CHAPTER 8: ASPECTS OF CONNECTED SPEECH Compiled by  vanyendao .k7.Eng.hvu
ASPECT S OF CONNECTED SPEECH: RHYTHM 1 ASSIMILATION 2 ELISION 3 LINKING 4
1. RHYTHM
1. RHYTHM
Rhythm of heart-beat
THE RHYTHM <ul><li>1.1  Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm is an event happening at regular internals of  time </li></ul...
Unit of rhythm (Foot) Stressed syllable  +  unstressed syllable English Rhythm Stress-time rhythm
2. ASSIMILATION <ul><li>2.1  Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation is the change in pronunciation of a  phoneme under...
2.2  Types of assimilation Assimilation  Direction of change Consonant can  change
In term of direction of change <ul><li>Regressive assimilation:   </li></ul><ul><li>The phoneme that comes first is affect...
In the terms of consonant change CONSONANT CHANGE ASSIMILATION PLACE OF ARTICULATION ASSIMILATION MANNER ASSIMILATION OF V...
Assimilation of place of  articulation
Assimilation of place of  articulation
Assimilation of place of  articulation
Assimilation of place of  articulation
Assimilation of manner <ul><li>Only regressive assimilation of alveolar consonant </li></ul>Note : /ð/ follow a plosive or...
Assimilation of voice eg: I like that black dog / ai laik ðæt blæk d ɔg/ ->  / ai laig ðæd blæg d ɔg/ <ul><li>Only regress...
3. Elision <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Elision is the case of a sound realized as zero in casual, rapid speech. <...
Rules of elision
Rules of elision c. Avoidance of complex consonant cluster : d. Loss of / v / in  “ of ”  before consonant Example :
Weak form Auxiliary verbs   Strong   Weak do du: d ə are ɑ: ə (r)* was w ɔ z w ə z were w3:r w ə would Wud w ə d could K u...
4. Linking Linking  is the phenomenon where words or sounds are linked together. There are 5 basic rules of linking. Rules...
Rules of linking
4. Linking <ul><li>*  Note :  Sometimes listeners have ambiguity in meaning with other words. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: <...
The End...!!!
Thank you…!!! Group 7
Created by: <ul><li>Vanyendao </li></ul><ul><li>K7 – English. Hungvuong university </li></ul>
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Chapter 8 aspect of connected speech

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  • Chapter 8 aspect of connected speech

    1. 1. CHAPTER 8: ASPECTS OF CONNECTED SPEECH Compiled by vanyendao .k7.Eng.hvu
    2. 2. ASPECT S OF CONNECTED SPEECH: RHYTHM 1 ASSIMILATION 2 ELISION 3 LINKING 4
    3. 3. 1. RHYTHM
    4. 4. 1. RHYTHM
    5. 5. Rhythm of heart-beat
    6. 6. THE RHYTHM <ul><li>1.1 Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm is an event happening at regular internals of time </li></ul><ul><li>1.2 The rhythm: </li></ul><ul><li>The rhythm of speech is the regular occurrence of stressed syllable at regular internals of time </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>1. He ar’rived ‘six o’clock </li></ul><ul><li>2. ‘Walk ‘down to the ‘path to the </li></ul><ul><li>'end of the ca’nal. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Unit of rhythm (Foot) Stressed syllable + unstressed syllable English Rhythm Stress-time rhythm
    8. 8. 2. ASSIMILATION <ul><li>2.1 Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation is the change in pronunciation of a phoneme under the influence of its surrounding sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: 1. news /nju z / but newspaper /nju s peipə/ </li></ul><ul><li>2. This year / ði j j i ə/ </li></ul><ul><li>3. Want to / wɔnə/ </li></ul>
    9. 9. 2.2 Types of assimilation Assimilation Direction of change Consonant can change
    10. 10. In term of direction of change <ul><li>Regressive assimilation: </li></ul><ul><li>The phoneme that comes first is affected by the one that comes after it. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>This year / ði j j i ə /, </li></ul><ul><li>bright color /brai k k alə/ </li></ul><ul><li>light blue /lai p b lu/. </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive assimilation: </li></ul><ul><li>The phoneme that comes first affects the one that comes after it. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>those year / ð əʊ ʒ j i ə </li></ul>
    11. 11. In the terms of consonant change CONSONANT CHANGE ASSIMILATION PLACE OF ARTICULATION ASSIMILATION MANNER ASSIMILATION OF VOICE
    12. 12. Assimilation of place of articulation
    13. 13. Assimilation of place of articulation
    14. 14. Assimilation of place of articulation
    15. 15. Assimilation of place of articulation
    16. 16. Assimilation of manner <ul><li>Only regressive assimilation of alveolar consonant </li></ul>Note : /ð/ follow a plosive or nasal at the end of a preceding word Eg: get them /get ðəm/ -> /gettəm/ in the /in ðə/ -> /inn ə/
    17. 17. Assimilation of voice eg: I like that black dog / ai laik ðæt blæk d ɔg/ -> / ai laig ðæd blæg d ɔg/ <ul><li>Only regressive assimilation of voice </li></ul>
    18. 18. 3. Elision <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Elision is the case of a sound realized as zero in casual, rapid speech. </li></ul><ul><li>There can be vowel elision and consonant elision. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: vowel: tonight /tnait/ </li></ul><ul><li>consonant: eight tins /eitins/ </li></ul>
    19. 19. Rules of elision
    20. 20. Rules of elision c. Avoidance of complex consonant cluster : d. Loss of / v / in “ of ” before consonant Example :
    21. 21. Weak form Auxiliary verbs   Strong   Weak do du: d ə are ɑ: ə (r)* was w ɔ z w ə z were w3:r w ə would Wud w ə d could K u d k ə d should ∫ ud kæn ∫ ə d can k ə n must mʌst m ə s(t)   Strong Weak Prepositions     to tu: t ə for fɔ: (r) f ə (r) from fr ɔ m fr ə m into Intu: Int ə of ov ə (v) as æz əz at æ t ə t
    22. 22. 4. Linking Linking is the phenomenon where words or sounds are linked together. There are 5 basic rules of linking. Rules of linking:
    23. 23. Rules of linking
    24. 24. 4. Linking <ul><li>* Note : Sometimes listeners have ambiguity in meaning with other words. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>/maitrein/: my train or might rain </li></ul><ul><li>/aiskri:m/: Ice –cream or I scream </li></ul>
    25. 25. The End...!!!
    26. 26. Thank you…!!! Group 7
    27. 27. Created by: <ul><li>Vanyendao </li></ul><ul><li>K7 – English. Hungvuong university </li></ul>
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