Chapter 1 Why Physical Fitness? Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activit...
Fitness Movement <ul><li>The fitness movement resulted from the need to combat chronic disease </li></ul><ul><li>Focus bec...
Healthy Life Expectancy in the U.S. <ul><li>Average life expectancy in the U.S. is now 77.85 years  </li></ul><ul><li>Heal...
Lifestyle as a Health Problem <ul><li>Almost 80% of deaths in the U.S. today could be prevented through a healthy lifestyl...
Lifestyle as a Health Problem <ul><li>Over 50% of people who die in the U.S. die because of how they live </li></ul><ul><u...
Key Terms <ul><li>Physical Activity:  Bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles; requires expenditure of energy and pro...
1996 Surgeon General’s Report <ul><li>Poor health because of lack of physical activity is a serious problem  </li></ul><ul...
1996 Surgeon General’s Report <ul><li>Physical  inactivity  is more prevalent in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women than men </li...
Critical Thinking <ul><li>Do you consciously incorporate physical activity into your daily lifestyle? </li></ul><ul><li>Ca...
<ul><li>Studies show an  inverse  relationship between physical activity and premature mortality rates </li></ul>Physical ...
Moderate Physical Activity <ul><li>Defined as:  any activity that burns 4 to 7 Calories per minute (kcal/min) Examples: </...
Key Terms <ul><li>Physical fitness:  The ability to meet the ordinary demands of daily life safely and effectively without...
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Physical Fitness_2

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Why Physical Fitness? Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness CHAPTER OUTLINE
  2. 2. Fitness Movement <ul><li>The fitness movement resulted from the need to combat chronic disease </li></ul><ul><li>Focus became disease prevention through a healthy lifestyle </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness Begin Day 2
  3. 3. Healthy Life Expectancy in the U.S. <ul><li>Average life expectancy in the U.S. is now 77.85 years </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy life expectancy is defined as the years of illness subtracted from life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>The World Health Organization (WHO) calculated in 2000 that the healthy life expectancy of the U.S. was 24 th in the world </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  4. 4. Lifestyle as a Health Problem <ul><li>Almost 80% of deaths in the U.S. today could be prevented through a healthy lifestyle program.” </li></ul>“ Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  5. 5. Lifestyle as a Health Problem <ul><li>Over 50% of people who die in the U.S. die because of how they live </li></ul><ul><ul><li>54% is lifestyle-related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20% is attributed to the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% is influenced by the health care the individual receives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 16% is related to genetics </li></ul></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  6. 6. Key Terms <ul><li>Physical Activity: Bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles; requires expenditure of energy and produces progressive health benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise: Physical activity that requires planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement with the intent of improving or maintaining one or more components of physical fitness </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  7. 7. 1996 Surgeon General’s Report <ul><li>Poor health because of lack of physical activity is a serious problem </li></ul><ul><li>More than 60% of adults do not achieve the recommended amount of physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>25% are not physically active at all </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half of all people between 12 and 21 years of age are not vigorously active on a regular basis </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  8. 8. 1996 Surgeon General’s Report <ul><li>Physical inactivity is more prevalent in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women than men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans and Hispanic Americans than whites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older than younger adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less affluent($) than more affluent people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less educated than more educated adults </li></ul></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  9. 9. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Do you consciously incorporate physical activity into your daily lifestyle? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you provide examples? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you feel that you get sufficient daily physical activity to maintain good health? </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
  10. 10. <ul><li>Studies show an inverse relationship between physical activity and premature mortality rates </li></ul>Physical Activity vs. Mortality 1.4
  11. 11. Moderate Physical Activity <ul><li>Defined as: any activity that burns 4 to 7 Calories per minute (kcal/min) Examples: </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness <ul><ul><li>Can prevent premature death, unnecessary illness, and disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can provide substantial benefits in health and well-being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about those already moderately active? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater health and fitness benefits can be obtained when intensity of physical activity is increased </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Key Terms <ul><li>Physical fitness: The ability to meet the ordinary demands of daily life safely and effectively without being overly fatigued and still have energy left for leisure and recreational activities </li></ul>Life Expectancy vs. Healthy Life Expectancy Lifestyle as a Health Problem Physical Activity and Exercise Defined Surgeon General’s Report Fitness Standards: Health vs Physical Fitness Benefits of Fitness
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