Amman Workshop - Overview - M MacKay
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Amman Workshop - Overview - M MacKay

on

  • 1,003 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,003
Views on SlideShare
1,003
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Amman Workshop - Overview - M MacKay Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Global information on germplasm accessions project – an overview Michael Mackay
  • 2. What is the project about?
    • Partnership between GCDT, ITPGRFA & Bioversity to support the global system.
  • 3. GCDT Vision of a Global System Based on a slide by Cary Fowler Global System Rational Efficient Effective Cost-efficient Sustainable
  • 4. What is the project about?
    • Partnership between GCDT, ITPGRFA & Bioversity to support the global system.
    • Three components:
      • Data Standards
      • GRIN-Global
      • Accession level information portal to > 2M accessions
    • Compliant with MLS and SMTA.
    • Delivery by April 2011.
  • 5. Project has 3 components plus DATA!!
  • 6. What is the project about?
    • Partnership between GCDT, ITPGRFA & Bioversity to support the global system.
    • Three components:
      • Data Standards
      • GRIN-Global
      • Accession level information portal to > 2M accessions
    • Compliant with MLS and SMTA.
    • Delivery by April 2011.
  • 7. Data adds value to PGR
    • Passport data been around for long time
    • This data alone is not so useful to facilitate utilization
      • 50 year history, no exploitation methods had real impact
      • GCDT Crop Strategies etc
  • 8. So what’s the problem?
    • Improving conservation
    • Improving data
    • Improving use: Choosing the right samples for your needs
    Courtesy: R Sackville-Hamilton Vavilov (1957) emphasizes need to select correct ‘ starting material’ for crop improvement.
  • 9. Global portal for accessing and utilizing PGR National Focal Point regional global national CGN GRIN NGB BLE AGRI VIR NFPs/NIs.. CGIAR / SINGER EUROPA /EURISCO North America /GRIN NDL AZE RUS … ISL NOR DNK SWE FIN USA CAN DEU Global System … = “Who has What and Where?” Passport Phenotype Others … Models MLS AEGIS sMTA,Others Models Passport Phenotype Others … Models
  • 10. Information adds value -
    • Combinations of passport, characterization, evaluation and environmental data allowed selection of right accessions to double the number of known functional alleles for Pm3 locus in just two years.
  • 11. Example of Impact : Allele mining 1 FIGS = Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (various, incl. Mackay et al , manuscript in preparation) 2 Kaur et al. Eur J Plant Pathol (2008) 121:387–397
    • 16,000 bread wheat landraces
    • 1,300 chosen using FIGS 1 method (Passport + evaluation + GIS + environment data)
    • Phenotyping showed 211 accessions either R or IR
    • For Pm3 : 2
      • 100 years classic genetics = 7 alleles
      • FIGS + MoBo + 2 years = 7 new alleles
      • At least two have new race specificity
  • 12. C & E Data
    • Who will use this type of data?
      • Policy maker
      • Bureaucrat
      • Student
      • Scientist
    • Make sure we focus on who the user is, what the user wants and then provide appropriate functionality.
  • 13. Location C & E “ +” Data P Data Methods Users ?? ? answer Location
  • 14. Needle in a haystack? 6 million accessions in 1500 gene banks ?? Scientist wants a few hundred accessions to evaluate for a particular trait How does the scientist select a small subset likely to have the trait?
  • 15. C & E Data Options
    • Considered difficult to add C & E data, but GRIN & ICIS have been doing for some time.
    • Difficulty not so much in storing data, but more in getting, managing & facilitating its use.
      • Need a method of accepting any data contributed
      • Need to link ''families" of data. E.g. All drought related evaluation data, despite different methods, approaches etc
      • PGR users need to easily find the data they seek
      • Possible solutions....
  • 16. Other data options
    • Environmental data for any geo-referenced accessions
      • FIGS approach offers 60+ environmental parameters
    • Visualization through mapping, download to Google Earth etc
  • 17. Another option to consider…
  • 18. The project also…
    • Developing these approaches including options for:
    • Uploading data
    • Web services tools
    • Flexible genebank management software with built-in client, network and web functionality
    • Opportunity for ECPGR etc to take advantage of these developments
  • 19. Demonstration web site - 01
  • 20. Adding environmental data…
  • 21. And visualization functionality ….
  • 22. Thank you