DELHI- DEMOGRAPHICS OF A CAPITAL CITY
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DELHI- DEMOGRAPHICS OF A CAPITAL CITY

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A demographic history of Delhi from ancient times, through Independence, and till the present day,using maps and Census data. Caveat- the administrative units described are as of 1st January 2010,on ...

A demographic history of Delhi from ancient times, through Independence, and till the present day,using maps and Census data. Caveat- the administrative units described are as of 1st January 2010,on the basis of which Census 2011 was conducted. In 2012-2013, the number of Municipal Bodies increased to 5 because the MCD split into North, South and East MCD. The number of revenue districts increased to 11. Also- apologies for the distorted logo- in the original PPT, it's a rotating gif! Error pointed out by @rkarnad- Tughlaqabad was built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, not Mohammad Bin Tughaq.

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  • 1. DELHI Demographics of a Capital City VARSHA JOSHI, IAS DIRECTOR CENSUS OPERATIONS DELHI 23rd DECEMBER 2013
  • 2. NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY OF DELHI  1483 sq km  16.79 million residents  Three Municipal Bodies  222 Rural Villages (of which 110 are Census Towns)  Nine Revenue Districts 2
  • 3. Population of NCT Delhi over time, from 1901 to 2011 18,000,000 1,67,87,941 16,000,000 14,000,000 13,850,507 Population 12,000,000 10,000,000 9,420,644 8,000,000 6,220,406 6,000,000 4,065,698 4,000,000 413,851 2,000,000 488,452 405,819 2,658,612 1,744,072 636,246 917,939 0 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 Census Year 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 3
  • 4. District wise population, from 1961 to 2011 4000000 3500000 3000000 Population North West 2500000 North North East East 2000000 New Delhi Central West 1500000 South West South 1000000 500000 0 1961 1971 1981 1991 Census Year 2001 2011 4
  • 5. “THE SEVEN CITIES OF DELHI”  Indraprastha  Lal Kot c. 1450 BC c. 700-1000 AD Qila Rai Pithora Mehrauli  Siri  Tughlaqabad  Ferozabad  Dilli Sher Shah 1170 AD 1192 AD c. 1300 AD c. 1330 AD 1354 AD 1540 AD  Shahajahanabad 1639 AD 5
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  • 14. DELHI : 1881-1911  Part of Punjab province  The walled city area was the only urban settlement  The Red Fort was a military zone occupied by the British  The rest was rural for all practical purposes  Shahadra/ Trans Yamuna area was part of the United Provinces (Meerut Division)  Remained essentially unchanged till 1911 14
  • 15. POPULATION : 1881-1911 Parts of the Delhi City 1881 1891 1901 1911 Walled City 170,000 195,000 206,000 229,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 3,700 178,000 180,000 198,000 181,000 Fort Rural Area 15
  • 16. 1911 : THE CORONATION DURBAR  King George V proclaims that Delhi would henceforth be the capital of the Indian Empire  New Delhi and New Cantonment to come up in new locations south of the Walled City King George V laid the foundation stone for New Delhi; the stone is now the base of the Jaipur Column in Rashtrapati Bhavan 16
  • 17. 1911-1921 : DELHI UNDER CONSTRUCTION  The Civil Lines area grew rapidly, being the administrative capital for the country  Shahadra and the allied Trans Yamuna region was added in 1915, but was then treated as a rural area  Suburbs such as Sadar Bazar, Karol Bagh etc came up and became part of the Delhi Municipality  In New Delhi and New Cantonment, construction went on at great speed 17
  • 18. 1921-1931 : EMPIRE AT ITS PEAK  Walled City and its suburbs comprise Delhi Municipality  New Delhi is a separate Municipality  Civil Lines, The New Cantonment, and Shahadra are each separate Notified Areas 18
  • 19. 1931-1941 : WAR-TIME AND AN ABBREVIATED CENSUS  Apart from Shahadra, three new areas were treated as urban due to having a population above 5,000 and a high densityMehrauli, Najafgarh, and Narela  For the first time, a sharp rise in total population was in evidence in all parts of the city 19
  • 20. POPULATION : 1921-1941 Locality 1921 1931 1941 Delhi Municipality 248,000 348,000 522,000 Civil Lines & Red Fort 18,000 18,000 21,000 New Delhi Municipality 31,000 65,000 94,000 6,000 9,000 23,000 8,000 16,000 New Cantonment Shahadra Narela 8,000 Mehrauli 6,000 Najafgarh 6,000 Rural Total 185,000 188,000 222,000 488,000 636,000 918,000 20
  • 21. 1947 : INDEPENDENCE AND PARTITION  While Independence made Delhi the capital of free India, it also led to the harrowing saga of Partition  Refugees both from East and West Pakistan poured into Delhi and were resettled in large numbers in newly carved residential areas  At the same time, generations-old residents of the walled city left Delhi for Pakistan 21
  • 22. 1951 : DELHI, THE CAPITAL OF THE INDIAN REPUBLIC  The census count was 1.74 million, including 495,000 resettled persons  The urban area was increased by the addition in West Delhi of the new resettlement colonies of Karol Bagh, Patel Nagar and Rajendra Nagar 22
  • 23. 1951-1961 : A MODERN PLANNED CITY  In 1957, the Delhi Development Authority was created “to promote and secure the development of Delhi”.  In 1958, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) was formed, merging all civic bodies except the New Delhi Municipal Council and the Delhi Cantonment Board.  The population as per the 1961 census was 2.66 million. 23
  • 24. 1961-1971 : THE AGE OF DELHI MASTER PLAN (DMP) 1962  The DMP 1962 was designed for a population of 5 million by 1981. The count was 4 million in 1971.  The city grew southwards and eastwards, broadly in accordance with MPD 1962.  DDA acquired agricultural land for housing and other schemes; when all the land of a village was acquired, the village “abadi” stayed in situ and the village was notified as “urbanized”. 24
  • 25. 1971-1981 : RISE OF THE CENSUS TOWNS  The projection of the MPD 1962 was surpassed- the 1981 count was 6.2 million.  27 Census Towns- rural villages with urban characteristicspopulation above 5,000, density above 400 per sq km, and male workers more than 75% non agricultural- had developed on the fringes of the MCD urban area, providing cheap rental accommodation. 25
  • 26. 1981-1991 : DDA HOUSING COMES UP  DDA colonies in Saket and Kalkaji were fully occupied  The sub-city of Rohini and the DDA colony of Vasant Kunj came up  Abadies of the “urbanised” villages near these colonies became densely populated and also commercialised  Two more rural villages became CTs  Population count in 1991 9.4 million 26
  • 27. 1991-2001 : POPULATION OUTGROWS PLANNING  The Master Plan 2001, notified in 1990, had a projection of 12.8 million, but the actual count was 13.8 million in 2001.  „Unauthorised colonies‟ came up in a large number of rural villages and Census Towns on the fringes.  The no. of Census Towns rose from 29 to 59.  Construction began in Dwarka. 27
  • 28. DELHI IN 2011  The number of Census Towns has gone up from 59 in 2001 to 110  Numerous large slum clusters such as Yamuna Pushta and those in NDMC have been removed.  Total Population is 16.79 million with a decadal growth rate of 21% 28
  • 29. 1951-2011: AN URBAN POPULATION EXPLOSION CENSUS YEAR URBAN POPULATION PERSONS URBAN AREA DECADAL GROWTH (%) ABSOLUTE (SQ KM) DECADAL GROWTH (%) URBAN POPULATION DENSITY PERSONS PER SQ KM DECADAL GROWTH (%) 1951 1437000 107 201 15 7137 79 1961 2359000 64 327 63 7225 1 1971 3647000 55 446 36 8172 13 1981 5768000 58 592 33 9746 19 1991 8472000 47 685 16 12361 27 2001 12906000 52 925 35 13957 13 2011 16368899 27 1120 21 14584 4 29
  • 30. URBAN vs TOTAL POPULATION NCT DELHI 18000  While the total population growth from 2001 to 2011 is 21%, the urban population growth is 27%, indicating that Delhi has been urbanizing faster than it is growing in the past decade. 16000 Total Population Urban Population 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 30
  • 31. POPULATION DENSITY NCT DELHI 16000  While the total population density has increased from 9340 to 11320, an increase of 21%, the urban density has only increased by 4% in the past decade. Urban Density Total Density 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 31
  • 32. A CITY MADE UP OF IN- MIGRANTS  Urban Delhi has been a city of in-migrants since antiquity; its character and culture evolves with the latest in-migrants, such as the Turks and Afghans in the pre Mughal era, the administrators and businessmen of British times, and the Punjab refugees and pan Indian Central Government employees after Independence.  In- migration from rural areas in search of work has been the major reason for the population explosion in Delhi since 1951. In 2001, 67.5% of migrants were from rural areas. About 60% of migrants came from UP and Bihar.  The percentage of migrants to the total population has, however, been steadily falling over the years. 32
  • 33. IN-MIGRANTS 1951-2001 YEAR MIGRANT POPULATION TOTAL POPULATION %AGE 1951 1,026,000 1,744,000 59 1961 1,638,000 2,658,000 62 1971 2,002,000 4,065,000 49 1981 2,970,000 6,220,000 48 1991 3,787,000 9,420,000 40 2001 5,950,000 13,850,000 43 33
  • 34. MIGRANTS BY PLACE OF LAST RESIDENCE AS PER CENSUS 2001 PLACE OF LAST RESIDENCE UTTAR PRADESH BIHAR %AGE OF IN-MIGRANTS 40 19 HARYANA 8 UTTARANCHAL 5 RAJASTHAN 4 WEST BENGAL 4 PUNJAB 2 OTHERS 18 34
  • 35. HAS IN-MIGRATION SLOWED DOWN?  The lower decadal growth from 2001 to 2011 may indicate lower inmigration to Delhi.  The overall sex ratio, which is usually on the lower side in large urban centres due to male in migration, has increased significantly in the latest census figures from 821 to 868. Sex Ratio (Females per thousand Males) 1000 950 900 850 862 800 750 733 700 801 768 793 827 808 868 821 785 722 715 650 600 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 35
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  • 37. THANK YOU www.censusindia.gov.in