Includes foods acceptable to the dieter in terms of cultural or religious background, usual habits, taste, cost, and ease in acquisition and preparation (these foods should be low in total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium).
Negative caloric balance (not to exceed 500 to 1,000 calories per day), resulting in gradual weight loss.
Uses behavior modification techniques to identify and eliminate diet habits that contribute to improper nutrition.
Includes an exercise program that promotes a daily caloric expenditure of more than 300 calories per day (for many people, this may be accomplished best with moderate intensity, long duration exercise, such as walking).
Provides that new eating and physical activity habits can be continued for life to maintain the achieved lower body weight.