Needs and Wants
Basic needs of individuals, families ,
communities and countries; Primary and
secondary needs ; Unlimited wants,
Limited resources to satisfy needs and
Wants and Needs
What’s the difference?
By Mrs. Elenbaas
Here are the Stories!
Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus!
Don't Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus! By Mo
Cuyahoga Valley Career Center [cvccmediatech]. “Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Buss”. Retrieved from
The Pigeon Finds a Hot Dog!
The Pigeon Finds a Hot Dog By Mo Willems
TheCupWithTea. (2011, Nov. 30). The Pigeon Finds a Hot Dog. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/fdU6FF7Nxf8
Don’t Let the Pigeon Stay Up
Don't Let the Pigeon Stay Up Late By Mo
Sara McVey. (2009, Dec. 10). DontLetThePigeonStayUpLate.m4v. Retrieved from
The Pigeon Wants a
The Pigeon Wants a Puppy By Mo Willems
Cuyahoga Valley Career Center [cvccmediatech]. The Pigeon Wants a Puppy. Retrieved from
What is a need?
According to Oxford Dictionaries
online, a need is defined as:
to require (something) because it is
essential or very important rather than
So what are the pigeon’s needs?
All clip art retrieved from Microsoft Office
What is a want?
According to Oxford Dictionaries
online, a want is defined as:
1. have a desire to possess or do
(something); wish for
So what are the pigeon’s
All clip art retrieved from Microsoft Office.
stay up late
drive a bus
What do You think?
Air to breathe
To go to the movies
A place to live
Stay up late
Doctor when needed
A new bike
Lots of money!
The difference between a want and a
A want is something
that is nice to have,
but you really don’t
have to have it to live.
Some examples of
wants are: toys,
candy, a car and a
A need is something
you would die without.
Some examples of
needs are: food,
water and shelter.
How to get wants and needs
To purchase wants and needs you must have
money. This is why it is important to save money.
When you have money it is most important to
purchase your needs first. Then with the money
left over you can purchase your wants.
To help us learn about wants and needs we will
be making banks to keep on our desks.
For good behavior, good grades, winning games
and other positive actions you will receive a
At the end of the week you will be able to trade
your quarters in to purchase your needs. Then
with the leftover money you can buy your wants.
At the end of this lesson I hope that you will be
able to know how to save money and the
difference between wants and needs.
To help you do this we will play games and do
One of the most basic
economics is: want vs
Things that we can live
without, but like to have.
is something you would is something you have to
like to have. It is not have, something you can't
absolutely necessary, but do without. A good
it would be a good thing to example is food. If you
have. A good example is don't eat, you won't
music. Now, some people survive for long. Many
might argue that music is people have gone days
a need because they think without eating, but they
Is something thought to
they can't do without it. eventually ate a lot of
be a necessity or an
But you don't need music food. You might not need
essential item required
to survive. You do need to a whole lot of food, but
for life e.g. food, water
you do need to eat.
Is something unnecessary
Goods and services which consumers need to
but desired or an item which
increase the quality of living.
These include fresh water, clothing and food.
Goods and Services which consumers can live withou
Things we cannot live without.
but would like to have.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by
Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation.
These are self-explanatory; they are the literal requirements for human survival. If
these requirements are not met, the human body simply cannot continue to
Breathing, Nutrition, Homeostasis, Human interaction.
Air, water, and food are metabolic requirements for survival in all animals, including
Clothing and shelter provide necessary protection from the elements.
The intensity of the human instinct in maintaining a birth rate adequate to survival
of the species.
With their physical needs relatively satisfied, the individual's safety needs take
precedence and dominate behavior. These needs have to do with people's
yearning for a predictable orderly world in which perceived unfairness and
inconsistency are under control, the familiar frequent and the unfamiliar rare. In the
world of work, these safety needs manifest themselves in such things as a
preference for job security, grievance procedures for protecting the individual from
unilateral authority, savings accounts, insurance policies, reasonable disability
accommodations, and the like.
Safety and Security needs include:
•Health and well-being
•Safety net against accidents/illness and their adverse impacts.
Belongingness and love needs:
After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third layer of human needs
are social and involve feelings of belongingness. This aspect of Maslow's
hierarchy involves emotionally based relationships in general, such as:
Friendship - Intimacy - Family
Humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance, whether it comes from
a large social group, such as clubs, office culture, religious groups, professional
organizations, sports teams, gangs, or small social connections (family members,
intimate partners, mentors, close colleagues, confidants). They need to love and
In the absence of these elements, many people become susceptible to loneliness, social anxiety, and
clinical depression. This need for belonging can often overcome the physiological and security needs,
depending on the strength of the peer pressure; an anorexic, for example, may ignore the need to eat and
the security of health for a feeling of control and belonging.
All humans have a need to be respected and to have self-esteem and self-respect.
Also known as the belonging need, esteem presents the normal human desire to
be accepted and valued by others. People need to engage themselves to gain
recognition and have an activity or activities that give the person a sense of
contribution, to feel accepted and self-valued, be it in a profession or hobby.
Most people have a need for a stable self-respect and self-esteem. Maslow noted
two versions of esteem needs, a lower one and a higher one. The lower one is the
need for the respect of others, the need for status, recognition, fame, prestige, and
attention. The higher one is the need for self-respect, the need for strength,
competence, mastery, self-confidence, independence and freedom. The latter one
ranks higher because it rests more on inner competence won through experience.
Deprivation of these needs can lead to an inferiority complex, weakness and
“What a man can be, he must be.”
This forms the basis of the perceived need for self-actualization. This level of need
pertains to what a person's full potential is and realizing that potential. Maslow
describes this desire as the desire to become more and more what one is, to
become everything that one is capable of becoming. This is a broad definition of
the need for self-actualization, but when applied to individuals the need is specific.
For example one individual may have the strong desire to become an ideal parent.
Some things we need to live. Those things are called
What are some things you need?
Here are some things you need.
Sometimes we would like to have things even though
we don’t need them. We call these things wants.
We cannot always have all of our wants.
Here are some things you may want.
Needs and Wants
Content – (learn about)
needs and wants
difference between needs and wants
classifications of needs
physical, social, emotional, cultural, spiritual
satisfying needs and wants
Skills – (learn to)
compare the effectiveness of Maslow’s heirachy with other
Needs are basic requirements of life; things
necessary for survival
Eg food, shelter,
clothing, love, water.
Wants are things that are desirable but not necessary in order to survive.
Eg DVD player, mobile phones, ice
cream, brand name clothes
Primary and Secondary Needs
Primary needs are biological or physical needs that are essential to life. Eg
food, water, clothing and shelter.
Secondary needs are wants or acquired needs they are more likely desires.
Eg safety, love, respect, creativity
Physical needs for normal growth development and good health include:
adequate sleep, regular health care, safety and protection.
Also special treatment and help for disabilities.
Includes requirements of air, water and sunshine.
friendship can be
A sense of belonging
from family and other
Eg. Leisure, recreation
of roles and
Includes a stable environment, independence, love,.
affection, security within family and social groups
Using the information provided,
create a mind map that shows the
links between each of these
classifications and needs / want
Moral or religious needs
Development of conscience, understanding the difference between wrong
and right, beliefs, attitudes
MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Developed in 1954 by Abraham
Hierarchy ranks needs in order of
Not everything in the hierarchy is
necessary for survival
Needs at the bottom need to be met
There are 5 levels of Maslow’s
-Physiological: food water and
-Safety: feelings of personal
-Love: social and belonging
-Esteem: our self
-Self actualization: happy and
Read page 12 – 13 of CAFS text book
Task - Explain the term self-actualisation. Use scaffold provided to help plot your response.
fulfilled with everything