Lesson 1Test and Their Uses in Educational Assessment
Test defined• A test is a systematic procedure for measuring an individual’s behavior (Brown, 1991). This definition implies that it has to be developed following specific guidelines. It is a formal and systematic way of gathering information about learners’ behavior, usually through paper-and- pencil procedure (Airisan, 1989).
Uses of Test Tests serve a lot of function for school administrators, supervisors, teachers, and parents, as well .(Arends, 1994; Escarilla & Gonzales, 1990).
Uses of Test School administrators utilize test results for making decisions regarding the promotion or retention of students; improvement or enrichment of the curriculum; and conduct of staff development programs for teachers.
Uses of TestSupervisorsuse test results in discovering learning areas needing special attention and identifying teachers’ weaknesses and learning competencies not mastered by the students.
Uses of Test Teachers,on the other hand, utilize tests for numerous purposes. Through testing, teachers are able to― gather information about the effectiveness of instruction; give feedback to students about their progress; and assign grades.
Uses of Test Parents,too, derive benefits from test administered to their children. Through test scores, they are able to determine how well their sons and daughters are faring in school and how well the school is doing its share in educating their children.
Types of TestsAs to mode of response:Oral test- it is a test wherein the test taker gives his answer orally.Written tests- it is a test where answers to questions are written by test taker.Performance test- it is one in which the test taker creates an answer or a product that demonstrates his knowledge or skill, as in cooking and baking.
Types of TestsAs to ease of quantification of response:Objective test- it is a paper and pencil test wherein students’ answers can be compared and quantified to yield a numerical score.Subjective test- it is a paper-and-pencil test which is not easily quantified as students are given the freedom to write their answer to a question, such as an essay test.
Types of TestsAs to mode of administration:Individual test- it is a test administered to one student at a time.Group test- it is one administered to a group of students simultaneously.
Types of TestsAs to test constructor:Standardized test- it is a test prepared by an expert or specialist.Unstandardized test- it is one prepared by teachers for use in the classroom, with no established norms for scoring and interpretation of results.
Types of TestsAs to mode of interpreting results:Norm-referenced test- it is a test that evaluates a student’s performance by comparing it to the performance of a group students on the same test.Criterion-referenced test- it is a test that measures a student’s performance against an agreed upon or pre-established level of performance.
Types of TestsAs to nature of the answer:• Personality test- it is a test designed for assessing some aspects of an individual’s personality.• Intelligence test- it is a test that measures the mental ability of an individual.• Aptitude test- it is test designed for the purpose of predicting the likelihood of an individual’s success in a learning area or field of endeavor.• Achievement test- it is a test given to students to determine what a student has learned from formal instruction in school.• Summative test- it is a test given at the end of instruction to determine students’ learning and assign grades.
Types of TestsAs to nature of the answer:• Diagnostic test- it is a test administered to students to identify their specific strengths and weaknesses in past and present learning.• Formative test- it is a test given to improve teaching and learning while it is going on.• Socio-metric test- it is a test used in discovering learners’ likes and dislikes, preferences, and their social acceptance, as well as social relationships existing in a group.• Trade test- it is a test designed to measure an individual’s skill or competence in an occupation or vocation.