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Natural resources petroleum

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  • 1. Natural resources that can be replaced and reused by nature are termed renewable. Renewable resources are replaced through natural processes at a rate that is equal to or greater than the rate at which they are used, and depletion is usually not a worry. Some common examples include:  Air (wind)  Fresh water  Soil  Living organisms (trees) Trees: A renewable resource  Sunlight
  • 2. Nonrenewable resources are in a fixed amount and can only be replaced by processes that take millions of years. Nonrenewable resources are exhaustible and are extracted faster than the rate at which they formed. Some common examples are:  Fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas)  Types of metals and ores Oil: A nonrenewable resource
  • 3. It is a broad term that includes both crude oil and natural gas. Crude oil is a thick, black liquid mixture of naturally occurring hydrocarbons (compounds containing hydrogen and carbon) that forms from the buried remains of marine organisms. Oil Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Hydroelectric Biomass Geothermal, wind, solar and other 39.4% 23.6% 22.7% 8.3% 2.7% 2.8% 0.5% The United States’ energy consumption resources as of 2007
  • 4. Aviation gasoline Ethane Fuel oil Gas/diesel oil (distilled fuel oil) Kerosene Jet fuels Liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) Lubricants Motor gasoline Other oil products Refinery gas (not liquefied)

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