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Chapter 8   aspect of connected speech
 

Chapter 8 aspect of connected speech

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Chapter 8   aspect of connected speech Chapter 8 aspect of connected speech Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 8: ASPECTS OF CONNECTED SPEECH Compiled by vanyendao .k7.Eng.hvu
  • ASPECT S OF CONNECTED SPEECH: RHYTHM 1 ASSIMILATION 2 ELISION 3 LINKING 4
  • 1. RHYTHM
  • 1. RHYTHM
  • Rhythm of heart-beat
  • THE RHYTHM
    • 1.1 Definition:
    • Rhythm is an event happening at regular internals of time
    • 1.2 The rhythm:
    • The rhythm of speech is the regular occurrence of stressed syllable at regular internals of time
    • Example:
    • 1. He ar’rived ‘six o’clock
    • 2. ‘Walk ‘down to the ‘path to the
    • 'end of the ca’nal.
  • Unit of rhythm (Foot) Stressed syllable + unstressed syllable English Rhythm Stress-time rhythm
  • 2. ASSIMILATION
    • 2.1 Definition:
    • Assimilation is the change in pronunciation of a phoneme under the influence of its surrounding sounds.
    • Ex: 1. news /nju z / but newspaper /nju s peipə/
    • 2. This year / ði j j i ə/
    • 3. Want to / wɔnə/
  • 2.2 Types of assimilation Assimilation Direction of change Consonant can change
  • In term of direction of change
    • Regressive assimilation:
    • The phoneme that comes first is affected by the one that comes after it.
    • Example:
    • This year / ði j j i ə /,
    • bright color /brai k k alə/
    • light blue /lai p b lu/.
    • Progressive assimilation:
    • The phoneme that comes first affects the one that comes after it.
    • Example:
    • those year / ð əʊ ʒ j i ə
  • In the terms of consonant change CONSONANT CHANGE ASSIMILATION PLACE OF ARTICULATION ASSIMILATION MANNER ASSIMILATION OF VOICE
  • Assimilation of place of articulation
  • Assimilation of place of articulation
  • Assimilation of place of articulation
  • Assimilation of place of articulation
  • Assimilation of manner
    • Only regressive assimilation of alveolar consonant
    Note : /ð/ follow a plosive or nasal at the end of a preceding word Eg: get them /get ðəm/ -> /gettəm/ in the /in ðə/ -> /inn ə/
  • Assimilation of voice eg: I like that black dog / ai laik ðæt blæk d ɔg/ -> / ai laig ðæd blæg d ɔg/
    • Only regressive assimilation of voice
  • 3. Elision
    • Definition
    • Elision is the case of a sound realized as zero in casual, rapid speech.
    • There can be vowel elision and consonant elision.
    • Example: vowel: tonight /tnait/
    • consonant: eight tins /eitins/
  • Rules of elision
  • Rules of elision c. Avoidance of complex consonant cluster : d. Loss of / v / in “ of ” before consonant Example :
  • Weak form Auxiliary verbs   Strong   Weak do du: d ə are ɑ: ə (r)* was w ɔ z w ə z were w3:r w ə would Wud w ə d could K u d k ə d should ∫ ud kæn ∫ ə d can k ə n must mʌst m ə s(t)   Strong Weak Prepositions     to tu: t ə for fɔ: (r) f ə (r) from fr ɔ m fr ə m into Intu: Int ə of ov ə (v) as æz əz at æ t ə t
  • 4. Linking Linking is the phenomenon where words or sounds are linked together. There are 5 basic rules of linking. Rules of linking:
  • Rules of linking
  • 4. Linking
    • * Note : Sometimes listeners have ambiguity in meaning with other words.
    • Example:
    • /maitrein/: my train or might rain
    • /aiskri:m/: Ice –cream or I scream
  • The End...!!!
  • Thank you…!!! Group 7
  • Created by:
    • Vanyendao
    • K7 – English. Hungvuong university