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Transcendental Sentence

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Трансценденталното изречение

Трансценденталното изречение

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  • 1. Œª»²µ™¯·Á¯¬ —•…’–›Š’‰Š’—…’“—“Œ•ŠœŠ’Š ™º¸¯´¼±ª¯®·ª·²´¸­ª·¯·ª¹²»ª·ª´·²­ª ›¸¾²É«¯±¬º¯¶²¯¼¸
  • 2. ›¤Ž¤šŠ—’ ŒÄ¬¯®¯·²¯ ,›¶²»Äµ²±·ªÁ¯·²¯·ª¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸²¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸´¸·¬¯º» ,,’»¼²·ª¼ª´ª¼¸»²·¼ª´¼²Á·¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯ ,,,›²·¼ª´¼²Á·²¸¼·¸Â¯·²É»¹º¯¿¸®·²­µª­¸µ² ,9ž¸º¶ª¼ª·ª¶²»µ¯·¯¼¸´ª¼¸»²·¼ª´¼²Á·¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯ 9ž²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª¬¯±²´ª ‘ª´µÈÁ¯·²¯
  • 3. T??GB? ¡¯»¼¸»¯­¸¬¸º²±ª¯±²´²¾²µ¸»¸¾²É±ª¯±²´ª·ª ¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª´ª´¼¸²±ª¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª·ª¯±²´ª Œ»¯¹ª´¬·ª»¼¸ÉX²±»µ¯®¬ª·¯»¯²¶ª¹º¯®¬²®·¯Ã¸ ¹¸ºª±µ²Á·¸ª²¶¯··¸¬Ä±¶¸°·¸»¼¼ª²»¼¯¹¯·¼ª·ª¹º¸²±¿¸®·ª ¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª¸¼¯±²´¸¬²¸¼·¸Â¯·²ÉŒ¼ª´Ä¬»µ½Áª³¸·¼¸µ¸­²É¼ª ¼¯¼¸¬ª´¸¯¼¸­¸²¶ª«²«²µ¸¿²¹¸»¼ª±²ºª·¯·ª²±¬¯»¼·¸¯±²´¸¬¸ ¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¬¼¸±²ª»¹¯´¼¹º¯®²¬»²Á´¸±ª»¶¯¼´ª·ª¸»¼ª·ªµ²¼¯ ’±µª­ª·ª¼ª­µ¯®·ª¼¸Á´ªºª±«²ºª»¯¬·²´ª´Ä¬»µ½Áª³·¯ ¶¸°¯®ª²±Á¯º¹²«¸­ª¼»¼¬¸¼¸·ª¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª·²¼¸®ªÉ¸«É»·² ®¸º²²¬¶²·²¶ªµ·ª»¼¯¹¯·”·²­ª¼ª·É¶ª¼ª´²¬ª¹º¯¼¯·À²² ¹¸»´¸º¸»¼º¯¶¯°Ä¼¯®ª»¯¹¸®»´ª°¯·¯²±»µ¯®¬ª·²¬Ä±¶¸°·¸ ¹¯º»¹¯´¼²¬¯·¹¸®¿¸®´Ä¶±·ªÁ¯·²¯¼¸»Ä»¯®»¼¬¸¼¸²·¯¸Áª´¬ª·¸¼¯ ¯®²·»¼¬¸·ª¾²µ¸»¸¾»´²¬²°®ª·²É ™º¸²±¿¸®Ä¼·ª¾¸º¶ªµ·ª¼ªµ¸­²´ª¸¼¯±²´ª¯ ±ª»¬²®¯¼¯µ»¼¬ª·¸¼»ª¶²¼¯”ª¼¯­¸º²²·ªŠº²»¼¸¼¯µ Œ”ª¼¯­¸º²²¼¸³®¸­¸µÉ¶ª»¼¯¹¯·¹¸®»´ª±¬ª²²®¯É¼ªÁ¯ ¸·¼¸µ¸­²É¼ª»Äø¹º¸²±µ²±ª¸¼¯±²´¸¬ª¾¸º¶ªœ¸¬ª´ª´¼¸²·ª» ¼¸É꼪ºª«¸¼ª·¯»µ¯®¬ª®ª»¯ºª±«²ºª´ª¼¸·¯®¸º±ª¬²¼¸»¼²µ² ¹º²·²±É¬ª·¯·ª¸·¼¸µ¸­²É¼ªª´ª¼¸½¬ª°¯·²¯´Ä¶¼ªµª·¼ª ¬®Ä¿·¸¬¯·²¯¼¸²¿²µÉ®¸µ¯¼·ª¼ªºª«¸¼ª·ª·ªÂ²¼¯®ªµ¯Á·²¹º¯®À² ´¸²¼¸»ª±ª¾²´»²ºªµ²¬¯±²´ª»Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ª»¬¯¼ª²·¯³·ª¼ª ¬Ä±¶¸°·¸»¼ ™º¯®µª­ª·²¼¯´ºª¼´²»¼½®²²·¯¸«ºª±½¬ª¼»²»¼¯¶ª¼²Á·¸ Àɵ¸ª¼É¿·ª¼ª±ª®ªÁª¯®ª±ª­ª¼·ª¼²«¯­µ¸®ª»´²À²ºª¼´¸·¼½º² ·ª¼ª´¸¬ªÀɵ¸¼¯¹¸»´¸º¸·¯­¸¬ª¼ª¬Ä±¶¸°·¸»¼ ™¸·É¼²¯¼¸±ª¯±²´¸¬¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¯®¸»¼ª¶Ä­µÉ¬¸²¶¸°¯
  • 4. «²¯¹¸®¸«º¯¼ª´ª®ª»²¸»¼ª·¯Œ»¯¹ª´¹¸®¯±²´¸¬¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯»¯ ºª±«²ºª¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¶¯°®½®½¶²·¸·¯²¶¯°®½®½¶²²·¯Ã¸®º½­¸ ¼¸±ªÃ¸·É¶ª®ª»¼ª¬ª®½¶ª±ª¬ºÄ±´ª¼ª¶¯°®½¯±²´²º¯ªµ·¸»¼ ´¸É¼¸®ª¯¬´ªÁ¯»¼¬¸¼¸·ª·¯Ã¸´¸¯¼¸¼ºÉ«¬ª®ª¹º¯»´¸Á² ­ºª·²À²¼¯·ª¯±²´ª·²¼¸¹Ä´²ª´¸¯¬Ä±¶¸°·¸¸Ã¯¹¸¶ªµ´¸ «²»¼ª¬ªµ¸®½¶ª±ª¯±²´ª·ªº¯ªµ·¸»¼¼ªª·ª³¶·¸­¸®ª»¯»¼²­·¯ ®¸¼¸¬ª´¸²¯±²´¸¬²¸¼·¸Â¯·²É¶¸°¯«²·¯É¬·¸²¶ª¶¯¹º¯®¬²® ´¸­ª¼¸¬¯±²´ª·²»¯»µ½Á²¼ª±²®½¶ª›µ¯®¸¬ª¼¯µ·¸¬ºª«¸¼ª¼ªÃ¯ »¯²¶ª·ª½¶¸·ª±²¹º¸¯´À²É·ª¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª´¸É¼¸¹º²·ª®µ¯°² ²±Àɵ¸·ª¯±²´ª–¸°¯«²»¼ª¬ª®½¶ª±ª¹º¯®¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª ¬¼Äº®¯·ª¬¯±²´ª²¸¼´¸É¼¸¬»É´ª·¯³·ª»¹¯À²ªµ²±ªÀ²É¬¯Á¯ »¸«»¼¬¯·¸¬²®¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¬Ä±·²´¬ª¬­½«¯Ã¸¹¯Á¯µ¯·¯œÉ¹¯Á¯µ² ¹¸ºª®²¼¸¬ªÁ¯¶·¸­¸¹¸¼¸Á·¸²¹¸®¯¼ª³µ·¸ºª±¬²¬ª²±«ºª·²É¸¼ ·¯É¸·¼¸µ¸­²Á¯·ª»¹¯´¼·ª¯±²´ª·¸¬´ºª³·ª»¶¯¼´ª­½«²¹¸ºª®² ²±Á¯±¬ª·¯¼¸·ª¬Ä±¶¸°·¸»¼¼ª±ª¬ºÄ±´ª»¸»¼ª·ªµ²¼¯¬Ä±¶¸°·¸»¼ ·¯¹º¯´Ä»·ª¼¸½®Äº°ª·ª¸¼¯±²´ª œ¬Äº®¯»Ä¶·²¼¯µ·¸¯®ª»¯¹¸»¸Á²´ª¼¸¶É»¼¸·ª ¾²µ¸»¸¾²É¼ª·É´¸É·¯³·ª´¸·´º¯¼·ª»¹¯À²ªµ²±ªÀ²É´¸É¼¸¸¼ ¯®·ª»¼ºª·ª¯±ª­½«²µª·¯¬²··¸»¼¼ª·ª·¯¹¸»º¯®»¼¬¯·ª¼ª ½·²¬¯º»ªµ·¸»¼·ª¯±²´ªª¸¼®º½­ª»¼ºª·ª¯²«¯±·ª³¶ªµ´ª¼ª ¬Ä±¶¸°·¸»¼®ª»Ä¹¯º·²Á²»²»¼²·»´²¼¯¹º¸¾¯»²¸·ªµ²»¼´²»¶É¿
  • 5. ·ª½´²¼¯ ’¶ª´ªº·ª­µ¯®Ä¼®ª¯¹ª¼¯º²Àª±ª¶²»Äµ¼ª¹¸®¸«Äº ¹º¯¬¸±±ª·¯É¬»¯¸Ã¯·¯¯²±¶²»µ¯·¼¸¹º²¶¯º²¼¯·ª®½¶²±ª ¯±²´¸¬²¸¼·¸Â¯·²É®½¶²´¸²¼¸Ã¯¹¸»¸Áª´ª¼¸¿ªºª´¼¯º·²»ª´¸ ¹½µª¼ª·ª¹º¯®²´ªÀ²É¼ª¹º¯®µ¸±²¼¯»Äȱ²¼¯ª¸»¬¯·¼É¿Áª»¼²¸¼ ®½¶²¹º¯®»¼ª¬´²¼¯·ª»¼ª¬´²¼¯¸´¸·Áª·²É¼ª·¯Ã¸´¸¯¼¸ ¸«¯®²·É¬ª®½¶²¼¯¼²¹¸¬¯¼¯»µ¸¬¸º¯®²²±¸«Ã¸·¯Ãª´¸²¼¸ ¸«²´·¸¬¯·¸¸«¸Ãª¬ª¶¯´ª¼¸»µ½°¯«·²±ª¯±²´ª²¹º²¼¸¬ª²¶ª¶¯ ¹º¯®¬²®·¯Ã¸¹¸®¸«·¸·ª«Èº¸´ºªÀ²É
  • 6. I. K F B K T E B A G :Q ? G B ? G : H L G H R? G B ? L H B H L G H R? G B ? L H DHG?JKIJBMF?KLGBL? H L G H R? G B Y “·²³½ª²­ª·³­³·²³½ª²­ª·³¯³²§ªµ¶­±¥·ª©²¥¯§³ ¬²¥¼ª²­ª­µ¥¬°­¼ª²¶±­¶¿°l§¶¿³·§ª·¶·§­ª¶™µª¨ª§³·³ ·¿°¯¸§¥²­ª‘ª»¶²»Äµª²±·ªÁ¯·²¯¼¸
  • 7. •¥¬¨°ª«©¥²ª·³¶ª ³¨µ¥²­¼¥§¥¶©§¸±ª¶·²­·ª³·²³½ª²­Ä±¥¯¥µ´³´µ­²»­´©¥ ±³«ª©¥¶ª³¦³¦¾­­´µ­±²³¨³±ª¶·²­³·²³½ª²­Ä›¼º¸­¸¼¸ ¸¹º¯®¯µ¯·²¯·ª¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸´¸·¬¯º»¶¸°¯®ª»¯®ª®¯»ª¶¸¬ »¼¯¹¯·¼ª¬´¸É¼¸®¬½¶¯»¼·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯»¯ºª±­µ¯®ª´ª¼¸»½«¯´¼ ¹º¯®²´ª¼·ª»¼º½´¼½ºª–¸°¯«²»¼¸¬ª¯»¬Äº±ª·ª·¯¹¸»µ¯®¸¬ª¼¯µ· ¸»¼¼ª·ª»ª¶²ÉšÄ»¯µ¬ºª±­ºÄê·¯·ª²®¯É¼ª±ª´¸·¬¯º»·¸ ¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯Š´¸¯®·¸®¬½¶¯»¼·¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯»¯ºª±­µ¯®ª´ª¼¸ »½«¯´¼¹º¯®²´ª¼·ª»¼º½´¼½ºª·¯»²¶¯¼º²Á·¸»¼¼ª·ª»½«¯´¼ª² ¹º¯®²´ª¼ª¬·ª»É¸¹º¯®¯µ¯·ª·¯»²¶¯¼º²Á·¸»¼²¬»ª¶¸¼¸ ¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯™º²¼¯±²½­¸¬¸º´²»¼º¸­¸¼¸¸¹º¯®¯µ¯·²¯¯Á¯ ¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸´¸·¬¯º»¯¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸ª´¸»Äﻼ¬½¬ª²¯¯®·²»¼¬¯ ·¸
  • 8. ·ª¹º¯®²´ª¼ª»¹ºÉ¶¸»½«¯´¼ª¹º²¹¸µ¸°¯·²¯Á¯²±¿¸®·¸¼¸ ¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¯·ª»½«¯´¼ª»¹ºÉ¶¸¹º¯®²´ª¼ª—ª¹º²¶¯ºª´¸ ²±¿¸®·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¯©«Äµ´ª¼ª¯¬Äº¿½¶ª»ª¼ª¼¸ ¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸´¸·¬¯º»¯–ª»ª¼ª¯¹¸®É«Äµ´ª¼ªŒ¹º²¶¯ºª·¯¯ »Äﻼ¬¯·¸Á¯»ª¶²¼¯¸¼·¸Â¯·²É¯¹¸®¯¬Äº¿½»ª»µ¸°·² »¼º½´¼½º²·ª»¬¸³º¯®¹º¯®»¼ª¬²¶²»½«¯´¼¹º¯®²´ª¼·¸
  • 9. ›µ¯®¸¬ª¼¯µ·¸²®¯É¼ª±ª´¸·¬¯º»·²¸¼·¸Â¯·²É¸¼¯®·ª»¼ºª·ª ºª±­µ¯°®ª¹º¯®²´ª¼²¬·ª¼ª¬ºÄ±´ª´ª¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯ª¸¼®º½­ª ¬»É´¸´¸·´º¯¼·¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯´ª¼¸¬²®´¸¹½µª˜¼»ª¶¸¼¸ ¸¹º¯®¯µ¯·²¯»µ¯®¬ªÁ¯¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸´¸·¬¯º»¬´ªÁ¯»¼¬¸¼¸¶½·ª
  • 10. ¹º¸¹¸±²À²É²¶ª»Äø¼¸±·ªÁ¯·²¯²ºª±µ²Á¯·»¶²»Äµ¹¸žº¯­¯¬²É ·ªÁ²··ªºª±­µ¯°®ª·¯Œ»µ½ÁªÉ·ª¶·¸­¸¶¯»¼·¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯ ¬Ä¹º¸»Ä¼¸¹²ºª®¸¹º¸«µ¯¶ª¹¸»¼ª¬¯·¸¼šÄ»¯µÁ¯¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¼¸ ¹¸¹º²·À²¹¯·¯Ã¸ºª±µ²Á·¸¸¼»½«¯´¼¹º¯®²´ª¼·ª¼ª»¼º½´¼½ºª’ ¼Ä´¶¸ºª±­µ¯°®ª·¯¼¸·ª®¬½¶¯»¼·²¸¼·¸Â¯·²É¹¸±¬¸µÉ¬ª®ª»¯²±É ¬²®¸´¸µ´¸¼¸»Äﻼ¬½¬ªª»¹¯´¼Ä¼·ª»¿¸®»¼¬¸¶¯°®½ ®¬½¶¯»¼·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯²»½«¯´¼¹º¯®²´ª¼·ª¼ª»¼º½´¼½ºª ‘³«ª©¥¶ªµ¥¬¨°ª©¥´¥µ¥°ª°±ª«©¸³·²³½ª²­ª·³­ ³·²³½ª²­ª·³¯³²§ªµ¶³·ª©²¥¶·µ¥²¥­°³¨­¼ª¶¯³·³³·µ­»¥²­ª³ ·©µ¸¨¥´µ­³´µª©ª°ª²¥­²·ªµ´µª·¥»­Ä±³«ª©¥¶ª´³¯¥«ª¼ª ¶¥§¶­°¥¬¥¯³²­·ª²¥©ª‘³µ¨¥²¥­±ª²²³¯³²§ªµ¶¿·²¥ ¯³²§ªµ¶²³·³³·²³½ª²­ªª¶¥±³·³³·²³½ª²­ª¯³²§ªµ¶¿·¶´µÄ±³ ©­¬Ã²¯»­Ä³·³·²³½ª²­Äª¯³²Ã²¯»­Ä³·¯³²§ªµ¶²­·ª ³·²³½ª²­Ä­·²Œ»²Á´¸¼¸¬ª»¯¸¼·ª»É»ª¶¸®¸®¬½¶¯»¼·² ¸¼·¸Â¯·²É™Äº¬¸·ªÁªµ·¸¬¶¯»¼¸»¼º¸­¸®¸´ª±ª¼¯µ»¼¬¸Ã¯ ¹º¯®µ¸°ª¹º²¶¯º²—ª¹º²¶¯º©«Äµ´ª¼ª¯¬Äº¿½¶ª»ª¼ª ´¸·¬¯º»·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¯–ª»ª¼ª¯¹¸®É«Äµ´ª¼ª´¸·¬¯º»Ä¼·ª ¹¸»µ¯®·¸¼¸¯¸¼·¸¬¸²±¿¸®·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯ Šµª±ª®ª»¯·ª¹º¯®·¯¹¸·ª¼ª¼Ä´¯·¯«¸¿¸®²¶ª ®¸¹Äµ·²¼¯µ·ª¿²¹¸¼¯±ª±ª«½µ¯¬ª¼ªµ¸­²Á¯»´ª»¼º½´¼½ºª·ª ®¬½¶¯»¼·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯´¸¯¼¸±ª¯®·¸»¼¸¬ª¯»½«¯´¼¹º¯®²´ª¼·ª »¼º½´¼½ºª™º¯®µ¸°¯·ª¼ª¹¸·ª®¸µ½¿²¹¸¼¯±ª·¯¯¯®²·»¼¬¯·ªŒ Àɵ¸¼¸²±µ¸°¯·²¯¹¸·ª¼ª¼Ä´Ã¯»¯¹º²®Äº°ª¶´Ä¶·¯É²±ª¼¸¬ª¯ ·¯¸«¿¸®²¶¸®ª»¯¹º¯®µ¸°ª¼ªº­½¶¯·¼²¬·¯³·ª±ªÃ²¼ª Ÿ²¹¸¼¯±ª¼ª¯® ¬ ½ ¶ ¯ » ¼ · ¸ ¼ ¸ ¸ ¼ · ¸  ¯ · ² ¯ ´ ¸ ¯ ¼ ¸ ±ª¯®·¸»¼¸¬ª¯»½«¯´¼¹º¯®²´ª¼·ª»¼º½´¼½ºª¯ ²±¸¶¸¾·¸·ª²¶¹µ²´ªÀ²É¼ª²º¯»¹¯´¼²¬·¸·ª º¯µªÀ²É¼ª¬´µÈÁ¬ª·¯·ª¶·¸°¯»¼¬ª ™¸ºª°®ªÃ²É¼¼ª±²¿²¹¸¼¯±ª¿¸®·ª¶²»µ²¯»µ¯®·²É¼ ®¬½¶¯»¼·¸¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯¸¼¯®·ª»¼ºª·ª·¯¹º²¬²µ¯­²º¸¬ª·²¼¸
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  • 67. dZlhhkghghkhcklhgZ]eZghlhdZl_]hjbZeghhlghr_gb_- f_`^mbgl_gpbhgZe_gZdlbg_]hhlhkt^tj`Zgb_-g_kdjblhkllZb kt[jZghkllZ LZdZhkghgbl_khcklZgZ]eZgbl_ dZl_]hjbZegbhlghr_gbytkydZ_^gZhl^_l_ hglheh]bb[bZlgZjbqZgbdhgp_ipbbaZbklbgZlZ
  • 68. KbglZdlbqgb hlghr_gby k ij_oh^gb ]eZ]heb: km[_dl b h[_dl =eZ]hebl_, dhblh ^himkdZl beb ^hjb babkdZl ijydh ^hiteg_gb_, gZjbqZf_ ij_oh^gb, Z l_ab, dhblh g_ ^himkdZl - g_ij_oh^gb. Ij_oh^ghkllZ beb g_ij_oh^ghkllZ gZ ]eZ]heZ k_ ijb_fZ aZ g_]hZfhjnheh]bqgZ oZjZdl_jbklbdZ. Gh mihlj_[yZcdb _^bgby beb ^jm]by b^, kbglZdlbqgbyl kljh_` bkthl_lklZsbyl fm kfbkte k_ hdZaZl jZaebqgb. GZijbf_j fbkey _ g_ij_oh^_g (fZdZj ki_pbZebabjZgb nbehkhnkdb l_dklh_ ^Z kts_klmZ l_g^_gpby aZ ij_oh^gZlZ fm mihlj_[Z k hlkygdZ kfbkteZ), Z taijb_fZf, b`^Zf, qmZf, ibiZf, ijhba_`^Zf, baf_gyf, ih^h[jyZf, jZabZf b fgh`_klh ^jm]b ]eZ]heb gZ taijbylb_lh b ^_cklb_lh kZ ij_oh^gb. B lZdZ hl _^gZ kljZgZ, :a fbkey aZ dtsZlZ, Z hl ^jm]Z, :a kljhy dtsZlZ b :a b`^Zf dtsZlZ. Ijb g_ij_oh^gbl_ ]eZ]heb dZlh fbkey __glmZegh dhk_ghlh (gZ [te]Zjkdb ij_^eh`ghlh) ^hiteg_gb_ ^hgydt^_ fh`_ ^Z k_ ltedmZ b dZlh kdZam_fgh hij_^_e_gb_, l._. lh ki_pbnbpbjZ ^_cklb_lh, [_a kZfh ^Z ltjib ijhfygZ hl g_]h. LZdZ, dh]Zlh fbkey aZ dtsZlZ, dtsZlZ g_ ltjib ijhfygZ, gh g_ lZdt _ kemqZyl, dh]Zlh y kljhy. GZijbf_j gZ [te]Zjkdb (aZ jZaebdZ gZijbf_j hl Zg]ebckdb) g_ij_oh^gbl_ ]eZ]heb beb ij_oh^gbl_ ]eZ]heb k ij_^eh`gh ^hiteg_gb_ g_ ^himkdZl kljZ^Zl_e_g aZeh]. LhZ ykgh ihdZaZ, q_ _abdtl ykgh jZa]jZgbqZZ dZlh ijydh ^hiteg_gb_ hghZ, dtf dh_lh ^_cklb_lh _ gZkhq_gh dZq_klhlh gZ ta^_cklb_. Ex[hibl_g _ kemqZyl k ]eZ]hebl_ gZ taijbylb_lh: ibiZf, b`^Zf, qmZf b ^jm]b. ;herbgklhlh hl lyo kZ ij_oh^gb. Ke_^hZl_egh, ]_gbyl gZ gZrbl_ ij_^pb _ ij_^iheh`be, q_
  • 69. ]e_^Zcdb g_sh (dZdlh b qmZcdb, b`^Zcdb), gb_ fm hdZaZf_ ta^_cklb_, ^hdZlh fbke_cdb aZ g_sh, lhZ g_ _ lZdZ. tafh`gb kZ fgh`_klh ki_dmeZlbgb ij_^iheh`_gby lZab gZkhdZ: gZijbf_j, dh]Zlh taijb_f_f g_sh, ijZbf lh ^Z k_ yb. DZaZgh gZ r_]Z, ^_^bl_ gb kZ [beb badmr_gb hl nbehkhnbylZ gZ ;tjdeb. (ktsghkl, jZa[bjZ k_, bfZf ij_^b^ h[jZlghlh: khebikbaftl _ ba_^_gZ hl ij_oh^ghkllZ gZ ]eZ]hebl_ gZ taijbylb_lh nbehkhnkdZ dhgp_ipby b k lhZ obi_j[hebabjZgZ ^h ihqlb dhfbq_g Z[kmj^.) Baij_ZjZcdb baeh`_gb_lh (`. ke_^ZsZlZ ]eZZ), ke_^Z ^Z k_ baltdg_, q_ ij_oh^ghkllZ gZ ]eZ]hebl_ gZ taijbylb_lh g_ _ kemqZcgZ. L_ ^_cklbl_egh ba_kl_g kfbkte b k hkghZgb_ ih^kdZaZl ijhba_`^Zg_ gZ taijb_lhlh - _^bg Zki_dl gZ _abdZ _dkiebpbjZg m OZc^_]_j ke_^ ihjZlZ. b`^Zg_lh ijhba_`^Z (her-stellen, l._. [mdZegh ihklZy lmd) dZlh ba_`^Z hl kdjblhkl g_kdjblhkl g_]hhlh _^bgklh, g_]hZlZ pyehkl. ktsghkl gb_ bgZ]b g_ihkj_^kl_gh b`^Zf_ kZfh _^bg Zki_dl beb nZaZ gZ b`^Zghlh. K ^jm]b ^mfb, gbdh]Z g_ b`^Zf_ klhe, Z kZfh hij_^_e_g Zki_dl beb qZkl hl klhe b hl lhZ _q_ aZdexqZZf_ ih bg^mdpby, q_ kf_ b^_eb klhe. Lmd k_ gZeZ]Z _^gh hldehg_gb_, aZ ^Z k_ baykgb k ihfhslZ gZ :jbklhl_e nbehkhnkdby kfbkte gZ bg^mdpby. Gb_, fh^_jgbl_ ohjZ, ihemqbeb oZjZdl_jghlh Ghh_jhi_ckdh h[jZahZgb_, jZa[bjZf_ bg^mdpbylZ dZlh nbabq_kdZ b fZl_fZlbq_kdZ: l._. Zdh gb _ ^Z^_g gydZdt djZ_g [jhc nZdlb ^Z ba_^_f h[shlh f_`^m lyo b, kihj_^ Fbe, ^Z m^hklh_jbf lZdZ ihemq_ghlh _^bgklh ihkj_^klhf ijbqbggZ jtadZ, dhylh ^Zh[hkghZZ g_h[oh^bfby oZjZdl_j gZ lhZ _^bgklh. Ijb lhZ k_ ij_^iheZ]Z, q_ bg^mdlbghlh ijh[y]Zg_ gZ nZdlbl_ ^himkdZ ltdfh _^gZ lyogZ
  • 70. g_h[oh^bfZ h[sghkl (Zdh kts_klmZ lZdZZ, dZlh kts_klmZ kemqZy agZqb ^Z g_ _ kemqZcgZ, Z ^Z _ dZmaZegh h[mkeh_gZ). H[bqZcgh _ ^mfZlZ HMSDºJZJKY - ibr_ OZc^_]_j - ^Z k_ ij__`^Z k bg^mdpby; b ij_h^tl _ gZ]h^_g ihqlb ^hkehgh, kihj_^ g_shlh, h[Zq_ - l._. dZlh ltedmZgb_ - ktk_f ih]j_rgh: HMSDºJZJKY gyfZ ij_^b^ ijh[y]Zg_ gZ hl^_egbl_ nZdlb - hl l_ogbl_ ih^h[gb khcklZ, ke_^hZl_egh hl lyogZlZ h[sghkl, ^Z k_ aZdexqb k_h[sghkl. HMSDºJZJKY agZqb gZkhqZg_ dtf hghZ, dh_lh ihiZ^Z ij_^ ih]e_^Z, k dhclh gZc-gZij_^ ih]e_`^Zf_ hl^_egbl_ g_sZ: HMSDºJZJKY b gZdt^_? Dtf [blb_lh. KZfh dh]Zlh bfZf_ ij_^ ih]e_^Z ^tj_kghkllZ, fh`_f ^Z nbdkbjZf_ hl^_eghlh ^tjh. b`^Zg_lh b ijZ_g_lh b^bfh gZ lhZ, dh_lh ih lZdt gZqbg, dZlh ^tj_kghkl _q_ klhb ij_^ ih]e_^Z, _ HMSDºJZJKY. LhZ HMSDºJZJKY _ ij_^klZ_ghlh ^h_g kfbkte: itjh ^Z baitdg_ ij_^ ih]e_^Z b lh]ZZ _^ghj_f_ggh ^Z k_ nbdkbjZ ebdtl. HMSDºJZJKY _ hghZ, dh_lh _^gZ]Z klZZ ih^hajbl_egh aZ ohjZlZ h[tjaZgb k gZmqghlh fbke_g_, b hklZZ ^Z k_ bfZ ij_^b^ qm`^h; l_ b`^Zl lhZ g_^himklbfh petitio principii, l._. gZjmr_gb_ gZ _fibjbqghlh fbke_g_; kZfh q_ lhZ petere principium, ijhly]Zg_lh aZ hkghhiheZ]ZsZ hkghZ, _ _^bgkl_gbyl oh^ gZ nbehkhnbylZ, ba_klyZshlh gZjmr_gb_ h[eZkllZ, tlj_ dhylh lhdm-sh _ mkiyeZ ^Z k_ aZk_eb gZmdZ. Ke_^Z ^Z k_ h[tjg_f b dtf ^jm] g_aZbkbf ij_h^ gZ :jbklhl_e, aZ ^Z ijh_jbf g_ ij_m_ebqZZ eb OZc^_]_j: ijbf_jtl _ ih^h[_g gZ bg^mdpby, Z bg^mdpbylZ _ gZqZeh - ibr_ :jbklhl_e. M. Heiedegger. Vom Wesen und Begriff der IXYVL. Aristoteles, Physik B, 1. - In: M. Heidegger. Wegmarken. Frankfurt AM, 1978, S. 242. :jbklhl_e. J_lhjbdZ (ij_. :e_dkgZ^tj Gbq_). K., 1993, k. 133.
  • 71. Ke_^hZl_egh ljy[Z ^Z jZa[_j_f bg^mdpbylZ dZlh ijbf_j gZ g_sh, k dhylh k_ ihklZy gZqZeh aZ lhZ g_sh. lhab kfbkte ly _ itjhgZqZeghlh gZ_`^Zg_ dtf g_sh. tjhlh qj_a hghZ, dh_lh g_ihkj_^kl_gh b ZdlmZegh b`^Zf_ hl g_]h, gb gZ_`^Z qj_a HMSDºJZJKY, bg^mdpby dtf khylZ ^tj_kghkl, aZ ^Z gb k_ yb _^Z ke_^ lhZ dZlh lhZ ^tjh. :gZeh]bqgh g_ihkj_^kl_gh b^bfbyl Zki_dl gZ klheZ gb gZ_`^Z gZ g_]hZlZ klhehhkl, dhylh _q_ s_ gb k_ yb dZlh klhe. Ltdfh ih ]jtpdbjZa[jZgZlZ bg^mdpby fh`_ ^Z gb ih^kdZ`_, q_ b`^Zcdb, gb_ ijhba_`^Zf_ b dZd bf_ggh; kts_j_f_ggh k lhZ ^Z k_ h[ykgb b aZsh ]_gbyl gZ gZrbl_ ijZ^_^b _ ba[jZe ]eZ]hebl_ gZ taijbylb_lh ^Z [t^Zl ij_^bfgh ij_oh^gb. gbfZl_egbyl qblZl_e k ba_klgb ij_^jZakt^tpb lmd fh`_ ^Z taltj`_klmZ, h[bgyZcdb f_, q_ gZjmrZZf kh[kl_ghlh h[_sZgb_, Z bf_ggh ^Z jZa]e_`^Zf kZfh _abdhb hlghr_gby, l._. hlghr_gby f_`^m ^mfb b ^mfb, gh g_ b f_`^m ^mfb b g_sh ^jm]h. LZdt qblZl_e b bfZ, b gyfZ hkghZgby. BfZ ]b, ^hdhedhlh jZa[bjZ ^mfZlZ, dZdlh h[bdgh_gh y jZa[bjZf_ fh^_jgbl_ ohjZ. GyfZ ]b, Zdh k_ h[tjg_f dtf ih oZc^_]_jbZgkdb ij_^klZ_gh ]jtpdh koZsZg_ gZ ^mfZlZ ^mfZ - ORYJR. ‘ª¼¸¬ª·É´¸³»Ä¬º¯¶··²´¹²Â¯Ÿª³®¯­¯º¶¸°¯®ª ´ª°HÁ¯·¯±·ª¯´ª´¬¸±·ªÁª¼­ºÄÀ´²¼¯λογος²λεγει훪¶¸Á¯ ·½°·¸¯¯®²·»¼¬¯·¸·ª¹¸¶·É·¯¼¸·ª­ºÄÀ´¸¼¸¸¹º¯®¯µÉ·¯·ª »Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ªÁ¸¬¯´ª´ª¼¸ζωον λογον εχον±ª®ª²¶ª¶¯·ª»¸´ª¼ª ¹¸´¸É¼¸¼ºÉ«¬ª®ª¶²»µ²¶±ª®ª»¿¬ª·¯¶»Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ªλογος –¸°¯¶®¸º²²±º²Á·¸¼ºÉ«¬ªανθρωπος®ª¹º¯¬¯®¯¶»Á¸¬¯´Ä¼¯ ¸·¸¬ª»Äﻼ¬¸·ª´¸¯¼¸®½¶ª¼ª¯¹º²»Äê–¸°¯¶®ª´ª°¯¶ ¬¶¯»¼¸®½¶ª¼ª®ª°¯¯±²´ª¹º²¹¸µ¸°¯·²¯Á¯»Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ª ¯±²´ª¶²»µ²¶®¸»¼ª¼ÄÁ·¸²²±·ªÁªµ·¸ª²¶¯··¸¸¼»Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ª ¹ºª¬²µ·¸ºª±«ºª·²ÉλογοςŒ»É´¸¸¹º¯®¯µÉ·¯·ª»Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ª
  • 72. Á¸¬¯´ª´¸¯¼¸¹¸»µ¯Ã¯»¼ª·¯¸«²Áª³·¸¬®¯¾²·²À²É¼ªKRPR DQLPDOUDWLRQDOHÁ¸¬¯´Ä¼ºª±½¶·¸¼¸»Äﻼ¬¸²±¸«Ã¸·¯±·ªÁ²Á¯ Á¸¬¯´Ä¼²¶ª¯±²´¸¬ª¼ª»¹¸»¸«·¸»¼´ª¼¸¯®·¸»¬¸³»¼¬¸·ªº¯®» ®º½­²¼¯ªÁ¯®ª²¶ªλογοςª¸·¯­¸®ª»¯¹º²®Äº°ª¯¸¼µ²Á²¯±ª»Ä ÷¸»¼¼ª·ªÁ¸¬¯´ª œª´ªºª±«ºª·ª®½¶ª¼ª¯®²·»¼¬¯·ª¹º²·ª®µ¯°²·ª »Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ªÁ¸¬¯´ªŒ®½¶ª¼ª²¶ª¶¯·ªµ²À¯²»·¯­¸¶¸°¯¶®ª ¸¹¯º²ºª¶¯´ª¼¸»·¯Ã¸­¸¼¸¬¸À¯µ²É¹º¸À¯»¸«¿¬ªÃªÃ¸¼ ¬²°®ª·¯¼¸·ª¯®²·ª»¹¯´¼·ª»¼¸µª´Ä¶·ª¬¯°®ª·¯±ª»¼¸µ¸¬¸»¼² ¬¼ª±²·¯»´º²¼¸»¼·ª»¼¸µ¸¬¸»¼¼ª®ª²±¹Ä´·¯²¶¯··¸¼¸±²»¼¸µ¬¯Á¯ ²´ª¼¸®½¶ª´¸É¼¸»Ä«²ºª¶·¸°¯»¼¬¸ª»¹¯´¼²·ª»¼¸µª¬ »¹¸»¸«·¸»¼¼ª·ªÁ¸¬¯´ª®ª»Ä«²ºª®ª»²·¼¯±²ºªª´ª´¼¸”ª·¼Ã¯É ·ªº¯Á¯¬»¹¸»¸«·¸»¼¼ª±ª¬Ä¸«ºª°¯·²¯·¸»Ä«²ºª²À¯µ²É¹º¸À¯» ¹ª´¬»Ä꼪®½¶ªª´¸¯ºª±­µ¯®ª·ª»ª¶¸´ª¼¸º¯±½µ¼ª¼Œ»²Á´¸¼ ¸¬ª¯λοYγος ”ª´¬¸±·ªÁ²λογος¹º¸®Äµ°ª¬ªŸª³®¯­¯º—ª¯±²´ª·ª ­ºÄÀ´²É¶ª¼¯¶ª¼²´®½¶ª¼ªλογος±·ªÁ²»Äø¼¸´ª¼¸¸¼·¸Â¯·²¯ ²¹º¸¹¸ºÀ²É´ª±¬ª¶¯ª·ªµ¸­²É²¹º¯¬¯°®ª¶¯»Ä¸¼¬¯¼»¼¬²¯² »Äø²¶ª¶¯¹º¯®¬²®¸¹º¯®¯µ¯·ª¿ªºª´¼¯º·ª¹º¸¹¸ºÀ²Éº¯»¹ ¹º¸¹¸ºÀ²É·ª¹º¸¹¸ºÀ²²¹º²»Ä¸¼¬¯¼»¼¬²¯»Ä¬»¯¶·¯¶²»µ²¶±ª ¯±²´²±ªº¯Á–ª¼¯¶ª¼²Á¯»´ª¼ª¯±²´¸¬ª½¹¸¼º¯«ª¸¼Áª»¼²² ¾²µ¸»¸¾»´ª¼ª½®Äº°ª¼·¯Ã¸¸¼¹Äº¬¸·ªÁªµ·¸¼¸±·ªÁ¯·²¯·ª λογος¼Ä³´ª¼¸λογος¹º²·ª®µ¯°²·ªλεγειν²¼¸¬ª±·ªÁ²²¯ »Ä꼪®½¶ª¼ª´ª¼¸·ªÂª¼ªOHVHQÁ¯¼ª»Ä«²ºª¶@­º¸±®¸«¯º»Ä« ²ºª·¯·ª²±¸»¼ª·ªµ²¼¯°²¼·²´µª»¸¬¯»Ä«²ºª¶›ª¶¸Á¯¸Ã¯·¯¯ ®¸»¼ª¼ÄÁ·¸´¸­ª¼¸»¯½¬¯º²¶Á¯λεγειν±·ªÁ²λογος; ¬²·ª­²¶¸°¯ ·ª²·ª¼·ª¬Éº·¸¼¸½´ª±ª·²¯±ª±·ªÁ¯·²¯¼¸·ª´¸º¯·ª²®ª·¯»¯ M. Heiedegger. Vom Wesen und Begriff der φυYσις. Aristoteles, Physik B, 1....S. 276.
  • 73. ®¸¸À¯·²»Äò·»´¸¼¸»Ä®Äº°ª·²¯·ª­ºÄÀ´ª¼ª®½¶ª²¹¸·É¼²¯¼¸±ª λογος, ®ª·¯»¯ºª±«¯º¯¬¸«²Áª³·²É¼¸­ª¬ª»¶²»Äµ lhdm-sh ijb_^_gby iZkZ` OZc^_]_j gb gZkhqZ dtf lhZ, q_ λοYγος-tl _ kt[bjZg_, b lh kt[bjZg_ gZ fZl_jbZegb g_sZ, ]jha^_, bahklZgZeb `blgb deZkh_kts_j_f_ggh kt[bjZg_lh gZ λοYγος-Z, kihj_^ fZl_fZlbq_kdbl_ dhghlZpbb, _ kt[bjZg_ ijhihjpby; ZgZeh]bylZ k g_fkdZlZ ^mfZ q_lZ, dhylh aZ_^gh k lhZ agZqb b kt[bjZf, itd gbij_ijZsZdtf kt[bjZg_ _^bg_g kfbkte. B lZdZ ^hlmd λογος-tl _ ^mfZlZ, dZlh _^bgkl_gZ ijbgZ^e_`ZsZ gZ ktsghkllZ gZ qh_dZ, dZlh kt[bjZg_ gZ fZl_jbZegb g_sZ ijhihjpby, ijb dh_lh k_ ihemqZZ _^bgklh, kfbkte. K lhZ gb_ ijh^te`ZZf_ ^Z gZij_^Zf_ baykgyZg_ ktsghkllZ gZ ij_oh^gby oZjZdl_j gZ ]eZ]hebl_ gZ taijbylb_lh dZlh hkh[_g b qj_a lhZ ZgZebabjZg b^ ijhba_`^Zg_. ¡¯¼ª»Ä«²ºª¶¹²Â¯¹¸·ª¼ª¼Ä´Ÿª³®¯­¯º±·ªÁ² ·É´¸µ´¸ºª±¿¬ÄºµÉ·²®ª»¯»Ä¯®²·É¼¬¯®·¸²¼¸¬ª¯®·¸ ¯®·¸¬¯º¯¶··¸¹º²·ª»É²®¸»¼ª¬Éπαρα
  • 74. Œ´ª´¬¸Œ·¯»´º²¼¸¼¸·ª ¹º²»Ä»¼¬²¯¼¸παρουσια ουσιααπουσια
  • 75. @Λεγειν»Ä«ºª·²¬¯®·¸ ±ª¯®·¸²¼¯±²¼¯¯®·¸¬º¯¶¯··¸¹º²»Ä»¼¬ªÃ¸¹º²·¯»¯·²±·ªÁ² »Äø¼¸´ª¼¸»´º²¼¸¼¸·É´¸­ª»¼ª¬ªÉ¬·¸¼¸»¯¸»¼ª¬É®ª»¯ ¹¸´ª°¯¬»¬¸¯¼¸¹º²»Ä»¼¬²¯˜¼¼½´±ªŠº²»¼¸¼¯µ»Ä÷¸»¼¼ª·ª ²±ºª±É¬ª·¯¼¸¯αποφασιςļ´¸³¼¸¸¼»Äﻼ¬½¬ªÃ¸¼¸¹¸±¬¸µÉ¬ª ®ª»¯¬²®²´ª´Ä¬¼¸²´ª´¼¸¼¸³­¸·ª±¸¬ª¬ª²το δηγουν¹ºª¬¯·¯¼¸ ¬²®²¶¸ ›¼¸¬ªŠº²»¼¸¼¯µ·¯®ª¬ª·É´ª´¬ª¸»¸«¯·ª¼¯¸º²É·ªλογος ªª¼¸³¹¸¼¬Äº°®ª¬ª»ª¶¸¼¸¬ª´¸¯¼¸ÄºÀ²¼¯¸¼´ºª³¬º¯¶¯»ª ¹¸±·ª¬ªµ²´ª¼¸»Ä÷¸»¼·ªλεγειν¡½®¯»·¸¹¸´ª±¬ª¼¸¬ª¯®²· Ibid. ,ELGS 277.
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  • 78. ¹º¯¬¯°®ª¼ ‹¸­Ä¼·ª´¸³¼¸¯˜ºª´½µÄ¼¬Ž¯µ¾²·²Ã¸·¯´ª±¬ª·¯ ²±ºª±É¬ª·²Ã¸²·¯»´º²¬ª·²Ã¸ª®ª¬ª¯®²·±·ª´›¼¸¬ª¼ª±² ¶Ä®º¸»¼·ªŸ¯ºª´µ²¼»¯®¸¬¯°®ª¬·¯³·¸¼¸»Ä÷¸»¼·¸ »Ä®Äº°ª·²¯²®¸¹Äº¬¸·ªÁªµ·¸O¯ºª´µ²¼¸¬¸·ª¹º¯°¯·²¯² ¸«¼¯­·ª¼¸»¼Ουτε λεγει ουτε κρυπτει: λεγειν¼½´¯®½¶ª ¹º¸¼²¬¸¹¸µ¸°·ª·ªκρυπτειν±ª¼¸¬ª¼ºÉ«¬ª®ª¹º¯¬¯°®ª¶¯» ¸¼´º²¬ª¶¼¯¹ºª¬Éɬ·¸˜ºª´½µÄ¼·¯¸¼´º²¬ª·ª¹ºª¬¸·²¼¸ ¹º¸»¼¸»´º²¬ªª¹¸´ª±¬ª´¸¯¼¸Ã¯º¯Á¯¸¼´º²¬ª¬¼¸¬ª´¸¯¼¸ »´º²¬ª²»´º²¬ª¬¼¸¬ª´¸¯¼¸¸¼´º²¬ª”ª´¬¸½´ª±¬ª¼¸±²λεγειν ± ªλογοςª²´ª´¬¸±·ªÁ²λογος±ªŸ¯ºª´µ²¼¬°)UJP²² ®º½­²¼¯
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  • 81. NhjfZlZ gZ fbke_g_lh dZlh kbglZdlbqgh hlghr_gb_ Baj_q_gb_lh _ dhhj^bgZpby, km[hj^bgZpby b bah[sh ba_klgZ kljmdlmjZ hl _^bgklZ. L_ab _^bgklZ - g_ lyogZlZ k_fZglbqgZ klhcghkl - k_ ihkhqZl qj_a riZpbb (_^bgklhlh gZ ^mfZlZ), ktq_lZZg_ gZ dhj_gb k ij_^klZdb bgZklZdb, hdhgqZgby b ij_^ehab (ihdZaZsb _^bgklZ f_`^m ^mfbl_), ktxab b ktxagb ^mfb, kehhj_^Z b ^j. LZdZ baj_q_gb_lh k_ hdZaZ keh`gZ b c_jZobabjZgZ kljmdlmjZ. KZfZlZ c_jZobabjZgZ kljmdlmjZ beb g_cgb qZklb fh]Zl ^Z k_ hl^_eyl hl k_fZglbqgZlZ klhcghkl dZq_klhlh bf gZ nhjfb kydZr beb ihg_ ^hgydt^_ g_aZbkbfb hl kt^tj`bfhlh l_ab nhjfb. GZijbf_j: :dh Qh_dtl _ [haZcgbd b ;haZcgbdtl _ `bh kts_klh, lh Qh_dtl _ `bh kts_klh. ?da_fiebnbpbjZgZlZ lmd kljmdlmjZ, gZj_q_gZ hl :jbklhl_e kbeh]batf, _ lhqgh hij_^_ebfZ kl_i_g g_aZbkbfZ hl kh_lh kt^tj`bfh. : _lh ^jm] ijbf_j: Ijb l_ab Zj]mf_glb, dhblh klhyl dhgnebdl _^bg k ^jm], g_ ltjkbo khnbafb, aZ ^Z ijb_^Z (dZdlh k_ dZaZ) Z^hdZlkdh ^hdZaZl_eklh, dh_lh baiheaZ aZ khy ba]h^Z g_ij_^iZaebhkllZ gZ ijhlbgbdZ b hohlgh fm ihaheyZ ^Z k_ ihahZZ gZ _^bg g_ijZbegh jZa[jZg hl g_]h aZdhg, aZ ^Z ba]jZ^b tjom g_]hhlh hijh_j`_gb_ kh[kl_gbl_ kb g_ijZhf_jgb ij_l_gpbb.GZihkhdbba[jZghlh b ijb_^_gh baj_q_gb_ hl DZgl ktsh lZdZ bfZ khy kljmdlmjZ, gh ly gbdZdt kemqZc g_ _ lZdZ B. DZgl. DjblbdZ gZ qbklby jZamf... k. 462.
  • 82. hlq_lebZ b h[hkh[bfZ hl kh_lh kt^tj`bfh, dZdlh ij_^brgby kemqZc. Fh`_f ^Zltj^bfq_ ijZdlbq_kdb ihqlb kbqdb baj_q_gby g_ ijbl_`ZZl hlq_lebZ b h[hkh[bfZ kljmdlmjZ k ykgh bajZa_gb khcklZ, l._. g_ ijbebqZl gZ kbeh]bafb. B ltc dZlh kljmdlmjZlZ gZ baj_q_gb_lh - lZf, dt^_lh _ hlq_lebZ - gyfZ k_fZglbqgZ klhcghkl, lZdZ ^Z k_ dZ`_, hl k_lZ, lh g_cgZlZ k_fZglbqgZ klhcghkl (ijb ij_^ihklZdZlZ, q_ kbqdh ljy[Z ^Z bfZ k_fZglbqgZ klhcghkl) s_ _ hl ^jm]Z^_ b aZ lZdhZ ^jm]Z^_ s_ k_ ijb_f_ b ih lhab gZqbg s_ k_ hij_^_eb fbke_g_lh. : hlq_lebbl_ kbglZdlbqgb kljmdlmjb s_ k_ gZj_dZl nhjfb gZ fbke_g_lh. Eh]bdZlZ s_ [t^_ gZmdZ aZ nhjfbl_ gZ fbke_g_lh, ij_g_[j_]Zcdb nZdlZ, q_, lZdZ jZa[jZgh, fbke_g_lh k_ hdZaZ g_agZqbl_e_g [jhc kbglZdlbqgb dhgkljmdpbb k ltj^_ ki_pbnbqgb, fZdZj b fh`_ [b ltj^_ ihe_agb khcklZ. Ke_^Z ^Z k_ hldZ`_f hl lZdt ih^oh^ dtf fbke_g_lh. hkghZlZ fm s_ ihklZbf hlghr_gb_lh b _^bgklhlh. Fgh`_klh Z`gb b ieh^hlhjgb ijbf_jb gZ kbglZdlbqgb hlghr_gby b ijhbaebaZsb hl lyo b Z[khexlbabjZsb ]b nbehkhnkdb dhgp_ipbb, _q_ [yoZ jZa]e_^Zgb. G_h[oh^bfh _ _q_ ^Z k_ ^te[hqbf kZfZlZ ktsghkl gZ kbglZdlbqghlh hlghr_gb_ _^ghj_f_ggh dZlh ijhlbhihklZyg_, ktjaZg_ b _^bgklh. Ktsh lZdZ s_ ^himkg_f, q_ kydh kbglZdlbqgh hlghr_gb_ _ ih^h[gh gZ djbklZebabjZsZ ^mfZ, gh ^Ze_q hl g_cghlh mlZyZg_ ^te[bgbl_ gZ fgh]h_dhgh ijh_jyZgby mihlj_[ZlZ nhg^ gZ _abdZ. ?^bgklhlh _ ^jm]ZlZ kljZgZ gZ hlghr_gb_lh. Ktk kbgl_aZ gZ ij_^bdZpbylZ (gbdZd g_ _ kemqZcgh obey^he_lghlh ex[hiblklh gZ nbehkhnbl_ dtf g_y) _q_ ih^kdZaZof_ h[sghkllZ gZ _^bgklh b hlghr_gb_. Ij_^bdZpbylZ _ hlghr_gb_ f_`^m km[_dlZ b
  • 83. ij_^bdZlZ b _^ghj_f_ggh lyoghlh ktjaZg_, dh_lh oh^Z gZ dhgdj_lgZlZ j_q k_ mlZyZ dZlh _^bgklh. ?^bgklhlh kts_klmZ b g_ kts_klmZ. :dh g_sh kts_klmZ b g_ kts_klmZ, lh bfZ [blb_. :dh hljbpZgb_lh gZ g_sh, dh_lh kts_klmZ, _ bgZ]b tgrgh gZ lhZ kts_klmZsh, lh g_[blb_lh _ tlj_rgh gZ [blb_lh - l._. beb kZfh qbklh kts_klmZg_, beb kZfh qbklh g_kts_klmZg_. LZdZ b g__^bgklhlh _ tlj_rgh gZ _^bgklhlhbajZayZcdb k_ beb kZfh p_ehkllZ, beb kZfh qZklbl_. MlZyZg_lh gZ _^bgklhlh k_ mlZyZ ^te[bgbl_ gZ _abdZ, gZ qbylh ihtjoghkl hklZZ _^gZ ]hlhZ nhjfZ [_a ke_^b hl ihjZ`^Zehlh y hlghr_gb_ tlj_ g_y. LZdbZ mlZ_gb b kihlZ_gb _^bgklZ gZijbf_j kZ ^mfbl_ b ih-lhqgh l_ogbl_ dhj_gb. ?lbfheh]babjZcdb b jZaqe_gyZcdb, OZc^_]_j ba_`^Z gZ ihtjoghkllZ gZ _abdZ mlZ_ghlh ^te[bgbl_ [blb_ - tlj_rgh hlghr_gb_, Z g_ kZfh ZlhfZlbqgh _^bgklh - gZ ^mfZlZ. GZijbf_j Ursache, Ur-sache, Ur-Sache - _lh lZdZ ijbqbgZlZ, ^g_k koZsZgZ hl ihke_^Zsb gZkeh_gby dZlh dZmaZeghkl, s_ k_ hdZ`_ ijZ- g_sh, l._. g_sh hl dh_lh k_ ijhbaebaZ, ghktk_f g_ _ aZ^te`bl_egh lhZ ijhbaebaZg_ ^Z _ dZmaZegh ^_l_jfbgbjZgh. =hhj_cdb _abdZ, dhclh ^g_k ]hhjbf, gb_ k_ gZfbjZf_ Zjo_heh]bq_kdb jZaj_a gZ hij_^_e_gh fyklh kdZeZlZ gZ k_^bf_glZpbylZ, gZ mlZyZg_lh. =_gbyl gZ gZrbl_ ^Ze_qgb ijZ^_^b _ mlZbe aZ gZk ^mfb, qb_lh mkljhcklh g_ ihagZZf_, g_ jZa[bjZf_ b ^hjb g_ ih^habjZf_ - gZlbkdZf_ dhiq_lZlZ gZ lhZ mkljhcklh, ih^h[gh gZ fZcfmgb, b ihemqZZf_ fb]hf ]hlhhlh agZq_gb_, [ZgZgZ. :eZ g_aZ[_e_`bfZlZ baf_j_gbylZ gZ _^bg qh_rdb `bhl jZ[hlZ ih nhjfbjZg_lh gZ _abdZ ijh^te`ZZ b ^g_k kihj_^ gZrby ]_gbc, gZrbl_ aZ[em`^_gby b gZrbl_ ijhaj_gby.
  • 84. g_k _q_ _ b^gh, q_ aZgZyltl gZ nbehkhnZ _^Z eb _ ^Z hldjbZ gZc-h[sbl_ aZdhghf_jghklb gZ k_lZ, fbke_g_lh, h[s_klhlh b dZdh eb g_ hs_. AZlhZ itd k_ ih-_jhylgh klZZ jZa[bjZg_lh, q_ nbehkhnbylZ _ ijb mlZyZg_lh b hllZyZg_lh (kbj_q, g_ kf_y ^Z dZ`Z jZaftlZg_lh) gZ _abdZ. fh^_jghlh j_f_ tagbdgZoZ ki_pbZebabjZgb _abpb, gh k_ iZd ^Z^_g ki_pbZebabjZg _abd k_ eZ^__ hl gbsh`gh fZepbgklh, fgh]h fZedh hl g_]h ihiZ^Z ]_g_lbqgby nhg^ gZ _abdZ, k dhclh k_ aZojZgZ kydh ^_l_, aZ ^Z klZg_ qh_d. lhZ mlZyZg_ b hllZyZg_ h^yl _^bgklhlh b hlghr_gb_lh. Gb_ jZa[bjZf_ hlghr_gb_lh dZlh gydhedh ^mfb, ktiheh`_gb ih hij_^_e_g ieZg, dZlh lZab gZj_^[Z beb ki_pbnbdZpby gZ hlghr_gb_lh kbgojhgbylZ gZ fgh`_klhlh hlghkbfb ^mfb _ bajbqgh ihkhq_gZ beb itd ^hklZltqgh ykgh gZf_dgZlZ. Ktsh lZdZ aZ[_eyaZf_ jZablb_ gZ hlghr_gb_lh dZlh g_]hZ ^bZojhgby. :eZ ki_pbnbqgh nbehkhnkdbyl ih^oh^ hldtf _abdZ babkdZ g_sh ^jm]h, g_mehbfh [ebadh b k_ iZd ktk_f jZaebqgh. KlZZ ^mfZ aZ meZyg_ gZ fb]Z gZ mlZyZg_ (j_ki. hllZyZg_) b jZa]jtsZg_lh fm ihqlb g_h[hajbfh ijhkljZgklh - ijhkljZgklhlh gZ kbgl_aZ. LZdZ kydh baj_q_gh beb gZibkZgh baj_q_gb_ lhjb nbehkhnby. Ijb lhZ h[Zq_, kem`_cdb kb k ^mfbl_ b dhgkljmdpbbl_ dZlh k q_jgb dmlbb, [tjaZcdb ij_^b kbqdh djbh-eyh ^Z k_ bajZayl, ohjZlZ mlZyZl _abdZ, g_^hdhkgZlb hl lhZ mlZyZg_. : dZdlh ih kts_klh hl[_eyaZ OZc^_]_j (g_ baiheaZ bah[sh l_jfbg), hllZyZg_lh gZ _abdZ _ ijbbe_]by gZ ih_lbl_ b nbehkhnbl_. JZa]tjgZlh lhab fb], klhj_g gZ dhkfbq_kdh ijhkljZgklh, hlghr_gb_lh _q_ ihqlb g_ k_ b`^Z dZlh gZj_^[Z, Z ih-kdhjh dZlh tijhk, dZlh ietaZsZ k_ kygdZ, h[_^bgyZsZ hlghkbfbl_ qj_a
  • 85. khylZ [_aietlghkl. Ltdfh lhZ k_]Z, gZklhys_lh gZ kbgl_aZ, hlghr_gb_lh _ _^bgklh, dh_lh kts_klmZ b g_ kts_klmZ, s_ j_q_: bfZ [blb_. Ljy[Z ^Z h[tjg_f gbfZgb_ b gZ g_sh hs_ ih- kts_kl_gh: ietaZsZlZ kygdZ gZ _^bgklhlh gZ hlghkbfbl_ h[oZsZ ^Ze_q g_ kZfh lyo. H[_dltl dZlh mkehb_ gZ Zij_o_gabylZ, l_jfbgbl_ gZ DZgl, kZfh k_ fZjdbjZ hl _dkiebpblgbl_ hlghkbfb, aZ ^Z k_ aZ^_cklZ kihkh[ghkllZ aZ th[jZ`_gb_. Ke_^hZl_egh k_]Z b`^Zf_ hlghr_gb_lh dZlh h[sghkl b g_ygh aZ]ZlgZlZ g_kdjblhkl, dh_lh hl^_egbl_ hl hlgZkyg_lh kZ _q_ _^gh b gZyjgh k ^jm]b gZf_d b ihemkygdZ. LZdZ baj_q_gb_lh k_ jZa]jtsZ dZlh ieblZ _^bgklh hl^ZgZ mlZ_gb _^bgklZ b ij_^eZ]Zcdb tafh`ghkl - dhylh fbebhgb itlb ljy[Z ^Z k_ ihlhjb - aZ ghh mlZyZg_. t kydh baj_q_gb_ _abdtl g_aZ[_e_`bfh b g_hldehggh jZ[hlb, ihlZjycdb, gh b mlhqgyZcdb beb ^hjb ghht_`^Zcdb fgh`_klh kbglZdlbqgb hlghr_gby (hq_b^gh bfZf ij_^b^ kbglZdkbk rbjhd kfbkte, gZijbf_j lhZ qbkeh b kbglZdkbk gZ fhjn_fbl_ beb ^hjb gZ nhg_fbl_). Z ih]e_^g_f ihgylb_lh hl lZab ]e_^gZ lhqdZ.
  • 86. NbehkhnbylZ _abdZ NbehkhnbylZ g_ kZfh ijhbaebaZ hl _abdZ, Z _ b j_ne_dkby tjom _abdhb ye_gby. Ly ijbl_`ZZ fgh]h Z`_g Zki_dl beb ijh_dpby, dhblh gZyjgh g_ y baq_jiZl, ^Z _ _^gZ hl nhjfbl_ gZ j_ne_dkby tjom _abdZ, gZj_^ gZijbf_j k ]jZfZlbdZlZ b fhjnheh]bylZ, ijb dh_lh g_ k_ gZimkdZl g_]hbl_ ]jZgbpb. Bf_ggh lhab Zki_dl, dhclh _ b ]eZgZlZ l_fZ gZ gZklhysZlZ dgb]Z, gZj_dho n b e h k h n b y _ a b d Z . G_cgZlZ b^hZ ki_pbnbdZ - aZ jZaebdZ hl ^jm]bl_ j_ne_dkbb tjom _abdZ: k_fZglbdZ, nhg_lbdZ, ]jZfZlbdZ, fhjnheh]by b ij. - _ j_ne_dkbylZ tjom hij_^_e_gb _abdhb hlghr_gby k l_g^_gpby dtf mgb_jkZeghkl b km[klZglbbjZg_lh bf dZlh gydZdZ k_h[sZ agZqghkl. ba_kl_g kfbkte b ih-kdhjh dZlh f_lZnhjZ n b e h k h n b y l Z _ a b d Z _ g_sh dZlh k_fZglbdZ gZ ]jZfZlbdZlZ. Lhab Zki_dl gZ _abdZ, dhclh n b e h k h n b y l Z _ a b d Z j_ne_dlbjZ, fh`_ ^Z k_ gZj_q_ hglheh]bq_kdb: l._. gZqbgtl, ih dhclh _abdtl _ kehh aZ hghZ, dh_lh ]h bfZ. BklbgZlZ, ljZgkp_g^_glghlh b ljZgkp_g^_glZeghlh, nhjfZegZlZ, ljZgkp_g^_glZegZlZ b ^bZe_dlbq_kdZlZ eh]bdZ, ihgylbylZ b dZl_]hjbbl_, ij_^bdZpbbl_, km[_dltl b h[_dltl, b fgh]h ^jm]b kZ _abdhb ye_gby. L_ k_ jZabZl, [bZl j_ne_dlbjZgb hl nbehkhnbylZ dZlh k_e_gkdh mgb_jkZegb, ihaZ]etoZl b kb gZfbjZl _^gh h[bdgh_gh fyklh, Z fh`_ [b ^hjb b ktk_f k_ aZ]m[Zl. OZjZdl_jghlh aZ n b e h k h n b y l Z _ a b d Z _ ^Z ltjkb jtadZlZ f_`^m _abdhb hlghr_gby, dZq_klhlh bf gZ _^bgklZ, b km[klZglbbjZgb b Z[khexlbabjZgb nbehkhnkdb mgb_jkZebb. Hl lZdZZ ]e_^gZ lhqdZ tagbdZg_lh gZ nbehkhnkdZ kbkl_fZ beb mq_gb_ _ fhf_gl jZablb_lh gZ _abdZ, dhclh
  • 87. kthl_lghlh _abdhhhlghr_gb__ ^hklb]gZeh kh_[jZagZ djblbqgZ fZkZ b g_aZigh_dkieh^bjZ^h mgb_jkZeghkl. Gh _^ghj_f_ggh k lhZ, dh]Zlh lh_dkieh^bjZ_abdtl k_ hkh[h`^ZZ hl g_]h, __glmZegh aZ_^gh k _^gh g_ygh ij_^eh`_gb_ ^Z hkgh_ ki_pbZebabjZg dehg gZ qh_rdhlh agZgb_, Zdh bfZ kbeb aZ lhZ. Gh gZ _abdZ - ihjZ^b g_ihf_jgbl_ kb ij_l_gpbb - _q_ g_ _ gm`gh. _abdZ s_ hklZgZl g_]hbl_ gZq_gdb aZ_^gh k fgh`_klh ^jm]b hglheh]bqgb tafh`ghklb kl_i_glZ, dhylh g_ k_ baf_klZl _^gZ ^jm]Z. :dh gZijhlb, k_ baf_klZoZ, l_ syoZ ^Z ij_^babdZl ih lhab gZqbg h[_^gyZg_ gZ _abdZ, gZ g_]hby ]_g_lbq_g nhg^. LZdZ ih]e_^gZlZ, nbehkhnbylZ ktk_f g_ _ l_jZiby gZ _abdZ, Z _kl_kl_gh ^_cklZs ij_^iZa_g deZiZg, kihglZg_g ha^jZbl_e_g f_oZgbatf. AZ nbehkhnbylZ gZ OO _d _ oZjZdl_j_g g_[bZebyl bgl_j_k dtf _abdZ. hklZltqgh _ ^Z k_ kihf_gZl ta]e_^bl_ gZ bl]_gsZcg, gZ OZc^_]_j, nj_gkdbyl kljmdlmjZebatf b ihklkljmdlZjZebatf, Zg]ehkZdkhgkdZlZ ZgZeblbqgZ nbehkhnby. Ih-gZlZltd hl^_egb _e_f_glb hl l_ab mq_gby s_ k_ jZa]e_^Zl ij_a ijbafZlZ gZkdbpbjZgZlZ _q_ ]e_^gZ lhqdZ, gZj_q_gZ n b e h k h n b y _ a b d Z . :eZ bahjtl b itjhbalhqgbdtl gZ n b e h k h n b y l Z _ a b d Z _ ij_^b kbqdh lhjq_klhlh gZ :jbklhl_e. Ijb g_]h nbehkhnbylZ kihglZggh tagbdZ hl _abdZ b _^Z ih-dtkgb aZltfgyZsb bgl_jij_lZpbb s_ ij_^klZyl g_]hZlZ kbkl_fZ hl _^bg beb ^jm] t]te. =jtpdbyl nbehkhn mkiyZ ihqlb g_tafh`ghlh: m^tj`Zg_lh gZ nbehkhnbylZ k ihfhslZ gZ ft^jZ mf_j_ghkl, tagbdZcdb, k_ iZd ^Z hklZg_ _abdhb jZfdb b ^Z g_ k_ ^himkg_ lZdZ oZjZdl_jgZlZ aZ ke_^Zsbl_ _dh_ jZ^bdZegZ Z[khexlbaZpby gZ nbehkhnkdhlh. Ktqbg_gbylZ fm kb
  • 88. ijhlbhj_qZl, gh lZab ijhlbhj_qbhkl b kydZr g_jZablhkl _ aZ_sZgZlZ hl obey^he_lby ft^jhkl gZ _abdZ. J_lhjbdZlZ - ibr_ :jbklhl_e - _ ih^h[gZ gZ ^bZe_dlbdZlZ: b ^_l_ k_ hlgZkyl ^h g_sZ, dhblh ba_klgZ kl_i_g kZ h[sh ^hklhygb_ gZ kbqdb gZk b g_ k_ hlgZkyl dtf gydZdZ ki_pbZegZ gZmdZ. AZlhZ b kbqdb gb_ ba_klgZ kl_i_g mqZklZf_ lyo, ltc dZlh kbqdb gydZdZ fyjZ k_ aZeZyf_ ^Z bake_^Zf_ b ih^^tj`Zf_ ^Z^_g ta]e_^, ^Z k_ aZsblZZf_ b ^Z gZiZ^Zf_. Ij_^b kbqdh bkdZf ^Z Zdp_glbjZf tjom ijhlbhihklZyg_lh m :jbklhl_e gZ g_sZ, dhblh ba_klgZ kl_i_g kZ h[sh ^hklhygb_ gZ kbqdb gZk, hl _^gZ kljZgZ, b gydZdZ ki_pbZegZ gZmdZ, hl ^jm]Z. LhZ _ lZdZ, aZshlh kbqdb gb_ mqZklZf_ lyo. ih^h[gZ k_lebgZ _ b fh`_ [b p_gljZeghlh aZ J_lhjbdZ jZa]jZgbq_gb_ f_`^m _glbf_fZ b ite_g kbeh]batf. ?glbf_fZ gZjbqZf_ j_lhjbq_kdby kbeh]batf... Q_ _glbf_fZlZ _ kbeh]batf, dZaZof_ ih-jZgh, Z ktsh - dZdt kfbkte _ kbeh]batf b ih dZdh k_ hlebqZZ hl ^bZe_dlbq_kdby kbeh]batf: g_ [bZ gblh ^Z ih^oZsZf_ jZakt`^_gbylZ kb hl^Ze_q_, gblh ^Z a_fZf_ kbqdh tafh`gh, aZ ^ZaZdexqbfltc dZlh itjhlh s_ [t^_ g_ykgh ihjZ^b _ebqbgZlZ kb, Z lhjhlh s_ ij_^klZeyZ [jtl_` ihjZ^b baeZ]Zg_lh gZ ygb g_sZ. : _lh dZd OZc^_]_j h[ykgyZ ]jtpdby ijhbaoh^ gZ baex[_gZlZ nbehkhnkdZ ^mfZ dZl_]hjby: κατα - αγορενειν, ijb h[s_kl_gh ]e_^Zg_ gZ ^_eh gZ αγορα-lZ ^Z k_ otjeb h[bg_gb_ ebp_lh, q_ lhc _ hgab, dhclh... :jbklhl_e. J_lhjbdZ. K., 1993, k. 41. IZd lZf, k. 46. IZd lZf, k. 139. M. Heiedegger. Vom Wesen und Begriff der φυYσις. Aristoteles, Physik B, 1. - In: M. Heidegger. Wegmarken. Frankfurt AM, 1978, S. 250.
  • 89. Ih ihh^ gZ jtadZlZ f_`^m nbehkhnby b j_lhjbdZ ijb :jbklhl_eIhe Jbdvhj aZdexqZZ: J_lhjbdZlZ lZ :jbklhl_e _ _q_ _^gZ hiblhf_gZ ^bkpbiebgZ, a^jZh ktjaZgZ k nbehkhnbylZ qj_a l_hjbylZ gZ Zj]mf_glZpbylZ, dhylh k_ hl^_ey hl j_lhjbdZlZ ijb g_cgby miZ^td. J_lhjbdZlZ gZ ]tjpbl_ g_ kZfh _ ijbl_`ZZeZ ih-h[rbjgZ ijh]jZfZ hl lZab gZ fh^_jgZlZ j_lhjbdZ, gh ly _ ba_`^ZeZ hl hlghr_gb_lhkb k nbehkhnbylZ pyeZlZ ^mkfbke_ghkl gZkh_lh iheh`_gb_. bbyl ijhbaoh^ gZ j_lhjbdZlZ h[ykgyZ ^hklZltqgh ^jZfZlbqgby oZjZdl_j gZ j_lhjbqgZlZ Zdlbghkl. :jbklhl_ehbyl corpus gb ij_^klZy kZfh _^gh hl tafh`gbl_ jZgh_kby f_`^m djZcgbl_ ijbkltib, hghZ, dh_lh kthl_lklZ gZ iheh`_gb_lh gZ ^bkpbiebgZ, dhylh _q_ g_ _ kZfh hjt`b_ gZ iehsZ^Z, gh b g_ _ hs_ ijhklZ [hlZgbdZ gZ nb]mjbl_. M gZk _q_ kZ gZebp_ hkghZgby ^Z ^himkg_f, q_ g_ kZfh j_lhjbdZlZ, gh b nbehkhnbylZ ijb :jbklhl_e g_ _ beb g_ _ kZfh gydZdZ ki_pbZebabjZgZ gZmdZ, Z _ ktjaZgZ k h[s_kl_gby `bhl, k _abdZ b bajZayZg_lh gZ ohjZlZ, ijbgZkycdb fh`_ [b kZfh ba_klgZ ih^j_^_ghkl b hktagZZg_. ?lh aZsh: tijhktl aZ fbktelZ ljy[Z ^Z k_ jZa]e_`^Z ktqbg_gbylZ ih j_lhjbdZ, aZshlh ih_q_ k_ hlgZky ^h lZab ^bkpbiebgZ. Dtf h[eZkllZ gZ fbktelZ ijbqbkeyZf_ kbqdh, dh_lh ljy[Z ^Z [t^_ ^_eh gZ kehhlh. Lmd kiZ^Zl ^hdZaZg_lhhijh_j]ZZg_lhta[m`^Z_glh gZ qmklZ dZlh ktkljZ^Zgb_, kljZo, ]gy b ^jm]b ih^h[gb, Z ktsh - ij_m_ebqZZg_lh b ij_mfZeyZg_lh. I. Jbdvhj. @bZlZ f_lZnhjZ. K., 1994, k. 15. :jbklhl_e. AZ ih_lbq_kdhlh badmklh. K., 1993, k. 88.
  • 90. AZdexq_gb_ ?abdtl _ ^hftl gZ [blb_lh b gZ nbehkhnbylZ, Z nbehkhnbl_ b ih_lbl_ [^yl gZ kljZ`Z, agZ_cdb lhZ.

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