Biological sciences
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Biological sciences

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Biological sciences Biological sciences Presentation Transcript

  • BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES By: MARIA KRISIA FAE DELOS REYES DE ASIS, BSN-RN
  • SCIENCE- systematic study of anythingthat can be examined, tested, andverified- Derived from Latin word SCIREmeaning “to know”
  • BRANCHES OF SCIENCEA. MATHEMATICAL SCIENCESB. PHYSICAL SCIENCESC. EARTH SCIENCESD. LIFE SCIENCESE. SOCIAL SCIENCESF. TECHNOLOGY
  • BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES- include all those areas ofstudy that deal with livingthings
  • IDENTIFY:The study of plants?Answer:BOTANY
  • IDENTIFY:The study of animals?Answer:ZOOLOGY
  • IDENTIFY:The branch of biology that studies theway in which characteristics aretransmitted from an organism to itsoffspring?Answer:GENETICS
  • IDENTIFY:The study of plant and animalstructures?Answer:ANATOMY
  • IDENTIFY:The study of the physical and chemicalprocesses that take place in livingorganisms during the performance oflife functions?Answer:PHYSIOLOGY
  • IDENTIFY:The study of the relationship ofplants and animals to their physicaland biological environment?Answer:ECOLOGY
  • IDENTIFY:The general study of the origin,development, structure, function,evolution, and distribution of livingthings?Answer:BIOLOGY
  • IDENTIFY:The study of the classifications ofliving organisms into specific groups?Answer:TAXONOMY
  • KARL VON LINNE- CAROLUS LINNAEUS- “father of taxonomy”- Developed asystem ofclassificationto organizespecies intocategories
  • CLASSIFICATION- KINGDOM KING- PHYLUM PHILIP’S- CLASS CLASS- ORDER ORDERED A- FAMILY FAMILY-SIZED- GENUS GERRY’S GRILL- SPECIES SPECIAL
  • KINGDOMMONERA -Bacteria -Prokaryotes -Ex. Bacillus, cocciExamples:Bacillus anthracisMycobacterium tuberculosisSalmonella typhosaStaphylococcus aureus
  • KINGDOMPROTISTA -Eukaryotes, usually unicellular -Ex. Algae, amoeba, seaweedsExamples:Plasmodium falcifarumEntamoeba histolyticaChlorophyta (green algae)Rhodophyta (red algae)Dinoflagellata
  • KINGDOMFUNGI -Multicellular, filamentous organisms that absorb food -Eukaryotes -Ex. mushrooms, lichens, yeastExamples:Ascomycota (sac fungi)Basidiomycota (club fungi)Zygomycota (ex. Bread mold)
  • KINGDOMPLANTAE -Multicellular organisms that obtain food through photosynthesis -Ex. plants, trees, shrubs, etc.Examples:Pterophyta (ferns)Coniferophyta (conifers)Anthophyta (flowering plants) = Class Magnoliopsida (dicots) = Class Liliopsida (monocots)
  • KINGDOMANIMALIA -Multicellular organisms that ingest food -Ex. Vertebrates (Phylum Chordata – presence of notochord) & invertebrates (Porifera, Cnidaria, Anthropoda, Annelida etc.)
  • CLASSIFY!TIGERKINGDOM: AnimaliaPHYLUM: ChordataClass: MammaliaOrder: CarnivoraGenus: PantheraSpecies: tigris
  • CLASSIFY!CHEETAHKINGDOM: AnimaliaPHYLUM: ChordataClass: MammaliaOrder: CarnivoraGenus: AcinonyxSpecies: jubatus
  • ASSIGNMENT:- To be submitted next meeting ona short coupon bond.CLASSIFY THE FOLLOWING:- Wolf- Lion- Walrus- Blue Whale- Polar Bear
  • PLEASE PREPARE FOR ASHORT QUIZ … 
  • question:What are the 5Kingdoms? Enumerate.(In any order)Answer:
  • question:What is the study ofanimals?Answer:
  • question:What are the levels ofclassification oforganisms? Enumerate INORDER.Answer:
  • question:Who is the Father ofTaxonomy?Answer:
  • BONUS question:What is my full name?Answer:
  • ANSWER:-MONERA-PROTISTA-FUNGI-PLANTAE-ANIMALIA
  • ANSWER:-ZOOLOGY
  • ANSWER:- CAROLUS LINNEAUS orKARL VON LINNE