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Powerpoint 1

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  • 1. History of Native Americans
    Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Great Plains, & Eastern Woodland Tribes
  • 2. Southwest Tribes
    Where?
    Lived in Arizona, New Mexico, South Colorado, and northern Mexico area.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nordamerikanische_Kulturareale_en.png
  • 3. Southwest (con.)
    Food
    Farmers
    Grew corn, beans, squash, melons, pumpkins, and fruit
    Wild turkeys
    Caitlin Regan, “Corn”, February 28 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
    Wizan, “fruit” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 4. Southwest (con.)
    Clothing
    Climate so warm they didn’t need much clothing
    Wore moccasins on their feet
    Grew cotton when it was colder
    Flydime, “Cotton” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 5. Southwest (con.)
    Shelter
    Lived in buildings made of adobe.
    Mixture of clay and straw
    Made on cliffs in shallow caves
    Used bones & wood to make latters to reach upper levels
    B A Bowen Photography, “Anasazi Dwelling” February 28 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 6. Southwest (con.)
    Ceremonies
    Kachinas: spirits of ancestors
    Return to bring clouds & rain
    norwichnuts, “Rain Coming”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 7. Pacific Northwest Tribes
    Where?
    Along Pacific Ocean
    From southern Alaska into Washington State.
  • 8. Pacific Northwest (con.)
    Food
    Lived off the oceans
    Hunted in the forest
    Gathered fruits from forests
    Ankakay, “Ocean View”, March 23 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 9. Pacific Northwest (con.)
    Clothing
    Made from cedar bark to protect from wind & rain
    Necklaces made from beaver teeth, bear claws, & clamshells
    Michael Scheltgen, “National Geographic Tree”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 10. Pacific Northwest(con.)
    Shelter
    Built Big Houses with Red Cedar trees
    20-60 ft wide
    50-150 ft long
    Wood planks for the roof
    Michael Scheltgen, “National Geographic Tree”, March 23 via Flickr Creative Commons Attribution
  • 11. Pacific Northwest (con.)
    Ceremonies
    Potlatch: dancing & gift giving
    Wore animal masks & covered in feathers & paint
    Destroyed valuables to gain great wealth
    Ellenm1, “Wolf Mask”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 12. Great Plain Tribes
    Where?
    Between Mississippi and Rocky Mountains
  • 13. Great Plains Tribes (con.)
    Food
    Hunters & Gathers
    Trade amongst tribes
    Buffalo & Antelope
    ForsterFoto, “Antelope”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 14. Great Plains Tribes (con.)
    Clothing
    Men wore animal skin leggings, loin cloth, & belt
    Buffalo skin when cold
    Women wore dresses made of deerskin
    ValentinaStorli, “Buffalo”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 15. Great Plains Tribes (con.)
    Shelter
    Lived in teepees made by leaning poles together and draping with buffalo skin
    Dominic Alves, “Teepee”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.
  • 16. Great Plains Tribes (con.)
    Ceremonies
    Sun Dance: 4 day celebration in the summer
    Ghost Dance: took place at night, believed to be able to talk to ancestors
    gr33n3gg, “Sun”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 17. Woodland Tribes
    Where?
    New England to the Great Lakes area and into Maine
  • 18. Woodland Tribes (con.)
    Food
    Hunters & Gathers
    Grew squash and pumpkins
    Hunted bears and moose
    Fisherman
    Thierry “Bear”, March 23, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
    Diana, “Bounty” March 23 via Flickr Creative Commons Attribution
    A. Poulos “Moose 1”, March 23, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 19. Woodland Tribes (con.)
    Clothing
    Wore clothing made from animal skin
    Moccasins made from buckskin
    Women wove grass skirts
    Emma Jane Hogbin, “Hand Made Moccasins” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 20. Woodland Tribes (con.)
    Shelter
    Wigwams: round wooden-framed structures, covered in bark
    Longhouses: rectangular wooden-framed structure covered in bark
    Jonathan Teiller, “DSC_1673.JPG” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 21. Woodland Tribes (con.)
    Ceremonies
    Cry ceremony: performed when member died, 5 days long chief would dance and sing around fire
    Used face paint as a way of expressing feelings
    Tech109, “Face Painting Jars”, March 23 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  • 22. Project
    Pick a Native American Tribe that interests you
    Describe in more detail how they lived in a one page paper
    Create a model sized living environment for your American Indian tribe
    South, Woodland, Plains, or Pacific Tribes are the choices
    If you have a specific tribe you would like to choose have it approved by me!
    Have Fun!
  • 23. Citations
    Information found at http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1330-american-indians-woodland-tribes-and-california-indians