Main Menu1. What is Constructivism?2. Lev Vygotsky3. How can this theory be Observed?4. My classroom
What is Constructivism?Book Definition: A type of learning in which the learnerforms or constructs much of what he or she learns andcomprehends.My Definition: A type of learning through a dynamicinteraction between the learner and the mentor.
Theorists Their beliefs• Jean Piaget (1896-1980) • Jean Piaget: – Influenced the Constructivism – Children do not need help to movement. learn.• Jerome Bruner (1915- ?) • Jerome Bruner: – Proposed learning is an active – Constructivist learners are process. participatory learners.• Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) • Lev Vygotsky: – Developed what is known as – Learning is influence by social social cognition development• John Dewey (1859-1952) • John Dewey: – Educational psychologist, – Learning should engage and philosopher, and political expand experiences. activist.
Lev Vygotsky• The social pioneer of sociocultural perspectives• Main interest was in cognitive competencies• Believed children are not always egocentric• Viewed children as apprentices in thinking
The Zone of Proximal Development Vygotsky’s View of Children’s Learning Abilities• What can I do? – What the learner already knows – Where the learner is currently• What can I do with help? – Zone of Proximal Learning (ZPD) – What the learner could understand• What I can’t do – What the learner is not ready for (even with help)
Observation Understanding in ZPD ConfusionThe student will be able to grasp If the information is far beyondthe new concepts and information their reach even with help theybeyond their current knowledge will not understand and may getwith help. really frustrated and confused.
What will Students do? What will the Teacher do?• Cognitive and socially • The teacher must know develop through interaction their student’s ZPD• Receive help from mentors • The teacher must be willing – Teacher, mom, dad, older to challenge their students sibling etc. intellectually.• Learn the tools, skills, and values of society and the • The teachers role is to classroom Nurture the student.
My classroom How does this theory fit in my classroom?• This theory gives me a place to start when assessing my students – More specifically Vygotsky’s take on the theory.• It can also help determine gifted or behind students• The theory fits perfectly with teachable moments
My Theory• Piaget and his cognitive development scale was a good basis• Vygotsky further developed the theory and found a better balance• I stand behind Vygotsky; children can learn beyond what they learn on their own with mentorship.