Measurement of Unemployement
Unemployement is measured by several govt
agencies on the basis of survey
NSSO provides estimation of unemployment rate
Unemployment is measured in economic survey,
census ,by employment exchange etc
Ministry of labour also provide data regarding
THERE ARE MAINLY TWO CATEGORY OF
MEASUREMENT OF UNEMPLOYMENT
This method, basically takes account of the number
of heads unemployed and receiving unemployment
This method has some limitations that many people
do not register in exchanges so it do not give real
status of unemployed
Labor Force Survey:
The Labor Force Survey is done by taking household
The greatest advantage of this computational method is
that they meet international standards and it can be used
All individuals in the workable age are asked about
their employment status and the relevant data is taken
Well equipped statistical infrastructure is used for a more
accurate collection of data and its estimation
IMPORTANT DATA SOURCES OF
2)NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION
3)EMPLOYMENT MARKET INFORMATION
4)EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE STATISTIC
COMPARISON FOR UNEMPLOYMENT
BETWEEN DIFFERENT SECTORS:
Unemployment among the educated is much higher
than the overall unemployment.
Agricultural sector has greater Unemployment than
in Industrial and other major sector.
Unemployment rates for woman are higher than
those for men.
Percentage of Unemployment in urban areas is much
higher than in rural areas.
WORKER POPULATION RATIO
Prime Minister’s Employment Generation
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment
Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY)
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment
CONTROL OVER UNEMPLOYMENT
Vocational education should be given more importance.
More labour intensive industries should be set up to
create more jobs.
Measures should be taken to reduce seasonal
Activities allied to agriculture should be developed which
would provide additional employment to the agricultural
labour force through out the year.