OccupationalSafety & Health Administration (CAL/OSHA) An Overview
Objective Understand the role of the California Occupational Health and Safety Administration (Cal OSHA). Understand the Employee and Employer Rights and Responsibilities under (Cal OSHA).
What is OSHA? Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 led to the formation of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Mission of OSHA is to save lives, prevent injuries and protect the health of Americas workers.
Cal OSHA Federal plan allowed states to have their own program (California - 1973). California OSHA’s goal is the same as Fed OSHA. Just like Federal OSHA it has two main branches: Enforcement and Consultation
Enforcement The Cal/OSHA enforcement unit has jurisdiction over every place of employment in California which is necessary to adequately enforce and administer all occupational safety and health standards and regulations.
DLSE TheDivision of Labor Standards Enforcement investigates allegations of retaliation or discrimination for complaining about safety and health conditions or practices in the workplace within six months of adverse action.
Supervisor/ManagerResponsibilities Establish, implement and maintain an Injury and Illness Prevention Program, and periodically update it to keep employees safe. Ensure employees obtain required training before beginning work. Investigate accidents to determine causal factors, and implement corrective actions. Provide supervision to ensure employee compliance with safety rules and procedures. Implement disciplinary actions when necessary to correct unsafe work behaviors.
Employee responsibilities Following all workplace safety and health rules and regulations, and wearing/using prescribed protective equipment while working. Reporting hazardous conditions to the employer. Reporting any job-related injury or illness to the employer and seeking prompt treatment. Cooperating with Cal/OSHA enforcement personnel during an inspection if they inquire about safety and health conditions in the workplace. Exercising worker rights under the California Occupational Safety and Health Act.
Injury and Illness PreventionPlan (IIPP) TheIIPP is the “umbrella” safety program that details how the organization will protect employees from hazards in the workplace. (Communication System) Check with your department safety coordinator to see if a departmental IIPP has already been established.
Documenting activities You must keeping records of the steps taken to establish and maintain the (IIPP), including records of the scheduled and periodic inspections to identify hazardous conditions and work practices, and documentation of the safety and health training given to employees. These records must be kept for at least one year.
Workplace Safety & HealthInspections Cal/OSHA is authorized to conduct workplace inspections to enforce occupational safety and health standards.
Penalties Penalties for general and regulatory violations may be assessed up to $7,000 for each violation. A penalty of not less than $5,000 or more than $70,000 may be assessed an employer who willfully violates any occupational safety and health standard or order. The maximum civil penalty that can be assessed for each repeat violation is $70,000.
Criminal penaltiesA willful violation that causes death or permanent or prolonged impairment of the body of any employee results, upon conviction, in a fine of up to $250,000 or imprisonment up to three years, or both and if the employer is a corporation or limited liability company, the fine may not exceed $1.5 million.
StatisticsCalifornia private industry Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work. Total.........................................................102,480.By Gender: Male...........................................................61,330. Female.......................................................40,860.
Reasons to be in compliancewith CAL OSHA First moral and ethical reasons. Second legal reasons. Third Health and Safety Authority inspectors visiting workplaces will want to know how employers are managing safety and health. And finally financial reasons. Remember effective practices of safety and health management in the workplace contributes to business success.