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Control Charts28 Modified

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  • Follow the steps to insure that the control chart will produce the outcome that you are looking for. A control chart is useless if the wrong chart is used for the wrong type of data.<number>
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  • Determine if your process is capable by looking at your results and determining if your process needs changes. <number><number>
  • What to do after you design the chart and look at the results. Make the chart work for you. Like it help your company improve quality. <number><number>
  • Process improvement.<number><number>
  • Processes and Process Variability, Date accessed: Feb 12, 2001http://www.sytsma.com/tqmtools/ctlchtprinciples.htmlThe control chart above shows the improvements that a firm made in their process to improve quality.
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  • Transcript

    • 1. A Presentation on Control Charts Presented By Salvi Mandar Chaughule Pradip
    • 2. InDEX • What is a Control Chart ? • What do these charts do ? • Its advantages and purposes. • Types of Control Charts. • How to plot a certain kind of chart. • Case Study for a particular product.
    • 3. Control Chart. • Control chart is graphical representation of the collected information. • It pertains to the measured or otherwise judged quality characteristics of the items or samples.
    • 4. What Do thEsE Charts Do. • It detects variations in the processing and warns if there is any departure from the specified tolerance limits. • It is primarily a diagnostic technique. • It depicts whether there is any change on the characteristics of items since the start of the production run.
    • 5. PurPosE anD aDvantagEs. 1. A control chart indicates whether a process is in control or out of control. 2. It determines processes variability and detects unusual variations taking place in a process. 3. It ensures product quality level. 4. It warns in time and if the process is rectified in time scrap percentage can be reduced.
    • 6. PurPosE anD aDvantagEs. 5. It provides information about the selection of process and setting of tolerance limits. 6. Control charts build up the reputation of the organization through customer’s satisfaction.
    • 7. tyPEs of Control Charts.
    • 8. ComParIson of varIablE anD attrIbutE Chart. 1. Variable charts involve the measurement of the job dimensions whereas an attribute chart only differentiates between a defective item and a non-defective item. 2. Variable charts are more detailed and contain more information as compared to attribute charts. 3. Attribute charts is based on ‘GO and NO GO’ data require comparatively bigger sample size. 4. Variables charts are expensive.
    • 9. X-bar Chart. 1. It shows changes in process and is affected by changes in process variability. 2. It is a chart for the measure of central tendency. 3. It shows erratic or cyclic shifts in the process. 4. It detects steady progress changes, like tool wear. 5. It is most commonly used variables chart.
    • 10. X-bar Chart. 6. When used along with R-bar chart : i. it tells you when to leave the process. ii. It secures information in establishing or modifying processes, inspection procedures. iii. It controls the quality of incoming material. 7. X-bar and R-bar chart when used together form a powerful instrument for diagnosing quality problems.
    • 11. r-bar Chart. 1. It controls general variability of the process and is affected by changes in process variability. 3. It is a chart for measure of spread. 5. It is used generally along with X-bar chart.
    • 12. Chart DEtaIls
    • 13. aPProaCh • First Step: Determine what type of data you are working with. • Second Step: Determine what type of control chart to use with your data set. • Third Step: Calculate the average and the control limits.
    • 14. • Now that you have calculated the three important lines for the control chart, plot the data and determine if the process is capable. (i.e. The data falls mostly inside the UCL, and the LCL)
    • 15. • Make a recommendation to your company. – The process is capable – The process is not capable • The following errors were found. • The process needs improvement • The variations are normal in the system and we must accept them.
    • 16. • The following control chart shows the improvement of a process. The standard deviation decreases as the process becomes more capable.
    • 17. EXamInE thE ProCEss • A process is considered to be stable and in a state of control, or under control, when the performance of the process falls within the statistically calculated control limits and exhibits only chance, or common causes.
    • 18. CasE stuDy on hosPItalIty InDustry CasE stuDy • By Kent Bauer, Information Management Magazine, August 1, 2005 • May and June issues of DM Review.
    • 19. formulas
    • 20. IntErPrEt Control Chart rEsults • Range chart first to ensure stability of KPI metric process: because no ranges are outside the RLCL or RUCL, the wait time process is in control
    • 21. IntErPrEt Control Chart rEsults • Rule violation 1 - four consecutive data points in a row trending up or down merits a caution. This occurs in subgroups 1 to 4 • Rule violation 2 - one individual data point outside a control limit is a serious problem. This occurs for subgroup 8
    • 22. bIblograPhy Case study of hotel management by Kent Bauer is the managing director, Performance Management Practice at GRT Corporation in Stamford, CT. He has more than 20 years of experience in managing and developing CRM, database marketing, data mining and data warehousing solutions for the financial, information services, healthcare and CPG industries. Bauer recent articles and workshops have focused on KPI development http://www.information-management.com/issues/20050801/1033563-1.html Foster, S. Thomas. Managing Quality. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, Inc. 2001. “Generating and Using Control Charts.” Internet. http://www.hanford.gov/safety/upp/spc.htm. 31 January 2001. “Quality and Statistical Process Control.” Internet. http://www.systma.com/tqmtools/ctlchtprinciples.html. 12 February 2001. “Statistical Thinking Tools-Control Charts for the Average.” Internet. http://www.robertluttman.com/yms/Week5/page6.htm. 12 February 2001.
    • 23. thanK you