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 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
 Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program
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Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the EURECA program

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www.eureca-usrf.org/en/

The Program for Enhancing University Research and Entrepreneurial Capacity (EURECA) aims to support entrepreneurship in Russian universities via transformation of a system of governance, creation of youth entrepreneurship, organization of technology transfer, building international partnerships with American universities.

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  • 1. 2 0 1 0 – 2 0 1 2REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION RESULTSOF THE PILOT PHASE OF THE PROGRAM
  • 2. www.eureca-usrf.org 1CONTENTSABOUT EURECA PROGRAM 3DEVELOPING ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITIES BY DEVELOPINGTHEIR INNOVATION ECOSYSTEMS 7 Sustainable ecosystems as the foundation for the development of entrepreneurial institutions of higher learning 8 New development models for technology transfer and commercialization of university research 11 “EURECA” – the catalyst of university development and integrator of internal university programs 13DESIGNING MECHANISMS REQUIRED TO INTEGRATE RUSSIAN INSTITUTIONSOF HIGHER LEARNING INTO REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROCESSESAND DEVELOPING THEIR INNOVATION POTENTIALS 17 First experiences in testing the “triple helix” model (university – business – government partnership) 18 Enhancing the role of university in the development of regional economy and territorial clusters through collaboration and networking 20 Networking education programs as a mechanism of development of various types of mutually beneficial interregional and international cooperation between institutions of higher learning and their partners from among private businesses and governmental agencies 23DESIGNING MECHANISMS REQUIRED TO INTEGRATE RUSSIAN INSTITUTIONSOF HIGHER LEARNING INTO THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL INNOVATION COMMUNITIES 27 Creating domestic and international forums for discussion of relevant problems, promotion of viable ideas, and assurance of access to innovation markets 28 International interuniversity partnerships as a model facilitating international innovation cooperation and a mechanism integrating Russian institutions of higher learning and their partners into the global innovation ecosystem 37
  • 3. www.eureca-usrf.org 3About EURECA ProgramThe Program for Enhancing University Researchand Entrepreneurial Capacity (EURECA) aims tosupport entrepreneurship in Russian universities viatransformation of a system of governance, creation ofyouth entrepreneurship, organization of technologytransfer, building international partnerships withAmerican universities. In the framework of the pilotphase two pilot Russian research universities (NRU ITMOand NRU UNN) were selected for testing and applyingin practice the model approaches to the developmentof innovative and human potential of Russian researchuniversities during 2 years, i.e. the pilot universities wereto become the intellectual and organizational resourcecenters both for business and academe and to attract theventure capital.During the first year of implementation the programextended its sphere of influence beyond the initiallytargeted pilot universities.The commitment to the development of entrepreneurshipin universities became one of the key successfactors, as entrepreneurship as a new type of thinkinglaunched at levels of the university, trigged the scalabletransformations unforeseen at the planning stage ofthe program: creation of new innovative units for youthentrepreneurship, technology transfer, work withstart-ups, introduction of new educational programs,revision of long-term development strategies, etc.What is worthwhile to note: the in-house changeslaunched by universities not only became a significantpart of strategies for innovative and entrepreneurialdevelopment of these universities, but turned into anindependent product which they could “package andreplicate” in other universities. The universities becameinnovative hubs – owners of the most advanced, adaptedto Russian reality best practices and experience in theirapplication. More than that, the new format of the workof universities attracted the interest of venture investors.That is why in 2011 in ITMO the accelerator was launchedjointly with the venture fund “RIS Ventures”, and in2013 NNGU jointly with «Marchmont Capital Partners»opened up a center for assessment of projects. Theinvestments made by universities in their developmentwithin the EURECA program were quickly rewarded:both universities attracted the federal and internationalfinancing which largely exceeded their own investmentsin the EURECA program.The qualitative transformations made in the pilotuniversities at the pilot stage became the modelsavailable for other Russian universities in the process oftheir formation within the network educational events.Such concepts as: university ecosystem, a “triple helix”model, accelerator, etc. became largely known andactively implemented by other universities thanks in largepart to the EURECA Program. This became possiblebecause the program put out considerable effort todevelop informal ties between the participants of networkevents. This has brought its fruits: according to thepolls over 80% of the participants of these events havenoted the establishment of new contacts as one of thekey results of participation in the events. The programmoderates a group in Facebook, which has registeredabout 70 participants. The group has a lot of discussions,is active in the exchange of information, materials andbest practices. Such format enables the participants ofnetwork events to receive a prompt support from theexperts at the stage of implementation of changes intheir universities.The prestige of the program in regions and federaldistricts has significantly strengthened. The pilotuniversities started to receive orders from otherregions. The pilot universities also became focal pointsfor all-Russian and international events. In 2011 NRUpresented the results of the program to 1000 businessrepresentatives at the forum “United Russia” held inNizhny Novgorod, in 2012 it initiated the creation of aninnovation corridor between the State of Maryland andthe Nizhni Novgorod region. ITMO took an active partand presented its best practices in creation of a RDpromotion system within EURECA Programat St-Petersburg International economic forum andat the international forum “From Science to Business”being its co-organizer.Several years ago the RF Government launched large-scale federal programs aimed at creating a networkof national research universities (NRU) and federaluniversities. Accordingly several universities wereselected and financed for implementation of this federalprogram. In preparing the program the key changeswere made in the Russian legislation to remove barriersthat had restricted transfer of technologies over anumber of years. However, the universities themselveswere not so ready to use the opening opportunities:they lacked an integral innovation infrastructure, skilledpersonnel, and the university governance requiredserious transformations.ABOUT EURECA PROGRAM
  • 4. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)41The partners of the program were the Ministry ofEducation and Science of the Russian Federation andall-Russian associations: the Association of the LeadingRussian Universities and the Association of InnovativeRegions of Russia. One of the pilot universities -ITMO - became a co-founder of a new association ofentrepreneurial universities of Russia. NRU as a pilotuniversity has integrated innovative best practices withinthe program of the career development system for theuniversities of the Volga region.Even the program-based contacts with Americanuniversities have finally resulted in signing ofcollaboration agreements with American universitiesin new areas significantly expanding the collaborationframework. The program events harmoniously fittedthe agenda of the Working Sub-group on Educationand the Working Group on Innovations of the bilateralRussian-American Presidential Committee. Within theframework of the Program several international roundtable discussions were held, the top leaders of 36Russian leading universities and high representatives ofthe RF Ministry of Education and Science paid a visit tothe US which became the first step toward formation ofa systemic and mutually beneficial relationship betweenthe Association of American Universities (AAU) and theAssociation of the Leading Russian Universities. Thanksto this work the Association of American Universitiesand the Association of the Leading Russian Universitiesdecided to set up working groups on joint researchareas, university-business partnership, universitygovernance and research commercialization, as well asto form a coordinating committee for this cooperation.To-day, looking back, it is hard to believe that allthis way was passed by the program for less than 2years. The program has asserted itself on all levels:regional, federal, international, it involved the mostRussian leading universities in the dialogue on theinnovative development of universities and the country,familiarization with innovative approaches and programbest practice via participation in networking events, andthe pilot universities have become a driving force forimplementation of standards of entrepreneurship andinnovative development in the educational area.Within the pilot phase of EURECA Program practical toolswere elaborated which enabled to attract and adaptthe American best practices in governance of researchuniversities. Development of a network cooperationbetween pilot universities and other Russian universitiesbecame an important aspect of the program, promoteda broader and effective dissemination of methods andapproaches, dissemination of structure innovationsdeveloped by these universities. This has allowed to puta systemic impact on the development of universities as adriving force of the Russian economic reform.
  • 5. www.eureca-usrf.org 5About EURECA ProgramEnhancing University Research and EntrepreneurialCapacity. EURECA Program is the initiativedesigned and funded by the US-Russia Foundation forEconomic Advancement and the Rule of Law (USRF).It is implemented in partnership with the Ministry ofEducation and Science of the Russian Federation incompliance with the priorities of the National “Education”Program and the Federal Program for Support ofNational Research Universities. The pilot institutions ofhigher learning involved in the program contributed theirown shares of funding and undertook to integrate theprogram activities into their own respective developmentprograms. Today, the Program is part of the projectportfolio administered by the Working Group onEducation and the Working Group on Innovations of thebilateral US-Russian Presidential Commission.The EURECA Program is aimed to support Russianuniversities in raising their capacity to integrateuniversity academic education, science researchand entrepreneurship, to promote researchcommercialization and technological transfer in orderto strengthen Russian universities’ participation in thenational and global innovative ecosystems.The pilot phase of the EURECA Program (2010 -2012) aimed to create partnerships between Russianand American research universities, design and deployreplicable models of and approaches to modernizationand commercialization of university research andtechnology transfer, design methods and mechanismsthat could be used to effectively disseminate said modelsand approaches, as well as involve stakeholders fromamong governmental and private organizations capableof expanding the opportunities of Russian universitiesto successfully commercialize their research resultsand make tangible contributions to the development ofthe country’s economy, as well as regional and nationalinnovation ecosystems.From the outset of its pilot phase the EURECAProgram was implemented on the basis of theinnovation and innovation development notionsas they are interpreted in the Strategy 2020. TheStrategy pays special attention to the developmentof the workforce potential of innovative economy in abroad sense, as well as in the field of science, education,technologies and innovations through tertiary education,as well as through support and popularization ofinnovation activities and involvement of youth therein.According to the Strategy, it is fundamentally importantto augment innovation activities of private businessesand expedite the arrival of new innovation companies,as well as to never forget the fact that innovationdevelopment will never be part of reality unless privatebusinesses deem it profitable. The Strategy also providesthat it is important for Russian businesses to not onlypursue external markets, but to also integrate themselvesinto the global added value chains.In the course of its pilot phase already the EURECAProgram created opportunities for Russian national,federal, and research universities and other leadinginstitutions of higher learning to organize collaborationwith the international innovation community and itsprimary networks thereby enabling its members toadequately assess the growing potential of cooperationwith Russia. Based on the experiences of the model US –Russian interuniversity partnerships, the program offeredeffective mechanisms enabling Russian innovativeuniversities to access not only national, but alsointernational, particularly, American innovation markets.The EURECA Program became an innovative mediatorthat brings together the requirements and resources ofinstitutions of higher learning, businesses, governmentalstakeholders, innovation community members,and development institutes interested in innovationdevelopment in general, as well as in mutually beneficialUS-Russian cooperation in innovations, in particular.
  • 6. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)61DEVELOPING ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITIESBY DEVELOPING THEIR INNOVATIONECOSYSTEMS• Sustainable ecosystems as the foundation for thedevelopment of entrepreneurial institutions of higherlearning;• New development models for commercialization ofuniversity research and technology transfer;• EURECA Program – the catalyst of universitydevelopment and integrator of internal universityprograms.DESIGNING MECHANISMS REQUIRED TOINTEGRATE RUSSIAN INSTITUTIONS OFHIGHER LEARNING INTO REGIONAL ECONOMICDEVELOPMENT PROCESSES AND DEVELOPINGTHEIR INNOVATION POTENTIALS• First experience in the implementation of the “triplehelix” model (partnership between institutions of higherlearning, businesses, and governments);• Network-based partnership as one of the conditionsrequired to enhance a university’s role in thedevelopment of its regional economy and territorialinnovative clusters;• Network-based education programs as a mechanismof development of various types of mutually beneficialcollaboration between institutions of higher learningand their partners from among businesses andgovernments.DESIGNING MECHANISMS REQUIRED TOINTEGRATE RUSSIAN INSTITUTIONS OFHIGHER LEARNING INTO THE NATIONAL ANDINTERNATIONAL INNOVATION COMMUNITIES• Creation of national and international forums requiredto discuss problems, promote ideas, and facilitateaccess to innovation markets;• International interuniversity partnerships as a modelthat stimulates and facilitates international cooperationin the field of innovations, as well as a mechanismthat helps integrate Russian institutions of higherlearning and their partners into the global innovationecosystem;• EURECA Program as a format that helps integrateRussian institutions of higher learning and theirpartners into the global innovation ecosystem.GENERAL PROGRAM RESULTS IN 2010-2012The following chapters analyze the results of the pilot phase of the “EURECA” program that enabled it to enter a new implementationphase.
  • 7. www.eureca-usrf.org 7Developing entrepreneurial universities by developing their innovation ecosystemsDEVELOPINGENTREPRENEURIALUNIVERSITIESBY DEVELOPINGTHEIR INNOVATIONECOSYSTEMSThe reform of tertiary education in Russia has resulted in the emergence of several university types.The federal universities were established to implement geopolitical interests. The national researchuniversities aim to facilitate the country’s scientific and technological complex and supply it withrequisite workforce by conducting research, transferring innovative technologies to the economy,and by forming and surrounding themselves with communities of innovative and research-intensivecompanies. The third mission of tertiary education requires that institutions of higher learningtake an active part in the socio-economic development of their respective regions. The broadacknowledgement of this mission has resulted in the emergence of entrepreneurial universities thatpursue special development strategies, ensure leadership in education, invest in the developmentof their own business support infrastructures, strengthen their interdisciplinary research bases,cultivate diversified funding sources, and adhere to entrepreneurial culture.By forming and supporting the activities of the pilot US-Russian interuniversity partnerships andby holding the networking events attended by representatives of all Russian leading institutions ofhigher learning the EURECA Program created and tested models and mechanisms of developmentand optimization of university innovation ecosystems that today happen to be in high demand amongmost institutions of higher learning in Russia and other post-soviet countries. The EURECA Programworked with national research universities, as well as federal universities because the Russian pilotuniversities were national research universities and the program network was also joined by mostof the federal universities. Today, these institutions of higher learning address their own innovationdevelopment issues, take part in the innovation development processes underway in their respectiveterritories and relevant economy sectors, as well as globally. This is why the entrepreneurialuniversity model designed by the pilot universities of the EURECA Program and studied by all otherRussian universities involved in the EURECA Program happens to be in such great demand amongRussian institutions of higher learning.ЭВРИКАEURECAЭE
  • 8. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)82An effective and efficient innovation ecosystemis required to ensure successful developmentof a modern entrepreneurial university. The leadingRussian institutions of higher learning have createda significant number of important innovationinfrastructure elements but they still have a wayto go before each of them acquires a comprehensiveinnovation ecosystem. Their innovation infrastructureefficiency is insufficient for becoming successfulentrepreneurial structures. Before the EURECAProgram was launched its pilot institutions of higherlearning, the St. Petersburg State Universityof Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics(also known as and hereinafter referred to as «ITMO»)and the Nizhniy Novgorod State University (also knownas and hereinafter referred to as «NNSU»), had alreadyhad a number of important innovation infrastructureelements in their possession. They were also sufficientlyexperienced in implementing innovative projects, hadthe workforce whose members were prepared to growand improve their own skills and competencies, aswell as provide services required to build their owncomprehensive innovation ecosystems. The EURECAProgram helped optimize those developments. Byimplementing collaborative projects in partnershipwith some of the leading American universities and byparticipating in a wide spectrum of networking activities,such as training sessions, conferences, and studytours to the best US universities, the Russian pilotinstitutions of higher learning learned about and testedsome of the best American practices and adoptedthe parts of them that were most applicable in theirown specific conditions. By sharing experiencesand exchanging ideas with their colleagues from otherRussian institutions of higher learning, businesses,and territorial governments the Russian pilot institutionsof higher learning provided their communities with up-to-date information about their project-relateddevelopments and achievements, acquired feedbackand recommendations from the Russian professionalcommunity on the best methods of applicationof their newly acquired experiences, and learnedabout the efforts made by other Russian companiesand institutions of higher learning to find solutionsfor similar problems.The term «innovative» implies, first and foremost,creating a new product (service, technology,organizational mechanism, etc.) required by the market,while focusing on results — creation and deployment.The term «entrepreneurial» implies having knowledge,skills, experiences, and competencies requiredto deploy innovations and manage an enterprise,while focusing on a different kind of result — utilizationof resources required for reproduction and ongoingdevelopment. The deployment of innovationsis not a goal in and of itself and it is secondaryto entrepreneurship. In order for institutions of higherlearning to reach their goals and accomplish theirobjectives they have to combine these two activityareas and bridge the gap between deployment of theirintellectual work results and subsequent productionoperations. The program took into account the factthat even a comprehensive university innovationecosystem will be ineffective if the resources investedin research are not manifested in profitable innovations,which is already reflected in the commercial formatof entrepreneurial university. Implementation of researchand development of innovations are two interconnectedprocesses because innovation ecosystem is the coreand the backbone of entrepreneurial university.The EURECA Program enabled the pilot universitiesto develop comprehensive innovation ecosystemsthereby strengthening their entrepreneurial format.In the course of the pilot phase of the program ITMOmanaged to optimize its research and developmentsystem. Today it consists of more than 10 subjects sixof which were created or reorganized in the courseof the program.The Nizhniy Novgorod State University optimizedits innovation ecosystem by developingan interconnection between its business educationsystem, improved in the course of the program,new models of collaboration with innovative youth,and the system of collaboration with Russian and foreignbusinesses optimized in the course of the program.SUSTAINABLE ECOSYSTEMS AS THE FOUNDATIONFOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENEURIALINSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING
  • 9. www.eureca-usrf.org 9Developing entrepreneurial universities by developing their innovation ecosystemsA university operating as an innovation hub actsin the following capacities simultaneously:• A consulting company providing a client with a fullscope of services required to attract investorsand raise capital for the purpose of commercializinginnovative research results;• An institution of education and research capableof organizing and implementing researchand development work, education programs, etc.;• The owner / founder of one or several innovationinfrastructure facilities providing clients with requisitesupport and services.• A commercialization of research entity;• A production company capable of handling the entirescope of commercialization activities ranging fromprovision of requisite intellectual and financialresources to the development of product or serviceprototypes.The opportunities made available by the EURECAProgram were used to develop an innovation hubon the basis of ITMO in 2011‑2012. During that periodITMO implemented a complex of activities, such as:• Establishment of networking partnerships with Russianand foreign subjects of innovative- industrial activities;• Improvement of qualifications and developmentof competencies required to operate on the globalmarket of innovative products and services,particularly, in the field of legal protection of intellectualproperty, marketing, and fundraising;• Improvement of organizational regulationsand development of procedures required to regulateinnovative- industrial activities on the basisof applicable UCLA regulations and other materialsacquired in the course of the «EURECA» program;• Development and testing of procedures requiredto disseminate ITMO experiences in organizinginnovative- industrial activities through improvementof relevant qualifications;• Development of a fundamentally new approachto systemic dissemination of ITMO experiencesin organizing innovative- industrial activitiesin the regions.Since 2012 the innovation hub operating on the basisof ITMO has been providing relevant servicesto the university faculty, staff, and students, as well asto external organizations. This work is characterized bythe following indicators:• The value of intangible assets recorded in the universitybooks exceeds 93 million roubles;• Intellectual property created at ITMO is licensed under25 current licensing agreements;ITMO Rector Mr. V.N.Vasiliev: “In compliance with theprogram requirements we would like to disseminateour successful experiences in the regions and certainstructures in Udmurtia, Primorye, Samara, some otherregions of Central Russia, including universities and localgovernments, have already shown interest in learningabout us. I do believe we will venture into the regions of theRussian Federation on a large scale in 2013”.ITMO INNOVATION HUBIn compliance with the «EURECA» program requirements ITMO establishedan innovation hub on its own premises. For the purposes of the programthe term «innovation hub» is interpreted as a system that, in addition to beingused by the host institution of higher learning to develop its own innovationinfrastructure and projects, provides information, consultative, research,technological, infrastructural, and production services designed to facilitatetechnology transfer and commercialization of innovative research resultsto external organizations.ITMO Pro-rector, Mr. N. R.Toivonen: «We planto disseminate the management practices we designedin the course of the pilot phase».ITMO Pro-rector, Mr. N. R.Toivonen:«Assisted by the «Skolkovo» Foundation,we have established the Associationof Russian Entrepreneurial Universitiesconsisting of some of the leading nationalresearch universities, such as: MFTI,MIFI, MISiS, TPU, TUSUR, and HSE. I thinkthis is quite an achievement, consideringthe Association focuses its activitieson technology transfer, commercializationof university research, and sciencedevelopment. Following a presentationof the «EURECA» program resultsthe Association received an applicationfor admission from the St. PetersburgState Polytechnic University, oneof the flagships of the Russian engineeringthought. We view this as an indicatorof utmost interest».
  • 10. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)102Today, students graduating from top universities needto understand science and technology, but they alsoneed to be able to identify opportunities, understandmarket forces, commercialize new products, ensureleadership, and possess the communication skillsrequired to advocate their ideas. Entrepreneurshipknowledge and skills are increasingly being recognizedas essential for the labor market of the global knowledgeeconomy. Business education and involvement of youthin innovative entrepreneurship are being increasinglyemphasized by the world’s leading universities as theybelieve that enterprising individuals are the key to solvingsome of the most challenging socio-economic problems.The pilot project implemented by the NNSU - PurdueUniversity partnership in the course of the pilot phase ofthe “EURECA” program focused on creating awarenessof the infrastructure, curriculum, and people requiredto foster entrepreneurial culture and on providingentrepreneurship education and training for the NNSUfaculty and students.The Purdue University’s collaboration with NNSUresulted in a number of successful outcomes, such as:Organization structures – the NNSU Center for theDevelopment of Innovative Entrepreneurship ofAcademic Youth established a coordinating officeto generate culture and awareness for students’experiences in innovation and entrepreneurship.NNSU CENTER FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIPOF ACADEMIC YOUTHDevelopment and pilot testing of a comprehensive system of Entrepreneurship Educationand Involvement at NNSU was the main outcome of NNSU — Purdue partnership.The establishment of the NNSU Center for the Development of Innovative Entrepreneurship of Academic Youth isviewed as the main outcome of the NNSU – Purdue University partnership.ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION• A set of methodological materials based on the best U.S. experiences was published;• Four new programs of study in innovation entrepreneurship were designed and incorporated into the universitycurriculum;• The existing programs of study in innovation entrepreneurship at NNSU were updated and enhanced using newmaterials and courses;• The university faculty and staff members underwent training in entrepreneurship;• The university faculty and research staff undergo continuous professional development in innovationentrepreneurship;• The managers of the university’s business spinoffs underwent specialized training;• More than 350 undergraduate and master degree students, about 150 doctoral students, and about 250 facultyand staff members underwent entrepreneurship training in 2011 – 2012.AWARENESS, INVOLVEMENT EXPERIENCE• Workshops from successful innovation entrepreneurs: a series of 20 workshops was held in 2012 for the universityfaculty and staff, students, employers of the business spinoffs; they were also provided with consultations onimplementing business ideas, attracting investors, and raising venture capital;• The university business incubator assists students with their innovative business projects by providing them withinformation and advisory support, consulting them on how to write business proposals and marketing plans, and byorganizing team building training sessions.• The community of innovative NNSU students acquired access to InnoForum, a new Internet resource created withinthe program (www.innoforum.NNSU.ru).• ITMO has created 27 small innovative businessesunder RF Federal Law No.217 five of which haveforeign founding partners;• ITMO students have established 12 companies;• More than 45 large and medium-sized industrialenterprises and corporations are members of theuniversity’s innovation community acting in thecapacity of clients, suppliers, RD partners, etc.;• ITMO has organized and conducted more than20 training and consultation sessions for institutionsof higher learning and innovative- industrialorganizations from St. Petersburg and other regions.
  • 11. www.eureca-usrf.org 11Developing entrepreneurial universities by developing their innovation ecosystemsThe pilot university teams underwent trainingat the American Association of University TechnologyManagers (AUTM). A number of Russian nationalresearch universities (ITMO, NNSU, MISiS) that are partof the «EURECA» program network have been providedwith the AUTM recommendations on application of thisexperience translated into Russian by the AmericanCouncils for International Education.The Nizhniy Novgorod State University has establishedthe Center of International Cooperation in TechnologyTransfer thereby creating another element withinits innovation infrastructure that is integratedinto the NNSU umbrella of education, research,and innovation organizations.The Center of International Cooperation in TechnologyTransfer collaborates with some of the leading industrialenterprises of the Nizhniy Novgorod region, as well asa number of promising high-tech companies.Some of the leading industrial enterprises of the NizhniyNovgorod region and the Privolzhye Federal Districtwith a great deal of innovation potential, suchas «Teploobmennik» OJSC, Research Instituteof Instrumentation Systems named after Yu. E. Sedakov,«OKBM Afrikantov» OJSC, «NITEL» OJSC, «Salut-27»CJSC, and Nizhniy Novgorod Innovative BusinessIncubator are starting cooperation with the NNSU Centerof International Cooperation in Technology Transfer.Based on the University of Maryland’s experience ininvolving private businesses in the business educationdevelopment process the Nizhniy Novgorod StateUniversity has executed cooperation agreements witha number of international companies seeking accessto the Russian technological market. For example,«Tektronix» has agreed to cooperate with «VilkomHolding» and develop instrumentation equipment,«Mettler Toledo», «EcoInstrument», and «Perkin Elmer»cooperates in developing innovative analytical laboratoryequipment of general and special designation, as well asin engineering analytical instruments.NEW DEVELOPMENT MODELS FOR TECHNOLOGYTRANSFER AND COMMERCIALIZATIONOF UNIVERSITY RESEARCHThe fact that the Russian pilot universities are becomingincreasingly adept at technology transfer is an importantachievement of the EURECA Program. The programhelps train a new generation of leaders equipped withthe knowledge and experience required to create a newentrepreneurial university.
  • 12. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)122One of the ITMO start-ups, the “Smart Museum”, alreadyoperates at 12 St. Petersburg museums. Negotiations withFinnish and Estonian museums are underway. The initialinvestment ($20,000) was obtained thanks to the youngentrepreneurs’ participation in the SumIT start-up schoolat ITMO in March 2012 – the funding was provided byRSV Venture Partners. In June 2012 the “Smart Museum”co-founders signed an investment agreement with theSt. Petersburg’s Pre-Seed Investment Fund for the totalamount of 4.5 million roubles. In March 2011 ITMO established a marketing servicethat coordinates collaboration between the universitydivisions and external organizations and managesthe university’s logistics on the international marketof innovations. The ITMO marketing service invitesuniversity students to undergo internships withinthe department thereby helping to train the requisiteworkforce, on the one hand, and augmentingits operation volume, on the other hand. The ITMOmarketing service also helps develop a marketingnetwork comprised of specialists, interns, theirimmediate environments, and the seminars thatare the core integrating element of this system.ITMO has designed an intellectual propertycommercialization technology consisting of the followingphases:• Phase 1: Acquisition of RD management skills,including skills in commercialization of research andtechnology transfer, at a start-up school offeringtraining sessions and consultations;• Phase 2: Development of business models andvirtual prototypes of innovative products at a start-uplaboratory, e.g. SUMIT;• Phase 3: Development of prototypes and experimentalspecimens of innovative products by universityfaculty, staff, and students and establishment of smallinnovative companies with financial and advisorysupport from the iDealMachine start-up accelerator.iDealMachine is a start-up accelerator and a uniqueelement of the ITMO innovation infrastructure. It waslaunched on October 20, 2011 in cooperation with RSVVenture Partners LP (USA) with $ 6 million in availablefunding. At the initial phase of its operation (March 15,2012 — June 25, 2012) it provided seed funding to eightstart-up companies in the total amount of $ 160,000. Bynow the accelerator has helped launch seven projects allof which have managed to raise $ 300 000 worth of capitalfor the next round.
  • 13. www.eureca-usrf.org 13Developing entrepreneurial universities by developing their innovation ecosystemsThe integrating role of the EURECA Program is evident to the participants of its pilotprojects: the program has been the catalyst that brings together and streamlinesother program activities thereby compounding available resources and creating newopportunities.“EURECA” – THE CATALYST OF UNIVERSITYDEVELOPMENT AND INTEGRATOROF INTERNAL UNIVERSITY PROGRAMSMany initiatives and project ideas originate from theEURECA Program. The synergetic effect of the programis manifested in consolidation of resources, businessideas, and technologies. For example:• UNN took part in the federal competition designed tosupport projects designed by student associationsand self-governing bodies in the field of “Innovativeyouth development” and won a grant in the amount ofapproximately 50 million roubles. This grant will helpcreate additional opportunities for the development ofideas generated by the pilot projects of the EURECAProgram, as well as organize specific activities incollaboration with American partners regardless ofwhether or not the program is continued. PurdueUniversity has already agreed to host a training andinternship program for the students from among thewinners of the “Innobusiness” competition.• The workshops conducted by the EURECA Programteam have exceeded their originally envisionedframework thanks to the resources of other programsimplemented by the university (the program ofdevelopment as a national research university, theinnovation infrastructure development program,etc.). The workshops formed the foundation of aqualifications improvement program taught by invitedspecialists over the course of 16 hours (four sessions).• Students of the university law school provide legalsupport to business projects and collaborate withother students on implementation of business ideas.This is the first that the university is able to offer legalconsultations for the benefit of business projects andfor the first time the university law school students haveshown interests in the “Innovation activity” trainingmodule. Information is disseminated by the law schoolfaculty members involved in the EURECA Program(the deputy dean has undergone a special internshipprogram), as well as by the university’s Board of YoungResearchers. The university law school students planto put together a set of special materials on “Legalsupport of small innovation businesses”.• As students from different faculties and departmentscame together to form innovative business teams theyhelped create a virtual business incubator. The idea ofestablishing a virtual interfaculty business incubatorhad not been accounted for by the EURECA Programbut emerged in the course of the program activities.• The study tours to the partner institutions of higherlearning are used to organize collaboration amongresearchers. The two most recently held study tourshelped bring together Russian scientists and theirbusiness partners from American universities involvedin similar research projects.In April 2012 the Rector urged the university faculty andstaff to design a concept of the university developmentstrategy for the period ending in 2018. In responsethey came up with a program encompassing severalimplementation areas, such as “Youth policy” and“Development of the university system of humanresources”. The EURECA Program participants fromamong young researchers and instructors contribute tothe development and implementation of the universitystrategy.THE PROGRAM HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT UNIVERSITY PROJECT AT THE NIZHNIYNOVGOROD STATE UNIVERSITY
  • 14. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)142• “EURECA” stimulates the development of theinnovative entrepreneurship culture and environmentand enables university students to select their futureprofessions and develop entrepreneurial skills. Itis another opportunity for active and enterprisingindividuals to find themselves within the walls of theiralma-mater.• “EURECA” stimulates internal mobilization of universitypersonnel thereby forming the core of new culturecarriers who promote and engage in innovationactivities. Over the course of one year the program hashelped create an interesting, skilled, interdisciplinary,creative, and constructively spirited collective largelyconsisting of young people. They set ambitious goalsand achieve exemplary results in many activity areas,thanks in no small part to the EURECA Program.• The “EURECA Program helped improve the statusof the pilot institutions of higher learning and theirprojects.• The EURECA Program helped improve the systemof university management, introduce and test newregulations, and streamline project implementationactivities making them more effective and efficient.• The EURECA Program helped instill a taste forinnovations and promote the spirit of innovations withinthe pilot universities.• The EURECA Program helped encourage the pilotuniversities to engage in innovation activities bymobilizing their most proactive cores represented byyoung, enthusiastic, and creative researchers andfaculty members and by involving them in projectactivities.• The EURECA Program helped change the nature ofcollaboration between the pilot universities and otherinstitutions of higher learning once the pilot universitiesstarted operating as innovation hubs and resourcecenters for the benefit of other universities andpartners.ITMO’s participation in the EURECA Program facilitatedsystemic development of its activities in the fieldof innovative entrepreneurship. For example, theuniversity’s Scientific Council prepared and approvedthe “ITMO innovation infrastructure developmentprogram for 2011-2017”.Speaking of the impact produced by the EURECAProgram upon the university structure developmentone should note that, on the one hand, it boosted thenetworking between various university divisions andthe university innovation infrastructure, and on theother hand, given the fact that the program prioritiescomplement the university development strategy andthe federal program of development of national researchuniversities, it is difficult to determine if a certain effectis accounted for by the EURECA Program or some otherinitiative. By now ITMO has created a new innovationinfrastructure with an easily identifiable marketing focus.The ITMO Project Development Department has helpedorganize a second competition of project proposals,introduced the institute of project managers, anddeployed a corporate information system.The institute of project managers introduced at ITMO hasbeen approved by the university’s Senate. The projectmanagers have been included in the university structureand their task is to support and assist faculty and staff inimplementation of research projects. A project manageracts as the mediator between the university, businesses,and governmental agencies.The development of structural processes at ITMO hasaltered the concept of operation of the university’sinformation and technology center: it has been dividedinto two structures, a business incubator and atechnological park.According to the program participants, overcoming therigid system of views and beliefs of the ITMO officials,staff, and faculty accounting for the slow and painfulintroduction of changes and implementation of projectsat the university was one of the principal difficulties andone of the most important achievements of the EURECAProgram. But these are natural processes and, speakingobjectively, their implementation at ITMO takes a lotless time thanks to the high degree of professionalismand dedication of the project participants and universityofficials raised through EURECA as compared to theinstitutions of higher learning unaffected by the EURECAProgram.THE PILOT PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED BY THE US-RUSSIAN INTERUNIVERSITYPARTNERSHIPS AS PART OF THE “EURECA” PROGRAM HAVE RESULTED IN A NUMBEROF IMPORTANT CHANGES, SUCH AS:SOCIAL EFFECTS BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE “EURECA” PROGRAMTHE “EURECA” PROGRAM OPTIMIZED THE ENTIRE ITMO INNOVATIONINFRASTRUCTURE
  • 15. www.eureca-usrf.org 15Developing entrepreneurial universities by developing their innovation ecosystemsMany initiatives and project ideas have originated fromthe EURECA Program. The synergetic effect of theprogram is manifested in consolidation of resources,business ideas, and technologies. For example:• ITMO took part in the federal competition designedto support projects designed by student associationsand self-governing bodies in the field of “Innovativeyouth development” and won a grant in the amount ofapproximately 50 million roubles.• The workshops conducted by the EURECA Programteam at ITMO have exceeded their originallyenvisioned framework thanks to the resources of otherprograms implemented by the university and formedthe foundation of new qualifications improvementprograms.• Students of the NNSU university law school providelegal support to business projects and collaborate withother students on implementation of business ideas.This is the first that the university is able to offer legalconsultations for the benefit of business projects andfor the first time the university law school students haveshown interests in the “Innovation activity” trainingmodule.• As students from different faculties and departmentscame together to form innovative business teams theyhelped create a virtual business incubator. The idea ofestablishing a virtual interfaculty business incubatorhad not been accounted for by the EURECA Programbut emerged in the course of the program activities.• The study tours to the partner institutions of higherlearning are used to organize collaboration amongresearchers. The two most recently held study tourshelped bring together Russian scientists and theirbusiness partners from American universities involvedin similar research projects.Further development of the pilot projects of the EURECAProgram requires taking into account a number ofspecific conditions and assumptions when usingsuccessful innovation development experiences inRussian universities.• An exhaustive and uniform innovation developmentmodel is not available to Russian universities; theAmerican model is not fully applicable in the Russianconditions. The experiences of our foreign partners donot always contain the answers to certain questionsbecause Russia’s conditions are unique and requirethat we adapt and adjust our own technologies inconsideration of the specific properties, conditions,and strengths of each particular institution of higherlearning.• Rigid environments, both interior and exterior, impedefurther innovation development in Russian institutionsof higher learning.• Institutions of higher learning are forward players.Their main objective in ensuring sustainablecommercialization of research and technology transferkey is to help businesses and other large partners tocatch up with universities, as well as to instill a newentrepreneurial culture in the field of research andeducation.EURECA PROGRAM BECAME AN IMPORTANT UNIVERSITY PROJECTFOR ITMO AND NNSU
  • 16. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)162• Universities specializing in applied sciences are morelikely to be successful in innovation development ifthey partner with relevant associations and privatefoundations instead of other universities becauseassociations and private foundations operate on themarket of consulting and expert services and theiroverheads are lower than those of universities.• The ITMO innovation model is attractive for institutionsof higher learning but not all Russian universitieshave enough potential for its implementation. Thismodel requires a lot of work that not every universityis prepared to do. It enables institutions of higherlearning to attract serious investments upon havinginvested in their own changes and projects and manyuniversities are not accustomed to using such anapproach (living in accordance with the principle“money first, chairs later”).• The inherent unpreparedness of many Russianinstitutions of higher learning to implement the newmodel is often manifested in the poor quality ofemployees sent out for training and study tours. Theseemployees are selected randomly without having beenexamined on account of their ability and capacity toimpact the innovation development process (e.g.a training group could not be more heterogeneouswhen made up of laboratory assistants and universityrectors).• Younger program participants are quicker in strategicforeseeing difficulties and prompt responding to worksituations, elder staff brings more scientific researchexperience and knowledge.The EURECA Program is implemented with the universitycommunity but it is becoming an innovative mediatorthat brings together the requirements and resources ofinstitutions of higher learning, businesses, governmentalstakeholders, members of the innovation community andrepresentatives of development institutions interested inpromoting mutually beneficial US-Russian and broaderinternational cooperation in the field of innovationdevelopment.The EURECA Program creates opportunities for Russiannational, federal, and research universities and otherleading institutions of higher learning to organizecollaboration with the international innovation communityand its primary networks thereby enabling its members toadequately assess the growing potential of cooperationwith Russia. The EURECA Program represents a newarea for cooperation between Russian and Americanuniversities in technology transfer. The Program offerseffective mechanisms enabling Russian innovativeuniversities to access not only national, but alsointernational, particularly, American innovation markets.The pilot phase of the program has been completed. Thepilot interuniversity projects have become sustainable.The amount of resources mobilized by the programparticipants, as well as the amount of funding raised fromexternal partners keeps growing constantly thanks tothe newly effected changes in the status and structureof the institutions of higher learning, as well as the newpotential acquired thereby in the course of the pilotprojects. Many regional institutions of higher learninghave been showing their interest in learning more aboutthe experiences accumulated in the course of the pilotprojects. Their interest is accounted for not only bythe visibly improved outcomes of the pilot universities’research and entrepreneurial activities, but also bytheir understanding of the high practical value of theinternational methods and approaches adapted to thecurrent Russian conditions.Information about the Program outcomes is freelyavailable to representatives of Russian institutions ofhigher learning and members of the general publicinterested in innovation development. It is disseminatednot only through numerous networking events, but alsothrough the designated EURECA Program website,www.eureca-usrf.org, the EURECA Program groupon Facebook created by Russian universities, http://www.facebook.com/groups/317852624968679/, thewebsites of the pilot universities, http://eureca.ifmo.ru and http://www.eureca.NNSU.ru, as well as the pilotproject materials, success stories, and analytical andmethodological materials published in the course of thepilot phase of the EURECA Program.
  • 17. www.eureca-usrf.org 17Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learninginto regional economic development processes and developing their innovation potentialsDESIGNING МЕХАНИЗМОВMECHANISMS REQUIREDTO INTEGRATE RUSSIANINSTITUTIONS OF HIGHERLEARNING INTO REGIONALECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTPROCESSES AND DEVELOPINGTHEIR INNOVATION POTENTIALSThose institutions of higher learning that want to operate successfully, effectively, and cost-efficiently have to meet the requirements of the current historic period. In order to remain au courantand be able to play an important role in the country’s development it is not enough for institutionsof higher learning to continue performing their usual, traditional functions of educators andresearchers. Today they are also required to take an active part in the socio-economic and culturallives of their respective cities and regions, as well as the country upon the whole, as well as tocollaborate with partner institutions of higher learning and other stakeholders.In one of his annual addresses to the country V. V. Putin noted as follows: “Russia needs acompetitive education system”. This approach is based on the system-forming role played byuniversity in regional socio-economic development. Now that the tertiary education reform in Russiahas been underway for a number of years its results are best measured not on the basis of thenumber of new founded or reorganized universities, but on the basis of the contribution made by alluniversities into the country’s socio-economic development.Today, universities strive to become regional centersfor integration of education, research, and innovations.This is accounted for by the current historic period andis in line with the goals and objectives of the Strategy2020. The Strategy, in particular, notes that a regionalinnovation strategy must seek to coordinate innovationinfrastructure development efforts, promote innovativeentrepreneurship, and support effective collaborationbetween regional governments and relevant innovationinfrastructure components, such as research andeducation centers, innovation companies, and innovationfinancing infrastructure. In addition, according to theStrategy 2020, one of the goals of the ongoing structuralreforms is to improve communications and collaborationbetween various organizations of fundamental andapplied science, institutions of higher learning, scientificresearch institutes and enterprises.The EURECA Program has helped design and testmechanisms that enabled the pilot universities to startoperating as the aforementioned integration centersand supplied the leading Russian institutions of higherlearning from among the program participants withnewly designed Russian and international approachesand practices enabling them to play an important role inregional innovation development.ЭВРИКАEURECAЭE
  • 18. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)183Each of the institutions of higher learninginvolved in the pilot phase of the programapproached this activity area using itsown unique methods.NNSU implemented mechanisms of university’sparticipation in regional development.The Nizhniy Novgorod State University has implementedmechanisms of collaboration with the newly establishedstructures designed to support and promoteinnovative youth ideas and projects by establishingthe NNSU Center for the Development of InnovativeEntrepreneurship of Academic Youth, updating itsbusiness education system, establishing the Centerfor International Cooperation in Technology Transfer,designing and launching innovative projects based onfundamental and applied research, and by improving itssystem of protection of intellectual property.The university designed mechanisms of collaborationamong all the existing structures working with academicyouth, such as the newly established NNSU Center forthe Development of Innovative Entrepreneurship ofAcademic Youth, NNSU Council of Young Researchers,Council of Youth Researchers and Specialists of theNizhniy Novgorod Region, etc., as well as mechanismsof collaboration between the newly established Centerfor International Cooperation in Technology Transferand Center for Integration with Enterprises, the regionalrepresentative office of the Foundation for Support ofSmall Research-Intensive Businesses (“UMNIK” and“START” federal programs), Center for the Developmentof Economic Potential of the Nizhniy Novgorod Region,Ministry of industry and innovations of the NizhniyNovgorod region, Ministry for support and developmentof small businesses, consumer market, and services,Department of international, foreign trade, and regionalrelations, and a great number of large municipal,national, and international companies.Another important mechanism is represented by theEURECA Program innovation hub established at NNSU –it has become an effective channel for dissemination ofinformation and replication of approaches and solutionsdesigned by the pilot projects for the regional partnersfrom other institutions of higher learning operating in theNizhniy Novgorod region and beyond.In 2012, the Nizhniy Novgorodregion ranked third, after Moscowand the Moscow region, in termsof innovation development. This wasthe conclusion of the Higher Schoolof Economics researchers who hadanalyzed Russian regions on accountof their innovative nature.InnoBusiness: 1st Student Elevator Pitch Competition atUNN: 57 students from 13 UNN departments participated,5 projects-winners: Innovative Complex Agrochemical,New Control Method for Toxicants, Dirt-repellant Paint,Subjective News Agency, In vitro Plants PropagationTechnology. 5 students-winners had an intensive coachingprogram at Purdue university in September 2012.Youth innovation business-plans competition«InnoBusiness» provided the format for UNN effectivepromotion of youth innovative ideas with the marketpotential and building the students’ entrepreneurialcapacity in university science commercialization.Competition winners’ with the raised capacity afterinternships at Purdue University are strengthening theentrepreneurial and innovative UNN community.NNSU Pro-rector: “The networking events organized bythe New Eurasia Foundation, including those held as partof the “EURECA” program, have enabled us to disseminaterelevant information among the members of a broadscientific community which is why we believe we haverealized ourselves as an innovation hub. Furthermore, weoffer a continuous qualifications improvement program forRussian university instructors that includes lecture materialsbased on some of the “EURECA” program results”.FIRST EXPERIENCES IN TESTINGTHE “TRIPLE HELIX” MODEL (UNIVERSITY –BUSINESS – GOVERNMENT PARTNERSHIP)
  • 19. www.eureca-usrf.org 19Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learninginto regional economic development processes and developing their innovation potentialsITMO designed innovation hub developmentmechanisms and came to provide consultations oncomprehensive support of the RD system, developmentof a balanced innovation infrastructure, and promotionof innovation projects to financial sustainability not onlyto external clients from among interested institutionsof higher learning, but also to regional partners fromamong representatives of institutions of higher learning,businesses, and governmental agencies.The new ITMO partners include regionalgovernments, e.g. that of the Ulyanovsk region andRepublic of Mordovia, as well as such organizationsand companies as the Association of Informationand Communication Enterprises of the VoronezhRegion.It is anticipated that collaboration with ITMO as aninnovation hub will enable Russian regions to design,commercialize, and market innovative business projectsinternationally. ITMO and the government of theUlyanovsk region have executed an agreement to jointheir efforts and design innovative socio-economicdevelopment methods for the Ulyanovsk region.“Electronic Ulyanovsk” is the organization that willimplement this project on behalf of the governmentof the Ulyanovsk region. Ulyanovsk-based institutionsof higher learning will also take part in the project.ITMO will also collaborate with the government ofMordovia to improve the effectiveness of the republic’sinnovation endeavours, as well as to modernize therepublic’s technological development component.ITMO will also help establish a fibre-optic engineeringcenter at the Mordovian Technological Park. Pursuantto the cooperation agreement between ITMO and thegovernment of the Republic of Mordovia, ITMO willtrain master’s degree and doctorate students in fibreoptics and the republican government will ensure theiremployment upon graduation at the Technological Parkof Mordovia. The agreement also entails training andsupplying the republic with highly skilled workforce,cooperating in the development, implementation, andcommercialization of RD projects at the MordovianTechnological Park, as well as creating conditionsrequired for the republican innovation companies toaccess domestic and foreign markets.The new ITMO partners include regional governments,e.g. that of the Ulyanovsk region and Republicof Mordovia, as well as such organizations and companiesas the Association of Information and CommunicationEnterprises of the Voronezh Region.
  • 20. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)203According to the Methodological recommendations onimplementation of cluster policies in the subjects of theRussian Federation, the notion of “cluster” is interpretedas a group of interconnected and complementaryeconomic subjects (enterprises, suppliers of equipmentand parts, providers of production and support services,etc.), as well as research and education organizationsthat depend on each other functionally in the processof production and sale of their goods and services ina given field of activity that are concentrated withinthe same physical territory. Within their respectiveclusters research and education organizations performa number of important functions that determine thedegree of competitiveness of industrial enterprises. Firstof all, they design and deploy new technologies, trainand retrain workforce, consult companies in variousoperation aspects, collaborative utilization of innovationinfrastructure components, as well as accumulation andtransfer of knowledge among the cluster members. Thecluster approach has already become one of the keysocio-economic development strategies adopted bya number of RF subjects and municipalities. Pursuantto the Strategy 2020, establishment and developmentof competency centers by creating national researchcenters, as well as by enabling some of the leadinguniversities, governmental research centers, and leadingresearch organizations of the governmental academiesof sciences to compete successfully at the global levelwill become one of the most important RD priorities.Today, participation of institutions of higher learning instrategic partnerships in the form of territorial clustersis primarily accounted for by their industry-specific andhighly-technological nature. Today, institutions of higherlearning are primarily involved in the clusters associatedwith highly technological industrial production, such asautomobile manufacture, aviation and space complex,agricultural engineering, innovation technologies,including software development, where they act as keypartners.The EURECA Program supplied the pilot universities withnew skills required for effective integration into territorialeconomy clusters. Their American partner universitiescan be viewed as potential cluster partners in Russia,while the Russian universities can join foreign clusters incollaboration with their American partners.The institutions of higher learning involved in thenetworking events held as part of the program havealso improved their skills in this field and were givenan opportunity to learn about the experiences of theEURECA Program program pilot universities, as well asinnovative experiences of the United States and leadingEuropean countries, to participate in the study toursand meet new potential partners in various innovationdevelopment areas from among representatives of otherUS universities.ENHANCING THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITY INTHE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL ECONOMYAND TERRITORIAL CLUSTERS THROUGHCOLLABORATION AND NETWORKING
  • 21. www.eureca-usrf.org 21Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learninginto regional economic development processes and developing their innovation potentials“SKOLKOVO” FOUNDATION SIGNS A COOPERATION AGREEMENT WITH ST. PETERSBURGOn April 11, 2012 the “Skolkovo” Foundation held a series of activities in St. Petersburg under the commontitle of “Innovation environment: Skolkovo noon”. These activities culminated with execution of a cooperationagreement between the city of St. Petersburg and the “Skolkovo” Foundation. The ceremony was held at the St.Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics (a.k.a. “ITMO”),another party to the agreement that was signed by Georgiy Poltavchenko, the Governor of St. Petersburg,and Viktor Vekselberg, the President of the “Skolkovo” Foundation. Pursuant to the main provisions of thecooperation agreement, the parties will collaborate to create conditions required for ongoing development ofresearch activities and implement workforce training and qualifications improvement programs. Thanks to itsparticipation in the EURECA Program ITMO, acting as an innovation hub, has the requisite capacity to supportand facilitate this cooperation by promoting innovations, transferring technologies, and commercializingresearch.“FROM SCIENCE TO BUSINESS” FORUM ENABLES ITMO TO REALIZE ITSELF AS ANENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITYITMO has executed a cooperation agreement with “Center for Nanotechnological Projects” LLC (a.k.a.“PRONANO”). Pursuant to the terms and conditions of this agreement, ITMO will participate in collaborativeprojects and programs implemented in the field of research, education, innovative entrepreneurship, andprovision of consultations. The purpose of this agreement is to facilitate the development of nanotechnologiesin the Russian Northwest. PRONANO is known to have initiated the process of establishment of theNorthwestern Nanotechnological Center (NNC) whose budget exceeds a billion roubles. The plan is thatPRONANO will help establish small innovative businesses while NNC will grow them to the point where theybecome ready for being sold, licensed, or patented. “ITMO is our key technological research and infrastructuralpartner. Furthermore, we view ITMO as an integrator of innovation processes not only at the regional, butalso at the federal levels”, - says Sergey Khmelevsky, Director General of PRONANO. Some of the forumspeakers noted that ITMO is in possession of a large scientific base and unique competences in technologytransfer and innovation infrastructure development many of which were obtained thanks to its participation inthe US - Russian “EURECA” program designed to transfer US experiences in commercialization of universityresearch to Russian institutions of higher learning and adapt them to Russian conditions. “We anticipate to workon commercializing not only our own research results, but also those of other institutions of higher learninginterested in this field, – comments Vladimir Vasilyev, the Rector of ITMO. – We view ITMO as the core of aresearch cluster in possession of unique equipment and infrastructure required to commercialize our researchresults”.
  • 22. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)223IN 2012 NNSU ESTABLISHED THE INSTITUTE OF LIVING SYSTEMS, A SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHCENTER ACTING AS ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENTS OF A BIOMEDICAL CLUSTERThe Nizhniy Novgorod State University is Russia’s first institution of higher learning to have useda monetary grant provided by the RF government to launch an interdisciplinary research institute insteadof a mere laboratory. The Institute of Living Systems will bring together young specialists from differentscientific disciplines, such as medicine, biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science,and nanotechnologies, to address relevant biological and medical problems using the most advancedresearch equipment. The Institute is equipped with an SPF-vivarium for retention of transgenic animals thatmeets all applicable international standards. The Institute, integrated into the NNSU education process,is set to become a unique training ground for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as doctoratecandidates. Other leading institutions of higher learning and research organizations of Nizhniy Novgorodplayed an important role in the organization of the Institute of Living Systems, such as the Institute of AppliedPhysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Medical Academy, and the Privolzhye District MedicalCenter.The construction of the Center for Innovative Development of Medical Engineering under the Nizhniy NovgorodState University named after N. I. Lobachevsky was launched in autumn 2012. The project has already beenchristened «Minor Skolkovo». NNSU will create a medical engineering development zone or a biomedicalcluster of sorts. The key objective of the «Minor Skolkovo» center is to develop innovative technologiesin the field of medical instrumentation and equipment, as well as to integrate Russian and internationalmarkets. The total amount of governmental investments into the NNSU Center for Innovative Developmentof Medical Engineering exceeds 1.1 billion roubles. The first instalment was paid in September markingthe nonofficial beginning of the Center»s history. The university does not rely solely on assistance fromthe federal government and intends to invest about 400 million roubles of its own funds into the «MinorSkolkovo». By the way, the Center will serve to develop not only science, but also industry: NNSU has becomea member of the Defense Industry Association of Medical Equipment Manufacturers. The Privolzhye MedicalCenter and Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics plans to cooperate with the newly created Center. Inaddition, 27 production, education, medical, and research organizations and enterprises of Nizhniy Novgorodhave also shown interest in joining the project.The Nizhniy Novgorod State University»s involvement in the «EURECA» program made it possible to focusthe treaties between the governments of the Nizhniy Novgorod region and the State of Maryland (USA)on cooperation in the development of biomedical technologies and created the management mechanismsand human potential required for more effective engagement of the Nizhniy Novgorod State Universityand University of Maryland in activities designed to help bring Russian research results to the global marketof innovations.
  • 23. www.eureca-usrf.org 23Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learninginto regional economic development processes and developing their innovation potentialsNETWORKING EDUCATION PROGRAMS ASA MECHANISM OF DEVELOPMENT OF VARIOUSTYPES OF MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL INTERREGIONALAND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION BETWEENINSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING AND THEIRPARTNERS FROM AMONG PRIVATE BUSINESSESAND GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIESThe participants of the networking training sessions noted the importance of theprogram’s ability to accommodate the training needs of the institutions of higherlearning that did not directly participate in the pilot phase of the program. Thetraining sessions held as part of the EURECA Program enabled their participants fromamong representatives of various Russian universities to learn about each other’sexperiences in commercialization of research and technology transfer,and ascertain of each other’s willingness to collaborate in addressing professionalissues. The training sessions, panel discussions, and forums held as part of theprogram performed several functions: educational, integrative, and promotional.The participants of the program’s education component were extremely satisfied withthe outcomes of their participation in the training events, emphasizing the followingaspects: the relevance of the training themes, new models and approaches applicablein the Russian conditions, effectiveness of the group work for the developmentof further collaboration, social and professional networking opportunities, theopportunity of informal interaction with Russian, American, and British experts.
  • 24. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)243EXAMPLES OF NETWORKING TRAINING EVENTS FOR THE RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIESOn April 16 – 20, 2012 the St. Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, andOptics hosted a training session in commercialization of university research.The training session was attended by representatives of 20 leading institutions of higher learning who wereaddressed by a group of experts in university innovation development, entrepreneurship, venture financing,establishment of start-ups, project management, and protection of intellectual property.ITMO representatives presented the pack of products and results that were developed in the frameworkof the EURECA Program.On June 18 – 21, 2012 another training session was held in Nizhniy Novgorod,“Auditing the market potential of research – approaches, methods and functions oftechnology commercialization at Russian research universities”.The training session was attended by representativesof 20 Russian leading institutions of higher learning.The training session covered such topics as selectionof the most marketable and viable research findings forcommercialization, assessment of the market demandfor and applicability of specific technologies developedby universities, the structure of the innovation supplychain, intellectual property policies, and identificationof key stakeholders. The trainees analyzed all phasesof the commercialization and technology transferprocedures. They also examined such topics asmarket analysis and information sources. Finally,they learned about the nuances of such specificprocesses as the market pricing of innovations anddevelopment of partnerships at various phases ofcommercialization and technology transfer. Thetraining session resulted in two important initiativesproving the interest and maturity of the programcommunity. First of all, a number of universities fromamong the training session participants decided toput together a group to design and advance a newstandard of entrepreneurial education in Russia. Andsecondly, the EURECA Program page was created onFacebook to help all interested parties to exchangeideas and best practices, discuss issues and problems,and launch initiatives enabling the universities and theirrepresentatives to develop their competencies, growth through partnerships, and cooperatein the quest for the most effective solutions for the development of innovation supportinfrastructures of institutions of higher learning in compliance with territorial needs and inconsideration of global development trends.Leonid Mylnikov: “Since joining the “EURECA” programthe Perm Polytechnic University has put together a clusterof student project groups comprised of more than 400students from different faculties and departments. Theuniversity’s participation in the program has made it possibleto organize a student business incubator. Another importantbenefit of participating in the program is the possibility toestablish new contacts, raise capital, and obtain advice oncommercialization of university research. Since joining theprogram we have established three businesses. “Foundationsof entrepreneurship” is an optional course introduced intothe 2012-13 curriculum. More than 1,000 students fromvarious faculties and departments registered for this course.The course was designed by a group of authors that includedAlexander Palkin who has participated in the EURECAProgram trainings since its very first event in St. Petersburg.In addition, this year we introduced a graduate program in“Management” that for now will operate in the pilot modeon the basis of our business incubator. The program entailseducation on the basis of “learning by doing”.
  • 25. www.eureca-usrf.org 25Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learninginto regional economic development processes and developing their innovation potentialsThe training session “Creation and development of university start-ups: Russianand American experiences” was held on September 16 – 18, 2012 as part of the“EURECA” program. It was organized in partnership with the American Councils forInternational Education. The training session was attended by 30 participantsfrom among the heads and employees of thetechnology transfer offices of 18 Russian institutionsof higher learning responsible for the establishmentof start-ups and small innovative enterprises, headsand specialists of business incubators operating underinstitutions of higher learning, and other professionalsspecializing in the development of universityinnovation infrastructure, as well as establishment anddevelopment of small innovative companies underinstitutions of higher learning.The participants of the training session learned about Russian and international experiences inthe creation of innovative small businesses with participation of institutions of higher learningand discussed the most successful practices in support and development of innovativeenterprises, legal aspects of creation and operation of university start-ups, fundraisingopportunities available to university start-ups, and operating peculiarities of various types offinancial institutions. The international conference “We are building our future today: University – Region –Business” took place on November 27, 2012 at the “National” Hotel in Moscow.The conference participants were presented with the outcomes and implementationexperiences of the pilot phase of the EURECA Program. The conference offered a new outlookon the future development opportunities of the US-Russia relations from the viewpoint ofmutual interest and respect. It also enabled the Russian and American partners from amonginstitutions of higher learning, businesses, andgovernments to demonstrate their interest in continuedimplementation of the EURECA Program as a large-scale and systemic international program implementedin compliance with the key national priorities and globaleconomy development trends, i.e. the format createdat the outset of its pilot phase.  Marina Muravyova, Saratov State Agricultural University:«I would like to share some of my impressions left by the thirdtraining session held on September 16‑18, 2012. I wantto say right away that in terms of its practicality the trainingsession was very useful for the university staff in chargeof the innovation infrastructure and small innovativebusinesses. I hope to share our university’s experiences inimplementing some of our ideas in the future!»Mars Arsanov, State University of Chechnya: “A greatnumber of ideas were discussed at the training session inNizhniy Novgorod and we have tried implementing someof them at the State University of Chechnya. To beginwith, we audited our intangible assets and the outcomes,regrettably, have been sad. We decided to address theseproblems from the bottommost level by introducing asystem of interaction among various university divisionsinvolved in commercialization of research. We havedesigned a provision on royalties at the State Universityof Chechnya. It is important to note that this provisionwas designed on the basis of the figures discussed at theseminar”.
  • 26. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)263The “Marketing tertiaryeducation and research”seminar, organized by theNew Eurasia Foundation inpartnership with INOCENTER,was held on December 10 – 11,2012.The seminar was attended byrepresentatives of 23 institutionsof higher learning responsiblefor marketing, communication,and internationalization activities.The seminar entailed theoretical,practical, and interactiveeducation components. Inthe course of interactivepresentations, panel discussions,and group exercises the seminarparticipants learned about theglobal trends and potentialdevelopment areas, exchangedtheir own ideas, and presented themarketing and branding prioritiesof their respective institutions ofhigher learning. A series of compilations of resource materials was prepared in the course of the“EURECA” program.These compilations contain information about the experiences of two of the country’sleading institutions of higher learning, Nizhniy Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky, and St. Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics,and Optics, in developing as entrepreneurial universities. The compilations of resourcematerials also describe how the international “EURECA” program has helped theaforementioned institutions of higher learning to become successful entrepreneurialuniversities. The articles written by some of the leading experts significantly expandand deepen the reader’s understanding of this topic. The third collection of resourcematerials presents some of the most advanced approaches to collaboration betweeninstitutions of higher learning and their partners in creating regional innovation industryclusters.In the framework of the program «EUREСA» with the assistance of the AmericanCouncils for International Education: ACTR/ACCELS, Inc., with the support of theOJSC «RVC « Start-up: a resource book of the founder” (Authors: Steve Blank,Bob Dorf) was publishedThe book contains the most fundamental and popular course about the management ofthe startup projects. The revolutionary method of the customer development, created bythe authors, has already helped thousands of entrepreneurs to create new businessesin many countries of the world, including Russia. The idea of the method consists in thefact that you should go out of the office, as early as possible, and check the businessmodel with real customers, contributing into the initial idea the change, sometimes verysignificant. The book by Steve Blank and Bob Dorf describes not only the most advancedexperience of the creation of start-UPS, but also gives clear-cut methodology, how tocreate new businesses, step by step. The authors supplemented the original text by acase from the Russian practice, to show how the methodology of the development of theconsumers works in our country. This book is due to be read by everyone, who thinks toopen their own business or have already started a new business.
  • 27. www.eureca-usrf.org 27Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesDESIGNING МЕХАНИЗМОВMECHANISMS REQUIREDTO INTEGRATE RUSSIANINSTITUTIONS OF HIGHERLEARNING INTO THE NATIONALAND INTERNATIONALINNOVATION COMMUNITIESThe current governmental policy provides that one of the strategic objectives in the field of scientificdevelopment is to make Russia once again one of the world’s leading scientific powers and toestablish a research sector capable of implementing fundamental and applied research in areasthat are relevant for the global and domestic socio-economic development priorities and importantfor Russian and international enterprises and companies. The Strategy 2020 notes that some ofthe “priority areas in international scientific and technological cooperation include the following:to engage Russian research organizations and companies in international collaborative researchprograms more actively, to form international technological platforms, and to ensure inclusion ofRussia and relevant Russian organizations in international research organizations, networks, andprojects with the view to become fully integrated into the European research community”.Given that the EURECA Program was implemented inpartnership with the RF Ministry of education and endedup being included into the portfolio of pilot projects ofthe Subgroup for education and innovation technologiesof the US-Russian Presidential Commission, it wasstrategically focused on facilitating the implementationof some of the key priorities of the country’s innovationand education policies, as well as on promoting theUS-Russia relations on the basis of mutually beneficialcooperation. In order to enable Russian institutionsof higher learning to join the international innovationcommunity and achieve a global development level theprogram used pilot projects that helped design newmodels for commercialization of university research andtechnology transfer and established forums that broughttogether Russian, American, and European institutions ofhigher learning and their partners from among innovativebusinesses and governmental agencies.ЭВРИКАEURECAЭE
  • 28. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)284A global innovation system is emerging and the globalleaders winning the competition can introduce standardsand rules compliance with which will become in timemandatory for all participants of the global supplychains. The RF Government seeks to create a globallycompetitive innovation system to support domesticinnovation and technological development. Large-scalemodernization of production on the basis of advancedtechnologies, creation of a competitive national researchsector ensuring innovative economic development,cultivation and promotion of innovative thinking andbehaviour among the country’s population, and supportfor proliferation of innovations in all economy sectors –all these objectives require creating territorial productionclusters equipped with a dynamically growing innovationand education infrastructure surrounding largeagglomerations characterized by high h uman potentialand living standards.Modernization and development of the sphere ofinnovations are some of the key priorities of thegovernmental economic policy. Promotion of innovationsto domestic and international markets and integration ofRussian innovation companies into the global innovationcommunity are equally important objectives.The RF Government has taken a number of measuresdesigned to support ongoing development offundamental and applied research at institutions ofhigher learning and engage them in applied researchprojects implemented for the benefit of innovationdevelopment of the real economy sector, as well asto reduce administrative and legal barriers impedinginteruniversity collaboration and creation of partnershipswith production enterprises and foreign researchers andinstructors. To that end the RF Government adoptedRF Federal Law No.217 regulating the establishmentof small innovative businesses under institutionsof higher learning, Resolution No.218 regulatingcooperation between institutions of higher learningand organizations that implement complex projects onorganizing highly technological production, ResolutionNo.219 regulating the development of the innovationinfrastructures of institutions of higher learning, andResolution No.220 designed to attract the world’sleading scientists to Russian institutions of higherlearning. The tertiary education reform entails creating anetwork of federal and research universities, designinglegislation regulating all aspects of intellectual propertyturnover, establishing small business support structures,expanding the system of financial support for innovativeresearch and entrepreneurial activities, introducing theinstitute of autonomous organizations, etc.Legislation has been designed to regulate thedevelopment of territorial economy clusters; clustersare being formed in the regions; new innovation clusterdevelopment initiatives keep emerging, including onesinvolving institutions of higher learning. The developmentof clusters received a special impulse from thecompetition of the RF Ministry of economic developmentannounced in March 2012 with the view to encouragethe development and implementation of pilot projectsseeking to establish innovative clusters. The competitionCREATING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONALFORUMS FOR DISCUSSION OF RELEVANT PROBLEMS,PROMOTION OF VIABLE IDEAS, AND ASSURANCEOF ACCESS TO INNOVATION MARKETS The world is undergoing globalization based on scientificprogress and ever expediting innovation processesoccurring in most of the world’s regions, especially inlarge developing countries. This creates opportunitiesfor expanding their respective shares in the global grossproduct and enhancing their importance in the world’stechnological development. It is anticipated that theglobal economy development prospects depend on therate of innovation development, the rate of proliferationand mutual penetration of new technologies, on creationof new industries and modernization of insufficientlyautomated economy sectors, as well as on integrationof traditional economy sectors into the “new economy”structure. All these trends create objective conditionsrequired to expand the scope of RD activities, increasethe demand for a highly skilled workforce, and to investin scientific research at a rate that exceeds the rate ofeconomic growth. This will help increase the shares ofthe research-intensive economy sectors in the GDPs ofall of the world’s countries.
  • 29. www.eureca-usrf.org 29Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiessupported the development programs of 25 territorialclusters now slated to receive funding from the federalgovernment.Insufficient motivation and poor coordination ofefforts among all participants of innovation processesconstitute the barriers preventing them from making atechnological breakthrough and effecting a transitionto broad application of innovation technologies. Furtherdevelopment of the high-tech market is also impeded bya low demand for innovations, a shortage of feedbackmechanisms used between industrial enterprises andnew technology developers, a lack of project culture inRussian science and institutions of higher learning, etc.Successful pursuit of international markets of innovationsrequires disposing of a holistic innovation ecosystemcomprised of the institutional ecosystems of its member-organizations (institutions of higher learning, innovativebusinesses, venture investors, etc.), territorial innovationecosystems, highly skilled innovative workforce,specifically tailored legislation, etc.Upon the whole, successful implementation anddevelopment of an innovation ecosystem requiresconsolidated efforts of all participants interestedin commercialization of research and technologytransfer: the government should create requisite legaland economic conditions that stimulate industrialdevelopment as the main consumer of innovations,ensure financial support of initial and the most riskystages of innovation projects, facilitate effectivecooperation between institutions of higher learning,research centers, and businesses which, in turn, arerequired to invest in innovations and have an adequateknowledge of relevant markets.Organizing collaboration among the subjects ofinnovation processes is an important element requiredfor promotion of a new attitude towards innovations,development of the innovation sphere, and broadcommercialization of innovations.The “EURECA” program was conceived andimplemented in cooperation with the RF Ministryof education and science and the key nationalstakeholders. As the program progressed ittransformed itself into a multilateral internationaleffort that took into account Russia’s developmentneeds and priorities, global trends, and the goalsand opportunities of US-Russian cooperation. Thiswas another important outcome of the program.Implemented at two levels – institutional and networking,the program acted as a mechanism facilitating thedevelopment of the country’s innovation ecosystem,on the one hand, and as a mechanism facilitating theintegration of Russian institutions of higher learningand their partners into the global innovation ecosystem,on the other hand. To that end the program helpedimplement international interuniversity pilot projects,develop new skills, promote best practices throughnetworking events attended by representatives of mostof Russia’s leading institutions of higher learning, andengage new stakeholders from among businesses,governments, and members of the internationalinnovation community in the pilot projects, as well asnew initiatives designed to enrich its own substance andenhance its own capacity.The program’s management system is an importantfactor ensuring its successful implementation. On theone hand, the program was designed to support someof the leading Russian universities. On the other hand,it took into account the interests of their partners fromamong some of the best US universities and promotedmultifaceted cooperation between them. The program isoperated by the New Eurasia Foundation in Russia andby the American Councils for International Educationin the USA. Both organizations are uniquely suited topromote the program. The New Eurasia Foundation hasa great deal of experience in implementing internationaleducation program of various operating scales, hasaccess to a broad network of partners comprised ofsome of the key stakeholders, both Russian and foreign,including American, leading institutions of higherlearning, leading education and donor organizations andagencies from Russia, Europe, and the USA, Russianregional governments, as well as Russian and foreignbusinesses, including innovative ones. The AmericanCouncils for International Education (ACTR/ACCELS) isone of the largest American organizations known for itssuccessful track record in implementing internationalacademic exchange programs and well connected withthe leading American universities.The New Eurasia Foundation operated the programin Russia and, to achieve the best possible results,coordinated the implementation of internationalpartnership projects. The Foundation also ensured theprogram’s flexibility, relevance, and compliance withthe key development priorities of Russian education andinnovation sectors, as well as the interests of the Russianparticipants from among representatives of the pilot andnetwork institutions, expanded the program substance,put together a pool of program experts from amongsome of the leading experts and officials of variousgovernmental agencies, businesses, and innovationorganizations, expanded the network of programpartners not only in the USA and Russia, but also inEurope, CIS, and Israel. The topics and even the dates ofthe networking events were determined by the programactivities implemented in compliance with the current
  • 30. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)304development objectives of the Russian education andinnovation sectors, as well as the development context ofthe US – Russian cooperation.The American Councils for International Educationadministered the EURECA Program in the USA bycoordinating the efforts undertaken by the Americanparticipants and their partners from among institutions ofhigher learning, organizations, and experts in compliancewith the program implementation requirements.The program helped implement interuniversitypartnership projects mutually beneficial for Russianand American institutions of higher learning with a greatdeal of potential for ongoing cooperation in innovationmanagement, collaborative research, education andinternational academic exchange programs. Theprogram supplied representatives of Russian institutionsof higher learning and their partners from among Russianand American businesses and governmental agencieswith the best Russian, American, and internationalpractices in commercialization of university researchand technology transfer. Each networking event,whether organized in cooperation with the RF Ministryof education and science or any other governmentalagencies and whether hosted by the Russian orAmerican pilot or partner universities, responded, ina manner of speaking, to one of the most current andrelevant problems associated with the development ofRussian tertiary education and innovation sectors or US –Russian cooperation.Overcoming the stereotypes in respect ofinnovations and innovation enthusiasts, the“EURECA” program tested the format of networkingconferences and training sessions as methods ofcollaboration in innovation development involvingall relevant stakeholders from universities togovernments. The networking program events, heldin the USA and Russia alike, presented solutions testedby the international interuniversity pilot partnerships,and discussed innovation development barriers andtheir elimination methods as applied to institutionsof higher learning, as well as methods designed toimprove collaboration between institutions of higherlearning, small high-tech businesses, and large industrialenterprises in the development and deployment ofinnovations, some of the best American and Europeanpractices, and international experiences in stimulatingthe development of the market of innovations andinnovation infrastructures.
  • 31. www.eureca-usrf.org 31Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesThe networking events also helped promote business relations and form mutually beneficial partnerships between Russianinstitutions of higher learning, Russian and American universities, as well as universities, governments, and businesses.For example, in 2010 when the government was makingimportant steps to support the development of theinnovation infrastructures of Russian institutions ofhigher learning and discussing cooperation formats ineducation development at the level of the US-RussianPresidential Commission, the RF Ministry of educationand science hosted two seminars, both organized bythe New Eurasia Foundation, “US-Russian relationsin tertiary education and science: challenges andprospects” and “Supporting the development of theinnovation infrastructures of the leading institutionsof higher learning”. The former helped analyze theentire scope of formats, productivity, expectations,needs, and prospects of cooperation between Americanand Russian universities. The latter presented theefforts of the pilot institutions of higher learning,discussed the practices and experiences of Russian andAmerican universities in the development of innovationinfrastructure, commercialization of university research,and technology transfer.In February – March 2011 the New Eurasia Foundationorganized a panel discussion dedicated to the workbeing done by the Subgroup for education of theUS-Russian Presidential Commission that was holdingone of its scheduled meetings around the same time.The panel discussion was hosted by the RF Ministryof education and science. Its participants discussedcollaboration between American and Russian universitiesin the development of research and innovationinfrastructures, as well as collaboration between themembers of the Association of the Leading RussianUniversities and the Association of American Universities.They also put together relevant recommendations for thePresidential Commission that held one of its meetingssoon after the panel discussion. The panel discussionwas conducted by the Ministry of education and scienceof the Russian Federation in partnership with the US –Russia Foundation for Economic Advancement and theRule of Law (USRF) and the New Eurasia Foundation. Thepanel discussion was attended by some of the membersof the Subgroup for education of the US-RussianPresidential Commission, officials of the RF Ministryof education and science, representatives of the USDepartment of State, Association of the Leading RussianUniversities, Association of American Universities,Russian and international organizations supportingtertiary education in the USA and Russia, as well as massmedia. At that very same meeting the Subgroup foreducation of the US-Russian Presidential Commissiondecided to include the “EURECA” program into its projectportfolio. Upon suggestion of the Subgroup for educationof the US-Russian Presidential Commission the“EURECA” program was also discussed at a meetingof representatives of the Association of the LeadingRussian Universities and Association of AmericanUniversities.Given that around that time the EURECA Program wasfocusing on creating a network of leading Russianinstitutions of higher learning and promoting theircollaboration with partner associations from othercountries, including the USA, in April 2011 the NewEurasia Foundation organized a study tour to theUSA for the top executives of 36 leading Russianuniversities and high officials of the RF Ministryof education and science. The study tour was thefirst step in the development of systemic and mutuallybeneficial cooperation between the Association ofAmerican Universities and Association of the LeadingRussian Universities.A meeting of representatives of the Associationof American Universities and Association of theLeading Russian Universities was held on April12, 2011 as part of the study tour. The meetingparticipants suggested creating working groupsfor collaborative research, cooperation betweenuniversities and businesses, university management,and commercialization of university research. Theyalso suggested forming a cooperation coordinationcommittee. The forum “Entrepreneurial university –strengthening social and economic innovations” heldon April 13, 2011 suggested new ideas and foci forfurther development of collaboration between the twoassociations.The project involving cooperation between the universityassociations of the two countries was supported by theSubgroup for education of the US-Russian PresidentialCommission.The conference “Leading Russian universities withinthe context of the European tertiary educationdevelopment trends” was held in Moscow in June 28,2011. The conference was organized by the New EurasiaFoundation and INO-Center. The conference participantsfocused their discussion on the European science andeducation development trends within the context of thepost-Bologna process, the development opportunitiesof European and Russian universities in the conditionsof the globalizing market of education services, and theRussian-European cooperation prospects in tertiaryeducation development.
  • 32. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)324“Global experiences in collaboration betweenuniversities, businesses, and regional governmentsin the field of technology transfer” was the titleof the conference that was held on September20, 2011 in Moscow as part of the interregional andinternational EURECA Program. Presentations weremade by representatives of foreign universities. Russianparticipants presented a number of cases reflectinginnovation development models that have alreadyemerged and are still emerging in Russia on the basis ofcooperation between institutions of learning, businesses,and regional governments. The conference participantsnoted the common parameters of the models theyused to support collaboration between universities,businesses, and governments, both in Russia andother countries. They also stressed the importance ofanalyzing foreign experiences and using them to improveRussian practices in commercialization of universityresearch and technology transfer.The international practical research conference“Participation of institutions of higher learning interritorial socio-economic development: globalexperiences and Russian practices” took place inMoscow on October 21-22, 2011. The conference wasorganized in partnership with the Ministry of educationand science of the Russian Federation. The conferenceparticipants discussed European and Russianexperiences in mutually beneficial cooperation betweenuniversities and bodies of power, businesses, and civilsociety institutions undertaken for the purposes ofmutually beneficial cooperation and development. Theyespecially focussed on the management of instructionand research organization practices designed to ensurethe most effective implementation of the so-called“third mission” of universities, improve university’sinvestment attractiveness, and facilitate the networkingamong the leading universities and other Russianinstitutions of higher learning and foreign partners. Theconference was attended by representatives of morethan 20 universities, including 10 leading (five federaland five national research) universities, experts fromIreland, Norway, Finland, Great Britain, and Estonia, aswell as representatives of businesses and civil societyinstitutions.The international conference “Economy ofleadership and innovations: youth engagementformats” was held on November 21, 2011 inKazan. The conference participants learned aboutthe Massachusetts Institute of Technology FabLabs,as well as American, Israeli, and Estonian experiencesin implementing effective approaches to popularizingscientific research among youth and engaging it ininnovation activities. The Russian participants presentedapproaches and methods successfully used in Russia.The working conference “Education. Innovations.Social capital. University and the innovationecosystem of the Russian Far East and the Asian-Pacific countries” was held at the Far-Eastern FederalUniversity on January 23, 2012. The conference wasorganized by the New Eurasia Foundation in partnershipwith the Far-Eastern Federal University with supportfrom the Russian Council for International Affairs.The conference participants discussed the regionalprospects for the development of innovations andcooperation with the Asian-Pacific countries, modernapproaches to international marketing of institutions ofhigher learning, opportunities for the development of theFar-Eastern Federal University as an integration centerfor the stakeholders of the innovation ecosystem of theFar East and effective cooperation with the Asian-Pacificcountries, and agreed upon priority measures required totransform the FEFU into an integration center facilitatingeffective collaboration with the Asian-Pacific countries.A networking event envisioned by the EURECA Program,the conference offered a forum for discussion of Russia’sinnovation development and a venue for exchange ofexperiences and best practices facilitating internationaldialogue among institutions of higher learning and theirpartners.
  • 33. www.eureca-usrf.org 33Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesTHE “EURECA” PROGRAM WAS PRESENTED AT THE SIXTH INTERNATIONAL FORUM “FROM SCIENCETO BUSINESS” HELD IN ST. PETERSBURG ON MAY 16 – 18, 2012.The forum participants discussed mutually beneficialpartnership between business, education and science,and government in the development of innovationeconomy. More than 200 representatives of institutionsof higher learning, research centers, governments, andbusinesses from 63 cities and 12 countries attendedthe plenary meetings and panel discussions held aspart of the forum. They discussed national and regionalinnovation systems, mechanisms designed to supportcommercialization of research, management ofintellectual property at institutions of higher learning andresearch centers, the role of venture foundations in thedevelopment of research-intensive business, as well asthe role of regional technological parks and incubators inthe development of innovation transfer infrastructures.The problems impeding the development of innovationeconomies were analyzed and discussed not only byrepresentatives of science, but also by representativesof governmental entities. The forum participantshared successful experiences in technology transfer,development of university innovation infrastructures, andimprovement of legal regulation of commercialization ofresearch.The EURECA Program networking conference “Universityinnovation ecosystem and its role in regional innovationdevelopment – lessons and solutions for successfulcommercialization” was held on May 17 as part of theforum. Representatives of more than 10 universities,including the EURECA Program pilot universities,presented their experiences and successes in creatinginnovation ecosystems in their respective universities,their engagement in regional innovation development andcollaboration with corporations, cultivation of research-intensive consumer markets, and training of innovationeconomy workforce. The conference, essentially,enabled its participants to exchange their opinions anddiscuss promising approaches and practical solutionswith experts, business-angels, and potential investors.“PROFESSIONAL DAY” IN ST. PETERSBURG, HELD IN PARTNERSHIP WITH RUSSIAN VENTURECOMPANY (RVK OJSC), AS A FORMAT OF DISCUSSION OF RELEVANT INNOVATION DEVELOPMENTISSUES AT INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNINGRVK OJSC representatives took part in the SUMIT start-up school held in July 2012 in the capacity of experts.This experience prompted RVK OJSC to propose to ITMOto join their forces and hold collaborative events at theFifth International Innovation Forum scheduled to beheld in St. Petersburg in September 2012. The universitysuggested presenting the “EURECA” program solutions,including the compilation of the program materials, atthe panel discussion “Designing an RD managementand innovation entrepreneurship support system at aresearch university”, a special event organized as partof the “Professional Day”. This proposal was consentedto by the RVK OJSC co-organizer and the New EurasiaFoundation, the Russian operator of the “EURECA”program. The parties promptly put together the programof this panel discussion. Representatives of some ofSt. Petersburg’s largest institutions of higher learningagreed to take part in the panel discussion. The universityalso took an active part in organizing and conductingall four “Professional Day” events: the penal discussion“Designing an RD management and innovationentrepreneurship support system at a researchuniversity”, the presentation of the program “SkolkovoOpen University” by the “Skolkovo” Foundation, thepresentation of the “Young Professionals” and “GlobalEducation” programs by the Agency for StrategicInitiatives, the seminar “Intellectual property of a start-up business” conducted by “Neva Patent” LLC andIntellectual Property Development Foundation.The following individuals made the key reports andpresentations at the panel discussion: VladimirNikolayevich Vasilyev, doctor of technical sciences,professor, associate member of the Russian Academy ofSciences, Rector of ITMO; Nikolai Rudolfovich Toivonen,candidate of physical and mathematical sciences,Deputy-rector of ITMO in charge of innovations,director of all university projects implemented within theframework of the EURECA Program; Yana YazepovnaKlementovichus, doctor of economic sciences, Directorof the Higher School of Economics of the St. PetersburgState University of Economics and Finance; SergeyIvanovich Tsybukov, Director General of the Researchand Production Center for Processing of PlasticMaterials named after “Komsomolskaya Pravda”; MikhailAverbakh, a managing partner of the iDealMachine start-up accelerator. The panel discussion brought togetherabout 50 participants from among representativesof Russian institutions of higher learning, innovationcompanies, clusters, associations, etc. More than80 compilations of EURECA Program materials weredisseminated among the panel discussion participants.This thematic event dedicated to the key aspects of theEURECA Program covered an expanded scope of issueswith the view to engage representatives of additionaltarget audience segments, promote the programachievements, and involve additional program partnersboth organizationally and substantively.
  • 34. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)344THE “EURECA” PROGRAM WAS PRESENTED AT THE SIXTEENTH INTERNATIONAL FORUM“UNITED RUSSIA”.The sixteenth international forum “United Russia” thatwas held on October 5 – 8, 2011 in Nizhniy Novgorodbringing together about 1,000 participants from amongrepresentatives of Russian and foreign businesses,governments, and institutions of higher learningwas an important national-scale event that made itpossible to expand collaboration between the NizhniyNovgorod State University and representatives ofRussian businesses, institutions of higher learning, andgovernmental agencies within the framework of the“EURECA” program. The NNSU delegation was led byProfessor E. V. Chuprunov. “Collaboration between largebusinesses and bodies of power as a factor promotingentrepreneurship in the field of technological research”was the title of the report presented by Professor Yu.N. Plekhovaya, a doctor of economic sciences and amember of the NNSU “EURECA” expert group, at thepanel discussion “Partnerships between businessesand governmental agencies”. The report analyzed theexperiences of some of the American partners andthe program efforts to support the development of theNNSU innovation infrastructure and realize the NNSUeducation and research potential all of which, coupledwith the contribution from the business community, willhelp supply the regional innovation economy with a highlyskilled workforce, deliver breakthrough technologiesbased on domestic research, and create a system ofinternational technology transfer and collaboration withindustry.Thanks to the forum the Nizhniy Novgorod StateUniversity received a number of new proposals andcontacts for further development of cooperation withindustry in a variety of areas. Some of them entailorganizing a special qualifications improvement programat NNSU for the “RusPolyMet” (Kulebaki) employeesusing a ROSNANO grant, as well as implementingcontractual research commissioned by “Elan-Praktik”(Dzerzhinsk), “Teploobmennik” (Nizhniy Novgorod), and“KOM” group of companies (Naberezhniye Chelny).THE FORUM “ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITY – INNOVATIVE REGION”, HELD AT NNSU ON NOVEMBER28 – 29, 2012, PROVIDED A FORUM FOR DISCUSSION OF THE “EURECA” PROGRAM RESULTS ANDPROSPECTS.The international forum “Entrepreneurial university– innovative region”, held at NNSU on November 28-29, 2012, made it possible to identify and discussways to develop entrepreneurial universities, organizeinternational technology transfer processes, and the roleof universities in the development of innovative regions.The forum participants agreed that the pilot projectsimplemented at NNSU as part of the EURECA Programhad been successful. The forum brought together morethan 200 participants from among representatives ofsome of the leading Russian and American universities,governments, businesses, business-angels, investors,members of professional and business associations,representatives of the Russian and American innovativeregions, leading experts and researchers. The forumwas attended by the Minister of industry and innovationsof the Nizhniy Novgorod region, V. V. Nefyodov, thedeputy head of the regional ministry for support anddevelopment of small and medium-sized businesses,consumer market, and services, V. V. Seleznyov, and thedirector of the Department of international, interregional,and foreign trade relations of the Nizhniy Novgorodregional government, I. A. Negrebetskaya.
  • 35. www.eureca-usrf.org 35Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesIn the course of the forum the representatives ofthe Nizhniy Novgorod regional government heldnegotiations with a representative of the EconomicDevelopment Department of the government of theState of Maryland (USA), Robert Volker, in the courseof which they expressed their satisfaction with theprogress of cooperation between the Nizhniy Novgorodregion and the State of Maryland spurred by NNSUand the University of Maryland. The Minister of industryand innovations of the Nizhniy Novgorod region, V.V. Nefyodov, noted that at the moment the NizhniyNovgorod region was one of Russia’s largest innovationcenters with a great technological potential. “Ourcooperation with US universities helps enhance thispotential. Our key international cooperation objective isto bring together Russian experiences and the Americanpotential to create products that are able to serve for thebenefit of mankind”, - added the Minister.The program of the forum included panel discussionspresenting the outcomes of the pilot projects of theEURECA Program: the experience of cooperationbetween NNSU and Purdue University (USA) inpromoting innovative entrepreneurship among youth, aswell as the experience of cooperation between ITMO (St.Petersburg) and University of California in Los Angeles(USA) in designing a business accelerator model. Theforum also included a workshop for undergraduate andgraduate students, “Entrepreneurship for students andyoung researchers”, conducted by representatives ofPurdue University (USA).THE “EURECA” PROGRAM ACHIEVEMENTS ARE ANALYZED IN THE REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUPFOR CULTURAL, EDUCATION, AND SPORT EXCHANGES AND MASS MEDIA OF THE US-RUSSIANPRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION.The Subgroup for education works on sevenagreed-upon projects, such as projects designed totrain managers and entrepreneurs, projects offeringinternships for young researchers and scientists,members of the press, etc. In order to ensure availabilityof funding for the academic exchange initiatives onFebruary 10, 2012 the Ministry of education and scienceof the Russian Federation and the US Department ofState signed a memorandum on cooperation in the fieldof education.The first meeting of representatives of the Associationof the Leading Russian Universities and Associationof American Universities that brought togetherrepresentatives of more than 60 member-universitieswas organized within the framework of the EURECAProgram. The meeting participants agreed upon specificcooperation areas and adopted a three-year plan ofcooperation between the leading Russian and Americanuniversities.In addition, suggested by the EURECA Program,the annual session of the Association of AmericanUniversities held in Washington, DC included a “RussianDay” attended by representatives of the leading Russianuniversities.In the course of their study tour the rectors of Russianinstitutions of higher learning visited the city ofWashington and the so-called “research triangle” in thestate of North Carolina where they met with Americanuniversity colleagues, representatives of educationNGOs, and innovation experts.The Working group for innovations handles anotherpriority by helping design legislation and methodologyrequired to support the development of innovationcenters and regional innovation clusters. Representativesof the Association of Innovative Russian Regions willtake part in the first official meeting of the Working groupfor innovations to discuss American experiences insupporting regional innovation clusters and approachesto future cooperation in this field. In the long run, theWorking group plans to look for ways to establishcooperation between Russian and American innovationcenters and clusters.The Working group for innovations plans to discusstechnology licensing issues with the view to enhance thecontribution of research and innovation centers, suchas the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology,to economic growth and development. The Workinggroup will analyze various ways of organizing US-Russianpartnerships capable of helping achieve this goal.The Working group also plans to support professionalexchanges between private companies, innovationcenters, and institutions of learning with the view tofacilitate commercialization of research and to help bringinnovative products to the market in an effective andefficient manner.The EURECA Program was presented at the Workinggroup meeting in October 2012 as an example ofinteruniversity partnerships successfully cooperatingwith businesses and territorial governments creatingcooperation opportunities within innovation clusters.
  • 36. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)364Thus, the networking events held as part of the EURECA Program not only helped address relevant issuesin education development and collaboration with key partners, but they also served as a model of effectivecollaboration between institutions of higher learning and their partners.• The training sessions helped develop new skills and improve qualifications of the pilot universities and otherinstitutions of higher learning involved in the EURECA Program, and facilitated prompt dissemination of the programmaterials among Russian institutions of higher learning and their partners from among private businesses andterritorial governments.• The study tours helped establish a network of leading institutions of higher learning, promote the US-Russiancooperation, form new partnerships between Russian and American universities, enterprises, and investors, as wellas other partners represented by territorial governments and innovation community members.• The conferences and forums promoted collaboration between Russian, American, and other foreign institutionsof higher learning, expanded their collaboration with other partners (businesses and governments), helpeddisseminate the EURECA Program results, and expand the scope of program stakeholders.
  • 37. www.eureca-usrf.org 37Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesThe EURECA Program sought to introduce newformats and approaches to the ongoing developmentof equal and mutually respectful cooperation betweenthe USA and Russia. The models and mechanismsof multilateral interuniversity partnership in thedevelopment of university innovation ecosystemstested under the program, the conditions created tofacilitate commercialization of university research andtechnology transfer and enable Russian institutions ofhigher learning to access domestic and global marketsof innovations had been recognized at the internationallevel and the program was included in the portfolio ofprojects implemented by the Subgroup for educationand the Working group for innovations of the US-RussianPresidential Commission. In particular, the program wasin line with the plan of the Working group for innovationsto support further development of cooperation inthree principal areas: legal regulation of innovationactivities, cooperation in the field of innovation centersand regional innovation clusters, and development ofcommercialization chains. In the course of the programa group of Russian and American researchers did acomparative analysis of the US Bayh – Dole Act and RFFederal Law No.218 to design recommendations onimproving legislation designed to regulate innovationactivities of Russian institutions of higher learning. Thecooperation between the institutions of higher learningengaged in the EURECA Program was not limited toeducation or collaborative research initiatives. Theprogram helped design and test a format of cooperationbetween Russian and American university teams inidentifying the most effective methods of creatinginnovation ecosystems of the leading institutions ofhigher learning. The program also sought to promotethe entrepreneurial role of innovative institutions ofhigher learning capable of becoming key players inthe development of innovative regions and regionalinnovation clusters. This enabled the emerginginternational partnerships to engage new influentialstakeholders from among regional innovative enterprisesand territorial governments.The EURECA Program implemented a multilevel andmultifaceted approach to the development of theinnovation and entrepreneurial potential of institutionsof higher learning facilitating the deployment of newand effective formats of commercialization of universityresearch and technology transfer, transforming themINTERNATIONAL INTERUNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIPSAS A MODEL FACILITATING INTERNATIONALINNOVATION COOPERATION AND A MECHANISMINTEGRATING RUSSIAN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHERLEARNING AND THEIR PARTNERS INTO THEGLOBAL INNOVATION ECOSYSTEMEducation has always been one of the key areas of cooperation between the USAand Russia. Academic exchange and internship programs, forums and conferences,as well as projects supporting education initiatives of the third sector have madea significant contribution to education development in both countries.Today, cooperation in the field of education and science is an important priorityof the US-Russian Presidential Commission, alongside cooperationin the development of business and trade relations, energy and environment,and agriculture.
  • 38. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)384into innovation hubs catering to the needs of theirrespective territories and clusters, as well as thoseof other institutions of higher learning interested ininnovation development. This approach was promotednot only by implementing the collaborative projectsby the US-Russian interuniversity partnerships, butalso by conducting networking events, i.e. trainingsessions, seminars, conferences, and study tours. Thus,by providing institutions of higher learning with newinnovation development models and mechanisms, theprogram complied with the goals of the Strategy 2020to increase the share of Russian high-tech products andservices on the global markets and increase the numberof Russian institutions of higher learning in the world’s200 top-ranked universities.BACKGROUNDAs the Nizhniy Novgorod State University was beginningto implement its pilot project its strategic developmentgoals included the following: to establish a systemand culture of knowledge transfer, to deploy effectivemechanisms of collaboration between the universityand exterior partners, and to put together a team ofhighly skilled knowledge transfer specialists to ensuresuccessful socio-economic development of theuniversity. NNSU is in possession of sufficient resourcesrequired to achieve all these goals, such as a hightechnological and human potential and successfulexperiences in mutually beneficial cooperation withRussian and foreign companies and organizations.Similarly to NNSU, the University of Maryland hasclose relations with industry, as well as a great body ofknowledge concerning the trends, opportunities, andprimary areas of cooperation with innovation companies.The project enabled the two universities to join theirinnovation efforts and radically expand the scope oforganizational and technological collaboration withforeign partners – for NNSU, and invest in Russiantechnological solutions and innovative projects preparedfor implementation at the junction of the research andproduction sectors – for the University of Maryland.Thus, two universities coming together not onlycreates a “green corridor” for advancement of theirown innovations, but it also helps create conditionsrequired for collaborative entrepreneurial, investment,technological research, and commercial activities atthe level of cooperation of two “sister-regions”, i.e. theNizhniy Novgorod region and the state of Maryland. Inthis cooperation the universities play the role of catalystsand ultimately act as the core of the regional innovationcluster.When the two universities were only beginning theircooperation they faced a number of problems, including,for example, the lack of information about each other’sresources required for international technology transfer(technological solutions, investment opportunities,workforce, entrepreneurial abilities and experiences,etc.).The International innovation corridor initiative entailsdeepening the relationship between the NizhniyNovgorod region and the state of Maryland establishedby two governors in March 2010.NNSU DESIGNS AN INTERNATIONAL INNOVATION CORRIDOR
  • 39. www.eureca-usrf.org 39Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesACTIONSThe Nizhniy Novgorod State University and Universityof Maryland fruitfully cooperated within the frameworkof the pilot phase of the “EURECA” program (2011 -2012). Acting as an innovation hub, NNSU significantlystrengthened its cooperation with the other elementsof the “triple helix”, i.e. regional governmentsand businesses, to promote innovative economicdevelopment at the international level. Governmental andbusiness representatives enthusiastically supported theidea and concept of the modular project “NNSU Centerfor international cooperation in technology transfer”.The project was implemented in the format of paneldiscussions, business training sessions, workshops,and networking events and became a successful stepin creating an advanced international-level system oftechnology transfer and collaboration with industry.The international conference “We are building our futuretoday: University – Region – Business” took place onNovember 27, 2012 at the “National” Hotel in Moscow.The conference was attended by representatives ofthe RF Ministry of education and science, Hon. JohnBeyrle, a US Ambassador to Russia (until 2011), topexecutive officials of the USRF, New Eurasia Foundation,and American Councils for International Education,and representatives of some of the leading Russianinstitutions of higher learning. The NNSU Rector, E.V. Chuprunov, presented the NNSU experiences inimplementation of the pilot phase of the EURECAProgram.The series of events held in Moscow continued withthe international forum “Entrepreneurial university –innovative region” in Nizhny Novgorod. The forumhelped identify and discuss entrepreneurial universitydevelopment methods, methods of organizinginternational technology transfer, and the role ofuniversities in the development of innovative regions.The forum participants agreed that the pilot projects ofthe EURECA Program implemented at NNSU had beensuccessful.In the course of the forum the representatives of theNizhniy Novgorod regional government held negotiationswith the top official representing the Economic andInnovative Development Department of the governmentof the State of Maryland (USA), Robert Volker in thecourse of which they expressed their satisfaction with theprogress of cooperation between the Nizhniy Novgorodregion and the State of Maryland spurred by NNSU andthe University of Maryland.Representatives of the governments of the NizhniyNovgorod region and the state of Maryland, as wellas the two partner universities – NNSU and Universityof Maryland – announced their initiative to createan international innovation corridor. Both partiesview the concept as the most promising avenue forcommercialization of Russian technologies in the UnitedStates which will play an unprecedented role in thecooperation between the Nizhniy Novgorod region andthe state of Maryland in innovation development.To ensure effective operation of the corridor at theend of NNSU the government of the Nizhniy Novgorodregion signed a cooperation agreement with the ExportDevelopment Center established by the Ministry ofindustry and innovations of the Nizhniy Novgorod region.The Center is prepared to assist NNSU with practicalimplementation of the innovation corridor and engagelocal enterprises.On November 28 – 29, 2012 NNSU hosted the internationalforum “Entrepreneurial university – innovative region”.The forum was attended by more than 200 participants,including representatives of some of the leading Russianand American institutions of higher learning, governments,businesses, investors, business-angels, representativesof innovative US and Russian regions, and leadingresearchers and experts.
  • 40. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)404NNSU and University of Maryland agreed to focus theirinnovation research and cooperation in the field ofbiomedicine. NNSU is creating a new innovative biomedicalcluster as part of the Russian federal project “NNSU Centerfor Innovative Development of Medical Engineering”.The first element of the cluster is represented by the“Living Systems” research institute that was inauguratedin November 2012. It will be followed by a 25,000 sq.m.facility equipped to prototype medical technologies andbring together university research, private business, andregional government resources. The primary focus onbiomedical research is in line with that of the University ofMaryland that leads in American biomedicine and adjacenttechnologies. Thanks to this partnership, MedtronicCorporation, one of the world’s largest manufacturers ofbiomedical equipment, has expressed interest in joiningthe “EURECA” program.CONCLUSIONSThe value of this modular project is in that it fully reflectsthe goal and objectives of the governmental “Scienceand technology development policy for the period endingin 2020 and beyond” which provides, in particular, thatone of the factors impeding the achievement of thegovernmental strategic goal in science and technology isaccounted for by the lack of effective technology transfermechanisms, insufficient publicity of innovation and RDactivities, and a shortage of competition in the field ofscientific research.Some of the leading innovation enterprises of the NizhniyNovgorod region and representatives of regional bodiesof power agreed to take part in the project and supportedits goals thereby supplying it with additional substanceand defining the prospects of long-term cooperation withnational and international partners.Another project success has to do with the fact thatNNSU and the University of Maryland managed toformulate a set of principles of organizing technologytransfer and collaborating with innovative businesses thatwere upheld by external stakeholders and NNSU officialsresponsible for innovation activities and technologytransfer.Thanks to the EURECA Program, NNSU formedpartnerships with some of the leading American researchuniversities, i.e. University of Maryland and PurdueUniversity, that are in possession of a great deal ofexperience in the field of innovations. This cooperationenables NNSU to integrate academic programs andfundamental and applied research activities, organizeapplied research and commercialize its results, as wellas promote innovative mentality and entrepreneurialknowledge and skills among the university facultyand staff, undergraduate and graduate students, andresearchers.RESULTSThe implementation of the International innovationcorridor initiative designed to expand cooperationbetween the USA and Russia in the field of innovationsand commercialization was one of the most importantresults of the NNSU – University of Maryland partnershipcreated as part of the pilot phase of the EURECAProgram. The corridor will incubate opportunities forcooperation between the USA and Russia in the field ofinnovations at the level of the Nizhniy Novgorod regionand the state of Maryland while relying on the resourcesand services of the International Business IncubatorMI² of the University of Maryland in College Park. Byparticipating in the international corridor enterprises andcompanies from the Nizhniy Novgorod region will be ableto use the MI² resources to improve their ability to accessAmerican and other international markets of innovations.
  • 41. www.eureca-usrf.org 41Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesTHE “EURECA” PROGRAM IMPROVED THE ITMO CAPACITY TO LAUNCH INTERNATIONAL RDPROJECTS.The following structures started designing specific projects: ITMO Department of electronics and UCLAEngineering Institute for Technology Advancement – in thermometrics and energy monitoring (agreementdated October 29, 2012); ITMO Department of computer photonics and video informatics and UCLA Centerfor Advanced Surgical and Interventional Technology – in telemedicine (a project that entails creating acollaborative research center has been submitted for consideration to the Skolkovo Institute of Scienceand Technologies in March 2012); ITMO Department of computer technologies and UCLA Department ofMolecular, Cell and Developmental Biology – in genome assembly technologies.“VuPad”, a small innovative enterprise established by UCLA students, took part in the SUMIT start-up schoolorganized by the Center for Promotion of Youth Innovations and Technological Entrepreneurship in August2012.In October 2012 the parties agreed to cooperate in a new field of activity, “Innovation technologies in art andculture”.Thus, the EURECA Program expanded the ITMO capacity to engage in a broad international partnership in thefield of education, science, and innovations, and helped improve its competitiveness and status as one of theworld’s leading education, innovation, and research centers.THE “EURECA” PROGRAM MADE IT POSSIBLE FOR NNSU STUDENTS TO UNDERGO TRAININGUNDER THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND’S PROGRAM OF STUDY IN THE “ENTREPRENEURSHIPESSENTIALS”.The EURECA Program made it possible for NNSU students to undergo training under the University ofMaryland’s program of study in the “Entrepreneurship essentials”. Galina Zaitseva, a fifth-year NNSUstudent of finance, and Lavr Kryukov, an NNSU graduate student of biology, successfully completed theireducation under the “Entrepreneurship essentials” program offered by the University of Maryland andreceived their training completion certificates. This distant learning program is offered by the MarylandTechnology Enterprise Institute (a.k.a. “Mtech”). The principal goal of the program is to provide students withentrepreneurial skills required to start small innovative businesses and to facilitate professional and personaldevelopment of young people in the conditions of the global innovation economy. 
  • 42. Report on the implementation results of the pilot phase of the program (2010–2012)424SUMIT, AN OPEN START-UP SCHOOL OPERATING AT ITMO, INTEGRATES ITMOACCOMPLISHMENTS IN THE FRAME OF EURECA AND MODELS AND EXPERIENCESOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IN LOS ANGELES, A “EURECA” PROGRAM PARTNER.The SumIT school, launched as part of the EURECA Program, is a training and mentorship program for aspiringentrepreneurs in the field of information and biological technologies that provides assistance at the initial,most challenging start-up creation phase. SumIT provided its teams with equipped workstations and operationfacilities, as well as personal mentors from among experienced entrepreneurs who for six weeks assisted themin developing their business ideas into business models and presenting them at the final investment session.The school entailed open seminars and workshops delivered by some of the industry leaders. A great deal ofattention was paid to establishing contacts and sharing experiences, including at the international level. Thework accomplished by the school students resulted in raising investment capital. In 2011 – 2012 alone theSumIT participants raised $20,000 – $200,000 worth of investment capital and some of them are completingnegotiations on the second round of investments. Five of this year’s start-up projects had managed to raise$720,000 even before the final session. SumIT selected a total of 15 teams from six countries that were providedwith support from experts and mentors. A number of sponsors engaged by the organizers paid for participationof start-up projects in the principal session. The best projects were presented to investors and invited to theiDealMachine start-up accelerator.Representatives of the University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA) attended the final day of the SumIT school.UCLA is one of the world’s best universities where 5,500 research projects are implemented simultaneously.Each team demonstrated great results at the final session regardless of the failures that had occurred duringthe previous six weeks. The outcome was surprisingly unexpected as all 15 teams reached the final round andacquired a valuable experience of interacting with potential investors. The third summer start-up school, SumIT,has come a long way: the interest and the number of participants in the school had increased significantly; thePR-support component entailed press conferences; foreign teams had taken part in the school session. Many ofthe entrepreneurs that had provided their mentorship to the school students ended up investing in some of thestart-ups that they helped develop over the course of the school session.DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS AND PARTNERSHIPS BECAMEONE OF THE PRIORITIES OF THE ITMO PARTICIPATION IN THE “EURECA”PROGRAM.In order to bring its products to international markets ITMO launched collaborative researchprojects with foreign partners (USA, Sweden, Korea, and Ireland) that were supported bythe RF Ministry of education and science. The university has established and supports thedevelopment of small innovation businesses with participation of foreign partners: Swedenand Norway – in the field of robotic engineering, Israel – in the field of security, Korea – in thefield of optic design, Luxembourg – in the field of virtual mobile operators, and Hungary andSpain – in the field of energy efficiency. ITMO is also implementing information, consultation,innovation, and entrepreneurship agreements with the following partners: University of Twente(Netherlands), Muenster University of Applied Sciences (Germany), SAG Development Inc.(MIT Enterprise Forum, USA), University of California in Los Angeles, and North Carolina StateUniversity in Raleigh.
  • 43. www.eureca-usrf.org 43Designing mechanisms required to integrate Russian institutions of higher learning into the national and international innovation communitiesTHE KAZAN NATIONAL TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY TOOK ADVANTAGE OF THEOPPORTUNITIES PROVIDED BY THE EURECA PROGRAM NETWORKING EVENTS.The Kazan National Technological University is one of the top 20 of Russia’s top 100 institutions of higherlearning, as well as in the country’s top 10 technical universities. The networking component of the EURECAProgram enabled the university to invigorate its international and innovation activities. The universitydetermined to integrate itself into the international education community. Supported by the New EurasiaFoundation, the university has managed to establish constructive cooperation with such leading Americanuniversities as Purdue and Lehigh, one of the leading institutions in polymer research. The Rector of theKazan National Technological University, G. S. Dyakonov, went on a study tour to the USA as one of therepresentatives of the leading Russian universities organized as part of the EURECA Program, and took partin one of the USRBС meetings where he presented his university’s experiences in innovation infrastructuredevelopment and collaboration with private businesses. A group of KNTU faculty and staff membersunderwent training in the development of university innovation infrastructure, commercialization of universityresearch, and technology transfer at Purdue and Lehigh universities thanks to the university’s involvement inthe networking component of the EURECA Program. INVOLVEMENT IN INTERUNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIPS SUPPLEMENTS THE NNSU DEVELOPMENTPROGRAM.The EURECA Program enabled representatives of the NNSU innovation infrastructure to improve their skills byparticipating in two qualifications improvement programs and a professional training session:• “Commercialization of university research and technology transfer”, offered at the University of Maryland inCollege Park, USA;• “Training programs in the field of entrepreneurship and supporting innovative youth entrepreneurship”,offered by Purdue University, USA.A group of NNSU faculty, staff, and administrators acquired additional skills in university innovationinfrastructure development and commercialization of university research and technology transfer in thecourse of a study tour to Missouri University, USA. The study tour program had been designed by theInternational Technology Transfer Institute of the Missouri University College of Engineering.  The NNSUrepresentatives learned about the Missouri University’s experiences in technological cooperation withMonsanto, the world’s leader in the field of biotechnologies. They also had a chance to examine the MissouriUniversity innovation infrastructure, the operating principles of the Center for Innovative Entrepreneurship andthe Translation Research Program. A series of interactive sessions with representatives of Missouri Universityenabled them to understand the role of Missouri University in governmental programs and innovativeentrepreneurship support activities, as well as analyze various aspects of technology transfer. The NNSUdelegation visited the “Life Sciences” business incubator, met with representatives of the Regional EconomicDevelopment Corporation, and traveled to Kansas City to meet with representatives of the Henry W. BlochSchool of Business and Public Administration and Kaufman Foundation.The newly acquired skills enabled the delegation members to more effectively implement the NNSUdevelopment program as a national research university and a key regional development stakeholder.
  • 44. Enhancing University Research and Entrepreneurial Capacity EURECA Programis the initiative designed and funded by the US-Russia Foundation for EconomicAdvancement and the Rule of Law (USRF).THE COLLECTION WAS PREPARED UNDER THE EDITORSHIP:VALAMAT-ZADE NARGIS,The New Eurasia Foundation Education Program DirectorGOLOVKO ELENA,The New Eurasia Foundation Education Program ManagerSHAPOSHNIKOV ALEXEY,Dr. of Economics, Executive Director of the Innovation Support Tomsk Center© Non-commercial organization The New Eurasia FoundationThis report is prepared by the EURECA Program Russian operator New EurasiaFoundation on the results of the Pilot Stage of the Program for Enhancing UniversityResearch and Entrepreneurial Capacity (EURECA).
  • 45. EURECA Program Initiator and DonorThe US-Russia Foundation for EconomicAdvancement and the Rule of Law (USRF)www.usrf.ruPhone:+7 (495) 641-3484THE PROGRAM FOR ENHANCING UNIVERSITY RESEARCHAND ENTREPRENEURIAL CAPACITY (EURECA)www.eureca-usrf.orgЭВРИКАEURECAЭEEURECA Program RussianOperatorThe New Eurasia Foundation (FNE)www.neweurasia.ru  Phone: +7 (495) 970-1567

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