Pp 6 chronic diseases_


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Pp 6 chronic diseases_

  1. 1. Chronic diseases<br />
  2. 2. Standard Covered<br />1.5N- Describe the relationship between poor eating habits and chronic diseases such as heart disease, obesity, cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and osteoperosis<br />
  3. 3. Agenda<br />Do Now<br />Vocabulary words<br />Heart Diseases<br />Obesity<br />Reflection<br />
  4. 4. Do Now!<br />Word of the day:<br />Betray- to disappoint the hopes or expectations of; be disloyal to.<br />Quote of the Day:<br />“ A failure is a man who has blundered, but is not able to cash in on the experience”<br />- Elbert Hubbard<br />
  5. 5. Vocabulary Words<br />Coronary<br />Congestive<br />Obesity<br />Diabetes<br />Hypertension <br />Osteoporosis<br />
  6. 6. Eating Habits<br />http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/vp/38544661#38544661<br />
  7. 7. Heart Diseases<br />Umbrella term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart<br />Coronary Artery disease<br />Congestive heart failure<br />Heart attack<br />Used interchangeably with “cardiovascular disease”<br />Is the #1 worldwide killer of men and women<br />Responsible for 40% of all deaths in the U.S. <br />
  8. 8. Coronary Artery Disease<br />Develops when your arteries- the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen, and nutrients- become damaged.<br />Usual suspect?<br />Cholesterol-containing deposits<br />What does this mean?<br />When plaque builds up, your arteries narrow which means your heart receives less blood<br />Can go undetected for decades until heart attack occurs.<br />
  9. 9. Heart failure<br />Aka- Congestive heart failure, means you heart can’t pump enough blood to meet you body’s needs.<br />Best way to prevent heart failure is to control risk factors: <br />Coronary artery disease<br />High blood pressure<br />High cholesterol (comes from animals)<br />Diabetes<br />Obesity<br />
  10. 10. Obesity<br />What is obesity?<br />An excess portion of total body fat<br />A person is considered overweight when there weight is 20% or more above normal body weight?<br />What is “normal” body weight”<br />Let’s take a look<br />
  11. 11. Height and Weight Chart<br />
  12. 12. Body Mass Index (BMI)<br />Alternative and more common measure of obesity<br />Considered overweight if your BMI is between 25 and 29.9<br />Over 30 is considered- obese<br />Over 40 is considered- morbidly obese <br />How to calculate BMI<br />BMI can be calculated by multiplying weight (in pounds) by 705, then dividing by height (in inches) twice<br />Let’s google- webmd BMI calculator<br />
  13. 13. What Causes Obesity<br />Obesity occurs when a person consumes more calories than he or she burns. For many people this boils down to eating too much and exercising too little.<br />Other factors:<br />Age-metabolism slows down<br />Gender- men burn more energy at rest<br />Genetics- tend to run in families<br />Environmental factors<br />Psychological factors<br />Medication<br />
  14. 14. How to overcome obesity<br />1st- See a doctor<br />2nd Come up with diet plan<br />3rd Build a fitness plan<br />4th Commit to plan<br />Remember- the only time success come before work is in the?<br />
  15. 15. Diabetes<br />Different types of Diabetes<br />Type I (Juvenile diabetes)<br />Type II (Adult onset)<br />Gestational (will not cover)<br />
  16. 16. Type I Diabetes<br />Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels.<br />Genetic Predisposition: it runs in your family, so you are more likely to get it.<br />Usually diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults<br />However,<br /> you can get it at any age!!<br />
  17. 17. Type II Diabetes<br />Is associated with weight gain/obesity<br />It is the most common form of Diabetes<br />Approximately 21 million people have T2d<br />Problem is not production of insulin but proper use of insulin<br />
  18. 18. Most Common Amongst<br />African Americans<br />Latinos<br />Native Americans<br />Asian-Americans<br />Native Americans<br />
  19. 19. Symptoms<br />Frequent urination<br />Excessive thirst<br />Extreme hunger or constant eating<br />Unexplained weight loss<br />Glucose in urine<br />
  20. 20. Symptoms…<br />Tiredness or fatigue<br />Changes in vision<br />Numbness or tingling in the extremities<br />Slow healing wounds or sores<br />High frequency of infection<br />
  21. 21. Treatments<br />Monitor Glucose levels<br />Diet, exercise, medication<br />Type I: Daily insulin injections<br />Type II: Weight loss<br />
  22. 22. Hypertension<br />Refers to high blood pressure (Hyper=High, Hypo=low)<br />Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against artery walls as it courses through the body<br />Ex: Water hose<br />Leading cause of stroke <br />Normal reading is 120/80<br />It is normal for your blood pressure to fluctuate <br />
  23. 23. Symptoms<br />1 out of 3 people that have hypertension don’t know they have it.<br />May not have any symptoms<br />If blood pressure is extremely high:<br />Severe headache<br />Fatigue or confusion<br />Vision problems<br />Chest pain<br />Difficulty breathing<br />Blood in urine<br />
  24. 24. Treatment<br />Diet changes<br />Less sodium<br />Medication<br />Exercise<br />Aerobic exercise<br />Limit alcohol consumption<br />Several prescribed drugs are available<br />
  25. 25. Osteoporosis<br />What is it?<br />The weakening of bones that can increase the risk of unexpected fractures.<br />A silent disease, often times goes unnoticed until a you fracture a bone<br />Is testing available?<br />Yes, bone density test & dual X-ray Absorptiometry<br />
  26. 26. Treatments<br />Because Osteoporosis is difficult to reverse, prevention is the key<br />Vitamins C and D consumption<br />Regular exercise program<br />Muscle strengthening<br />Walking<br />aerobics<br />Prescription drugs can also be taken<br />