Get Pumped?<br />Use of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (SCII) BY ADOLESCENTS WITH TYPE I DIABETES TO OBTAIN OPTIMAL MANAGEMENT OF THE DISEASE AND ACHIEVE A BETTER QUALITY OF LIFE<br />Vanguard University<br />Jan Schlimmer<br />Kathy Thiermann<br />John Wu<br />
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Overview <br /><ul><li>What is Diabetes
Hemoglobin A1C</li></li></ul><li>What is Diabetes<br /><ul><li>Chronic Endocrinological disorder
Cells stop responding to insulin or the pancreas stops producing insulin
Elevated blood glucose concentration </li></li></ul><li> Types of diabetes<br /><ul><li>Type 1- Pancreas produces little or no insulin resulting in absolute dependence on subcutaneous insulin injections.
Type 2- Although the pancreas produces insulin, the body’s utilization of insulin is poor or inadequate(insulin resistance).Treated with diet, exercise, oral medication and/or subcutaneous insulin injections.
Gestational- Increased blood glucose during pregnancy, usually temporary.</li></ul>Focus of this project is on Type 1 DM<br />
Type 1 diabetes management<br />Goal- maintain blood glucose levels near normal range<br /><ul><li>Monitor glucose
Behaviors and Attitudes Affecting Adolescent </li></ul> Management of Type 1 DM<br /><ul><li>The Insulin Pump Can Better Manage </li></ul> Type I DM<br />
Statistics<br />23.6 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes.<br />
Type I Diabetes in Adolescents <br /><ul><li>Type 1 DM is approximately 10-20% of all cases of diabetes in the United States.
Approximately one in every 400 to 600 children are adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes.
Cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown, a strong association between diabetes and a genetic link is indicated, although environmental factors cannot be ruled out. </li></li></ul><li> ADOLESCENT Challenges in Managing TYPE I DM <br /><ul><li>Must contend with puberty, which can cause a negative impact on metabolic control due to hormonal influences
Social pressures to engage in unhealthy behaviors
Erratic school and activity schedules, diet, stress, and depression
Lack of sufficient diabetes knowledge and skills to manage the disease </li></ul> (Viklund and et al, 2007). <br />
Behaviors and attitudes affecting adolescent management of type I dm <br /><ul><li>Going to bed late, sleeping late, and eating meals at varying times
Less likely to follow diabetic treatment regimen due to social pressures
Want to be in charge of their own lives and create their own identities</li></ul>(A. Thomas, 1997)<br />
the Insulin pump can better manage type I dm<br /><ul><li>Insulin pump therapy can offer adolescents discreet, precise, </li></ul> and flexible insulin dosing, improved long-term glycemic control, reduces the risk of diabetic complications, and improves lifestyle (Webb, 2006).<br /><ul><li>CSII gives the adolescents a sense of freedom and normalcy because meals no longer need to be taken at fixed times; they can sleep in, go to sleepovers, play sports, and take part in social activities without fear of hypoglycemia.</li></li></ul><li>Research<br />According to Cersosimo 2003, studies show that patients treated with Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII), via insulin pump, demonstrate:<br /><ul><li>greater reductions in HbA1c
a better quality of life </li></li></ul><li>Mission Statement <br />The mission of the project is to engage adolescents in managing their Type 1 DM with a modern, aesthetically pleasing pump that is easy to use, accurate, discrete, and will allow them to live their lives without major lifestyle changes that impact their identities as teenagers. The pump will allow for flexibility of eating and exercising habits that lead to a better quality of life.<br />
Request for Proposal <br /><ul><li>Product Selection
References</li></li></ul><li>Requirements for adolescents to use the insulin pump<br /><ul><li>A knowledge base of Type I diabetes
A positive attitude towards diabetes management
An understanding of the insulin pump and how it operates
A positive support system </li></li></ul><li>First Stage – Initial Inquiry <br /><ul><li>Website provides local contact information available for the adolescent and family.
OmniPod’s online service provides information about the disease process and how the device assists adolescents to control their Type 1 diabetes, while not compromising their daily life style but enhancing their quality of life.
OmniPod offers a free demo pod that the adolescent can wear. The non-working pod is designed to give the adolescent the sense of how the pod looks and feels when worn.</li></li></ul><li>Second Stage – Pre-Training Preparation/In-Person Training <br /> The website offers an Interactive Training Program which contains a broad range of in-depth training:<br /><ul><li>Pump Therapy Basics: Understand the difference between basal and bolus doses, and how to determine what you need.
OmniPod System Overview: Gain insight into the way the system works and how it can make diabetes a smaller part of your life.</li></li></ul><li>Second Stage – Pre-Training Preparation/In-Person Training<br /><ul><li>An interactive, simulated PDM: See step-by-step instructions for programming the PDM.
In-depth Training: Go far beyond “basics” when you follow detailed instructions on changing the Pod, testing your blood glucose and using the PDM’s advanced settings.
Diabetes Resources: Read helpful sections on nutrition, exercise, handling sick days, being away from home and avoiding highs and lows.</li></ul> The adolescent should review the Pre-Training Preparation section before meeting the trainer.<br />
Second Stage – Pre-Training Preparation/In-Person Training <br /><ul><li>After completing the pre-training preparation, a Certified Pod Trainer offers hands-on detailed instruction on how to use the device, including programming the PDM with personal settings, starting the first Pod and answering all questions.
Both the adolescent and their families should be encouraged to ask questions prior to making the final decision to begin with the OmniPod Insulin Management System.</li></li></ul><li>Stage Three – Continuing Education<br /><ul><li>Continuing education is an on-going process for both the adolescent and their family.
The adolescent’s diabetes management will be evaluated by the healthcare provider and the adolescent as to how the OmniPod has improved the adolescent’s quality of life.
OmniPod offers a Customer Care Hotline 24/7 </li></li></ul><li>References<br /><ul><li>American Diabetes Association (2007) Http;//www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-satistic
Baker, LR, Burton, JR., and Vieve, PD. Principles of Ambulatory Medicine Sixth edition(1183). Philadelphia, PA: Liptincott Williams & Wilkins: 2003
Cersosimo, E. (2003). To Pump or Not to Pump. Diabetes Care , 967.
George, C. (2009). Future trends in diabetes management. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 477-483.
E. Muller-Godeffroy, S. T. (2009). Education and Psychological Aspects Investigation of Quality of Life and Family Burden Issues During Insulin Pump Therapy in Children with Type I Diabetes Mellitus- a large-scale multicenter pilot study. Diabetic Medicine , 493-501.
Melville, B. (2005). The insulin pump: why not use it for every type1 Diabetic patient?. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 28(4), 370-377.
Smeltzer, C., Suzanne, Bare, G., Brenda, Hinkle, L., Janice, and Cheever, H., Kerry. (2008) Assessment and Management of Patients With Diabetes Mellitus. In P, Darcy (Ed). Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing Eleventh Edition(pp1376 -1377). Philadelphia, PA: LWW</li></li></ul><li>References<br /><ul><li>Thomas, L. P. (1997). Problem solving and diabetes regimen adherence by children and adolescents with IDDM in social pressure situations: a reflection of normal development. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 541-561.
Viklund, G., Rudberg, S., and Wikblad, K.F. (2007). Teenager with diabetes: Self-management education and training on a big schooner. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 13, 385-392
Webb, K. (2006) Use of insulin pump for diabetic management. MEDSURG Nursing, 15(2), 61-94
Weinzimer, S., Ahern, J., Doyle, E., Vincent, M., Dziura, J., Steffen, A., et al. (2004). Persistence of Benefits of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion in Very Young Children With Type 1Diabetes; A Follow-up Report. Pediatrics, 114 (6), 1601-1605.
Ziemberg, T. (2001). The Medtronic MiniMed certified pump trainer manual. Sylmar, CA:MedtronicMiniMed, INC.</li>