Biological sciences1

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Biological sciences1

  1. 1. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES By: MARIA KRISIA FAE DELOS REYES DE ASIS, BSN-RN
  2. 2. SCIENCE - systematic study of anything that can be examined, tested, and verified - Derived from Latin word SCIRE meaning “to know”
  3. 3. BRANCHES OF SCIENCE A. MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES B. PHYSICAL SCIENCES C. EARTH SCIENCES D. LIFE SCIENCES E. SOCIAL SCIENCES F. TECHNOLOGY
  4. 4. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES - include all those areas of study that deal with living things
  5. 5. IDENTIFY: The study of plants? Answer: BOTANY
  6. 6. IDENTIFY: The study of animals? Answer: ZOOLOGY
  7. 7. IDENTIFY: The branch of biology that studies the way in which characteristics are transmitted from an organism to its offspring? Answer: GENETICS
  8. 8. IDENTIFY: The study of plant and animal structures? Answer: ANATOMY
  9. 9. IDENTIFY: The study of the physical and chemical processes that take place in living organisms during the performance of life functions? Answer: PHYSIOLOGY
  10. 10. IDENTIFY: The study of the relationship of plants and animals to their physical and biological environment? Answer: ECOLOGY
  11. 11. IDENTIFY: The general study of the origin, development, structure, functi on, evolution, and distribution of living things? Answer: BIOLOGY
  12. 12. IDENTIFY: The study of the classifications of living organisms into specific groups? Answer: TAXONOMY
  13. 13. KARL VON LINNE - CAROLUS LINNAEUS - “father of taxonomy” - Developed a system of classification to organize species into categories
  14. 14. CLASSIFICATION - KINGDOM - PHYLUM KING PHILIP’S - CLASS CLASS - ORDER ORDERED A - FAMILY FAMILY-SIZED - GENUS GERRY’S GRILL - SPECIES SPECIAL
  15. 15. KINGDOM MONERA -Bacteria -Prokaryotes -Ex. Bacillus, cocci Examples: Bacillus anthracis Mycobacterium tuberculosis Salmonella typhosa Staphylococcus aureus
  16. 16. KINGDOM PROTISTA -Eukaryotes, usually unicellular -Ex. Algae, amoeba, seaweeds Examples: Plasmodium falcifarum Entamoeba histolytica Chlorophyta (green algae) Rhodophyta (red algae) Dinoflagellata
  17. 17. KINGDOM FUNGI -Multicellular, filamentous organisms that absorb food -Eukaryotes -Ex. mushrooms, lichens, yeast Examples: Ascomycota (sac fungi) Basidiomycota (club fungi) Zygomycota (ex. Bread mold)
  18. 18. KINGDOM PLANTAE -Multicellular organisms that obtain food through photosynthesis -Ex. plants, trees, shrubs, etc. Examples: Pterophyta (ferns) Coniferophyta (conifers) Anthophyta (flowering plants) = Class Magnoliopsida (dicots) = Class Liliopsida (monocots)
  19. 19. KINGDOM ANIMALIA -Multicellular organisms that ingest food -Ex. Vertebrates (Phylum Chordata – presence of notochord) & invertebrates (Porifera, Cnidaria, Anthropoda , Annelida etc.)
  20. 20. CLASSIFY! TIGER KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Genus: Panthera Species: tigris
  21. 21. CLASSIFY! CHEETAH KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Genus: Acinonyx Species: jubatus
  22. 22. ASSIGNMENT: - To be submitted next meeting on a short coupon bond. CLASSIFY THE FOLLOWING: - Wolf - Lion - Walrus - Blue Whale - Polar Bear
  23. 23. PLEASE PREPARE FOR A SHORT QUIZ … 
  24. 24. question: 1-5. What are the 5 Kingdoms? Enumerate. (In any order) Answer:
  25. 25. question: 6. What is the study of animals? Answer:
  26. 26. question: 7-13. What are the levels of classification of organisms? Enumerate IN ORDER. Answer:
  27. 27. question: 14. Who is the Father of Taxonomy? Answer:
  28. 28. question: 15. What bacteria causes anthrax? Answer:
  29. 29. BONUS question: What is my full name?  Answer:
  30. 30. ANSWER: -MONERA -PROTISTA -FUNGI -PLANTAE -ANIMALIA
  31. 31. ANSWER: -ZOOLOGY
  32. 32. ANSWER: - CAROLUS LINNEAUS or KARL VON LINNE
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