Center of Western plainchant: Sacred, monophonic, polyphony, church modes, strictly vocal
1. Name afterPope Gregory 1
2. Center of Western Plainchant Sacred Monophonic Polyphony Church modes Strictly vocal
3. Pope Gregory 1 Pope Gregory 1 was responsible for singing monophonic works/chants to the liturgical calendar of the church, such as Christmas, Easter.
4. Monophony Melody without accompanying harmony. This may be realised as just one note at a time, or with same note duplicated at the octave
5. Mono phonic chants Hymns Antiphons Sequence
6. Mass Sung during Mass Proper & Ordinary Character: Monophonic Sacred Latin language
7. Church Modes Ionian Aeolian
8. Functions Music for the church. The language of the God. Prayer, rituals Represent the voice of the church. Enhance liturgy set atmosphere for prayer. Rituals, sacrifice, birth, death, marriage.
9. Adding Early Mass (monophonic). Daily prayer (antiphonic). Early organum: 1st voice: principal voice. 2nd voice: organal voice. Polyphonic music: organum, polyphonic Gregorian Chant. Characteristic: no rhythmic notation, no tempo, no dynamic. Compare of Plain songs & Secular songs. Same: single note notation, no accompaniment, monophonic style. Different: meter, subject, written language. Plain songs: religious, Latin only. Secular songs: wide range of subjects, vernacular language.
10. Bibliography http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HEKhr002Ts www.partnersinrhyme.com http://hark.com/clips/rbjqqgclq-gregorian_chant Wikipedia – The Gregorian Chant. The diocese of the Saxons Sisley.