Wales is Cardiff. The capital of Northen Ireland is
Belfast. Other interesting cities to visit are
Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool in
England, and Glasgow in Scotland.
The national flag of the United Kingdom is the
Union Jack. It’s red,white and blue. The flags of
Scotland, England and Northern Ireland make the
England is famous for good football teams, bad food,
and terrible weather.
THE UNITED KINGDOM
The Union Flag, popularly known as the * Union Jack , is the national flag of the United Kingdom . It is the British flag.
It is called the Union Flag because it symbolises the administrative union of the countries of the United Kingdom. It is made up of the individual Flags of three of the Kingdom's countries all united under one Sovereign - the countries of 'England , of 'Scotland' and of 'Northern Ireland' (since 1921 only Northern Ireland has been part of the United Kingdom). As Wales was not a Kingdom but a Principality it could not be included on the flag.
The following pages will tell you how the *Union Flag (Union Jack) came to be the UK 's national flag and the making of the United Kingdom.
Where is England?
England is in north-west Europe and is in the southern part of Great Britain. It is an island country ( See map ) and also part of the United Kingdom (UK) .
England is the largest country in Great Britain and the UK. It is sometimes, wrongly, used in reference to the whole United Kingdom, the entire island of Great Britain, or indeed the British Isles. This is not only incorrect but can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK. ( Nationality of the British people).
Nearly 84% of the population of the UK lives in England, mainly in the major cities and metropolitan areas.
Where is Wales?
Wales is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain , an island country ( See map ) and the United Kingdom (UK) .
Wales ( Cymru in Welsh) is a mountainous country on the western side of Great Britain , and is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel to the south, St George's Channel in the west, and the Irish Sea to the north.
Where is Scotland?
Scotland is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain , an island country ( See map ) and the United Kingdom (UK) .
Scotland is a mountainous country in the north of the island of Great Britain and shares a land border to the south with England and is bounded by the North Sea on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. Its capital city is Edinburgh.
Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited
Before 1922 the UK included Ireland in the definition, but when the Irish Free State ceased to be part of the Union the title changed to include 'Northern Ireland'
London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and the largest city in England . The ancient City of London , to which the name originally belonged, still retains its mediaeval boundaries, but the name "London" has long applied more generally to the whole metropolis that has grown up around it.
An important settlement for two millennia , London is one of the world's leading business , financial and cultural centres,  and its influence in politics , education , entertainment , media , fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as a major global city . 
Queen Elizabeth II
Born: 21 April, 1926.
Queen since 6 February 1952
Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926 in London. Her birthday is officially celebrated in Britain on the 3rd Saturday of June each year.
Queen Elizabeth Il is a 'constitutional monarch'. This means that although she is officially the head of the state, the country is actually run by the government , led by the Prime Minister.