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This presentation examines social networking in groups, communities, and networks. Teachers must be trained not only IN use of social media, but THROUGH use. This presentation suggests how teachers ...

This presentation examines social networking in groups, communities, and networks. Teachers must be trained not only IN use of social media, but THROUGH use. This presentation suggests how teachers interact with communities of practice and distributed learning networks where participants are modeling optimal ways of using social media in teaching.

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    Nurturing your PLN for everyone’s ongoing professional development Nurturing your PLN for everyone’s ongoing professional development Presentation Transcript

    • Modeling social media in groups, communities, and networks Vance Stevens Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE Prepared for the TESOL Arabia conference March 12, 2010 Zayad University, Dubai These slides posted at http://slideshare.net/vances Presentation recording: http://tinyurl.com/100312vance-dubai Nurturing your PLN for everyone’s ongoing professional development
    • Where to begin?
      • From Stephen Downes, Learning the Web 2.0 Way
      http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/personal-learning-the-web-20-way Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010 And … to TEACH is to LEARN - Vance
    • Knowledge Attribution: http://www.kelvybird.com/facilitation/scribing/workingknowledge.html Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • How did you learn about Creative Commons? http://creativecommons.org/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Heard it through the grapevine? http://delicious.com/vancestevens/art Attribution: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jonastherkildsen/122881874 / Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • How did you LEARN how to find Creative Commons Images? Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • One State of Knowledge http://www.wblut.com/constructs/cyclic/
    • Knowledge Changes http://www.wblut.com/constructs/cyclic/
    • Paradigm Shift http://www.wblut.com/constructs/cyclic/
    • Paradigm Shifts in Education http://prosites-vstevens.homestead.com/files/efi/papers/2007alexandria/web20arabia.htm Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • 10 Aspects of Paradigm Shift
      • Pedagogy : Didactic --> constructivist
      • Modeling : Do as I say --> AND as I do
      • Transfer : Technology enjoyed at leisure is F.U.N. --> also, applied to professional practice
      • Trepidation : Will they find out? --> ok to say “I don’t know!”
      • Literacy : Print literacy --> multiliteracies
      • Heuristics : Client server --> peer to peer
      • Sharing : Copyrighted --> creative commons
      • Classification : Taxonomies --> folksonomies
      • Directionality : Push --> pull
      • Ownership : Proprietary --> open source
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Paradigm Shifts in Wordle.net Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Can’t get enough Wordle.net Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Configurations for sharing and dissemination of knowledge
      • Groups
      • Communities
      • Communities of practice
      • Connectivist perspectives
        • Personal learning networks
        • Distributed learning networks
        • Rhyzomic learning
      Attribution: Nancy White http://www.fullcirc.com/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Configurations
      • Groups
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Configurations
      • Groups
      • Communities
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Configurations
      • Groups
      • Communities
      • Communities of practice
        • Domain
        • Practice
        • Community
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Configurations
      • Groups
      • Communities
      • Communities of practice
      • Networks can include overlapping communities
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Configurations
      • Groups
      • Communities
      • Communities of practice
      • Networks and sample Connections
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
      • Webheads started as EFL class in 1998
      • WiA formed as result of 2002 EVO sesson
      • Educators who engage in
        • Helping each other pursue lifelong, just-in-time, informal learning
        • Through experimentation in use of social-media and computer mediated communications tools
        • Webheads in Action Online Convergence WiAOC 2005, 2007, 2009 http://wiaoc.org
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Webheads: Group http://groups.yahoo.com/group/evonline2002_webheads/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Webheads: Community Attribution: http:// flickr.com/photos/94794165@N00/410359410/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Webheads: Community of Practice http://webheadsinaction.org/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Personal Learning Networks Scott Leslie's PLE (above) and more PLE diagrams: http://edtechpost.wikispaces.com/PLE+Diagrams
    • Knowledge dissimenation through communities and networks
      • Downes on distributed learning networks
        • Knowing ( where’s Waldo?) Once you know, you can’t not know
        • Knowledge exists throughout nodes in a network
      • Wenger notes (2002:6) ‏
        • Increasing complexity of knowledge requires greater … collaboration; whereas …
        • Half life of knowledge is getting shorter
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Characteristics of CoPs
      • They promote knowledge of a domain
      • They revolve around a practice
      • Community aspects
        • They form spontaneously, voluntarily
        • They have particularly defined community spaces in which they interact
      Most frequently understood to be defined by Etienne Wenger; e.g. Vance Stevens TESOL 2009 Vance Stevens TESOL 2009
      • Cormier - Rhizomatic Learning to deal with increasingly rapid obsolescence of knowledge
      Knowledge dissimenation through communities and networks http://www.forestryimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=1380055 Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
      • Siemens – Connectivism stresses importance of pipes over content
      Knowledge dissimenation through communities and networks Attribution: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Venice_-_Piping.jpg Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Siemens – Connectivism – dealing with explosion of available info http://www.wiziq.com/TutorSession/Session.aspx?JuX%2bgH%2b2GbYuXrqZqj1F3uIA%2fgrtIiAEcKQ3usZlk1VhT5GwwVHz6vferdj5MlOz5JOdRjZO8mc%3d http://tinyurl.com/siemens-socialnet09 Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Where do we get our models?
      • Our daily network interactions; e.g.
      • Morning Tweets
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Nings http://cck2009.ning.com/ http://multiliteracies.ning.com/video Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Webcasts, Podcasts http://edtechtalk.com/live http://vance_stevens.podomatic.com/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Edmodo Modeled and demonstrated by Nicky Hockley, #Socialnet09 Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Waves Who are the early pouncers ? http://wave.google.com Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Waves and Wikis http://webheadswave.wikispaces.com/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Future of Learning in a Networked World http://flnw.wikispaces.com/Brazil Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Implications for Teacher Professional Development
      • Jack Richards plenary Denver TESOL 2009 (March 27) ‏
        • About what teachers need to KNOW in order to practice effectively
        • Research indicates that teachers tend to revert to traditional methods rather than activate what they are exposed to in training curricula
      • Derick Wenmouth (also from NZ) mentioned similar research findings at K-12 Online 2008 http://k12onlineconference.org/?p=181
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Problems
      • Teacher-trainers
        • without sufficient experience with technology and
        • rooted in old-school methodologies
        • simply not modeling new age learning behaviors for trainees
      Attribution: http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/8aagIQGZq-RyFMO1dFHHNg Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Problems
      • Students and staff
        • love to learn but hate to be taught,
        • resent top-down approach forced on them by managers sometimes out of touch with actual needs of students and staff
      Attribution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RxHb5QVD7fo&feature=player_embedded Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Solutions
      • Allow, facilitate, encourage networking in meetings, conferences, classrooms
      • Offer workshops/projects bottom up, as something that staff/students organize themselves
      • Create atmosphere encouraging formation of communities of practice where staff/students interact with peers in other institutions
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Models for professional and student skills development
      • Encourage teams to organize training sessions that utilize synchronous and non-synchronous social media tools.  Call them something other than ‘training’ sessions
      • Use Nings / Moodles / wikis / Google Wave / Jing / uTiPu / or other LMS/CMS to replace outmoded email attachment systems
      http://advanceducation.blogspot.com/2009/06/speedlifing.html
      • Hold un-conferences and other grass roots events such as
        • Bar camps
        • LAN parties
        • Speed-geeking
        • Speed Lifing
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • How EVO models social Networking
      • Almost all start with an email list, usually Yahoo Groups – http://yahoogroups.com
      • Many have Nings – http://ning.com
      • Most use wikis ; e.g. http://pbworks.com or http://docs.google.com
      • Many use microblogging ; e.g. http://twitter.com
      • Many socially bookmark URLs using http://delicious.com or http://diigo.com
      • Most encourage reflective blogs ; e.g. http://blogger.com
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Keep current, participate with peers around the world in:
      • Social networks: Ning, TappedIn, EVO, WiAOC
      • Social bookmarking: Delicious, Diigo
      • Groups: YahooGroups and GoogleGroups
      • Microblogging: Twitter, Plurk
      • Instant messaging: Yahoo Messenger, Skype
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Keep current, participate with peers around the world in:
      • Blogging and podcasting: keeping current via RSS
      • Wikis: PBWiki, Wikispaces
      • Aggregation: Technorati, Pageflakes, Netvibes, Protopages, iGoogle,  http://addictomatic.com , http://spezify.com
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • What is TESOL Arabia?
      • A group?
      • A community?
      • A network?
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • What is a conference?
      • What is an appropriate metaphor for conference attendance?
        • Group? Community? Network?
      • Should teachers / students be cut off from their networks?
        • At school? Meetings? Conferences?
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Some givens:
      • Growing numbers of teaching practitioners no longer focus professional development activities on annual conferences
      • Professional development is done
        • daily (weekly, etc.) ‏
        • for free
        • at individual's pace and convenience
      • Via Twitter, Ning, Skype, YouTube, Facebook, YahooGroups, TappedIn, WiZiQ ...
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • PD models for Networked Interaction
      • CALL-IS (1984) ‏
      • Electronic Village Online (EVO, since 2001) ‏
      • Webheads (1998, WiA since 2002) ‏
      • Steve Hargadon Classroom 2.0
      • Free online conferences
        • George Siemens’s many conferences
        • WiAOC (Webheads in Action Online Convergences)
        • K12 Online Conference
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • CALL? Think SMALL …
      • Social networking via social media is the new CALL
        • Insinuating itself into our culture (Amazon, eBay) and work and social lives (Facebook) ‏
        • Denied as unhealthy; even dangerous by diminishing few
        • Used and promoted for education by growing number of advocates
        • Relatively untapped potential for learning and education
      • Now that the C in CALL is almost seamless, almost taken for granted,
        • Social networking is the new front-line
        • SMALL? (Social media assisted LL?) ‏ (… enhanced … won’t work)
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Professional Development
      • Ongoing PD requires connection to a network
      • Conferences are good for face to face interaction and interpersonal networking
        • But inefficient for sustained professional development
        • Many conferences / schools etc require participants to leave their networks at the door
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • Key to success in keeping current
      • Expanding productive contacts within a network
      Attribute: d'arcy norman touchgraph:  http://www.flickr.com/photos/dnorman/436670816/ Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
    • TESOL Arabia Conferences and Chapter Events
      • In future, successful conferences and professional organizations will combine
          • opportunities for interpersonal connection
          • with connectivity and
          • seamless interaction with distributed personal learning networks
        • Those that do not will be decreasingly relevant
      • If conferences are networked?
        • Who benefits? Who loses?
      Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010
      • F2F conferences with rich networking potential
        • Learning 2.0 (Jeff Utecht, set up in Ning, Podcast) ‏
        • IATEFL right now, getting better
        • NECC
        • Educon 2.0
      Model Conferences Vance Stevens - TESOL Arabia 2010 THINK SMALL
    • Modeling social media in groups, communities, and networks Vance Stevens Prepared for the TESOL Arabia conference March 12, 2010 Zayad University, Dubai This has been More information here: http://advanceducation.blogspot.com/2009/11/modeling-social-media-in-groups.html Nurturing your PLN for everyone’s ongoing professional development These slides posted at http://slideshare.net/vances Presentation recording: http://tinyurl.com/100312vance-dubai