The first element that we will learn how to analyze is Narrative
So what is narrative? A movie’s narrative is the telling of it’s story. The events in a movie and how they connect to each other via cause-and-effect. We naturally look for narrative, try to establish connections among events. This is why we are so drawn to stories. Because it comes so naturally, we often can be unaware of it’s parts and its effects. But narrative is FORM-something made, the product of deliberate decisions concerning content. Remember the scultpure of the human body. The artists made deliberate decisions to create their work of art and give it a certain mood and effect.
Next we will talk about the artist responsible for creating the narrative. The screenwriter. Sometimes it’s a story that the writer has pitched to the producer. Sometimes the screenwriter is hired to write a specific idea. At other times, the director him or herself is the screenwriter.
The most common type of narrative is a five-part dramatic structure which includes Exposition, Rising Acting, Cilmax, Falling Acting and Denouement
Exposition is everything preceding and including the inciting incident. It provides the background information on the characters, setting, and basic conflict. It’s the backstory, information about the past, or information about characters. This section ends with the inciting incident. The inciting incident is what sets the main action in motion. In the movie Juno for example the inciting incident is Juno finding out she is pregnant. This is what sets the rest of the action for the movie in motion. Without this event, there would be no movie.
After the exposition is the Rising Action. These are the events that lead up to the Climax. The climax is the turning point in the story. The moment where the main character must make a choice that will change everything. It is the moment of highest intensity and intrigue
The events that follow the climax are called falling action. These events lead to the Denoument, the resolution or conclusion
This concludes the introduction to Narrative, In the next lesson you will learn about story and plot.
Intro to narrative and the 5 part structure
What is narrative?• The telling of its story• The events in a movie and how they connect to each other (cause-and-effect)• FORM-something made, the product of deliberate decisions concerning content
Who creates the narrative?• The screenwriter!• Sometimes it’s a story that the writer has pitched to the producer• Sometimes the screenwriter is hired to write a specific idea• At other times, the director him/herself is the screenwriter
Everything preceding and including the inciting incident Inciting Incident- what sets the Exposition main action in motion Provides background information on the characters, setting, and basic conflict Ends with the inciting incident
The events that lead up to the climax Climax Rising Action The turning point
The events that follow the climax Falling action Denouement The resolution or conclusion