A BILLION SNAPSHOTS:
PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES
IN THE CENSUS OF INDIA
Varsha Joshi, Director of Census Operations Delhi13.0...
THE LARGEST CENSUS IN THE WORLD
1.21 BILLION
PEOPLE
COUNTED BY
2.7 MILLION
FUNCTIONARIES
2 UNIVERSAL
ROUNDS
WITH DATA PROC...
UNMATCHED COMPLEXITY
35QUESTIONS IN
HOUSELISTING
29QUESTIONS IN
POPULATION
ENUMERATION
SCHEDULES IN 16
LANGUAGES
MANUALS I...
PRINCIPLES OF CENSUS TAKING4
LEGAL BACKING
CENSUS ACT 1948
RESPONDING TO CENSUS
QUESTIONS IS MANDATORY
5
PROTECTION OF PRIVACY
THOUGH THERE ARE SEVERAL SENSITIVE QUESTIONS
ASKED IN THE CENSUS, THERE IS A GUARANTEE OF
COMPLETE
C...
INCLUSIVENESS IN THE COUNT
THE CENSUS MUST ENSURE THAT
EVERYONE IS COUNTED
WITHOUT OMISSION OR DUPLICATION
AND THIS INCLUD...
OPENNESS IN THE PREPARATION
DEMOGRAPHERS, PLANNERS, AND
OTHER DATA USERS ARE CONSULTED TO
DECIDE ON THE QUESTIONS
SECTORAL...
OVERCOMING BIASES
THE ENUMERATOR IS TRAINED TO
ASK EVERY QUESTION
FOR EVERY HOUSEHOLD MEMBER WITHOUT MAKING
ASSUMPTIONS
AN...
REAL TIME FEEDBACK LOOPS
10
FIELD SUPPORT FOR
ENUMERATORS AT ALL TIMES
FROM SUPERVISORS & MASTER TRAINERS
FEEDBACK FROM PU...
PROCESSES11
GIS MAPPING
SHAPE FILES OF ALL
640,000 VILLAGES
SATELLITE BASED GIS
MAPS FOR 33
CAPITAL CITIES
12
ENUMERATOR MAPS
13
UNIQUE LOCATION CODE
STATE DISTT SUBDTT TOWN WARD EB HSHD
07 08 003 7001 0149 0112 083
14
DESIGNING THE QUESTIONNAIRE
QUESTIONNAIRE =
CONTENT (QUESTIONS)
+ PHYSICAL FORM (SCHEDULE)
15
DESIGNING THE QUESTIONS
BACKWARD COMPATIBILTY
LOGICAL PROGRESSION
GENDER AND CLASS NEUTRAL
16
TO CODE OR NOT TO CODE
17
DESIGNING THE SCHEDULE
EASY TO READ AND WRITE
LONG LASTING QUALITY
SUITABLE FOR SCANNING & ICR
18
19
INTELLIGENT CHARACTER RECOGNITION
20
DATA PROCESSING- PRE SCANNING
21
PRE SCANNING- PREPARING SCHEDULES FOR
SCANNING THROUGH A BARCODE BASED
CONTROL SYSTEM
SCANNING
COLOUR ARCHIVING; COLOUR DROPOUT FOR ICR
22
EFLOW TEMPLATE MATCHING
23
SEPARATION AND TILING
24
COMPUTER ASSISTED CODING
25
DATA EDITING IN IMPS/ CSPro
26
COVERAGE CHECKS
CONSISTENCY CHECKS
ITEM IMPUTATION HOT DECK/
COLD DECK
NO UNIT IMPUTATI...
TABULATION
27
TMF/ TRU
UNIVARIATE & MULTIVARIATE TABLES
CUSTOMISED TABLES ON REQUEST
RECAST DATA OF PREVIOUS CENSUSES
PUBLICATIONS
28
HOUSELISTING TABLES:
H & HH SERIES
POPULATION ENUMERATION TABLES:
A, B, C, D, F, SC, ST SERIES
ADMINISTRAT...
DATA DISSEMINATION POLICY29
COPYRIGHT
30
FREE TO USE WITH ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
“Census of India 2011, Office of the Registrar
General & Census Commissioner...
MODES OF DISSEMINATION
31
WEBSITE
http://www.censusindia.gov.in
CENSUSINFO
http://www.devinfo.org/indiacensus2011
GRANULAR & CUSTOMISED DATA
32
DIRECTORATES OF CENSUS
OPERATIONS IN STATE CAPITALS
WORKSTATIONS IN UNIVERSITIES
JNU & PUNJA...
PRINT PUBLICATIONS- AT DCOs
33
BOOKS, REPORTS, MAPS OF
PRESENT & PREVIOUS CENSUSES
DIGITAL ARCHIVE OF PUBLICATIONS
(UNDER ...
DATA RELEASES FROM CENSUS 2011
34
RELEASED
 PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS
 HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS RESULTS
 PRIMA...
UTILITY OF CENSUS DATA35
ELECTIONS
36
DELIMITATION OF CONSTITUENCIES
RESERVATIONOF SC/ ST SEATS
SAMPLING FRAMES
37
ALL MAJOR SURVEYS INCLUDING
NFHS
SRS
AHS
SECC
CREATE THEIR SAMPLING/ SURVEY FRAMES ON THE
BASIS OF CENS...
PLANNING COMMISSION
38
POPULATION PROJECTIONS
RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS
ACHIEVEMENT OF GOALS
IMPACT ON POLICYMAKING
39
CHILD SEX RATIO IN PUNJAB
2001- 798
2011- 846
MANUAL SCAVENGING
ELECTRIFICATION OF VILLAGES
THANK YOU
dco-del.rgi@censusindia.gov.in
@suraiya95
FURTHER QUESTIONS/ INFORMATION ?
http://www.slideshare.net/varshajoshi...
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A Billion Snapshots: Principles and Processes in the Census of India

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An overview of the principles and processes in the Census of India which make it a source of comprehensive, clean and thoroughly reliable data.

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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  • These slides were used in a talk I gave at the Hasgeek Fifth Elephant Big Data Conference last year. The video of the talk with Q&A is here https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=f_KcyqXgem4
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  • As far as my experience in Government Service goes, one must have thorough knowledge about the insights of happenings in rural areas. What happens, we try to imagine the happenings in rural areas by sitting in urban areas. Rural areas particularly in remote areas are totally ignored. For comparison of two areas for say, literacy status, until and unless we understand the social, economic and other status of the two areas separately by staying there, no medicine for development can be prescribed for the two areas separately. We cannot give Crocin tablets to both for diagnosis of illness. We must have 'pathological test' for both separately to know the type of illness and then only prescribe the right medicine to each, which will definitely be different because of the heterogeneities involved . By sitting in Delhi, the 'pathological test' is not possible by seminars and presentations. For example, NE region is completely unexplored region. No body likes to visit there even by availing LTC. Thanks.
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  • As far as my experience goes in Government Service goes, one must have through knowledge about the insights of happenings in rural areas. What happens, we try to imagine the happenings in rural areas by sitting in rural areas. Rural areas particularly in rural areas are totally ignored. For comparison of two areas for say, literacy status, until and unless we understand the social, economic and other status of the two areas separately by staying there, no medicine for development can be prescribed for the two areas separately. We cannot give Crocin tablets to both for diagnosis of illness. We must have 'pathological test' for both separately to know the type of illness and then only prescribe the right medicine to each, which will definitely be different because of the heterogeneities involved . By sitting in Delhi, the 'pathological test' is not possible by seminars and presentations. For example, NE region is completely unexplored region. No body likes to visit there even by availing LTC. Thanks.
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  • Based on the specific shortcomings of Census 2011 , preparation for the 2021 census should start with intensive field visits by Census officials to States . They should stay in the remote areas of India to understand the people there. Census taking does not mean only data collection blindly but data collection with understanding. In every state the material for construction of houses are unique. So we have to recognise them physically in order to avoid confusion at the time of census.
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  • Our Census is the most plausible source of information on demography........a huge task successfully implemented .....we at least know that our growth rate in population in the last decade was 17.64%though it had showed a sharp decline, but very astounding that the growth rate of population in rural was 12.18% and in urban areas was 31.80% respectively!!!!!!!!!!
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A Billion Snapshots: Principles and Processes in the Census of India

  1. A BILLION SNAPSHOTS: PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES IN THE CENSUS OF INDIA Varsha Joshi, Director of Census Operations Delhi13.07.2013
  2. THE LARGEST CENSUS IN THE WORLD 1.21 BILLION PEOPLE COUNTED BY 2.7 MILLION FUNCTIONARIES 2 UNIVERSAL ROUNDS WITH DATA PROCESSING OF 100% SCHEDULES 2
  3. UNMATCHED COMPLEXITY 35QUESTIONS IN HOUSELISTING 29QUESTIONS IN POPULATION ENUMERATION SCHEDULES IN 16 LANGUAGES MANUALS IN 18 LANGUAGES 3
  4. PRINCIPLES OF CENSUS TAKING4
  5. LEGAL BACKING CENSUS ACT 1948 RESPONDING TO CENSUS QUESTIONS IS MANDATORY 5
  6. PROTECTION OF PRIVACY THOUGH THERE ARE SEVERAL SENSITIVE QUESTIONS ASKED IN THE CENSUS, THERE IS A GUARANTEE OF COMPLETE CONFIDENTIALITY & ANONYMITY 6
  7. INCLUSIVENESS IN THE COUNT THE CENSUS MUST ENSURE THAT EVERYONE IS COUNTED WITHOUT OMISSION OR DUPLICATION AND THIS INCLUDES VULNERABLE PEOPLE & GROUPS 7
  8. OPENNESS IN THE PREPARATION DEMOGRAPHERS, PLANNERS, AND OTHER DATA USERS ARE CONSULTED TO DECIDE ON THE QUESTIONS SECTORAL NGOS & UN AGENCIES ARE INVOLVED IN TRAINING AND PUBLICITY MEASURES AND FIELD MONITORING 8
  9. OVERCOMING BIASES THE ENUMERATOR IS TRAINED TO ASK EVERY QUESTION FOR EVERY HOUSEHOLD MEMBER WITHOUT MAKING ASSUMPTIONS AND TO PROBE GENTLY TO OVERCOME RESPONDENTS’ ASSUMPTIONS 9
  10. REAL TIME FEEDBACK LOOPS 10 FIELD SUPPORT FOR ENUMERATORS AT ALL TIMES FROM SUPERVISORS & MASTER TRAINERS FEEDBACK FROM PUBLIC THROUGH TOLLFREE NUMBER, HELP DESKS, EMAIL, FACEBOOK, TWITTER
  11. PROCESSES11
  12. GIS MAPPING SHAPE FILES OF ALL 640,000 VILLAGES SATELLITE BASED GIS MAPS FOR 33 CAPITAL CITIES 12
  13. ENUMERATOR MAPS 13
  14. UNIQUE LOCATION CODE STATE DISTT SUBDTT TOWN WARD EB HSHD 07 08 003 7001 0149 0112 083 14
  15. DESIGNING THE QUESTIONNAIRE QUESTIONNAIRE = CONTENT (QUESTIONS) + PHYSICAL FORM (SCHEDULE) 15
  16. DESIGNING THE QUESTIONS BACKWARD COMPATIBILTY LOGICAL PROGRESSION GENDER AND CLASS NEUTRAL 16
  17. TO CODE OR NOT TO CODE 17
  18. DESIGNING THE SCHEDULE EASY TO READ AND WRITE LONG LASTING QUALITY SUITABLE FOR SCANNING & ICR 18
  19. 19
  20. INTELLIGENT CHARACTER RECOGNITION 20
  21. DATA PROCESSING- PRE SCANNING 21 PRE SCANNING- PREPARING SCHEDULES FOR SCANNING THROUGH A BARCODE BASED CONTROL SYSTEM
  22. SCANNING COLOUR ARCHIVING; COLOUR DROPOUT FOR ICR 22
  23. EFLOW TEMPLATE MATCHING 23
  24. SEPARATION AND TILING 24
  25. COMPUTER ASSISTED CODING 25
  26. DATA EDITING IN IMPS/ CSPro 26 COVERAGE CHECKS CONSISTENCY CHECKS ITEM IMPUTATION HOT DECK/ COLD DECK NO UNIT IMPUTATION
  27. TABULATION 27 TMF/ TRU UNIVARIATE & MULTIVARIATE TABLES CUSTOMISED TABLES ON REQUEST RECAST DATA OF PREVIOUS CENSUSES
  28. PUBLICATIONS 28 HOUSELISTING TABLES: H & HH SERIES POPULATION ENUMERATION TABLES: A, B, C, D, F, SC, ST SERIES ADMINISTRATIVE & THEMATIC ATLASES
  29. DATA DISSEMINATION POLICY29
  30. COPYRIGHT 30 FREE TO USE WITH ACKNOWLEDGEMENT “Census of India 2011, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India” RESALE/ REDISTRIBUTION WITHOUT VALUE ADDITION PROHIBITED
  31. MODES OF DISSEMINATION 31 WEBSITE http://www.censusindia.gov.in CENSUSINFO http://www.devinfo.org/indiacensus2011
  32. GRANULAR & CUSTOMISED DATA 32 DIRECTORATES OF CENSUS OPERATIONS IN STATE CAPITALS WORKSTATIONS IN UNIVERSITIES JNU & PUNJABI UNIVERSITY PATIALA FUNCTIONAL
  33. PRINT PUBLICATIONS- AT DCOs 33 BOOKS, REPORTS, MAPS OF PRESENT & PREVIOUS CENSUSES DIGITAL ARCHIVE OF PUBLICATIONS (UNDER PREPARATION)
  34. DATA RELEASES FROM CENSUS 2011 34 RELEASED  PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS  HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS RESULTS  PRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT UPCOMING  AGE GROUPING, DISABILITY  RELIGION, MOTHER TONGUE, MIGRATION  WORKERS BY NIC/NCO CLASSIFICATION
  35. UTILITY OF CENSUS DATA35
  36. ELECTIONS 36 DELIMITATION OF CONSTITUENCIES RESERVATIONOF SC/ ST SEATS
  37. SAMPLING FRAMES 37 ALL MAJOR SURVEYS INCLUDING NFHS SRS AHS SECC CREATE THEIR SAMPLING/ SURVEY FRAMES ON THE BASIS OF CENSUS ENUMERATION BLOCKS
  38. PLANNING COMMISSION 38 POPULATION PROJECTIONS RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS ACHIEVEMENT OF GOALS
  39. IMPACT ON POLICYMAKING 39 CHILD SEX RATIO IN PUNJAB 2001- 798 2011- 846 MANUAL SCAVENGING ELECTRIFICATION OF VILLAGES
  40. THANK YOU dco-del.rgi@censusindia.gov.in @suraiya95 FURTHER QUESTIONS/ INFORMATION ? http://www.slideshare.net/varshajoshi95

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