• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Smart grids and "Energy@home" Project
 

Smart grids and "Energy@home" Project

on

  • 2,683 views

Valerio Aisa - Presentation in Milan at "Home & Building Days", August 2010. ...

Valerio Aisa - Presentation in Milan at "Home & Building Days", August 2010.
The process of great transformation of the global energy system according to the concept of “smart grid” involves the direct collaboration of household appliances, in particular white goods, which, to this purpose, are becoming "smart" and are able to exchange information with digital power meters through suitable communication infrastructures. But, unfortunately, there still are objective problems relating to connectivity that hinder the rapid spread of these products. Wr@p technology, which Indesit is going to liberalize with the help of Renesas (Japan), has the aim to completely solve these problems.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,683
Views on SlideShare
1,604
Embed Views
1,079

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
85
Comments
0

3 Embeds 1,079

http://www.techgig.com 1066
http://10.150.200.57 10
http://www.linkedin.com 3

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Smart grids and "Energy@home" Project Smart grids and "Energy@home" Project Presentation Transcript

    • Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Smart grid e progetto Energy@Home: elettrodomestici intelligenti e applicativi di gestione per la regolazione dei consumi Home & Building Days Milano – 18 Giugno 2010 Valerio Aisa
    • Our CompanyFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo Presence:____ _______ livello 24 subsidiaries all over the worldQuarto ____________ livello  Annual Turnover: 2.6 billion euroQuinto ____________ livello  Main Brands: Indesit, Hotpoint-Ariston, Scholtès  Product Lines: Fridges, washing machines, dishwashers, dryers, freezers, cookers, hoods, ovens and hobs. Free standing, Built In.  Production: 16 plants  Employees: 16,000  Listing: Listed on Milan Stock Exchange since 1987 1
    • Our Presence - Industrial FootprintFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____  16 Factories in EuropeSecondo livello______ _______ • UK: Dryers • Italy: Dishwashing, Cooling, Washing, Built-inTerzo ___________ livello Cooking • Poland: Cooling,Quarto _______ Washing,_____ livelloCookers; DishwashingQuinto ____________ livello • Turkey: Cooling • Russia: Cooling, Washing 2
    • Indesit Company: our ValuesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Mission Essere un leader globale che produce soluzioni tecnologiche, compatibili con l’ambiente, per creare, giorno dopo giorno, la qualità del tempo per le persone.Filosofia Valori“In ogni iniziativaindustriale non c’è Indesit Company è una Societàvalore determinata a migliorare sempredel successo in tutto quello che fa.economico Esprime questa ambizione con cinquese non c’è anche valori, che rappresentano anche un modo di essere: innovativi,l’impegno nel rispettosi, ambiziosi, in contattoprogresso sociale.” con gli altri, genuini(Aristide Merloni,1967) 3
    • Margherita dialogic: anno 1995Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello 4
    • Margherita2000.com: dicembre 1999Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello 5
    • Ariston digital e Leonardo: anno 2000Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Present at MIT (Boston) from 2000 to 2003 6
    • Margherita dialogic “Pay-X-Use”: anno 2002Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello 7
    • AgendaFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello • Evoluzione dello scenario energeticoQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello • “Smart Grid” e “Smart Appliances” • Progetto Energy@Home • Posizione dei produttori di elettrodomestici • Problematiche aperte • Prospettive future 8
    • Smart Grids: Obama’s One Example: Spain Stimulus Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ President testo _____ _____ stili del Obama is signing the American Secondo livello ______ _______ Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Terzo _______ ____ livello Quarto _______ _____ livello $787 billion http://green.blogs.nytimes.co m/2009/02/17/obama-signs- stimulus-packed-with-clean- Quinto _______ _____ livello energy-provisions/ $61.3 billion for energyInvestments into green energy $11.3 billion for Smart Grids technology are a significant part of the bill 9
    • The Example: ClimateOne European Spain Challenge: 20-20-20Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello (GHG = GreenHouse Gas) http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/working/regions2020/pdf/regions2020_climat.pdf 10
    • Global Smart Grid Stimulus FactsheetFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ (GDP = Gros Domestic Product)Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello http://zpryme.com/news-room/smart-grid-china-leads-top-ten-countries-in-smart-grid-federal-stimulus-investments-zpryme-reports.html 11
    • Why appliances? Energy consumption scenarioFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello 60% of householdQuarto ____________ livello Electricity are due to domesticQuinto ____________ livello appliances Appliances have a deep impact on household energy Sources: JRC – “Electricity Consumption and Efficiency Trends in European Union - Status Report 2009 ”, bills http://ie.jrc.ec.europa.eu/press/electronic_press_pack/S tatus%20Report%202009.pdf 12
    • Appliances peak consumption occurs at peak timeFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Case Study In EU householdsTerzo ___________ livello 150 GW (12% of total) energyQuarto _______at peak time (1)_____ livelloconsumption occurQuinto ____________ livello Energy produced at peak time usesmost expensive or most CO2 emittinggenerators with a reduction of 98 W per singlehousehold at peak time, a total of 18 GWcan be obtained in Europe30 large coal fired power plants wouldnot be needed any more(1) Data on EU households from Smart-A study a reseachproject within the 7th FPhttp://ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent/projects/doc/factsheets/smart_a.pdf 13
    • Home Appliances: from Energy 1.0 to Energy 2.0Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____We communicate to our Customers energy efficiency through the energy label:Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello BUT…Quarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello performances saturation Smart Appliances in Smart Grid WAN SI A new generation HAN of (Home Area appliances Network) that anticipates Time or effort the future evolution of Lifecycle of innovation curve the home. 14
    • Energy 2.0 approach : Smart Appliances in Smart GridFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______  Grid balance (blackout avoidance and auxiliary plants reduction)Terzo ___________ livello  Green power usage enhancementQuarto ____________ livello  Energy tradingQuinto ____________ livello Utility Energy Management Energy cost saving (variable System price and revenue mechanism) Automatic avoidance of in_house overload Energy /  Eco friendly behavior Information Brand new domotic services Any Smart House coordinates its operations with the entire Grid. 15
    • Smart Appliances can provide flexible demandFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Customer energy awareness aloneSecondo livello______ _______Smart Appliances: could reduce up to 15% energyTerzo _______ communicationIntelligence and____ livello consumption (Darby – OxfordQuarto ____________ livello university)Smart Grid:Quinto _______ Wide Web_____ livelloThe Energy World Smart Phone Smart Smart washing fridge machine WWW Smart Grid Co-operation between the Home Gateway and Smart Appliances Gateway 16
    • Dynamic Demand Control (DDC) functionFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Power Power Supply Demand The value of grid frequency shows the balance level US 4,317,049 – 1979 between power generation http://www.freepatentsonline.com and power demand http://www.rltec.com/news /4317049.pdf http://www.dynamicdemand.co.uk/ 17
    • DDC basic conceptFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ http://www.dynamicdemand.co.uk/Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Grid Frequency Grid frequency drops if there is shows the imbalance too much demand between power because supply and generators start to demand slow down slightly This meter is monitoring the power balance of the UK electricity grid. If the needle is too far to the left, it means more generation is needed to meet demand. The meter actually shows the grids frequency, which is related to the speed of rotation of generators all over the country. When there is too little power available, the whole grid "slows down" and the needle moves to the left. 18
    • Who is interested in DDC?Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ Utilities are interested in DDC for increasing gridTerzo ___________ livelloQuarto _______ (revenues) efficiency_____ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Governments are interested in DDC for decreasing CO2 emissions (environment) Both are going to provide1 funds for supporting: • Manufactures of white goods that are available to embed DDC function in their new generation of products (smart appliances) • Customers that will buy such smart appliances (1) Utilities and Governments are presently supporting DDC trials in USA and UK for testing the technology. Whirlpool is involved in USA with dryers, Indesit is involved in UK with refrigerators. 19
    • Dynamic Demand Control (DDC): principal trialsFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ USA:Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto _______PNNL (Pacific Northwest Nationa Laboratory), Portland General_____ Whirlpool, livelloQuinto _______ based on the concept of “Grid Friendly Appliance” (GFA)._____ Electric: trials livello • http://www.electricdistribution.ctc.com/pdfs/grid%20friendly_hammerstrom.pdf • http://www.utilityexchange.org/colorado/2008/docs/hammerstrom_cue102407.pdf Europe: Indesit, Rltec, Npower: DDC trial based on refrigerators. See press release: http://www.npowermediacentre.com/Press-Releases/Fridges-unite- to-save-the-planet-bec.aspx RLtec and Indesit signed their agreement during the first half of 2009 and decided to start a trial last December 2009, involving up to 3000 fridges in UK. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAjEuZcSBGM • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZBAi5id5h0 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CH-FC_0QT6Y&feature=related • http://www.rltec.com/news 20
    • Energy@home ProjectFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ • OverviewTerzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livello • Project objectivesQuinto ____________ livello • Partners’ Contributes • Assumptions, constraints and roadmap • Use cases • General architecture • CECED position • Open issues Source: 21
    • Energy@Home projectFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Open technology based on openSecondoOctober 2009______29 livelloproject to _______ Energy@Home Italian standardsTerzo energy save in-home system____ _______ define livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello
    • General Architecture (from Kick-off meeting)Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello
    • What is Energy@Home (E@H) Project?Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Energy@home is a collaborative project betweenSecondo livello______ _______Terzo _______ Electrolux, Enel, Indesit and Telecom Italia____ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello  The aim of the project is to develop a communication infrastructure that enables provision of Value Added Services based upon information exchange related to energy usage, energy consumption and energy tariffs in the Home Area Network (HAN).  The project envisions a protocol that shall be used to build an integrated platform to allow cooperation between the main devices involved in residential energy management. From a functional point of view, Energy@Home envisions a system that can provide users with information on their household consumption directly on the display of the appliance itself, on the smart phone or on their computer. Consumers will be able to use their appliances in a “smart” way by enhancing the energy efficiency of the entire house system. 24
    • E@h - Contributo di ElectroluxFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello ELECTROLUX ha progettato e realizzato,______ _______Terzo _______ a partire da fine anni ’80, soluzioni____ livelloQuarto _______ integrate e interfacce utenti degli_____ livello gestione di elettrodomestici, dispositivi diQuinto _______ elettrodomestici. Esempi ne sono il sistema_____ livello Live-In e lo Screenfidge Gli elettrodomestici possono utilizzare i principali standard di comunicazione in ambito domestico concordati a livello CECED (Conseil Européen de la Construction dappareils Domestiques) nell’ambito dell’attività di interoperabilità. Per ciascuno di questi standard di comunicazione esiste un opportuno dispositivo per la comunicazione (NUI - Network Unit Interface) integrabile in un elettrodomestico tradizionale per renderlo connettibile.Electrolux intende valorizzare i risultati di questa iniziativasia in ambito di standardizzazione CECED, assieme andIndesit Company, che nei progetti nei quali è impegnatasia a livello italiano che europeo 25
    • E@h: Contributo di EnelFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Il sistema Telegestore che è utilizzato su più di 31 Milioni diSecondo livello______ _______ clienti:Terzo _______ in esercizio e supporta tutti i processi operativi della____È livello – pienamenteQuarto ____________ livello distribuzione – È grado di_____inlivello supportare servizi aggiuntivi correlati al business dellaQuinto _______ distribuzione di elettricità Realizzazione Dispositivo Abilitante che è stato utilizzato per: – Un market test con circa 1000 famiglie coinvolte in più di 50 comuni su tutto il territorio nazionale – Una sperimentazione di Enel Energia (Esperto Enel) per la veicolazione dei dati sui consumi elettrici tramite portale web Opportunità di definire una piattaforma tecnologica a livello Europeo grazie alla ricerca di sinergie con ENDESA – Progetto Cervantes – Progetto Smart City a Malaga 26
    • E@h: Contributo di IndesitFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello Indesit ha progettato e realizzato sistemi______ _______ integrati di elettrodomestici in grado diTerzo ___________ livello offrire funzioni innovative attraverso laQuarto _______ connessione in rete, come il sistema_____ livello Ariston DigitalTM , Leon@rdoTM e laQuinto _______ lavatrice Pay-x-Use_____ livello Gli Elettrodomestici possono utilizzare i principali standard di comunicazione per l’ambiente domestico, concordati a livello CECED nell’ambito dell’attività di interoperabilità. Per ciascuno di questi standard esiste un opportuno dispositivo per la comunicazione che, integrato in un elettrodomestico tradizionale, lo rende connettibile. Indesit intende valorizzare i risultati di questa iniziativa sia in ambito di standardizzazione CECED, insieme ad Electrolux, che nei progetti di ricerca nei quali è impegnata a livello italiano ed europeo 27
    • E@h: Contributo di Telecom ItaliaFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ Alice Gate: Il gateway domestico – always-on,Terzo _______always-connected, broadband ADSL____ livello –_____esteso con funzionalità sperimentale di ZigBeeQuarto _______ livello Gateway Abstraction Layer (GAL)Quinto ____________esteso con “software execution environment OSGi” sperimentale che – livello permette l’hosting di applicazioni sia di TI sia di terze parti La Piattaforma di Gestione WSN-C: – permette la gestione remota e l’interfacciamento di reti di sensori – supporta la creazione di servizi applicativi tramite i/f service oriented – In campo per progetto di energy management, attualmente controlla ~ 4000 nodi ZigBee, a piano 2010 estensione a 10.000 nodi Consolidata competenza tecnica sullo standard ZigBee – Chairmanship dello ZigBee Telecom Applications WG – Trial in corso che usano la tecnologia ZigBee – Sviluppo sensoristica ZigBee, es. smartplug 28 28
    • Assumptions, Constraints and RoadmapFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello ______ _______Terzo _______ and Constraints:Assumptions ____ livelloQuarto _______ to leverage existing standards, in particular the ZigBee wireless•_____ livello aims Energy@homeQuinto _______ Energy and Home in order to fulfill the requirements of the project. these _____ livello Smart and customized Automation ZigBee Application Profiles. If needed, technology, the profiles will be extended• The resulting protocol will be open to any stakeholder that will be free to define its own services and supporting business models, while being assured that the common communication platform will be able to ensure interoperability among platform of different vendors.Roadmap:• The project goal will be pursued through the following plan of milestones: M1. identification of use cases relevant to the protocol and definition of the system architecture  COMPLETED M2. definition of the protocol by leveraging existing standards and integration of partner’s devices to implement a system prototype  IT WILL BE COMPLETED BY JULY 31-th; M3. assessment of the protocol and of the prototypes interoperability M4. proposal of a pilot market test which will involve selected customers throughout Italy” 29
    • E@H use casesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ CUSTOMER AWARENESSTerzo ___________ livello – Scenario 1: Visualization of current energy and power dataQuarto ____________ livello – Scenario 2: Visualization of historical dataQuinto ____________ livello – Scenario 3: Alarm– Scenario 4: Other energy informationAPPLIANCE REGULATION (Both Coordinated and self Management appliances regulation)– Scenario 5: Home Domain Overload management– Scenario 6: Optimize energy cost in case of multi-tariff contract– Scenario 7: Demand responseEnergy@HOME Provisioning and Maintenance– 2.3.1  Add a new device– 2.3.2  Remove a device From E@H– 2.3.3  Maintenance use case document 30
    • E@H devices Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____•Secondo livello an evolution of the actual and standard white goods ______Appliances: Smart _______•Terzo _______ ____ livello (able to provide remote metering and to be remotely controlled) could Smart Plugs: Quarto _______ in the Smart Appliances category although they can provide no _____ livello be somehow included Quinto control over the effect of remote control activities; Smart Appliances will not be direct livello _____ _______ controlled by Smart Plugs• Customer Interfaces: Typical Customer Interfaces are personal computers, Smart Phones, PDAs, ad hoc displays, entertainment systems, in-house monitor and similar.• Home Gateway: it is the gateway between the HAN (Home Area Network), the HN (Home Network) and the WAN (e.g. internet). It is able to interface Smart Appliances and other user’s devices (e.g. PC) through the communication protocol(s) used in the HAN (e.g. ZigBee) and in the HN (e.g. IP/http) and to provide a broadband connection to internet (usually via a standard ADSL connection).• Smart Info: it is the element, provided by the DSO (Distribution System Operator), which dispatches energy related information into the HAN. Published data are a sub- set of those already available inside the Home Electricity Meter, hence the Smart Info acts like a proxy of the meter. Additional data could be possibly generated by the Smart Info itself. From E@H use case document 31
    • Smart Appliances’ RoleAny Smart Appliance coordinates its_____ ___ dello schema______ Fare ____per modificare gli___ operations with the Home Gateway. ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____The Home_______ plans their operations taking into account: SecondoGateway ______ livello Terzo _______ ____ livello•Quarto _______ customer needs _____ livello•Quinto _______ selected programs _____ livello• variable energy price• green energy• grid status 32
    • Energy@home: System’s ArchitectureFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ Customer InterfacesTerzo meters____ _______ Other livello Smart appliances Appliances withQuarto ____________ livello Smart PlugsQuinto ____________ livello Home Electricity Home Meter Gateway HAN SI (Home Area Network) WAN Smart HN Additional electricity meters Info (Home Network) Devices interfaces HAN connections HN connections SI = Enel Smart Info HAN = Home Area Network Customer HN = Home Network Interfaces Home Domain 33
    • CECED PositionFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello CECED (Conseil Européen de la Construction dappareils Domestiques) represents the household appliance industry in Europe. http://www.ceced.org/ 34
    • CECED: Flexibility without complexity for usersFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______• A _______Terzoflexible demand can significantly impact use____ livello –QuartoAlivello_____ _______ of appliances from outside the house will hinder user direct controlQuintoconvenience and freedom of choice_____ _______ livello – A fridge or an oven cannot be remotely powered off – A washing machine stopped regardless of the working status of the appliance means a waste of energy• Smart Appliances can deliver flexibility without disadvantages for users – A Smart Appliance can react automatically to a signal from utilities – Real time availability, cost, green level of electricity are examples of possible signals coming from utilities Source: CECED ceced 35
    • CECED: Usersto the success success of the Smart GridsUsers are key are key to the of Smart GridsFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______ • Smart use of appliances is already possible todayTerzo ___________ livello – livelloQuarto _______ offer a structured tariff, like day-night_____ Some utilities – livello_____ Most appliances have a delay timerQuinto _______ – Today the entire washing/drying/dishwashing process could be shifted from day to night • Smart Appliances would improve the ease of use and capture new opportunities – For example, users could enable a Smart Appliance to work at • The default way, e.g. reacting automatically to grid overload • The fastest way, e.g. doing the dish right now • The most cost-effective way, e.g. shifting the wash at night Source: CECED ceced 36
    • CECED: USA has started several activities on Smart Grids Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____•Secondo livello ______ _______ Incentive programmes to foster smart grids development TerzoOverall, the Stimulus package is worth 11 billions$ ____ _______ – livello Quarto _______ grants to manufacturers have been approved, specifically to help the _____ livello – Governmental Quinto _______ of smart appliances development _____ livello – Tens of millions$ have been allocated to Federal Agencies to promote the development of technical standards • NIST, FERC, Department of Energy• Future incentive programs are being negotiated – A bonus to manufacturers and retailers has been discussed for Smart Appliances. Annual appropriation of $600 million proposed • From 75$ (dishwasher) to 250$ (clothes dryers) – The new Energy Bill may consider including Smart Appliance as a condition to get the Energy Star Source: CECED ceced 37
    • CECED: European policy makers to unlock Smart GridsFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ appliances can: Smart _______Terzo ___________ livello – livelloQuarto _______ peak time energy consumption up to 10%,_____ Reduce the – livello_____ Enable transferring a price to the consumer more linked to the market price thusQuinto _______ reducing economic loss both for the supplier and for the user, – Reduce their consumption in response to an emergency signal to reduce the risk the of black out, – Help the consumer in adapting to time tariffs In order to enable the potential we need to: – Solve the chicken and egg problem and start promoting smart appliances through a specific labelling, or incentives, – Legislation must guarantee a fair transfer of the value created by smart appliances, to consumers who offer an optimisation service. Source: CECED ceced 38
    • CECED: The issue with deployment of smart appliancesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ • Smart appliances need:Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello – Open and interoperable standardsQuarto ____________ livello – A business model which inlcudes benefits for the userQuinto ____________ livello – Smart signalling and tariffing system • These prerequisites are not currently available • Appliances deployed today have and expected life of approximately 12 years • It’s the chicken and egg problem which must be solved Source: CECED ceced 39
    • Smart Plugs: retrofitting system for traditional appliances Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Secondo livello ______ _______ Terzo _______ ____ livello Quarto _______ _____ livello Quinto _______ _____ livellowww.tenrehte.com www.tendrilinc.com www.energateinc.comwww.episensor.com www.alertme.com smartACsockets TM www.hemstech.com www.4home.com www.plugwise.com www.energyhub.com 40
    • Retrofitting: open issuesFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livello_____ Appliances deployed today have and expected lifeQuarto _______ livelloQuinto ____________ of approximately 12 years (CECED) livello Smart Plugs: (able to provide remote metering and to be remotely controlled) could be somehow included in the Smart Appliances category although they can provide no direct control over the effect of remote control activities. Smart Appliances will not be controlled by Smart Plugs (CECED) 41
    • Power Modulation: very low cost communication systemFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ ___________ Smart PlugSecondo livello _______ Smart ApplianceTerzo Communication node____ _______ livello micro- The appliance communicates by using its digital controlQuarto _______ , ...)_____ livello , PLC (e.g. ZigBee , WiFi controller system: no added cost! AFE CPUQuinto _______ AFE Power PM_____ livellomicro- Modulation PMI PMI peripheral controller A specific silicon peripheral, developed by Indesit thanks to the help of University of Parma SA (prof. Ciampolini’s team), has been implemented by Smart Japanese Renesas (Hitachi, Adapter Mitsubishi, Nec). Digital Appliances SA Power Modulation 29 March 2010: Indesit and Renesas signed a free license agreement. Home Network Service / Control (e.g. RF ) Device 42
    • From the datasheet of Renesas RX210 microcontroller family Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema______ ___ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____ Secondo livello ______ _______ Terzo _______ ____ livelloThis LSI incorporates the Quarto _______ _____ livellopower modulation interface(PMI). The PMI enables serial Quinto _______ _____ livellodata communication usingthe power supply cables ofhome appliances. Whencombined with a smartadapter (SA), or an interfacebetween home appliancesequipped with the PMImodule and house powerwall outlets, the PMIprovides a home networkingsystem that connectsvarious home appliances byusing general AC powerlines used in a house. 43
    • Frequency measurent forv supporting DDC functionFare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello 44
    • Power Modulation License Agreement (Indesit – Renesas)Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Licenza della tecnologia dello “smart adapter” Licenza gratuita non esclusiva 45
    • Fare ____per modificare gli___ _____ ___ dello schema_________ clic ___ __________ stili del testo _____ _____Secondo livello______ _______Terzo ___________ livelloQuarto ____________ livelloQuinto ____________ livello Grazie per l’attenzione! valerio.aisa@indesit.com valerio.aisa@gmail.com 46