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BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE
 

BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE

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  • good presentation, could you share it with us we really need to be update with such a great topic like this, mokhallaf@gmail.com
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  • hey vaisali, grt presentation.. I m working on a dissertation on biomimicry.....it would be a great help if u could send this to me by mai. josesneha84@gmail.com....
    thanks...
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  • plz send your presentation
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  • plz send me your presentation i am doing my graduation project on biomimcry.idrees_archi45@yahoo.com
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  • hai vaisalik.. i am currently looking a topic for my dissertation, and i interested in biomimicry,, it's really greatful if you sharing your presentation with me, thank you :)
    kano.punyaemail@gmail.com
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    BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE Presentation Transcript

    • SEMINAR 2011-2012 Vaisali K B070225AR
    • CONTENTS OF PRESENTATION o INTRODUCTION o BACKGROUND o APPROACHES TO BIOMIMICRY o PRINCIPLES OF BIOMIMICRY o STEPS TO ADOPT BIOMIMICRY o LEVELS OF BIOMIMICRY o SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY o CASESTUDY o ANALYSIS o INFERENCE o APPLICATION o CONCLUSION15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CONTENTS B070225AR 2
    • WHAT IS BIOMIMETICS? Biomimetics is the term used to describe the substances, equipment, mechanism and systems by which humans imitate natural systems and designs.15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K INTRODUCTION B070225AR 3
    • • Biomimicry originates from two Greek words Bios = Life Mimesis= imitate • Biomimicry operates on the principle that in its 3.8 billion year history, nature has already found solutions to many problems we are trying to solve. • Biomimicry is multi-disciplinary subject involving wide diversity of other domains like architecture, electronics, medicines, biology, chemistry, mathematics etc.15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K INTRODUCTION B070225AR 4
    • 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CONCEPT B070225AR 5
    • FLIGHT OF BIRD LEONARDO DA VINCI’S FLYING MACHINE AEROPLANE TODAY WRIGHT BROTHER’S FIRST PROTOTYPE15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CONCEPT B070225AR 6
    • GECKO TAPE Inspiration Precedence Product SHARKLET TECHNOLOGIES Inspiration Precedence Textiles Surfaces15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CONCEPT B070225AR 7
    • HOW DID IT BEGIN? • American biophysicist and polymath. • Coined the term Biomimetics in 1950’s. • Developed Schmitt trigger by studying the nerves in squid. • Attempted to engineer a device that replicated the system of nerve propagation. Otto Schmitt (1913-1998)15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K BACKGROUND B070225AR 8
    • HOW DID IT BEGIN? • American writer and scientific observer from Montana. • Wrote the book “Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature” in 1997 • The books gives an insight on how significant biomimicry is in shaping the future. • In 1998 she co-founded the Biomimicry Guild which helps inform , inspire and empower the bridging of nature’s wisdom Janine M. Benyus (b 1958) with human knowledge.15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K BACKGROUND B070225AR 9
    • APPROACHES TO BIOMIMICRY There are two approaches to Biomimetic design15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K APPROACHES TO BIOLMIMICRY B070225AR 10
    • APPROACHES TO BIOMIMICRY DESIGN TO BIOLOGY • More fuel efficient due to aerodynamic body mimicking BOX FISH • More material efficient due The approach requires designers to identify problems to mimicking tree growth and biologists to match these to organismsform structure. patterns that have solved similar issues.The car not new approach to • transportation but improvement to existing technology DaimlerChrysler’s Bionic Car15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K APPROACHES TO BIOLMIMICRY B070225AR 11
    • APPROACHES TO BIOMIMICRY BIOLOGY TO DESIGN • Lotus flower emerges clean from swampy waters. • Lotusan paint enables buildings to be self cleaning. The approach requires to have relevant biological or • Biology can influence humans in ways outside ecological knowledge and research rather than design predetermined design problem problem. • This will result in previously unthought-of technologies or systems or approach to design solutions. Lotus inspired’s Lotusan Paint15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K APPROACHES TO BIOLMIMICRY B070225AR 12
    • PRINCIPLES OF BIOMIMICRY15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K PRINCIPLES OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 13
    • PRINCIPLES OF BIOMIMICRY • Nature runs on sunlight. • Nature uses only the energy it needs. • Nature fits form to function. • Nature recycles everything. • Nature rewards cooperation. • Nature banks on diversity. • Nature demands local expertise. • Nature curbs excesses from within. • Nature taps the power of limits15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K PRINCIPLES OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 14
    • NATURE AS A MODEL NATURE AS A MEASURE NATURE AS A MENTOR15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K PRINCIPLES OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 15
    • STEPS TO ADOPT BIOMIMCRY Biologize the question: ask Develop a design from nature’s brief of human perspective. Find the needs ideas Develop repeating Look for and solutions Evaluate the based on and patterns the champions in design against processes within naturalwho solve nature model Life’s Principles nature that the challlenges achieve success15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K STEPS TO BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 16
    • LEVELS OF BIOMIMICRY ORGANISM LEVEL BEHAVIOUR LEVEL ECOSYSTEM LEVEL15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K LEVELS OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 17
    • Form/ process mimicry at ORGANISM LEVEL Waterloo International Terminal , London15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K LEVELS OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 19
    • Process/function mimicry at BEHAVIOUR LEVELEastgate CouncilCentre , House 2,Harare Melbourne 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K LEVELS OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 21
    • Function mimicry at ECOSYSTEM LEVEL Mithūn Architects and GreenWorks Landscape Architecture Lloyd Crossing Project proposed for Portland, Oregon.15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K LEVELS OF BIOMIMICRY B070225AR 23
    • WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY VAISALI K B070225AR 24
    • CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY VAISALI K B070225AR 25
    • In order to tackle the issue of global climate change two approaches can be adopted: MITIGATION ADAPTATION15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY VAISALI K B070225AR 26
    • SUSTAINABLE DESIGN FRAMEWORK1. SITE & CLIMATE ANALYSIS: analysing site, orientation, exposure, climate,topographical factors, local constraints and natural resources2. FLEXIBLE STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS: investigating structural characters,permanence/temporariness, integration with building components, etc3. RENEWABLE BUILDING MATERIALS: analysing efficiency of a material or aproduct, size, standardization, structural adequacy, complexity,appropriateness, cost, labour involved, plantation origin, method of growth,embodied energy, recycled and reused content, toxicity, etc.4. BUILDING ENVELOPE SYSTEMS: control of energy flows that enter (or leave)an enclosed volume, including consideration of orientation, seasonalvariations, surrounding environment, function, and typology. 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY VAISALI K B070225AR 27
    • 5. MODULAR BUILDING SYSTEMS: construction and assembling methods tofacilitate substitution, repair, maintenance, diversified lifetime, etc.6. RENEWABLE & NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SYSTEMS: integrating sourcesof energy that do not reduce or exhaust their point of origin;7. INNOVATIVE HVAC SYSTEMS: implementing strategies to provide thermo-hygrometric and air quality comfort, exploiting mechanically regulated, hybrid,or, preferably, totally passive techniques;8. WATER COLLECTION & STORAGE SYSTEMS: adopting methods, system andstrategies to collect, store, distribute, use, recycle and re-use water. 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY VAISALI K B070225AR 28
    • 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH BIOMIMICRY VAISALI K B070225AR 29
    • EXAMPLE- COUNCIL HOUSE 2Architecture (CH2), Mick Pearce with DesignInc., 2005Maximum Six Green Starrating 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 30
    • “DIVERSIFY AND COOPERATE TO FULLY USE THE HABITAT” Same amount of foliage on the building as original Harvests site state of sunlight, cool night air, water, wind of natural Use and rain convection, thermal mass, ventilation stacks and water for cooling 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 31
    • “USE WASTE AS RESOURCES” Sustainable timber selection Recycled structural concrete PVC minimisationRecycled structural steel 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 32
    • “USE WASTE AS RESOURCES” Use waste as amenities Recycled Untreated from old housing frames 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 33
    • “GATHER AND USE ENERGY EFFICIENTLY” Gas-firedmicro-turbine (co-generation) Electricity micro- turbinelifts  generate power in breaking Waste heat Used in A/Cmode plant Heating hotsolar hot water produced by 48 water;square metres of solar hot waterpanels on roof, supplemented by gas cooling viaboiler absorption chillersolar power (PV cells) : 3.5kWenergy  used to power Westerntimber shutters 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 34
    • “OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE” 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 35
    • “OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE” 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 36
    • “OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE” 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 37
    • “OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE” 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 38
    • “DON’T DRAW DOWN RESOURCES” Water • 72% reduction in mains water consumption compared to the existing Council House of similar size • Multi-Water Reuse (MWR) sewer mining plant • Sprinkler water reclaim and rainwater collection Waste • building waste during construction was recycled (87%) • recycling carried through within building after operations  waste separation 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CASESTUDY B070225AR 39
    • ANALYSIS15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K ANALYSIS B070225AR 40
    • Materials Level ofName of building Inspiration Application in design Problem solved used Biomimicry The outward flares at base resemble Can withstand bending the upper curved portion of femur. and shearing effects Exposed The internal wrought iron braces1.Eiffel Tower Thigh bone iron closely follow design of original due to wind Ventilation problem Organism level trabeculae within femur. solved Controls the amount of sunlight entering the Steel, glass2.L’institute Du Cladded with screens with automated lens to building, keeping it cool and Iris of eye & Organism levelMonte Arabe control light flooding room with natural Aluminium light.3.Waterloo The glass panel fixing that makes up the Ability to move in response Steel & structure mimic the flexible scale to the imposed air pressureInternational Pangolin glass arrangement of Pangolin. forces when trains enter and Organism levelTerminal depart. The building is designed with a unique ventilation system, which draws outside air and cools or warms it Temperature remains depending on temperature. regulated all year around4. Eastgate Centre, Termite The central open space draws more air Concrete without using conventional Behaviour levelHarare mound with help of fans and is pushed up air-conditioning or heating through ducts located in the central systems. spine of the buildings,
    • Inspiratio Materials Level ofName of building Application in design Problem solved n used Biomimicry Protects spectators from elements Provides acoustic “Cushion system” adopted where façade is insulation,5.Beijing Steel, in-filled with translucent ETFE panels just Bird’s nest Reduces maintenance Behaviour LevelNational Stadium ETFE like a nest is insulated by small pieces of cost material. Reduces dead load, Filters sun rays The epidermis provides CH2 uses ventilation strategy similar primary sun and glare to termite mould using natural control while creating convention, ventilation stacks, a semi-closed micro- thermal mass, phase change material environment. and water for cooling The wavy design helps The façade is composed of dermis it efficient collection and epidermis, which provides and channelling out of microclimate Concrete, heated air.6. Council House Termite Ventilation stacks are implemented recycled The vaulted ceiling also Behaviour level2, Melbourne mound on the north and south facades of the timber allow more filtration of building natural light to the The ceilings are wavy shaped to deeper parts of the optimise surface area to increase space. thermal mass capacity Shower towers provide The west façade is covered with a reduction of 4-13 system of timber louvers to optimize degrees C from the top the penetration of natural light and of the tower to the views. bottom.
    • Name of Materials Level of Inspiration Application in design Problem solved building used Biomimicry Minimum possible energy used in the7. Sinosteel form of conventional Concrete, The windows are designed in five different energy.International Bee hive steel and sizes of hexagon, placed in an energy- The skin removes the Organism levelPlaza glass efficient configuration. need for internal structures The exterior designs as living skin which serves connection between Electricity not exterior and interior, like stomata on required during day leaf surface. Air and wind filtered Stomata of Designed as The surface automatically positions to provide clean air8. Habitat 2020 leaves living skin itself according to the sunlight and let and natural air Organism level it in conditioned Surface absorbs water and converts Recycling of water air waste to biogas energy and waste The building sits on 12 columns to Tensile allow other species to develop around Effective air conditioning at9. Rafflesia Rafflesia environment it, trying to change traditional independent zones Behaviour levelHouse flower ally friendly definitions of its characteristics. fabric Concave and convex internal walls to regulate flow of air inside.10. National The bubbles collect solar The surface is covered with membrane of lit Water Steel, energy to heat swimming OrganismAquatics Centre, bubbles ETFE blue bubbles or pneumatic cushions made of pools. levelBeijing EFTE creating bubble effect Temperature regulation
    • Material Level ofName of building Inspiration Application in design Problem solved s used Biomimicry Its aerodynamic, Glazed shape Using a series of triangulations minimizes wind loads and on the exterior similar to those maximizes natural light and of a glass sponge ventilation, reducing the buildings11. Swiss Re The building ventilates air in a energy consumption Steel & similar fashion just like glassHeadquarters, Glass sponge glass sponge filters nutrients from the Triangulations on the exterior Organism levelLondon similar to those of a glass sponge water by sucking water from its makes the structure stiff enough to base and expelling it through the resist lateral structural loads holes at its top without extra reinforcements. It uses minimal construction The southern façade would be materials, while making maximum made of photovoltaic panels that use of the enclosed space.12.Treescraper convert sunlight into electricity. All of the water in the building is Growing of Steel & A combined heat-and-power recycled.Tower of tree glass plant installed, to be fuelled by All products, from building Behaviour levelTomorrow natural gas, to supply the power materials to furnishings, could be that the solar panels cannot. recycled or returned safely to the earth Sun shades on the windows can be opened or closed to suit the prevailing13. Ministry of temperature , mimicking the activity of Temperature regulated. Steel &Municipal and Cactus plant glass the cactus which performs Absorption and loss of heat Behaviour levelAgriculture transpiration at night rather than controlled. during the day in order to retain water.
    • •Buildinginspired by plants /flower: Self-sustainable Energy efficient Recycling Aesthetically appealing Low maintenance•Building inspired by organisms: Resistant to imposed forces Structural stability Controlled entry of sunlight Regulation of internal temperature Aesthetics Acoustics•Buildings inspired by natural forms:  Effective channelling of wind  Increase thermal mass capacity  Dynamic form  Acoustics.  Energy efficiency 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K INFERENCE B070225AR 45
    • APPLICATION15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K APPLICATION B070225AR 46
    • INDUSTRIAL BUILDING DESIGN • Large & clear unobstructed areas • Triangulated exoskeleton or frame inspired from glass sponge, thigh bone ,beehive • Proper lighting ( Natural and Artificial) • Louvers, living skin which etc. or • can regulate entry of span load distribution& long daylight inspired from or inspired by water lily stomata fly leave or dragon of wings • Ventilation • • Cushion effect of Birds nest, • Irissystem which utilises A of eye ventilation mechanism of resources available locally termite moulds, embedded with minimum • Acoustical treatment • Curved walls recycles for energy and ceilings to channelling like growth of maximum air. • Cushion effect of Birds nest, tree or two layer skin( dermis and • emulate natural forms like • Energy-efficiency epidermis) to act as passive termite mound for sound buffer or to reduce cost and systems insulation15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE energy consumption. K VAISALI APPLICATOIN B070225AR 47
    • CONCLUSIONTo echo, listen, steward and immerse in nature Biomimicry presents itself as a basis, a foundation of a new research methodology instead of mere serendipity. Biomimicry has to be approached in a multi-disciplinary order of thought in order to understand the principles of nature to achieve a holistic design solution. 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CONCLUSION B070225AR 48
    • CONCLUSION For nature has been field-tested for millions of years through evolution 15-11-2011 BIOMIMETIC ARCHITECTURE VAISALI K CONCLUSION B070225AR 49