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Shifting sands shifting paradigms


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This is my presentation at the CALICO conference, Amherst, June 10, 2010 as part of a panel to discuss the book I helped co-edit called CALL in Challenging Technology Context: …

This is my presentation at the CALICO conference, Amherst, June 10, 2010 as part of a panel to discuss the book I helped co-edit called CALL in Challenging Technology Context: A draft version of the text of my chapter, from which this presentation was distilled, is here:

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  • 1. Shifting sands, shifting paradigms: Challenges to developing 21st century learning skills
    Vance Stevens
    Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE
    Presenting at CALICO 2010, Amherst
    June 10, 2010
  • 2. The challenge
    To prepare students for careers as knowledge workers in jobs not invented yet, teachers must
    Transition from one mindset to another on ten fronts simultaneously, each involving a substantial break with past thinking
    Grasp how a baker’s dozen of unfamiliar tools and concepts can further learning in the emerging paradigms
    Cannot be done in one step… only in many SMALL steps
    SMALL = Social Media Assisted Language Learning
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 3. Ten Paradigm Shifts
    Pedagogy - shift from didactic models of “teaching” to constructivist ones of learning
    Networking –connectivism: learning as a social vs. isolated activity
    Literacy –from reliance on print to functioning in multiliteracies
    Heuristics – from client-server to peer-to-peer
    Formality – from hierarchical power centricity to informal learning and F.U.N.
    Transfer - applying social networking skills and concepts from personal life to professional
    Directionality – from push to pull dissemination of knowledge
    Ownership – proprietary vs. open source, OER, and fair use
    Sharing – from guarded copyright to creative commons
    Classification – taxonomic to folksonomic systems
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 4. Baker’s dozen of skills, concepts, tools, and genres for the 21st Century
    Web 2.0 and social networking
    RSS and feed readers
    Harvesting them, through RSS
    Also producing them
    Following via RSS
    Edmodo, Yammer, etc.
    Push/pull technologies
    Aggregation via folksonomic classification (tags)
    Digital storytelling and applications of multimedia to new literacies
    PLNs (personal learning networks)
    Communities of practice
    Informal / just-in-time learning
    Synchronous communications: instant messaging, online presentation venues incorporating interactive whiteboard, voice, and video
    Asynchronous collaborations tools: blogs, wikis, Voicethread, Slideshare, Google docs and similar collaboration tools
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 5. Making IT happen (Freedman, 2006)
    Article on change agency advises:
    Careful preparation
    Anticipate counter-arguments
    Avoid evangelicalism
    Plan steps beyond acceptance of your idea
    Request specific action when approaching administrators
    Assuming doubters are trying to do their best
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 6. Making IT happen (Coffino, 2008)
    Several conditions for making "the shift to a 21st century learning environment" happen:
    Make clear why change is needed
    Clear vision and expectation that change will happen
    Dedicated support person to
    Ensure that models for change are embedded in curriculum
    Ensure the infrastructure is in place
    Set out clear roles for each staff member
    Publicize success
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 7. Organizing teachers to use Web 2.0
    Get them familiar with project organization and collaboration online:
    Cloud collaboration in
    Google Docs
    Etherpad clones
    Delicious and Diigo
    Tapping into PLN’s
    Microblogging (Twitter)
    Ning and alternatives
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 8. Design materials to train teachers while teaching students
    Simple, practical, hands on exercises in:
    Cloud collaboration in Google Docs (i.e. wiki)
    Reading blogs (before creating them)
    Following blogs via RSS
    Via blocks added to LMS / CMS & other aggregators
    At a more advanced stage, in Google Reader
    Tagging in Delicious (and/or Diigo)
    Organizing bookmarks in the cloud
    Using Delicious to communicate through tags
    Expanding Internet searches through suggested alternate key words
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 9. F.U.N. with tags and backchannels
    Play tag games with:
    Spezify and Addictomatic
    Flickr and TagGalaxy
    Backchannel tools
    Lists in Twitter
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 10. Class-roots professional development
    Students and staff must
    Recognize potentials of social media for learning
    Model best practices for one another
    Refine skills by training one another
    Not just through reading about IT and attending lectures or workshops
    Necessary to “do” it.
    This requires PLN of peers who will interact and scaffold one another
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 11. Making the shift happen
    Teachers as“master” lifelong learners must:
    Move toward greater socialization in their learning environments
    Become aware of and incorporate 21st Century skills and paradigm shifts
    Seek out, and become, models of best practices
    Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst
  • 12. Vance’s presentations are always online
    Sorry, no “handout” but …