The Conflict in Chechnya  By: Vlad Akselrud
Why the conflict? <ul><li>Independence </li></ul>
History  <ul><li>1858 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechnya is conquered by Russia  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imam Shamil an...
Modern History <ul><li>1992 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechnya declares independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1994 </li></ul><ul...
Modern History (cont.) <ul><li>January 1997- January 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>February 1...
Dzhokhar Dudayev <ul><li>First president </li></ul><ul><li>killed on April 21 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>laser-guided miss...
Aslan Maskhadov <ul><li>October 17, 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime minister of Chechnya </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 1...
Shamil Basayev <ul><li>Islamist guerrilla leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-admitted terrorist  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Shamil Basayev during Second War <ul><li>Encouraged foreign fighters to join </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible </li></ul><ul><...
Vladimir Putin <ul><li>October 1, 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declares President Aslan Maskhadov and his parliament are ill...
First Chechen War <ul><li>1994-1996 </li></ul><ul><li>7,500 Russian military </li></ul><ul><li>4,000 Chechen combatants </...
Second Chechen War <ul><li>August 1999- Present Day </li></ul><ul><li>Reason: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul></u...
Russian tactics <ul><li>Air War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>loss of electricity  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheikh Mansur (Sever...
Invasion  and  Battle for the Mountains  <ul><li>Over land assault from north </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy artillery  </li></ul>
Chechen tactics <ul><li>Guerilla war </li></ul><ul><li>Hijackings </li></ul><ul><li>Kidnappings </li></ul>
How people survive <ul><li>Displaced people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanderers </li></ul></u...
Moscow Theater Siege  <ul><li>October 23, 2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 Chechens  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>850 hostages ...
Moscow theater  <ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = pbvKhdVGOoo   </li></ul>
Beslan school hostage crisis <ul><li>September 1, 2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1200 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children ...
The Numbers… <ul><li>May 25, 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechen rebels lost 1,380  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian lose...
Russian human rights violations <ul><li>kidnappings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Chechnya continues to be the single largest hu...
Bibliography  <ul><li>http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2006/02/2b05161d-5d5b-4a4c-8762-d86462994a0c.html  (timeline) <...
<ul><li>THE END  </li></ul>
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THE CHECHEN CONFLICT

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THE CHECHEN CONFLICT

  1. 1. The Conflict in Chechnya By: Vlad Akselrud
  2. 2. Why the conflict? <ul><li>Independence </li></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>1858 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechnya is conquered by Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imam Shamil and his fighters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1922 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechen region established </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1944 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deportation to Siberia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1991 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist leader Doku Zavgayev is overthrown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New president Dzhokhar Dudayev </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Modern History <ul><li>1992 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechnya declares independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1994 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian forces move in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 death </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>April 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dzhokhar Dudayev is killed in a Russian missile attack. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short lived cease-fire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maskhadov is elected to office </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Modern History (cont.) <ul><li>January 1997- January 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>February 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>former rebel field commanders call on Maskhadov to relinquish the presidency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moscow refuses to negotiate with Maskhadov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1999- present day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human rights violations </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Dzhokhar Dudayev <ul><li>First president </li></ul><ul><li>killed on April 21 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>laser-guided missiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NSA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIGINT satellites to assist in the triangulation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Aslan Maskhadov <ul><li>October 17, 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime minister of Chechnya </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected President </li></ul></ul><ul><li>August 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Islamic Law introduced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 8, 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unmarked grave </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Shamil Basayev <ul><li>Islamist guerrilla leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-admitted terrorist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>national hero </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>First War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Abkhaz Battalion,&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2,000 strong </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>June 1995 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1996 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commander of the Chechen Armed Forces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>January 1, 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>appointed Prime Minister of Chechnya </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Shamil Basayev during Second War <ul><li>Encouraged foreign fighters to join </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moscow theater siege </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide car bombing in Grozny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beslan school siege </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bounty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10mil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>July 10, 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assassination </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Vladimir Putin <ul><li>October 1, 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declares President Aslan Maskhadov and his parliament are illegitimate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May 7, 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sworn in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Chechen war </li></ul><ul><li>starts </li></ul>
  11. 11. First Chechen War <ul><li>1994-1996 </li></ul><ul><li>7,500 Russian military </li></ul><ul><li>4,000 Chechen combatants </li></ul><ul><li>80,000 to 100,000 killed </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 persons were displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Boris Yeltsin and Dzhokhar Dudayev </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Khasavyurt ceasefire </li></ul>
  12. 12. Second Chechen War <ul><li>August 1999- Present Day </li></ul><ul><li>Reason: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorism acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assassinations </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Russian tactics <ul><li>Air War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>loss of electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheikh Mansur (Severny) airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>150 &quot;military bases&quot; have been destroyed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 bridges, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>250 kilometers of mountain roads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russian loss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>31 Aircrafts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chechen casualties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 Chechens to flee their homes </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Invasion and Battle for the Mountains <ul><li>Over land assault from north </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy artillery </li></ul>
  15. 15. Chechen tactics <ul><li>Guerilla war </li></ul><ul><li>Hijackings </li></ul><ul><li>Kidnappings </li></ul>
  16. 16. How people survive <ul><li>Displaced people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanderers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeless </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fleeing to Dagestan </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Moscow Theater Siege <ul><li>October 23, 2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 Chechens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>850 hostages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October 26 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spec ops raid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aerosol anesthetic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>weaponized Fentanyl </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33 Chechens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>129 hostages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moscow Theater Siege </li></ul>
  18. 18. Moscow theater <ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = pbvKhdVGOoo </li></ul>
  19. 19. Beslan school hostage crisis <ul><li>September 1, 2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1200 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children and adults </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3 day stand off </li></ul><ul><li>Casualties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>344 civilians killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>186 of them children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hundreds more wounded. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The Numbers… <ul><li>May 25, 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechen rebels lost 1,380 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian loses 2,004 soldiers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>December 17, 2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>official death toll 4,705 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>February 17, 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4,739 were killed in Chechnya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13,108 wounded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>29 missing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>figure of 250,000 dead in the two wars </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1994 to 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50,000 to 250,000 civilians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 to 50,000 Russian servicemen. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Russian human rights violations <ul><li>kidnappings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Chechnya continues to be the single largest human rights crisis in Europe and the only place on the continent where civilians are killed and “disappeared” on a daily basis as a result of an armed conflict” (HRW.org) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1700 people “disappear” a year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Death squads </li></ul><ul><li>Extra-judicial killings </li></ul><ul><li>War crimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Denial of Access for International Monitors </li></ul>
  22. 22. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2006/02/2b05161d-5d5b-4a4c-8762-d86462994a0c.html (timeline) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/chechnya/gfx/titlephoto.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/s/fotos/stalin.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/325000/images/_325347_dudayev300.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dzhokhar_Dudaev </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.scotsman.com/2005/03/09/09cheb.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aslan_Maskhadov </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shamil_Basayev </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Chechen_War </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Chechen_War </li></ul><ul><li>http://mondediplo.com/2006/05/11factsinconflict </li></ul><ul><li>http://24ur.com/media/images/213xX/Mar2006/16103014.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/europe/9911/13/russia.chechnya.02/chechnya.gudermes.jpg (Chechnya) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbvKhdVGOoo (utube video/ Moscow hostage scene) </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1688058.stm </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beslan_school_hostage_crisis </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_theater_hostage_crisis (Moscow theater hostage) </li></ul><ul><li>http://archives.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/europe/10/23/russia.siege/ (CNN Moscow theater hostage) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/europe/07/11/russia.basayev/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/03/10/russia10298.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Omon_pokhorony3.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Chechen_War#Official_figures </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>THE END </li></ul>

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