PORTUGUESE CULTURAL LIFE
- Abel Freire nº1
- Diana Luís nº5
- Inês Ricardo nº8
- Joana Águas nº10
WHAT IS THE PORTUGUESE CULTURAL LIFE?
The Portuguese culture has its roots in Celtic, Germanic, Iberian
and Roman cultures. The cultural diferences of Portuguese people can be
seen in the types of houses, the religious belief, gastronomy and folklore,
or even in the typical Portuguese pavement.
THE PORTUGUESE PEOPLE
The Portuguese people is generally reserved and patient, but it
is also tolerant with differences, flexible and open to experimentation.
The Catholic Church still has a considerable influence, even though the
majority of ‘Catholics’ say that they are not-practicing. The family is still
the basis of Portuguese life.
Portuguese literature is divided into poetry, prose, philosophy and
theater. In all these areas there were artists that stood as Genius and
there are rich Portuguese cultural themes.
Camões Fernando Pessoa
Portuguese architecture has always followed the trends of the rest
of Europe, although with some delay. It was only during the Manuelino
period (king Manuel) that a considerable level of development was reached,
the artistic avant-garde of the time, because this style makes a smooth
transition from the Gothic to the Renaissance. Currently Portuguese
architecture is aware of what is happening in the international art world
and we have famous contemporary architects:
Álvaro Siza Vieira
Eduardo Souto de Moura
Portuguese painting, like architecture always tries to
follow international trends. In the early twentieth century, a new
wave of Futurists appeared. They could have done important
revolutions in art, but due to their early deaths they did not.
Some of these painters and others from different ages are:
Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso
Ângelo de Sousa
In the sculpture world we have the following artists:
António Soares dos Reis
António Teixeira Lopes
Canto da Maia
Portuguese traditional music is famous for the folklore and
fado. Our most famous singer of fado was Amália. She’s the queen of
In Portugal, the development of the theater was a bit delayed.
Gil Vicente, seen as the "father" of the Portuguese theater, started the
history of the national theater in the sixteenth century. The theater
caught the attention of the audience, especially of the upper class.
It was in the twentieth century that the theater reached the
masses through the Theatre Magazine.
The Portuguese folklore is varied, since each region of the
country has its traditions. Folk dances are folk dances for everyone.
Most recently scholarly dances appeared, performed by professional
dancers. These new dances came from the increasing openness to new
cultures. Here we can highlight: