• Name : Vagh vanita R.• Roll no : 14• Paper : Victorian literature• Topic : The Pre-Raphaelite school of poetry• Year : 2013
Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood• The Pre-RapaeliteBrotherhood : in London, 1848.• a group of painters, poets, and critics- Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt.
Begining. . .• The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millaiss parents house on Gower Street.• Hunt had started Panting the Eve of St. Agnes based on Keatss poem.
Salient Feature• Salient Feature of Pre-Raphaelite Poetry1. Break with Tradition2. Medievalism3. Devotion to Detail4. Sensuousness5. Fleshly School of Poetry6. Meter and Music
1. Break with Tradition• None of the Pre-Raphaelites concerns himself with sordid realism and the mundane issues of his day, but excapes to a dream world of his own making.
2.Medievalism• Some Pre-Raphaelites, such as Hunt and Millais the painter, were somewhat sceptical of medievalism but Rossetti and Morris, in particular, felt a compulsive fascination for the romance, chivalry, gorgeousness, mystery and supematuralism of the Middle Ages. Victorian British Painting: William Holman Hunt
3. Devotion to Detail• The details we have been talking about are purely visual in painting, but in poetry they may be auditory as well as visual. Pre-Raphaelite poets love both visual and auditory details.• As an illustration of the abundance of auditory details, see the following passage from Rossetti’s My Sister’s Sleep: – Twelve struck. The sound, by dwindling years Heard in each hour crept off, and then The ruffled silence spread again Like water that a pebble stirs. Our mother rose from where she sat: Her needles, as she laid them down, Met lightly, and her silken gown Settled; no other noise than that.
4.Sensuousness• Referring to Rossetti, Compton-Rickett observes: “That the pictorial element is more insistent in Rossetti than in Keats is obviously due to the fact that Rossetti’s outlook on the world is essentially that of the painter. He thinks and feels in pigments.” But this thinking and feeling “in pigments” sometimes leads the Pre- Raphaelites to excess.
5.Fleshy school of Poetry• A charge of voluptuousness brought against the poetry of this school. Robert Buchanan called the Pre-Raphaelite Poetry “Fleshy School of Poetry”.
6.Meter and Music• Legouis observes: “Vowels call to vowels and consonants to consonants, and these links often seem stronger than the links of thought or imagery.” According to Compton-Rickett, Swinburne’s effects are harmonic rather than melodic. As an instance, see the following lines from his Tristram of Lyonesse (1882):• ex- • Nor shall they feel or fear, whose date is done, Aught that made once more dark the living sun And bitterer in their breathing lips the breath Than the dark dawn and bitter dust of death.