Sec. ed. 337 road to the constitution

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Sec. ed. 337 road to the constitution

  1. 1. Failure of Articles of Confederation State governments too powerful: –Power to tax –Power to regulate trade –Power to dictate policy to national government –Power to raise militia
  2. 2. Need For a Stronger National Government • Great Britain was waiting for the United States to fail • Large states taking advantage of small states • Jealousy kept states from working together • U-N-I-T-E-D STATES was not united
  3. 3. Solution
  4. 4. Government officials realized after Shays’ Rebellion that a change was needed A convention of representatives from each state were called to Philadelphia in 1787
  5. 5. STATEHOUSE IN PHILADELPHIA SITE OF THE CONVENTION
  6. 6. There were 74 men asked to come to Philadelphia but only delegates arrived in Philadelphia
  7. 7. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
  8. 8. The average age of a delegate was 44 years old
  9. 9. BEN FRANKLIN (Pennsylvania) was the oldest at age 81 JONATHAN DAYTON (New Jersey) was the youngest at age 26
  10. 10. Most had some experience as politicians in their home states
  11. 11. 40 of the delegates had been members of the Continental Congress
  12. 12. 34 of the 55 were lawyers Also included soldiers, planters, educators, ministers, physicians, financiers, and merchants
  13. 13. Most were very wealthy and many owned slaves
  14. 14. All the delegates were white men
  15. 15. None of the delegates were AfricanAmericans, Hispanic, women, poor
  16. 16. Guidelines for the Convention •Work of the Convention would remain a secret •White, highly educated, successful men with political experience would be sent •A majority vote was required on an issue •George Washington would preside
  17. 17. Problems at the Convention •Small States and Large State cannot agree on representation; •Northern States and Southern States cannot agree on the issue of slavery; •Federalist and Anti-Federalist cannot agree on the power of the
  18. 18. The Publishing and  Signed on Ratification September 17, 1787  Sent to each state to ratify  Became the law of the land on June 21, 1788 with New Hampshire ratifying it as the 9th state out of 13

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