INTRODUCTION TO   GENETICS            By:   Samantha Rose Bernardo   Vanessa Celine Gabaldon         AAPD2F
What is Genetics? It is the science that deals with the study of heredity  and variation. GENETICS came from the word ge...
SCIENTISTS WHOCONTRIBUTED TO GENETICS
CHARLES DARWINIdea of natural evolutionOrigin of Species Pangenesis Theory
ARISTOTLEalso contributed inPangenesis Theorygemmules
GREGOR MENDEL Father of modern Genetics He used Pisum Sativum  (Graden Pea) in his study. There are 7 characteristics  ...
WHO DUPLICATED THE WORK      OF MENDEL         (1900)
CARL CORRENS
HUGO DE VRIES
ERICH VON ISCHERMAK
FRIEDRICH MIESCHER He said that within the  chromosomes, there is weak  acid.
WILLIAM HENRY SUTTON Affiliated the behavior of  chromosomes to the genes.
SCIENTISTS WHOCONFIRMED DNA
OSWALD AVERY
COLIN MUNRO MACLEOD
MACLYN McCARTY
ROSALIND FRANKLIN Gave an idea that the structure of  DNA is a helical structure.
SCOPE AND BRANCHES
CYTOGENETICS Science that deals with the physical basic of heredity                          (cell)        MOLECULAR GENE...
BRANCHES OF MOLECULAR      GENETICS               GENOMICS         Study of genes of an organism              PROTEONICS...
CLASSICAL GENETICS   Study of analysis of offspring to mating (parents to                         offspring)           PO...
BEHAVIORAL GENETICS Study of behavior of an organism.
METHODS OF GENETIC STUDY1. Pedigree Analysis Transmission of trait through the use of   pedigree. Pictorial representati...
3. Planned Experimental Breeding Dominant trait- can be seen and manifested  trait. Recessive- hidden trait Homozygous-...
Kinds of Twins:Praternal- Dizygotic twinIdentical- Monozygotic twinConcordance twin(praternal)- possess a trait  or do ...
2 Kinds of HypothesisNull   Negative guessAlternative    Positive guess
GENETIC ENGINEERINGKey factor for biotechnologyCome up with a desirable traitManipulating a certain trait
APPLICATION OF GENETICS1. Field of Medicine2. Agriculture/Food Production/Industry3. Legal Application4. Genetic Counselin...
The End
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Introduction to Genetics

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By: Samantha Rose Bernardo
Vanessa Celine Gabaldon

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Introduction to Genetics

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO GENETICS By: Samantha Rose Bernardo Vanessa Celine Gabaldon AAPD2F
  2. 2. What is Genetics? It is the science that deals with the study of heredity and variation. GENETICS came from the word gen, genetikos meaning generative and genesis meaning beginning.HEREDITY: transmission of traits from parent to offspring.VARIATION: similarities and differences
  3. 3. SCIENTISTS WHOCONTRIBUTED TO GENETICS
  4. 4. CHARLES DARWINIdea of natural evolutionOrigin of Species Pangenesis Theory
  5. 5. ARISTOTLEalso contributed inPangenesis Theorygemmules
  6. 6. GREGOR MENDEL Father of modern Genetics He used Pisum Sativum (Graden Pea) in his study. There are 7 characteristics of pea in his study LAW: Mendelian Laws of Inheritance (Law of Segragation and Independent Assortment)
  7. 7. WHO DUPLICATED THE WORK OF MENDEL (1900)
  8. 8. CARL CORRENS
  9. 9. HUGO DE VRIES
  10. 10. ERICH VON ISCHERMAK
  11. 11. FRIEDRICH MIESCHER He said that within the chromosomes, there is weak acid.
  12. 12. WILLIAM HENRY SUTTON Affiliated the behavior of chromosomes to the genes.
  13. 13. SCIENTISTS WHOCONFIRMED DNA
  14. 14. OSWALD AVERY
  15. 15. COLIN MUNRO MACLEOD
  16. 16. MACLYN McCARTY
  17. 17. ROSALIND FRANKLIN Gave an idea that the structure of DNA is a helical structure.
  18. 18. SCOPE AND BRANCHES
  19. 19. CYTOGENETICS Science that deals with the physical basic of heredity (cell) MOLECULAR GENETICS  Chemical basis of heredity  Newest and most advanced field of Genetics
  20. 20. BRANCHES OF MOLECULAR GENETICS GENOMICS  Study of genes of an organism PROTEONICS study of proteins coming from DNA replication.
  21. 21. CLASSICAL GENETICS  Study of analysis of offspring to mating (parents to offspring) POPULATION GENETICS Deals with the transmission of trait with a large group of individual through a passage of time. BEHAVIORAL GENETICS  Study of behavior of an organism.
  22. 22. BEHAVIORAL GENETICS Study of behavior of an organism.
  23. 23. METHODS OF GENETIC STUDY1. Pedigree Analysis Transmission of trait through the use of pedigree. Pictorial representation2. Karyotyping Detect chromosomal abnormality karyogram/ karyotype (pictorial representation of chromosomes)
  24. 24. 3. Planned Experimental Breeding Dominant trait- can be seen and manifested trait. Recessive- hidden trait Homozygous- two identical alleles Heterozygous- two unidentical alleles4. Twin Study Study of twins
  25. 25. Kinds of Twins:Praternal- Dizygotic twinIdentical- Monozygotic twinConcordance twin(praternal)- possess a trait or do not or bothDisconcordance(identical)- if one possesses the other is not.5. Statistical Analysis Make use of several data Use for population data
  26. 26. 2 Kinds of HypothesisNull  Negative guessAlternative  Positive guess
  27. 27. GENETIC ENGINEERINGKey factor for biotechnologyCome up with a desirable traitManipulating a certain trait
  28. 28. APPLICATION OF GENETICS1. Field of Medicine2. Agriculture/Food Production/Industry3. Legal Application4. Genetic Counseling5. Genetic Code
  29. 29. The End

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