Language and Critical Thinking
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Language and Critical Thinking

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    Language and Critical Thinking Language and Critical Thinking Presentation Transcript

    • Language and Critical Thinking Valerie Salgado-Ho
    • A good critical thinker uses language thatmeets the needs the expectation of theaudience and is appropriate to…. TIME PLACE PERSON OCCASION
    • AREAS OF LANGUAGE IMPORTANT TO CRITICAL THINKINGWORD CHOICEAMBIGUITYDEFINITIONINTENSITY
    • WORD CHOICEThe Whorf-Sapir Hypothesis Thoughts and behaviors are determined and influenced by language Words of a particular language help to determine the way people interpret events that occurs
    • WORD CHOICEWilliam Haviland “language is not simply an encoding process for voicing our ideas and needs but is rather a shaping process that, by providing habitual grooves of expression which predispose people to see the world in a certain way, guides their thinking and behavior…”
    • AMBIGUITY Arguers selecting ambiguous language run the risk of being misunderstood and face rejection of their advocated point of view.EUPHEMISM A less direct term used in the place of a more specific term which may be considered offensive Domestic Engineer Housewife Sanitation Worker Janitor Strict Cruel
    • AMBIGUITY Ambiguous language can cause confusionThe use of phrases such as “new and improved” to createambiguity and interpret as the needs of differentaudiences warrant. Ambiguous language can lead to over generalizing andstereotypingClassification and generalization such as “students don’tcare about learning” creates an ambiguity ceasingindividuality. Ambiguous language can lead to bypassingThe use of different same words to mean different things ordifferent words to represent the same things.
    • DEFINITIONDenotative Meaning Refers to the way a word is generally used or the meaning that people most frequently attach to a wordConnotative Meaning Refers to the way a person emotionally responds to it
    • DEFINITIONOperational Definition Functional or operational, what the words mean?Definition by Example Citing specific instances of that word or phraseDefinition by Negation Tells us what a word or phrase is notDefinition by Etymology Citing its historical roots or point of originationSpecial Definition The use of slang and colloquialism
    • INTENSITY OF LANGUAGE The use of words and phrases that oftennegatively raise the emotional level of anycommunication encounterLanguage that demonstrate irreverence,contempt or disrespect towards other groups ofpeople or religious belief Language that is coarse, vulgar, obscene oroffensive
    • INTENSITY OF LANGUAGE Being cautious Fat…. is being a Ugly…. coward Stupid… Strong emotive wordsNegative evaluative words Name calling… Insults… Swear words…. Abusive language