SPE 108: Section 1 - Parts of the Speech


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SPE 108: Section 1 - Parts of the Speech

  1. 1. Public Speaking Why learn it? The Parts of the Speech
  2. 2. Why learn public speaking? • Confidence • Job skill • Effective communicator • Power
  3. 3. How can public speaking help you? • You have to train a group of workers at your job • You are fighting to keep your local playground open • You are in sales/marketing/other jobs that require you to work with the public • You have to give a eulogy • You want to demonstrate leadership and confidence
  4. 4. What you ALREADY know Similarities between public speaking and conversations: • Organizing your thoughts logically • Tailoring your message to your audience • Telling a story for maximum impact (example: saving the punchline for the end of a joke) • Adapting to listener feedback
  5. 5. What’s different about public speaking • More highly structured – time limits, little to no listener interruption/interaction, have a purpose to accomplish, anticipating audience questions/reactions, more detailed planning • Requires more formal language – it is expected slang, jargon and bad grammar have no place in public speeches, a speech should be special • Requires a different method of delivery – no vocal crutches, speaking louder than you normally would, good posture, avoid distracting mannerisms
  6. 6. Parts of the Speech (see the formal speech outline) • Introduction: Attention device Central Idea Specific Purpose Preview Statement/Transition • Body: Main Points, supported by evidence, with transition statements between points • Conclusion: Review main points Recap major ideas
  7. 7. Introduction • Get the attention and interest of your audience • Reveal the topic of your speech • Establish credibility and goodwill • Preview the body of the speech
  8. 8. Body • Organization is key Order types:  Chronological: follow a time pattern  Spatial: directional pattern (from top to bottom, from to back, east to west)  Causal: illustrate a cause and effect relationship  Problem-solution: 2 parts – first shows the problem, second shows possible solutions  Topical: dividing the speech topic into subtopics
  9. 9. Connectives • Transitions: a word or phrase that indicated when a speaker has finished one point and is moving on to another Internal preview: much like your preview statement in the introduction, this previews the main points inside the body of the speech Internal summaries: sum up previous main point as a method of moving on to the next Signposts: brief statements that indicate exactly where you are in the speech (first, second, final)
  10. 10. Conclusion Serves two functions: 1.Let the audience know you are finishing 2.Reinforce the audience’s understanding of, or commitment to, the central idea Reinforcing the central idea: • End with a quotation • Make a dramatic statement • Refer back to the introduction
  11. 11. Tips for prepping the conclusion • Keep an eye out for possible concluding statements during your research • End with a bang, not a whimper • Don’t be long winded (should account for 10% of your total speech) • Don’t leave anything to chance. The conclusion is an opportunity to have the “final say.” Prepare well and practice this often!