Social Justice, Equity & Sustainability

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UNDP Human Development Report Roundtable

National University of Science and Technology

Sustainable Development Policy Institute

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
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  • Bought car on leasing even when I could not afford it.
  • Bought car on leasing even when I could not afford it.
  • Bought car on leasing even when I could not afford it.
  • Bought car on leasing even when I could not afford it.
  • Bought car on leasing even when I could not afford it.
  • Social Justice, Equity & Sustainability

    1. 1. Enhancing Social Justice, Equity and Sustainability Dr. Vaqar Ahmed Sustainable Development Policy Institute 1
    2. 2. Key Message of HDR• Sustainability and Equity cannot remain a marginal consideration, but must be accepted as core imperatives in policy and governance. – Harvard Students: Teach us sustainable capitalism 2
    3. 3. Rhetoric Vs. Schematic Lifestyle Hazards VALUES Health Welfare Education Equity Governance EconomicsThe big academic divide 3
    4. 4. Sustainability 101• Case study: Chitral in 1970s• Nature of economy: • Self-reliant  food secure  justice  social capital• Then comes globalization (the bad one!) • Provide irrelevant education without opportunity  brain drain • Sectoral reallocation away from agriculture  loss of comparative advantage • Ex-Chitral firms flood agriculture and industrial output killing agriculture and low-end industry in Chitral • In the end no agriculture, no industry for Chitral (recall 4 2007 global food crisis)
    5. 5. Sustainability 101• Now Chitral’s people migrate to cities • Skill mismatch  exploitation in name of cheap labour • Slums  environmental and health hazards • Crime• Result: • We have destroyed production structure in rural economy & and overloaded urban economy • Please remember GDP is still growing 5
    6. 6. Before Jumping to Remedies……• Some questions: • Who benefited from adopting bad forms of globalization? • Power structure  imposed not adopted • Why was no value attached with good form of globalization? • Why not celebrate diversity!• If one tries to answer these questions, one will not blame political leadership rather ownself • Revealed preferences • Voted for external competition, urban living and extravagance  choice (bigger and better) 6
    7. 7. Before Jumping to Remedies……• How to sustain extravagance  fiscal deficit?• Where to finance subsidized production & consumption? • Debt • Trade-off own natural resources • Gas and water at throw-away prices ! 7
    8. 8. Now where to go from here……• Kickstart growth  create sustainable jobs• Lets revisit our comparative advantage: • Rural • Agriculture (crop sector, livestock) • Labour (unskilled) • Urban • Infrastructure • Integrated markets • Labour (skilled)  educated and healty• Inequality is clear  not sustainable 8
    9. 9. Now where to go from here……• To move towards sustainable jobs, give rural economy what urban has • Education with opportunity (relevant education) • Food security and health• How? • Through inclusive markets and rural infrastructure • Give large rural populations municipal services• Need for local-area growth strategies • Putting value on local-area production and diversity • Not forcing Chitrali framer to go to cities for selling output 9
    10. 10. But the story is not complete…• The above mentioned is what East Asia has done e.g. China [Rural Development Strategy] and Thailand [Once Village One Product]  balanced growth strategies• But Chinese model will only kickstart growth  what about sustainability and equity • With local-area growth model ….need for local-area sustainability and equity planning • 18th Amendment to help! • Planning Commission’s Growth Strategy important 10
    11. 11. Thank You www.sdpi.orgvaqar@sdpi.org 11

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