Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




SCIENCE YEAR 5                              1
CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS



CONTENTS:                                OBJECTIVES:

1. What are living thin...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


ACTIVITIES:
1,. Look at the magazine and complete the chart:

                ...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


1.- WHAT ARE LIVING THIGNS LIKE? CELLS

We can recognise living things because...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




3.- Complete the following sentences with: Reproduction, Nutrition or
Sensit...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS



What is a cell?

Living things are made up of tiny units called cells.
Cells ...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




ONE NAME, MANY TYPES

There are many types of cells. You can distinguish bet...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




There are many types of cells. Humans have hundreds of types of cells.
Diffe...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




Parts of a cell

Cells have three parts:
          o The membrane is the cov...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


1.- What are cells? Put in order the words in the box.


 are – smallest – uni...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




7.- Draw a plant cell and label its parts.




2.- THE ORGANISATION OF LIVIN...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


      Tissues form organs. Organs are made up of different types of
       ti...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




2.- Write more sentences. Change the underlined words.

Tissues, such as mus...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


The main kingdoms are the animal kingdom, the plant kingdom and the fungi
king...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


               o Fungi depend on other organisms for food.
               o Fu...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


ACTIVITIES: 1. LOOKING AT FUNGI

I have looked through a microscope and I saw ...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




Fungi are living things. They are born, grow, reproduce, and die, but they
a...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://images.google.es/images?q=tbn:0SSy11TFHvkqzM:http://...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


To describe a living thing, first observe it carefully.
Then talk about its si...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


      Monera. They are unicellular organisms. They don’t have nucleus.
       ...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




Listen carefully and answer these questions:

1.- What is a mushroom?



2.-...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS


1.- Identify the life processes: r……………………………, s……………………….. and
n……………………….

 ...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




5.- Draw an animal cell and a plant cell and label the parts: MEMBRANE,
NUCL...
Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS




SCIENCE YEAR 5                              24
CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
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Unit 1 The Organisation Of Living Things

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Unit 1 for year five: Organisation of living thing and kindoms

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Unit 1 The Organisation Of Living Things

  1. 1. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS SCIENCE YEAR 5 1 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  2. 2. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS CONTENTS: OBJECTIVES: 1. What are living things like; Cells. 1.1 To know what a cell is. 1.2 To distinguish different types of cells. 1.3 To recognise parts of a cell. 2.- The organisation of living things 2.1 To know what a tissue is. 2.2 To know what an organ is. 2.3 To know what makes up systems 2.4 To know what an organism is. 3.- Kingdoms 3.1 To distinguish five different kingdoms. 3.2 To know the main characteristics of the animal kingdom. 3.3 To know the main characteristics of the plant kingdom. 3.4 To know the main characteristics of the fungi kingdom. SCIENCE YEAR 5 2 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  3. 3. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS ACTIVITIES: 1,. Look at the magazine and complete the chart: LIVING THINGS NON LIVING THINGS ANIMALS PLANTS OTHERS SCIENCE YEAR 5 3 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  4. 4. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 1.- WHAT ARE LIVING THIGNS LIKE? CELLS We can recognise living things because they share the following characteristics:  They are born. All living things come from other living things.  They eat. All living things need food.  They grow. All living things increase in size during their life time.  They react. Living things can perceive what is going on around them.  They reproduce. Living things can create offspring similar to themselves.  They die. There are three basic life processes:  Nutrition. Living things eat food, which contains nutrients. Nutrients are substances that living things use to grow or provide energy.  Sensitivity. Living things perceive what is happening around them and respond to what they perceive.  Reproduction. New living things replace the ones that die. ACTIVITIES: 1.- What six characteristics do all living things have in common? Write: Living things ………………………. ________________________________________________________ 2.- Write five non-living things. SCIENCE YEAR 5 4 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  5. 5. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 3.- Complete the following sentences with: Reproduction, Nutrition or Sensitivity. a) ________________ involves ingesting food substances. b) ________________ enables living things to perceive what is happening around them. c) _______________ enables living things to create offspring. 4.- Draw a picture for each life process. SCIENCE YEAR 5 5 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  6. 6. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS What is a cell? Living things are made up of tiny units called cells. Cells are the smallest living units in a living thing. Cells are living things. This means that they carry out the life processes of nutrition, reproduction and sensitivity. Some living things are made up of a single cell. They are unicellular. For example: The amoeba. Other living things are made up of many cells. They are multicellular. For example: You. SCIENCE YEAR 5 6 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  7. 7. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS ONE NAME, MANY TYPES There are many types of cells. You can distinguish between plant cells and animal cells. Plant cells have wall; animal cells do not. SCIENCE YEAR 5 7 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  8. 8. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS There are many types of cells. Humans have hundreds of types of cells. Different types of cells have different tasks or functions. SCIENCE YEAR 5 8 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  9. 9. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS Parts of a cell Cells have three parts: o The membrane is the covering around the cell. o The nucleus is the part which controls the function of the cell. o Cytoplasm is the space between the nucleus and the membrane. o Plant cells have also a wall around the membrane. ACTIVITIES: SCIENCE YEAR 5 9 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  10. 10. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 1.- What are cells? Put in order the words in the box. are – smallest – units – a – thing. – Cells – the - living – in - living ________________________________________________________ 2.- Write TRUE or FALSE. a) Cells aren’t living things. b) Cells can reproduce. c) There are living things with only one cell. d) There are living things with many cells. e) All the cells are the same. f) All the cells do the same task. g) Animal cells and plant cells are different. 3.- What’s the name of a living thing made up of a single cell? 4.- What’s the name of a living thing made up of many cells? Write three examples. 5.- What is the main difference between an animal cell and a plant cell? 6.- Draw an animal cell and label its parts. SCIENCE YEAR 5 10 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  11. 11. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 7.- Draw a plant cell and label its parts. 2.- THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS Multicellular living things have the following structure.  Cells form tissues. Tissues are made up of the same type of cells, which work together. SCIENCE YEAR 5 11 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  12. 12. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS  Tissues form organs. Organs are made up of different types of tissues, which work together.  Organs form systems. Systems are made up of different organs, which work together.  An organism is a complete living thing. Different systems work together in an organism. All living things are organism. You can find many different tissues in an organ. Look at this stomach: ACTIVITIES: 1.- Put the words in order from the simple structure to the most complex structure. TISSUE – CELL – ORGAN – ORGANISM - SYSTEM SCIENCE YEAR 5 12 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  13. 13. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 2.- Write more sentences. Change the underlined words. Tissues, such as muscle tissue, are made up of cells which work together. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 3.- Complete this text: All living things are made up of __________. Cells group together to form __________. Tissues form __________. Organs form __________. An ____________ is a complete living thing. 4.- Draw: CELL TISSUE ORGAN SYSTEM ORGANISM 3.- KINGDOMS Living things are classified into five groups called kingdoms. SCIENCE YEAR 5 13 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  14. 14. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS The main kingdoms are the animal kingdom, the plant kingdom and the fungi kingdom. 3.1 The animal kingdom. o Animals are multicellular. o Animals eat other living things. o Animals can move from one place o another. o Animals have a nervous system and sense organs. o Animals react to stimuli. 3.2 The plant kingdom. o Plants are multicellular. o Plants use sunlight and substances from the soil and air (carbon dioxide) to make their own food. o Plants cannot move from one place to another. They have roots in the ground. o Plants don’t have a nervous system or sense organs. 3.3 The fungi kingdom. o Most fungi are multicellular. A few are unicellular. SCIENCE YEAR 5 14 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  15. 15. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS o Fungi depend on other organisms for food. o Fungi are fixed to something. They can not move. Some examples of fungi are: LICHENS MUSHROOMS MUSHROOMS YEAST MOULD YEAST Name: Class: Date: SCIENCE YEAR 5 15 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  16. 16. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS ACTIVITIES: 1. LOOKING AT FUNGI I have looked through a microscope and I saw _________________. It looks like I have looked through a microscope and I saw ____________________. It looks like I have looked at two____________________________. They look like 2. Read carefully: WHAT TYPE OF LIVNG THINGS ARE FUNGI? SCIENCE YEAR 5 16 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  17. 17. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS Fungi are living things. They are born, grow, reproduce, and die, but they are not plants or animals. Fungi are not plants because they cannot make their own food. They absorb nutrients from the remains of other living things. They are not animals because they don’t have sense organs and they cannot move. Some fungi, such as yeast, are tiny to see. Others’ such as moulds, are also tiny, but you can see them all together. Some fungi are in the ground. In autumn, they become mushrooms and grow above the ground. There are many edible mushrooms. SCIENCE YEAR 5 17 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  18. 18. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS INCLUDEPICTURE "http://images.google.es/images?q=tbn:0SSy11TFHvkqzM:http://darwin.bi GILLS MATCH. Fungi are they don’t have sense organs. Fungi aren’t plants because born, grow, reproduce and die. Fungi aren’t animals because they cannot make their own food. 3.- How to observe and describe fungus. PROCETURE SCIENCE YEAR 5 18 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  19. 19. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS To describe a living thing, first observe it carefully. Then talk about its size, colour and shape. For example to describe a mushroom, answer these questions: 1.- What size is it? (Measure the height of the mushroom and the width of the cap) 2.- What colour is the cap? 3.- What shape is the cap? (flat ,concave , or convex . 4.- What colour are the gills? 5.- What colour is the stalk? 6.- What shape is the stalk? (Is it cylindrical or does the thickness change?) 7.- Does the stalk have rings?  Complete the chart: SIZE Height Width CAP Colour Shape Gills STALK Colour Shape Rings 1.4 Other kingdoms: SCIENCE YEAR 5 19 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  20. 20. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS Monera. They are unicellular organisms. They don’t have nucleus. For example: Bacteria CYTOPLASM DNA MEMBRANE Protista. Most of them are unicellular, some are multicellular. They live in water. For example: Amoebas Life cycle of a Mushroom SCIENCE YEAR 5 20 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  21. 21. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS Listen carefully and answer these questions: 1.- What is a mushroom? 2.- Is a mushroom a plant? Why? 3.- What is the beginning of a mushroom? 4.- Where are the spores produced in a mushroom? 5.- Where does the thread grows? 6.- Where does the thread take nutrients from? 7.- When does a mushroom star to grow? 8.- Write three parts of a mushroom. 9.- Can you eat all kind of mushrooms? 10.- What happens five years later? Revision Lesson: SCIENCE YEAR 5 21 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  22. 22. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 1.- Identify the life processes: r……………………………, s……………………….. and n………………………. a. ……………………………. enables mushrooms to obtain nutrients and grow. b. ……………………………. enables birds to travel to warmer places in winter. c. ……………………………. enables poppies to produce other poppies. 2.- Match the columns and write sentences. A tissue a group of similar cells An organism a group of different tissues A system a group of different organs An organ a group of different systems A tissue is made up of ……………………………………………………………………………………………… A…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3.- Read and write yes or no in each box. CHARACTERISTICS ANIMALS PLANTS FUNGI PROTISTA MONERA Feed on plants or animals. Can make their own Can move from place to place. Are multicellular. Are unicellular. 4.- Draw a living thing from each kingdom. SCIENCE YEAR 5 22 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  23. 23. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS 5.- Draw an animal cell and a plant cell and label the parts: MEMBRANE, NUCLEUS, WALL, CYTOPLASM 6.- Classify these living things: animal, plant or fungi. SCIENCE YEAR 5 23 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS
  24. 24. Unit 1: THE ORGANISATION OF LIVING THINGS SCIENCE YEAR 5 24 CEIP NARCISO ALONSO CORTÉS

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