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  • 1. Climate Change & Carbon Neutrality A Costa Rican Case Study brasil / april 2010
  • 2. regional airline - central america creating destinations for rare experiences creating memorable experiences for travelers storytelling for travelers community social programs flight school, aviation & bio-fuel brasil / april 2010
  • 3. brasil / april 2010
  • 4. why we took action? •  our commitment to the environment and the communities we serve is vital to our values •  to motivate the costa rican tourism industry to take action, encouraged by our profitability and sustainable model •  be a catalyst so that other airlines would follow brasil / april 2010
  • 5. Airline Operations a force - fuel efficiency improved of our 7% through flight plans and scheduling own - bio-fuel in all ground vehicles and equipment nature Admin Energy Use - energy efficiency training program - renewable power wind turbines brasil / april 2010
  • 6. challenges of going c-neutral •  methods set by the Kyoto protocol are difficult to decipher and implement •  controversy – Costa Rica was able to get words into Kyoto Protocol for “avoided deforestation” – outlined in Article 12. – this wording was eliminated in implementation of Kyoto Protocol – pressure was to reduce, not to offset •  consumer knowledge - in 2003 most people did not understand or accept climate change brasil / april 2010
  • 7. key attributes •  we decided that the following criteria was important to us: – keep it local – protection of bio-diversity and creation of natural corridors – social community benefits – transparency brasil / april 2010
  • 8. •  Costa Rica’s National Fund for Forest Financing (FONAFIFO) -a government entity – period1995-2009 FONAFIFO incorporated more than 500.000 hectares of forests that directly benefited more than 11,000 families   multiple benefits in forestry protection   protects tourism destinations   conserves biodiversity   restores watersheds & soils   creates sustainable livelihoods brasil / april 2010
  • 9. Bahía Drake
  • 10. N Límite RF Golfo Dulce Límite PN Corcovado Bahía Drake Bosque
  • 11. N Límite RF Golfo Dulce Límite PN Corcovado Bahía Drake Fincas Bosque
  • 12. N Límite RF Golfo Dulce Límite PN Corcovado Bahía Drake Fincas Fincas con PSA Bosque PSA 2700 ha
  • 13. N Límite RF Golfo Dulce Límite PN Corcovado Bahía Drake Fincas Fincas sin PSA Bosque Sin PSA 7000 ha
  • 14. “the lack of resources has created the need to look for new sources to protect nature” Alvaro Ugalde Nature Air offsets •  004 - 4650 tons of carbon dioxide 2 •  005 – 5400 tons of carbon dioxide 2 •  006 – 5800 tons of carbon dioxide 2 •  007 – 6796 tons of carbon dioxide 2 •  008 – 7000 tons of carbon dioxide 2 •  009 – 6800 tons of carbon dioxide 2 brasil / april 2010
  • 15. what have we achieved? – we challenged the aviation and tourism industry – we became a catalyst for change – we are part of the solution, not the problem – proven that sustainable business is profitable business – since 2004, 87 other companies have joined the FONAFIFO program brasil / april 2010
  • 16. what can happen if more
 follow... brasil / april 2010
  • 17. One Route CO2 Emitted All Routes CO2 Emitted New York-London per year: per year: 12,775 Tonnes 4650 Tonnes brasil / april 2010
  • 18. what’s tourism got to do with it? •  a global industry with profound impact on global economies – international visits expected to double from 800 million in 2008 to 1.6 billion in 2020 – zero tourism growth strategy not a solution •  leisure travel is pre-disposed for conscious consumerism – travel is a positive action vs. negative/ fearful methods of education •  information is important but not sufficient alone to induce behavioral change, experiences can encourage action brasil / april 2010
  • 19. Conclusion   take a portfolio approach with climate actions –  reduce risk & costs, maximize benefits   include forestry offsets –  unique multiple benefits (socio-economic)   pick offset projects carefully –  good practice standards –  3rd party audits and authorization –  in tourism – stay local when and if possible   partner with right organization –  reputation, experience, local relationships brasil / april 2010
  • 20. the future is going this way…