimum num-ber of lines on which service will be affected? a. 3 b. 2 c. 4 d. 5
150 Problem On which of the following occasions would service on the greatest number of lines be disrupted? a. A snowy morning with the temperature at 45° F b. A snowy afternoon with the temperature at 45° F c. A rainy morning with the temperature at 45° F d. A snowy afternoon with the temperature at 20° F
Directions (Questions 151-152):Use the statement given to answer these questions.All good athletes want to win and all athletes who want to win, eat a well-balanced diet; therefore, all athletes who do not eat a well-balanced diet arcbad athletes.
151 Problem If assumptions of the agreement above are true, then which of the following statements must be true? a. No athlete who docs not cat a well-balanced diet is a good athlete. b. No bad athlete wants to win. c. Every athlete who cats a well-balanced diet is a good athlete. d. All athletes who want to win are good athletes.
152 Problem Which of the following, if true, would refute the assumptions of the argument above? a. Bob, the accountant, eats a well-balanced diet, but he is not a good athlete. b. Ann wants to win, but she is not a good athlete. c. All the players on the Burros baseball team eat a well- balanced diet. d. Cindy, the basketball star, does not eat a wwll- balanced diet, but she is a good athlete.
Directions (Questions 153-160):Answer the following questions independent of each other.
153 Problem The workers union of GrainCorp, a grain-process-ing plant, is attempting to obtain a pay raise from GrainCorp management. To pressure GrainCorp management into accepting the unions proposal, the president of the union has proposed a boycott against SequareMart food stores, which arc owned by MegaFood, the parent company of GrainCrop. The answer to which of the following questions is LEAST directly relevant to the union presidents consideration of whether a boycott of Square Mart will lead to acceptance of their pay rate proposal? a. Are the staple food products purchased by consumers at Square Mart stores readly available at other stores not owned by MegaFood? b. Would the loss of business at Square Mart stores materially affect MegaFood? c. How many Square Marts are within the region of the GrainCorp plant? d. Is MegaFood the only corporation that operates both grain-processing plants and food stores?
154 Problem The owner of a four-story commercial building dis-covered termites in the buildings first and second floors and called an exterminator. The extermina-tor pumped gas into the walls on both the first and second floors. Due to the exterminators work, the termites on those floors were killed quickly. Which of the following, if true, most seriously un-dermines the validity of the explanation for the speed with which the termites were killed? a. Even though the exterminator did not pump gas into the walls of the fourth storey, the termites there died as quickly as they did on the first and second storeys. b. The third floor had no termite infestation. c. The speed at which termites are killed increases as the concentration of an exterminators gas increases. d. The speed with which the exterminators gas kills termites drops off sharply as the gas dissipates throughout the buildings walls.
155 Problem A chemical company recently introduced a new type of foam spray that it claims will reduce the rate of erosion from the walls of road cuts. A study by the company showed that the rate of erosion was low on a road cut where the foam was ap-plied. Which of the following, if true, would most seri-ously weaken the companys conclusion? a. Because the foam itself weathers, the foam would have to be reapplied every four years in order to maintain protection against erosion. b. Road cuts similar to the one studied typically show low rates of erosion without the foam. c. Studies by the company that produces the material are sometimes unreliable because of conflicts of interest. d. The rate of erosion from the road cut in the study was greater than expected based on computer simulation models.
156 Problem The Laysan Rail, an insectivore bird once present on several of the Hawaiian Islands, can no longer be found and is thought to be extinct. Scientists origi-nally thought that a decrease in the amount of ground vegetation available for nesting was responsible for the decline of the bird. However, they now believe that increased competition for food was ultimately responsible for the Laysn Rails inability to survive. Which of the following would best help to account for the change in the accepted explanation for the Laysan Rails extinction? a. When attempts were made io relocate the Laysan Rail to other islands, the birds lost the geographical cues that they relied on for finding mating sites. b. The vegetation on the Laysan Rails home island was decimated when rabbits were introduced to the island in the 1910s. c. The Laysan Rail builds nests under dense ground cover to protect the eggs. d. An increase in the use of pesticides resulted in a decrease in the numbers of flies and moths present in the Laysan Rails territory.
157 Problem Retail clothing stores should hold "one-day only" sales to clear merchandise that has been returned , because it is defective in some way. The stores should sell this merchandise for up to 70 percent less than the original retail price. Stores will find these sales to be an effective way of getting rid of defective merchandise as long as they inform cus-tomers that the discounted merchandise is non-re-turnable. The author assumes which of the following about the "one day only" sale merchandise in predicting the effectiveness of these sales? a. The rate of returns when merchandise is new makes these "one-day only" sales key to a stores profitability. b. The defects in the merchandise arc not so significant that customers will be unwilling to pay even the sale price. c. Too few shoppers purchase merchandise at full retail price. d. If these sales become popular, stores will have to have them more often.
158 Problem "Some men are certainly intelligent, others arc cer-tainly not intelligent, but of intermediate men, we should say, intelligent? Yes, I think, so or no, I shouldnt be inclined to call him intelligent. Which of the following most accurately reflects the intention of the writer of the above? a. Every empirical concept has a degree of vagueness. b. To call men intelligent who are not strikingly so must be to use the concept with undue imprecision. c. Calling someone intelligent or not depends upon ones whim. d. There is no need to be as indecisive as the writer of the above.
159 Problem A highly cohesive work group is a prerequisite for high team performance. Sociologists point that the association between ground cohesion and success is owing to the support individual team members give to one another and their acceptance of the groups goals and activities. Each of the following, if true, either provides sup-port for or cannot weaken the sociologists assump-tion about the relationship between cohesion and success EXCEPT. a. University researchers found that there was a significant correlation between team productivity and the extent to which team members understood and complied with the groups objectives. b. A group of Japanese researchers found that successful work teams were headed by dominant leaders. c. American researchers found that successful team members tended to rate their fellow members more favourable. d. Industrial Psychologists in UK found that work groups who tended to participate in after hours social activities.
160 Problem Many business offices are located in buildings hav-ing two to eight floors. If a building has more than three floors, it has a lift. If the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true? a. Seventh floors have lifts. b. Second floors do not have lifts. c. Only floors above the third floors have lifts. d. All floors may be reached by lifts.
161 Problem The currency of South Africa is a. Guilder b. Pound c. Rand d. Shekel
162 Problem Which country launched its second manned space mission recently? a. China b. India c. Korea d. Singapore
163 Problem Aquaguard water purification systems are products from a. Kcnstar b. Voltas c. Bluestar d. None of these
164 Problem The ad-line Good people to bank with is associ-ated with which bank? a. Punjab National Bank b. State Bank of India c. Citibank d. Union Bank of India
165 Problem Telecom company Nokia belongs to which country? a. Denmark b. USA c. Sweden d. Finland
166 Problem The famous book "Two Lives" has been written by a. Anurag Mathur b. ArundhatiRoy c. Vikram Seth d. Shiv Khera
167 Problem Fair and Lovely range of products was launched by a. Procter and Gamble b. Lakme c. Hindustan Lever d. Godrej
168 Problem MTNL provides which one of the following quality services? a. Garuda b. Trump c. Dolphin d. All the above
169 Problem "Pantene" shampoo belongs to which of the fol-lowing companies? a. Procter & Gamble b. Colgate & Palmolive c. Hindustan Lever d. Rev Ion
170 Problem "Data One" broadband services have been launched by which organisation? a. BSNL b. MTNL c. Tata Walky d. Reliance India Mobile
171 Problem National Defiance Academy is located by a. Wellington b. Khadakvasla c. Dchradun d. Chennai
172 Problem Real Juices are products of which company? a. Nestle b. Dabur c. ITC d. None of these
173 Problem Hindustan Machine Tools is a a. Private Sector Company b. Joint Sector Company c. Public sector Company d. None of these
174 Problem Rahul Dravid is associated with the advertising cam-paign of which bank? a. Bank of Baroda b. Bank of India c. HSBC d. HDFC
175 Problem What does JVC- a Japanese Electronic giant - stand for? a. Japan Image Company b. Japanese Venture Corporation c. Japan Victor Company d. None of these
176 Problem Deflation is a. Deficit Budget b. Reduction in taxation c. The rate at which the general level rises d. Opposite of Inflation
177 Problem Which of the following is true about Ted Turner? a. He is founder of CNN b. I le is partner in Microsoft Corporation c. He is founder of Newsweek d. He is founder of the Readers Digest
178 Problem Georgia Gold brand of hot or cold beverages be-longs to which company? a. Pepsi b. Nestle c. HLL d. Coca-Cola
179 Problem Apple Computers Inc. was started by which of the following entrepreneurs? a. Jack Welsch b. Bill Gates c. Steve Jobs d. None of these
180 Problem Procter & Gamble took over which famous brand recently? a. Revlon b. Vicks c. Gillette d. None of these
181 Problem Which of the following is not an advertising agency? a. SergioTachini b. Saatchi & Saatchi c. Trikaya grey d. Clarion Bates
182 Problem Sellers market denotes a situation where a. demand exceeds supply b. supply exceeds demand c. demand and supply are evenly balanced d. None of the above
183 Problem Which of the following companies is also present in other sectors like FMCG, Electrical equipment, apart from IT? a. Polaris b. Infosys c. Wipro d. Patni Computers
184 Problem Which Indian businessman brought back the Sword of Tipu Sultan to India? a. Kumarmanglam Birla b. RatanTata c. NaveenJindal d. VijayMallya
185 Problem Which among the following states was not under the British rule? a. Goa b. Tamil Nadu c. J & K d. None of these
186 Problem The car "Nexia" belongs to which one of the fol-lowing companies? a. Honda b. Daewoo c. General Motors d. Fiat
187 Problem Which one of the following countries has not par-ticipated in the formation of the Euro currency? a. France b. Spain c. Italy d. Sweden
188 Problem Octavia brand belongs to which car manufacturer? a. BMW b. Skoda c. Hyundai d. None of these
189 Problem A new firm "AVENTIS" has been created by the merger of which of the following two companies? a. Rhone Poulec & Hoechst b. Ciba & Sandoz c. Centurion Bank & Twentieth Century Finance d. Reuters & Dow Jones
190 Problem Where are the headquarters of Asian Development Bank located? a. Singapore b. New Delhi c. Manila d. Mumbai
191 Problem Which country is the largest importer of gold? a. China b. USA c. Canada d. None of these
192 Problem Which is the first public sector unit in India to be d is invested? a. CMC Ltd. b. Modern Food Industries c. BALCO d. Hindustan Zinc Ltd
193 Problem Which is not a private Indian Bank? a. UCO Bank b. ICICI c. HDFC d. IDBI
194 Problem Which part of the islands in the Arabian Sea is known as Minicoy Islands? a. Northern b. Eastern c. Southern d. Western
195 Problem Tropical evergreen forests of India are found in a. Kerala b. Andhra Pradesh c. Madhya Pradesh d. Orissa
196 Problem G-15 is a. An organisation of the developed countries of the world b. An organisation of the developing countries of the world. c. An organisation of the developed countries of Europe d. An organisation of developing countries of Asia.
197 Problem The birth-rate measures the number of births dur-ing a year per a. 100 of population b. 1,000 of population c. 10,000 of population d. 1.00,000 of population
198 Problem Fundamental Duties were incorporated in the In-dian Constitution in a. 1971 b. 1972 c. 1975 d. 1976
199 Problem In India, to be recognized as a national party, a party must secure at least a. 10% of the valid votes in four or more States b. 4% of the valid votes in four or more States c. 15% of the valid votes in two States d. 25% of the valid votes in one State.
200 Problem In which year were the first general elections held in India? a. 1947-48 b. 1948-49 c. 1950-51 d. 1951-52