Internet of Things, Quantified Self and Smart Cities in the context of Singularity and other Big Picture Trends


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The cutting edge and complete overview of all key cases and examples within the Quantified Self and Internet of Things (IoT) movements across the globe.

As an active organizer/founder/ambassador of Quantified Self Europe and Amsterdam as well as Mobile Monday Amsterdam, Lean Startup Rotterdam and Singularity University NL I was able to synthesize this presentation on IoT.

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Internet of Things, Quantified Self and Smart Cities in the context of Singularity and other Big Picture Trends

  1. The Internet of Things(Quantified Self, IoT, Smart Cities, Smart Cars, Smart Clothes)May, 2012Yuri van GeestQuantified Self EuropeSingularity University – NL AmbassadorVodafone Mobile ClicksTEDx 1
  2. Agenda•  Big Picture•  Internet of Things –  Houses, Transport & Infrastructure, Robots, Tracking, Clothes, Bodies 2
  3. Big Picture 3
  4. Power, Knowledge & GlobalizationReligion & Church (< 1500)Nations (1500-1800)Multinationals (1800-2000)Individual & Social network (> 2000)•  Social Media / Mobile Internet / DNA Profile / DIY Bio / Neuro Profiles / Urban Farming (DIY Food) / Solar Energy / 3D Printers / Robots / Claytronics / Nanofactories / Self Health & Education / Smart Cities & the Internet of Things 4
  5. Globalization of Individuals & Groups•  Increased Empowerment / DIY•  From Making Digital Products to Material (3D Printers) and Biological (DNA printer) Products•  Strong Rise of Startup Culture due to Convergence / Singularity 5
  6. Evolution: More openness•  Blogs (2003) / Typepad•  Photos (2004) / Flickr•  Videos (2005) / YouTube•  Tweets (2007) / Twitter•  Location (2009) / FourSquare•  Personal Health Data (2011) / Quantified Self•  Smart Cities (2013?) / Internet of Things•  DNA (2015?) / Nanopore / Life / Halcyon Molecular•  Brain (2016?) / OmNeuron / NeuroSky / Emotiv / InteraxonFrom the Outside World to our Inside Worlds/Bodies 7
  7. We Make The Invisible Visible and SocialPlanned Serendipity 8
  8. Internet of Things 9
  9. 13-3-2012 Online Tuesday 10
  10. Every Body / Thing /Object Will Become an Open Platform with anOpen API (in the end) 11
  11. Key developmentsEverything is connected(internet, sensor networks, objects)Open data(API’s; government, infrastructure, health)Apps for everything(in cities, at home, in cars, etc.) 12
  12. BenefitsOptimization / Productivity / EfficiencyEffectivenessCollaboration / CooperationPrevention (Self Diagnosing & Healing Systems)Scientific Research (Open Data, Big Data) 13
  13. Key developments 14
  14. U-City Songdo (Z-Korea, 2014)•  What is it: –  City with interconnected services (health, school, traffic, sports, shopping, home, (disaster) alerts, security, etc.) –  65.000 residents, 300.000 work spaces, Business Hub•  Used technology: –  Wireless (WiFi, bluetooth) –  RFID tags, NFC 15
  15. Masdar City (Abu Dhabi, 2020)•  What is it: –  Fully self-sufficient city (CO2 neutral, no waste) –  50.000 res., 1.500 companies –  No cars allowed, unmanned public transport instead•  Used technology: –  Sustainable green energy: solar, wind, hydrogen power station –  Water station on solar power, recycling possibilities   16
  16. Smart Cities Houses 17
  17. Smart Home 18
  18. Energy & Visualization•  What is it: –  Smart meters, energy monitoring, remote control of home devices•  Examples: –  SmartSync meters –  Nuon eManager –  AT&T Digital Life –  Transparant Samsung Smart Window 19
  19. Cell-All•  What is it: –  Recognition of dangerous, deadly gasses and chemicals in the air –  Gives automatic alerts when needed•  Used technology: –  Sensors that measure the concentration of different chemicals•  Created by: –  Homeland Security, NASA, Synkera, Qualcomm, NC4 20
  20. Smart CitiesTransport & Infrastructure 21
  21. Smart Cars - Google’s Self-Driving Car•  What is it: –  Knight Rider IRL –  Cars that are connected with the environment and can communicate with other vehicles –  Can drive autonomously•  Used technology: –  Many different sensors (proximity, accelerometer, GPS, radars, etc) 22
  22. Personal & Public Transport•  Examples: –  Wi-Fly –  MIT Media Lab CityCar (car on demand) –  PRT (personal rapid transit systems) 23
  23. Smart Transport - Benefits•  Reduced accident rates•  Less traffic / jams•  Reduce energy consumption (lowered emissions)•  Improved productivity and on board entertainment 24
  24. Infrastructure sensors•  Examples: –  Smart cameras that react on sounds and movement. Can recognize specific sounds (e.g. gunfire, scream, etc.). –  Sensors in road / traffic cameras. Can detect traffic congestions. –  Sensors in bridges and locks. Information when open and closed for water / road transport –  Sensors in buoys, measuring temperature, water height, etc, as well as alerting when needed 25
  25. Smart Cities Robots 26
  26. For elderly, handicapped & security•  What is it: –  Remote health access, alert service, contact with family –  Telepresence –  Help with daily shores, improving living quality (air refreshing, cleaning, etc.)•  Examples: –  Carebot –  iRobot –  Willow Garage 27
  27. Robot Swarms•  What is it: –  Groups of robots that do tasks more efficiently and in a fundamentally different way than individually –  Swarms can cover large grounds and communicate with each other –  Will be especially interesting with nanobots•  Examples: –  James McLurkin (Rice University) –  SMAVNET (Switzerland) 28
  28. Smart Cities Tracking 29
  29. Object tracking•  What is it: –  Tags that can be added to objects, food, animals or people to track their whereabouts –  E.g: keys, wallet, mobile, bags•  Used technology: –  RFID tags –  NFC•  Examples: –  Touchatag –  ZigBee 30
  30. People Tracking•  What is it: –  Tracking sensors for children, elderly (e.g. dementia) and pets•  Used technology: –  RFID tags –  GPS•  Examples: –  Amber Alert GPS –  WorldTracker 31
  31. Smart Cities Clothes 32
  32. Team Lab interactive Hanger (Japan)•  What is it: –  Digital interactive hangers with RFID tags –  Interact with digital displays above products, triggering content when a hanger is picked up –  Logs details and aggregates data about popularity and effectiveness of its positioning•  Used technology: –  RFID –  TV screens connected with a computer 33
  33. Smart Clothes (Georgia Tech)•  What is it: –  Uses optical fibers to detect bullet wounds –  Medical Monitoring (Disease & Infant) –  Athletics and Biofeedback –  Police, Fire and Military Uses•  Used technology: –  Sensing devices (vital signs, oxygen and gas levels, sound, temperature) 34
  34. Clothes = Media (thousands ofdress lights) Case: Wearable LEDs LED •  What:     –  The  dress  is  made  with   2mm  by  2mm  LEDs  woven   into  a  silk  chiffon  and   organza  crinoline  fabrics.   This  makes  the  dress  more   flowing  and  wearable.     •  Used  technology:   –  24.000  LEDs     –  Powered  by  iPod  baEeries  
  35. Smart Cities Bodies 36
  36. Mobile Health Sensors/Quantified Self•  Heart rate People as Sensors•  Body temperature•  Blood pressure Real-time Lifelogging and•  Cholesterol Sharing it on Social Media•  Sugar•  Sleep Aggregated and•  Movement Anonymous data will be input for Open•  Chemicals in surrounding Innovation and Science•  Outside temperature•  Presence of people Speedy detection of•  DNA Pandemics (decentralized•  Brain crowdsourced) 37
  37. Examples: Fitness / Running trackers BasisFitBit BandUltra Nike+ Jawbone UP iHome Fitness Evolved Headphones 38
  38. Examples: Self trackingWithings Zeo Sleep Manager iBGStar 39
  39. Spiroscout Mobile Diary (Asthmapolis)•  Used for: –  Asthma tracking & managing•  Used technology: –  Inhaler  tracking  device   (see  image  below)  •  Result: –  Asthma  mapping  and   idenKfiable  causes   40
  40. Helius smart pills (Proteus)•  Used for: –  Vital Signs –  Sleep patterns –  Physical activity –  Stress levels•  Used technology: –  Chip  in  a  small  ingesKble  pill 41
  41. NeuroSky & Necomimi•  Used for: –  Controlling and training your brainwave –  Showing attention and meditation levels of a brain•  Other initiative: –  Necomimi (Neurowear) –  Turns brain signals from emotions into visible actions –  For example: rising when focused or drop down when relaxed 42
  42. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation•  How TDCS works: –  Electrical brain stimulation current is delivered through EEG electrodes placed on the head –  Speeds up learning (50% faster in some occasions) or achieve a state of creative FLOW using GoFlow product   43
  43. The Future: Tricorder30-1-2012 Singularity University 44
  44. What can we learn from this?•  Higher evolved Experiencing (the NOW) and Remembering (the PAST). The latter will be outsourced by technology.•  We become more intuitive and (delayed) reflective/ rational at the same time.•  Assumption: The integration will be a seamless, automatic and implicit instead of explicit and interruptive >>> life becomes more natural, organic, creative and flow 45
  45. We Make The Invisible Visible and SocialPlanned Serendipity and Synchronicity 46
  46. Internet of Things Key Enabler ofIntention Economy / VRM 47
  47. Take away“Man knows himself only to the extent that he knows the world; he becomes aware of himself only within the world, and aware of the world only within himself.” “Every object, well contemplated, opens up a new organ of perception within us.” (Goethe) 48
  48. We will become more ofourselves (creative, bottom up, purpose, hyper individual, intrinsic motivation, pure, connected) Burning Man 49
  49. Yuri van GeestSingularity University – MoMo –Quantified Self Europe – TEDxAmsterdam – Topteam CreativeIndustry – Mobile ClicksTwitter: @vangeest+31 6 113 19 50