Muslim festivals indian ethos


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Muslim festivals indian ethos

  1. 1. Presented to : Prof. Anjana MenonPresented byVarsha Golekar
  3. 3.  Islam beliefs and traditions are sourced from the teachings ofthe prophet Mohammed. Islam propagates the five laws thatare fundamental duties to unite Muslims in spirit. These are: Shahadah or the worship of one God only. Salah or prayer, at least five times a day. Zakat, or donation of alms. Sawm, or fasting during Ramadan. Haj, the pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca
  4. 4. Introduction Islam is also a world religion with afollowing of nearly 1/5th of the universalpopulation. Youngest of three monotheisticreligions. Islam means "submission of ones will" to theonly true god worthy of worship "Allah" andanyone who does so is a Muslim.
  5. 5. Muslim festivals are all centered around the events in the life ofProphet Mohammed. Muharram Ramadan Eid Al-Fitr Laylat al-Qadr Bakra-Eid Barah-wafat Shab-E-Barat
  6. 6. Muharram is the first month of Islamic calendar.This festival starts at the 1st day of Muharram and lasts for 10 days until 10thof Muharram.The greatest tragedy in the history of Islam-the martyrdom of the Prophetsgrandson Hussain.
  7. 7.  RAMADAN is the ninth month of the Islamiccalendar, which lasts 29 or 30 days. It is the Islamicmonth of fasting. Participating Muslims refrain fromeating, drinking, smoking and sex during daylighthours. It teach Muslims aboutpatience, spirituality, humility and submissiveness to
  8. 8.  Fasting (Siyam) Charity Prayer and reading of the Quran Salah (Mandatory Worship [Prayer])
  9. 9.  The end of the fasting period ofRamadan and the first day of thefollowing tenth month. The Eid falls after 29 or 30 days offasting, per the lunar sighting. Usually new clothes; and communalprayers are held in the earlymorning, followed by feasting andvisiting relatives and friends. Food isdonated to the poor.
  10. 10.  Referred to as "the night of decree or measures", Laylatal-Qadr is considered the most holy night of the year. Muslims believe that Laylat al-Qadr is the night in which theQuran was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Laylat Al-Qadr falls sometime within the last 10 days ofRamadan.
  11. 11.  One of the most celebrated festivalsamong Muslims all over the world. It is aday of sacrifice for the Muslims. the feast of sacrifice.Celebration Slaughter animals as sacrificialofferings, after which the meat isdistributed among the needy and deprived. The spirit of sacrifice The noble of act of giving and sharing
  12. 12.  Id-e-Milad is a festival of both rejoicing and mourning . The daycommemorates the birth and also the death anniversary of ProphetMohammed. The word barah signifies the twelve days of theProphets sickness.
  13. 13. CELEBRATIONReading the Holy book of Quran and giving alms to the poor.Muslims spend this period in spiritual activities.Learned men and scholars focus their sermons on the life andteachings of Prophet Mohammed and inspire people to follow thepath of good life as shown in Quran.The festival gives a chance to people to introspect their deedsand think of ways of being a better person.
  14. 14. Shab means night and Barat means - the night ofcommission or assignment.This is due to a belief that god writes the destinies of all livingbeings for the coming years in heavens during the night.Colorful fire works.People pray to god. Go to mosquesfor prayers and meditation.
  15. 15. ConclusionISLAM can play positive role in reviving commonvalues for mankind and uniting people for justiceand equality.It sees positive action as a dutyOneness of Lordshipforgiveness is always available through repentanceSelf-sacrifice