Restorative awareness briefing

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restorative awareness briefing sept 2012

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Restorative awareness briefing

  1. 1. A Restorative Borough Restorative Awareness training 3rd August 2012 The Elms Marcus Czarnecki Registered Restorative Trainer
  2. 2. Restorative Awareness Early A.M. Later A.M. Introduction & Agreement Demonstration Conference. AM RJ Principles, Application. Skills, Theories, Emotions. Fair Process. Introduction Participant Preparation, to Script and Phases. Skills Practice.M.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer
  3. 3. Needs Concerns Expectations 3 groups work on each paper 3 papers Needs Concerns Expectations Rotate papers
  4. 4. Restorative Justice Definition “…a process whereby all the parties with a stake in a particular offence (or incident) come together to resolve collectively how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and the implications for the future.”M.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Marshall, T.F., 1999
  5. 5. Restorative Justice Principles ‘It is not any particular practice, but a set of principleswhich may orientate the general practice of any agency or group in relation to crime.’‘These principles are:•making room for the personal involvement of those mainlyconcerned (particularly the offender and the victim, but alsotheir families and communities)•seeing crime problems in their social context•a forward-looking (or preventative) problem-solving orientation•flexibility of practice (creativity).’ M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer Marshall, T.F., 1999
  6. 6. Restorative Justice – O ffe k or nd w et er Who is it for? N ’s l ia So c ci So al ’s Ne im Victim Offender tw ct Vi or k Justice Agencies Local CommunityM.Czarnecki Restorative Wider SocietyTrainer Marshall, T.F., 1999
  7. 7. Punitive Systems• 25% satisfaction rate with British Justice System;• 2 out of 3 witnesses will never be a witness again;• Usually little victim or community involvement;• Focused on the offender with intent of shaming;• Adversarial, all about proving offence;• Easy option, but drives behaviour ‘underground’;• Rewards are part of threat/punishment continuum;• Take away control results in anarchy. M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  8. 8. Restorative Systems• The “harm caused” is the focus;• Involves victims, offenders, & their communities;• Offender accountable to people not ‘the system’;• Brings everyone together - emotional intelligence;• Gets to the reasons why, and deals with both sides;• Behaviour less likely to go underground. Meetings build relationships for the future;• Take away control and everyone is still accountable for the Restorative their behaviour has on others. M.Czarnecki effect Trainer Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  9. 9. International Restorative JusticeM.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  10. 10. Justice Bifurcation Theory Punitive- Threat Separation System needed for survivalRestorative-Reintegrative SystemM.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  11. 11. Restorative Justice in Practice Disputes, Bullying• School and exclusions Community Peer Neighbour disputes Conferencing• Society Mediation & community issues Disputes, internal &• Work external complaints Restorative Victim-Offender Conferencing &• Crime pre- All criminal Mediation Cautioning court offences• Court pre- Decision on sentence sentence reparation/intervention Family Sentencing• Post Closure and Group Sentence Circles mediation needs Conferencing• Prison &Restorative M.Czarnecki Closure and Rehab Trainer rehabilitation needs Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  12. 12. Restorative Practices Continuum Informal Formal Affective Affective Small Group or Formal statements questions impromptu circle conference conferenceM.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Source IIRP
  13. 13. Levels of personal restorativeness Personal and professional life informed by4 BEING restorative principles (proactive) Using restorative approaches only when an3 DOING incident occurs (reactive) ENCOURAGING Aware of restorative approaches – makes2 OTHERS referrals to others but not personally involved Aware of restorative justice/approaches and1 INTERESTED open to their potential0 IGNORANT Unaware of restorative justice/approaches Rejects restorative justice/approaches – for-1 RESISTANT ideological or practical reasons
  14. 14. Levels of school/agency/ or organisational restorativeness School/Organisation informed by restorative4 BEING principles (proactive policies, procedures,) Using restorative approaches only when an3 DOING incident occurs (reactive) ENCOURAGING Aware of restorative approaches – makes2 OTHERS referrals to outside agencies Aware of restorative approaches and open to1 INTERESTED their potential0 IGNORANT Unaware of restorative justice/approaches Rejects restorative approaches – for-1 RESISTANT ideological or practical reasons
  15. 15. Levels of community/local authority restorativeness District/local authority informed by restorative4 BEING principles (proactive policies, procedures,) District/local authority using restorative3 DOING approaches only when an incident occurs (reactive) ENCOURAGING Pockets of practice–some agencies and2 OTHERS schools using restorative approaches Aware of restorative approaches and open to1 INTERESTED their potential0 IGNORANT Unaware of restorative justice/approaches Rejects restorative approaches – for-1 RESISTANT ideological or practical reasons
  16. 16. Restorative Justice Psychological Route for Harmers. Uplift from Reintegration and acceptance Hamers initial mind set Uplift from empowerment “Shame” is experiencedM.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  17. 17. Restorative Justice Psychological Route for Harmed. Uplift from reintegration and reparation Uplift from empowerment Uplift from loss of Uplift from mystique catharticHamred release and or initial apologymind set M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer Ledwidge, M., 2011: Restorative Justice Training Foundation
  18. 18. ‘The Nine Affects’ Tomkins identified nine distinct affects to explain the expression of emotion in all human beings. Most of the affects are defined by pairs of words that represent the least and the most intense expression of a particular affect.M.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Adapted from Nathanson, 1992: Source IIRP
  19. 19. ‘Seven Stages of Grief’ Transition Curve ModelMorale Anger Acceptance Denial Learning Loss Understanding Despair Time M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer Adapted from Kubler-Ross 1969
  20. 20. Social Discipline Window High TO WITH Control (limit-setting, discipline) Punitive Restorative authoritarian authoritative NOT FOR Neglectful Permissive irresponsible paternalisticM.Czarnecki Restorative LowTrainer Support (encouragement, nurture) High Source IIRP
  21. 21. Adapted from Kim & Mauborgne, 2005. M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer
  22. 22. Compass of Shame Withdrawal: •Isolating oneself •Running and hiding Attack other: Attack self: •“Turning the tables” •Self put down •Blaming the victim •Masochism •Lashing out verbally or physically Avoidance: •Denial M.Czarnecki Restorative •Abusing drugs and alcohol Trainer •Distraction through thrill seekingAdapted from Nathanson, 1992, p.132.
  23. 23. Theory of Reintegrative Shaming (Adapted from Braithwaite, J.: Source Ledwidge, M., 2011 – Restorative Justice Training Foundation)Factors which tend to make the population less interdependent and less concerned about the effect they have on others. Low Residential Age Gender Unmarried Unemployed Urbanisation aspirations mobility INTERDEPENDENCY COMMUNITARIANISM (dependent on others – condition of Inextricably linked (interdependencies of mutual respect & individuals) trust – condition of society) EVOLUTION OF SHAMING IN JUDICIAL PROCESSESSTRONG COMMUNITY WEAK COMMUNITY REINTEGRATIVE STIGMATISATION SHAMING • Legitimate opportunities systematically • Supports the development of communitarianism blocked for critical fractions of population • Reintegration of errant individuals • Criminal Subculture formation & participation • Concerned & participative members of society • Illegitimate opportunities to indulge tastes LOW CRIME RATES M.Czarnecki Restorative HIGH CRIME RATES Trainer
  24. 24. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Self Actualisation Needs Morality, Spontaneity, Problem solving, Lack of prejudice, Acceptance of facts Esteem Needs Self-esteem, Confidence, achievement, Respect of others, Respect by others Belonging and Love Needs Friendship, family, sexual intimacy Safety Needs Security of body/ employment/ resources/ morality/ the family/ health/ property Psychological Needs Breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretionM.Czarnecki RestorativeTrainer Adapted from Maslow, 1943.
  25. 25. Transactional Analysis (Adapted from Berne: Source Ledwidge, M., 2011 – Restorative Justice Training Foundation) Critical Parent – Nurturing Parent – Shows prejudice;Helps; doesn’t listen; criticises; blames; supports people;avoids conflict; shows PARENT Effective communication PARENT instructs; doesn’t listen; is bigoted; prejudice; always accepts conflict; knows best. judges. Adult – Adult –Uses logic & logical Unemotional; argument; possibly boring; listens/weighs/ Effectivebalances; questions ADULT Facilitator’s ADULT dedicated; gives communication credit where credit is facts & opinions; due; accepts doesn’t get drawn reasons. into side issues. Free/Natural Child – Adapted Child – Happy; no Completely reactive; commitment to follows others; either people or tasks; asksfollows instructions or CHILD Effective CHILD questions; disruptive; rebels; is petulant or communication completely selfish; totally acceptant; reacts to instant anxious to please or feelings; proactive; totally unreasonable. uninhibited. M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer
  26. 26. Ways of Talking Conversationtogether Deliberation Lack of understanding; disagreement; basic choice point; personal evaluation of options & strategy Internal listening; Advocacy; Suspension Accepting differences; competing; Discussion building mutual trust convincing Confronting own & Others assumptions; Exploring Dialogue Revealing feelings; oppositions Dialectic Building common ground Thinking & feeling as A whole group; Resolving Metalogue Building new shared By logic & Debate assumptions, culture beating down M.Czarnecki Restorative Trainer Adapted from Schein, 1999.
  27. 27. Spirals of change
  28. 28. seven stages of change

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