Photo by Steve RhodesModern Civilization (Today)
Core Ideas Reality- or fact-based thought and perception (Aristotle 384-322 & Values BC)Recognizes the right of Emphasis on theprivate ownership, capital individual person whoaccumulation, exchange Reason is independent andand profit self-reliantIndividuals should be Worldly happinessable to act on their own should be the focusreason without of each persons lifeinterference from others– i.e. freedom
We live in a multicultural world where cultures: Transcend geography and race (no connection) Exist worldwide in some form (usually mixed)
• A stereotype is a popular belief STEREOTYPE about specific social groups or types of individuals.• The concepts of "stereotype" and "prejudice" are often confused with many other different meanings.• Stereotypes are standardized and simplified conceptions of groups based on some prior assumptions.
CulturalDifferences* West (US / Europe) East (China / East Asia) Logic Linear (direct Spiral (roundabout) associations) Communication Direct, verbal Indirect, implied Identity Individual, independent Group orientated Agreement / Argumentative, verbal Hard to say no, non- Disagreement verbal Punctuality Start and end on time Appointments flexible Respect Success, achievement Seniority, wisdom Business Relationship Economics come first Relationship comes first Decision Making Distributed, proactive Manager has final say Time Horizon Short term (per quarter) Long term (years ahead) Risk / Spending Risk-takers, spend Risk-avoiders, save * but of course there are obvious exceptions
InterculturalCompetence Regional Experience Openness Language & Proficiency Tolerance
Communicate Effectively • Speak slowly, maintain eye contact • Use objective, accurate language • Rephrase sentences where necessary • Listen carefully and patiently • Adapt your conversation style • Don’t talk down to others • Clarify what will happen next