New Smart Plugs to add free connectivity to household appliances
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Presentation at U-Homes-2012, Dalian, China: August 29, 2012

Presentation at U-Homes-2012, Dalian, China: August 29, 2012

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New Smart Plugs to add free connectivity to household appliances New Smart Plugs to add free connectivity to household appliances Presentation Transcript

  • Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello A new generation of smart plugs to add free connectivity to household appliances U - Homes - 2012 Dalian, China – August 29, 2012 Valerio Aisa
  • AgendaFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello • Indesit Company introductionQuarto ____________ livello • Smart Appliances & Smart Grids: Energy@home ProjectQuinto ____________ livello • Connectivity: Problems & Opportunities • Indesit Approach: Connectivity at very low cost • Partnership with Renesas Electronics Corp., • The new role of Smart Plugs Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 1
  • Our Company  Presence: 24 subsidiaries all over the world  Annual Turnover: 2.6 billion euro  Main Brands: Indesit, Hotpoint-Ariston, Scholtès  Product Lines: Fridges, washing machines, dishwashers, dryers, freezers, cookers, hoods, ovens and hobs. Free standing, Built In.  Production: 16 plants  Employees: 16,000  Listing: Listed on Milan Stock Exchange since 1987 Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 2
  • Our Presence - Industrial FootprintFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____  16 Factories in EuropeSecondo livello______Dryers • UK: _______ •TerzoItaly: Dishwashing, Cooling, Washing, Built-in____ _______ livello CookingQuarto ____________ livello Cookers; Washing, • Poland: Cooling, DishwashingQuinto ____________ livello • Turkey: Cooling • Russia: Cooling, Washing Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 3
  • Our Presence - Commercial Offices 24 Subsidiaries all over the world Extra-EU: • Singapore • Shanghai • Dubai • Buenos Aires Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 4
  • Our brands We work, you play Our ideas, your home. The taste of perfection Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012
  • Our Strategic Axis Clean Tech Minimize the use of resources to reduce the Eco-footprint in term of product and process User Centered Be Closer to the Customer Needs Smartness Self-adapt to dynamic conditions and cooperate in open ecosystems Process Innovation Innovation and technology improvements in design and manufacturing Product Technical Behind the scene improvements: high impact on Improvement products, not directly visible to the consumer Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012
  • Our STRATEGIC AXIS: Smartness Leon@rdo Our reputation in networking & smart grid Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012
  • Smart Grid & Smart Appliances according to Energy@home projectFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ Customer Smart InterfacesTerzo ___________Other livello appliances meters Appliances withQuarto ____________ livello Smart PlugsQuinto ____________ livello Home Home Electricity Gatewa Meter S HAN y (Home Area WA I Network) N To freely download a white Smar HN paper and other documents, Additional electricity t (Home please visit: Network) meters Info http://www.energy-home.it Customer Interfaces Home Domain Devices interfaces SI = Enel Smart Info HAN connections HAN = Home Area Network HN connections HN = Home Network Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 8
  • Smart Appliances according to AHAM (USA) and CECED (Europe)Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondoto AHAM, a smart appliance is defined as: “appliances which monitor, control According livello______ _______Terzo _______electrical energy usage in response to customer needs” and protect their____ livelloQuarto _______ a smart appliance is defined as: “a household appliance that makes_____ livello According to CECED,Quinto _______ power management strategy to optimize the load on the power use of an intelligent_____ livellodistribution grid: it lowers energy cost (for consumer and utilities) and increases the overallefficiency of the system”. But, the present uncertainty about standards is slowing down the development of smart Both agree that: appliances … 1. Pricing must provide incentives to manage energy use efficiently and enable consumers to save money. 2. Communication Standards must be open, flexible, secure, and limited in number. 3. Consumer Choice & Privacy must be respected: the consumer is the decision maker! References: •AHAM Smart Grid White Paper (http://www.aham.org/ht/a/GetDocumentAction/i/44191) •http://www.ceced.eu/IFEDE//easnet.dll/GetDoc?APPL=1&DAT_IM=2112CC&DWNLD=Energy%20Management%20with%20 smart%20appliances_rev1.pptx Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 9
  • Smart Appliances & current Smart Plugs vs Smart Grid’s needsFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ benefits problems to solveTerzo _______ • Smart appliances contribute to____ livello • lack of consolidated standardsQuarto _______ optimize the load on the power_____ livello • cost of connectivityQuinto _______ distribution grid …_____ livello 1. through a direct dialog with utilities • products not yet available on the market Smart (Demand Side Management) (uncertainty about standards and costs to Appliances 2. by reacting to grid frequency add ) variations (Dynamic Demand Control) • too much time (without incentives…) is required for replacing the household • Smart appliances allow new appliances present on the field services (remote maintenance, telecare, other web based services) • necessity to find a way for promoting a rapid spread of smart appliances • Smart plugs allow energy companies to • Consumers and appliance manufacturers control the power supply of household do not like forced power interruptions for Current appliances to avoid power consumption their products. peaks. Smart Plugs • Smart plugs allow consumers to • Most of the commercial smart plugs are become aware of their energy use and not controllable through a local network costs. Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 10
  • Smart Appliances & Connectivity: Electrolux approach (standard)Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Electrolux adopts the same approach as Indesit, Whirlpool, Miele, BSH, GE, LG, Samsung, Haier and all the other manufacturers of white goods in the world … Source: Edi Fabbro “The Smartness of Smart Grids”, Stockholm, October 6th, 2010 Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 11
  • Smart Appliances & Connectivity: U – SNAP approachFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Really a good first approach to the problem of connectivity! Source: http://intelligrid.epri.com/Smart_Grid_Information_Sharing_Calls/2010/100422/epri_sg_info_sharing_unsnap_042210.pdf) Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 12
  • Indesit approach to speed up the diffusion of smart appliancesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ Indesit approach is based on the following assumptions: The _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuartoThe concept of “smart appliance” must impact on the mass production 1. livello_____ _______ (avoid niche solutions)Quinto ____________ livello 2. The cost of connectivity must have a very low impact on the industrial cost of the appliance 3. The appliance must be free from protocol constraints According to these assumptions, Indesit has developed a communication technology that: 1. can be used by any household appliance equipped with a digital control system; 2. is based on the electronic resources already present in the appliance (no cost added); 3. allows to move the “communication node” from the appliance to an external adaptor (smart plug) Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 13
  • Smart Appliances & Connectivity : Indesit approachFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello A Smart Appliance Home GatewayQuarto ____________ livello High-end productQuinto ____________ livello with ZigBee node inside HAN (Home Area Network) Any product (mass production) B Any product (mass production) Smart Appliance Smart Plug Smart Socket PM PM Smart Appliance PM = Power Modulation technology (proprietary) Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012
  • Indesit approach: equivalent solutions (ZigBee based) Fare ____per modificare High-end product testo dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ ___ _____ ___ _____ _____ gli stili del Secondo livello ______ _______ High-end product Terzo _______ ____ livello Quarto _______ _____ livello Smart PlugHome Gatewaylivello Quinto _______ _____ PM Low-end product Smart Plug HAN PM (Home Area Network) Middle range product Smart Socket PM Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012
  • Indesit approach: equivalent solutions (WiFi based) Fare ____per modificare High-end product testo dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ ___ _____ ___ _____ _____ gli stili del Secondo livello model ______ _______ Different Same models High-end product Terzo _______ ____ livello Quarto _______ _____ livello Smart PlugHome Gatewaylivello Quinto _______ _____ PM Low-end product Smart Plug HAN PM (Home Area Network) Middle range product Smart Socket PM 16
  • Power Modulation: a point-to-point bidirectional communicationFare ____per modificare gli___Thedel testo dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili_____ ___ _____ _____ appliance transmits (to the Smart Plug) 1 bit during eachSecondo livello______ _______ mains cycle (50/60 bit/s) by The Appliance modulating the power absorbed communicates byTerzo ___________ livello by one of its electric loads (lamp, using its control HANQuarto ____________ livello fan, motor, valve, defrosting system: no cost Home Local heaters ...). s added!Quinto ____________Network livello The “communication node” is moved from the Appliance to the Smart Plug, which works as a network interface. PM = Power Modulation Smart Appliance The Smart Plug transmits (to the Appliance) 4 bits during Wall Socket Smart Plug each mains cycle (200/240 bit/s) through small variations (12 V pulses) of the mains voltage: the temporal distance between such pulses and the zero-crossing point of mains voltage contains the transmitted data. Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 17
  • Indesit approach includes DDC (Dynamic Demand control) functionFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Power Power Supply Demand The value of grid frequency shows the balance level between power generation US 4,317,049 – 1979 http://www.gridwiseac.org/pdfFred. C. Scweppe patent (MIT Boston) and power demandhttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/4317049.pdf s/forum_papers09/howe.pdf Mains frequency is used as sensor of the grid’s balance Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 18
  • Smart Appliances & DDC : PNNL approachFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello Pacific Northwest National Lab (PNNL) hasQuarto ____________ livello developed the GFA controller, a simple computer chipQuinto ____________ livello that can be installed in various consumer (household) appliances. The GFA controller senses the grid condition by monitoring the frequency of the system and provides automatic response in the time of disruption. Therefore, the GFA controller can provide demand response capability to household appliances like refrigerators, air conditioners, water heaters, etc. “The GFAC chip can temporarily shift how smart appliances use power to soften the blow for utilities during times of peak demand on the grid.” Source: PNNL news (http://www.pnl.gov/news/release.aspx?id=856) Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 19
  • Smart Appliances & DDC : Indesit approach (DDC Trial in UK)Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ SMART FRIDGES TO SAVE THE PLANET – DDC TechnologyTerzo ___________ livelloQuarto _______ and NPower roll out Europe’s biggest trial of smart fridges_____Company, RLtec Indesit livelloQuinto _______ technology developed by RLtec (now Open Energi) and Indesit research_____ livello The dynamic demand teams helps to maintain the balance between supply and demand across the national electricity grid. From 2010 and through 2011, up to 1,200 UK NPower customers was supplied with Indesit Company dynamic demand fridges and fridge freezers, free of charge, in what will be world’s first residential test of the technology. Indesit does not use an external device like the GFA controller, but implements the DDC function directly inside the control system of the fridge (no added cost!) Please watch: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZBAi5id5h0 Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 20
  • PMI (PM Interface): a µC peripheral dedicated to smart appliances Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ University ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Indesit and Secondo livello ______ _______ of Parma have Terzo _______ ____ livello developed a Quarto _______ _____ livello microcontroller RX 210 / RX 220 peripheral (PMI) which Quinto _______ _____ livello implements: • PM communication • DDC function Such peripheral has been adopted by Renesas (free non- exclusive license from Indesit) and implemented in the new RX200 family of 32 bit microcontrollers Power Modulation dedicated to smart RX210 Indesit Version(*) Interface & DDC function applances(*) Specific code number for Indesit: RX2Z0Version liberalized by Indesit on March 29-th, 2010 (agreement with Renesas) Source: http://www.renesas.com/products/mpumcu/rx/index.jsp Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 21
  • Smart Plugs can actually help to spread Smart Appliances? Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Secondo livello ______ _______ Terzo _______ ____ livello http://www.tendrilinc.com Quarto _______ _____ livello PICOwatt® Smart Plug www.tenrehte.com Quinto _______ _____ livello http://www.energateinc.com/ http://www.tkbhome.com/ www.alertme.com Yueqing Youdo Trade Co., Ltd http://b2b.11467.com/36518/ http://www.currentcost.com http://themodlet.com/ www.plugwise.com http://www.4-noks.com http://www.p3international.comhttp://store.ourhomespaces.com/ www.hemstech.com www.energyhub.com http://passivsystems.claritycreative.net Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 22
  • Present Smart Plugs vs our New ProposalFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto _______ Smart Plugs are provided with: The current_____ livello • a powerQuinto _______ meter, for measuring energy consumption_____ livello • a communication node, for the connection to a home network • a digital control system Only small differences The proposed Smart Plugs are provided with: • a power meter, for measuring energy consumption and communicate with the related household appliance • a communication node, for the connection to a home network • a digital control system with PM algorithms Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 23
  • Smart Plugs to add free connectivity to household appliancesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______isoffully___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ on behalf Indesit, (*) Technical support guaranteed, Thanks to the agreementSecondo livello______ _______ signed between Indesit by SPES (www.spesonline.com)Terzo ___________ livello and Renesas Electronics Corp., PM is now freely Household HANQuarto ____________ livello (*) available to any producer appliances can of white goods that wants communicates by Home LocalQuinto ____________ livello to use it. using the electronic Network resources already Indesit is going to use present inside them PM on mass production. (no added cost), according to standard application profiles (ZigBee Home Automation, ZigBee Smart Energy, ...) PM = Power Modulation Smart Appliance Wall Socket Smart Plug The proposed new generation of smart plugs monitors energy consumption and allows household appliances to communicate Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 24
  • Smart Plugs to add free connectivity to household appliancesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello Thank You very much!Quarto ____________ livello Technical document on PM canQuinto ____________ livello HAN be downloaded from: http://www.slideshare.net/vaisa1 Home Local Network SPES contact: Davide Mancini, CTO davide.mancini@spesonline.com My references: valerio.aisa@consultants.indesit.com http://www.linkedin.com/in/valerioaisa PM = Power Modulation Smart Appliance Wall Socket Smart Plug Dalian, August 28-31, 2012 U – Homes - 2012 25