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The 70’s

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  • 1. B Y : V A L A R I E H O D G E S The 70’s
  • 2. Moral Majority  Moral Majority was a U.S. political action group composed of conservative, fundamentalist Christians.  It was founded in 1979 and led by evangelist Rev. Jerry Falwell. The group played a significant role in the 1980 elections through its strong support of conservative candidates.  It lobbied for prayer and the teaching of creationism in public schools, while opposing the Equal Rights Amendment, homosexual rights, abortion, and the U.S.-Soviet SALT treaties. The Moral Majority was dissolved in 1989.
  • 3. Détente  Between the late 1960s and the late 1970s, there was a thawing of the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.  This détente took several forms, including increased discussion on arms control.  Although the decade began with vast improvements in bilateral relations, by the end of the decade events had brought the two superpowers back to the brink of confrontation.
  • 4. Kent State Protest  The events which occurred at Kent State University in Ohio on May 4, 1970 have been listed as one of the catalysts that helped turn U.S. public opinion against the Vietnam War.  What started out as a peaceful protest, culminated into 4 days of unrest that ended in tragedy. During the Kent State Massacre, 4 college students were killed and 9 others wounded when the Ohio National Guard fired shots into a crowd during an anti- war protest on campus grounds.
  • 5. Watergate Scandal  The Watergate scandal was a political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s as a result of the June 17, 1972, break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.  The scandal eventually led to the resignation of Richard Nixon, the President of the United States, on August 9, 1974 — the only resignation of a U.S. President to date.  The scandal also resulted in the indictment, trial, conviction, and incarceration of forty-three persons, dozens of whom were Nixon's top administration officials.
  • 6. OPEC Oil Embargo  The OPEC Oil Embargo, which lasted from October 1973 to March 1974, posed a major threat to the U.S. economy.  Moreover, the Nixon Administration's efforts to address the effects of the embargo ultimately presented the United States with many foreign policy challenges.
  • 7. Stagflation  Stagflation is characterized by a rising inflation rate and a rising unemployment rate, a paradoxical conjunction of events for which economic theory did not seem to have a ready explanation.  President Jimmy Carter and the Fed tried numerous tactics to stabilize the economy, including wage and price guidelines and large government spending both of which only seemed to exacerbate the problem.
  • 8. Camp David Accords  After twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David , the Israeli-Egyptian negotiations were concluded by the signing at the White House of two agreements.  The first dealt with the future of the Sinai and peace between Israel and Egypt, to be concluded within three months.  The second was a framework agreement establishing a format for the conduct of negotiations for the establishment of an autonomy regime in the West Bank and Gaza .  President Jimmy Carter of the USA witnessed the accords which were signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.
  • 9. Iranian Hostage Crisis  On November 4, 1979, an angry mob of young Islamic revolutionaries overran the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 Americans hostage.  They were held captive for 444 days.
  • 10. Works Cited  http://eurocivcourse7.edublogs.org/category/detente/  http://www.glogster.com/megabelle/richard-nixon-and-the-watergate- scandal/g-6mc9nfjqi21kmr67bdnbea0  http://www.veteransnewsnow.com/2012/07/16/baroud-time-to-talk- camp-david-will-new-egypt-meet-old-expectations/camp-david-accords-2/  http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2011/01/444-days-in-captivity-the- iran-hostage-crisis-photo-of-the-day/  http://www.heatingoil.com/articles/arab-oil-embargo-happened-happen/  http://blackswaninsights.blogspot.com/2010/11/morgan-stanley-get- ready-for-1970s.html  http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/16/obituaries/16falwell.html?_r=1&or ef=slogin  http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Kent_State_Shootings?rec=1595  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Nixon  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Ford  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Carter