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Sec. ed. 337 road to the constitution
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Sec. ed. 337 road to the constitution

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  • 1. Failure of Articles of Confederation State governments too powerful: –Power to tax –Power to regulate trade –Power to dictate policy to national government –Power to raise militia
  • 2. Need For a Stronger National Government • Great Britain was waiting for the United States to fail • Large states taking advantage of small states • Jealousy kept states from working together • U-N-I-T-E-D STATES was not united
  • 3. Solution
  • 4. Government officials realized after Shays’ Rebellion that a change was needed A convention of representatives from each state were called to Philadelphia in 1787
  • 5. STATEHOUSE IN PHILADELPHIA SITE OF THE CONVENTION
  • 6. There were 74 men asked to come to Philadelphia but only delegates arrived in Philadelphia
  • 7. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
  • 8. The average age of a delegate was 44 years old
  • 9. BEN FRANKLIN (Pennsylvania) was the oldest at age 81 JONATHAN DAYTON (New Jersey) was the youngest at age 26
  • 10. Most had some experience as politicians in their home states
  • 11. 40 of the delegates had been members of the Continental Congress
  • 12. 34 of the 55 were lawyers Also included soldiers, planters, educators, ministers, physicians, financiers, and merchants
  • 13. Most were very wealthy and many owned slaves
  • 14. All the delegates were white men
  • 15. None of the delegates were AfricanAmericans, Hispanic, women, poor
  • 16. Guidelines for the Convention •Work of the Convention would remain a secret •White, highly educated, successful men with political experience would be sent •A majority vote was required on an issue •George Washington would preside
  • 17. Problems at the Convention •Small States and Large State cannot agree on representation; •Northern States and Southern States cannot agree on the issue of slavery; •Federalist and Anti-Federalist cannot agree on the power of the
  • 18. The Publishing and  Signed on Ratification September 17, 1787  Sent to each state to ratify  Became the law of the land on June 21, 1788 with New Hampshire ratifying it as the 9th state out of 13