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Powerpoint 1

  1. 1. History of Native Americans<br />Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Great Plains, & Eastern Woodland Tribes<br />
  2. 2. Southwest Tribes<br />Where?<br />Lived in Arizona, New Mexico, South Colorado, and northern Mexico area.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nordamerikanische_Kulturareale_en.png<br />
  3. 3. Southwest (con.)<br />Food<br />Farmers<br />Grew corn, beans, squash, melons, pumpkins, and fruit<br />Wild turkeys<br />Caitlin Regan, “Corn”, February 28 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />Wizan, “fruit” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  4. 4. Southwest (con.)<br />Clothing<br />Climate so warm they didn’t need much clothing<br />Wore moccasins on their feet<br />Grew cotton when it was colder<br />Flydime, “Cotton” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  5. 5. Southwest (con.)<br />Shelter<br />Lived in buildings made of adobe.<br />Mixture of clay and straw<br />Made on cliffs in shallow caves<br />Used bones & wood to make latters to reach upper levels<br />B A Bowen Photography, “Anasazi Dwelling” February 28 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  6. 6. Southwest (con.)<br />Ceremonies<br />Kachinas: spirits of ancestors<br />Return to bring clouds & rain<br />norwichnuts, “Rain Coming”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  7. 7. Pacific Northwest Tribes<br />Where?<br />Along Pacific Ocean<br />From southern Alaska into Washington State.<br />
  8. 8. Pacific Northwest (con.)<br />Food<br />David Saddler, “Ocean City” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />Used Ocean as main food source<br />Fruit from the forest<br />James Dowe, “Berries”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  9. 9. Pacific Northwest (con.)<br />Clothing<br />Made from cedar bark to protect from wind & rain<br />Necklaces made from beaver teeth, bear claws, & clamshells<br />Michael Scheltgen, “National Geographic Tree”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  10. 10. Pacific Northwest (con.)<br />Shelter<br />Big houses made from red cedar tree<br />Roof made of wood planks to keep rain out<br />Totem pole outside of the home represents the many generations<br />Paul Mannix, “Totem pole” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  11. 11. Pacific Northwest (con.)<br />Ceremonies<br />Potlatch: dancing & gift giving<br />Wore animal masks & covered in feathers & paint<br />Destroyed valuables to gain great wealth<br />Ellenm1, “Wolf Mask”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  12. 12. Great Plains Tribes<br />Where?<br />Area between the Mississippi & Rocky Mountains<br />
  13. 13. Great Plains Tribes (con.)<br />Food<br />Hunters & Gathers<br />Trade amongst tribes<br />Buffalo & Antelope<br />ForsterFoto, “Antelope”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  14. 14. Great Plains Tribes (con.)<br />Clothing<br />Men wore animal skin leggings, loin cloth, & belt<br />Buffalo skin when cold<br />Women wore dresses made of deerskin<br />ValentinaStorli, “Buffalo”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  15. 15. Great Plains Tribes (con.)<br />Shelter<br />Lived in teepees made by leaning poles together and draping with buffalo skin<br />Dominic Alves, “Teepee”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />
  16. 16. Great Plains Tribes (con.)<br />Ceremonies<br />Sun Dance: 4 day celebration in the summer<br />Ghost Dance: took place at night, believed to be able to talk to ancestors<br />gr33n3gg, “Sun”, February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  17. 17. Woodland Tribes<br />Where?<br />From Maryland to the Great Lake Area and into Maine<br />
  18. 18. Woodland Tribes (con.)<br />Food<br />Hunters & Gathers<br />Hunted Bear, moose, bison, & fishermen<br />Ate corn, beans, & berries<br />Grew squash, pumpkins, & melons<br />Thierry, “Bear” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />James, “Moose” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  19. 19. Woodland Tribes (con.)<br />Clothing<br />Wore clothing made from animal skin<br />Moccasins made from buckskin<br />Women wove grass skirts<br />Emma Jane Hogbin, “Hand Made Moccasins” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  20. 20. Woodland Tribes (con.)<br />Shelter<br />Wigwams: round wooden-framed structures, covered in bark<br />Longhouses: rectangular wooden-framed structure covered in bark<br />Jonathan Teiller, “DSC_1673.JPG” February 28, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />
  21. 21. Woodland Tribes (con.)<br />Ceremonies<br />Cry ceremony: performed when member died, 5 days long chief would dance and sing around fire<br />Wore masks to cure diseases said to scare evil spirit out of the sick person<br />
  22. 22. Project<br />Things to have on model:<br />Where<br />What type of shelter<br />Food/ other interests<br />Choices:<br />Pacific Northwest<br />Southwest<br />Great Plains<br />Woodland<br />Have fun!<br />Choose one type of American Indian tribe<br />Create a model of the shelter that tribe uses<br />
  23. 23. Citations<br />All information was found from the website www.kidzworld.com<br />Northwest Band: http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1387-american-indians-northwest-bands<br />Woodland Band: http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1330-american-indians-woodland-tribes-and-california-indians<br />Southwest Band: http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1389-american-indians-southwest-bands<br />Great Plains Band: http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1303-american-indians-plains-tribes-and-southeastern-tribes<br />

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